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[News Script: City council]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about the Fort Worth city council rejecting the request for water service made by property owners along Highway 81 South, with the council stating its policy will be not to provide water service to new private customers outside the city limits.
Date: June 22, 1964
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Estimating market penetration of new district heating and cooling systems using a combination of economic cost and diffusion models

Description: The economic-cost model and the diffusion model are among the many market-penetration forecasting approaches that are available. These approaches have been used separately in many applications. In this paper, the authors briefly review these two approaches and then describe a methodology for forecasting market penetration using both approaches sequentially. This methodology is illustrated with the example of market-penetration forecasting of new district heating and cooling (DHC) systems in the Argonne DHC Market Penetration Model, which was developed and used over the period 1979--1983. This paper discusses how this combination approach, which incorporates the strengths of the economic-cost and diffusion models, has been superior to any one approach for market forecasts of DHC systems. Also discussed are the required modifications for revising and updating the model in order to generate new market-penetration forecasts for DHC systems. These modifications are required as a result of changes in DHC engineering, economic, and market data from 1983 to 1990. 13 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: May 10, 1991
Creator: Teotia, A.P.S. & Karvelas, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network, Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984. Volume II

Description: This volume begins with an Introduction summarizing the history, methodology and scope of the study, the project team members and the private and public groups consulted in the course of the study. The Load and Service Area Assessment follows, including: a compilation and analysis of existing statistical thermal load data from census data, industrial directories, PSE and G records and other sources; an analysis of responses to a detailed, 4-page thermal load questionnaire; data on public buildings and fuel and energy use provided by the New Jersey Dept. of Energy; and results of other customer surveys conducted by PSE and G. A discussion of institutional questions follows. The general topic of rates is then discussed, including a draft hypothetical Tariff for Thermal Services. Financial considerations are discussed including a report identifying alternative ownership/financing options for district heating systems and the tax implications of these options. Four of these options were then selected by PSE and G and a financial (cash-flow) analysis done (by the PSE and G System Planning Dept.) in comparison with a conventional heating alternative. Year-by-year cost of heat ($/10/sup 6/ Btu) was calculated and tabulated, and the various options compared.
Date: January 31, 1984
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waste not - want not. DOE appropriate technology small grants program

Description: The work reported was to look at various alternatives for local solid waste management and develop an implementation strategy for a resource conservation and recovery plan for the community of Berea, Kentucky. A library on recycling and conservation of resources was compiled, and state and local plans were examined. To get a better understanding of how the community would respond to a waste reduction and recycling program, a series of surveys was conducted. A community recycling project plan is proposed. (LEW)
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Central airport energy systems using alternate energy sources

Description: The purpose of this project was to develop the concept of a central airport energy system designed to supply energy for aircraft ground support and terminal complex utility systems using municipal waste as a fuel. The major task was to estimate the potential for reducing aircraft and terminal fuel consumption by the use of alternate renewable energy sources. Additional efforts included an assessment of indirect benefits of reducing airport atmospheric and noise pollution.
Date: July 1, 1982
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Focus on energy conservation: a project list

Description: The Urban Land Institute (ULI) has prepared the following list of outstanding energy conserving projects for the US Department of Energy. As requested by the Department, the list includes descriptions of land developments and individual buildings suggested by members of ULI and by other sources. The projects have been selected to exemplify the major energy saving techniques in use today, with emphasis on those strategies most significant for people engaged in the business of land development. To make the list a useful reference for developers and public officials, ULI has attempted to cover energy conservation in the broadest sense from overall site planning to the functioning of individual building components. Focusing too closely on the myriad types of hardware available has been avoided and examples of the basic considerations important to energy-conscious planning and design are provided. Details on some heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems are provided in order to acquaint readers with major innovations in the field.
Date: April 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scrap tire utilization via surface modification

Description: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. is developing a novel approach to reusing scrap tire rubber, which will be described in this presentation. In addition to consuming scrap tires, this technology represents a new approach to material engineering. Furthermore, this method of rubber recycle is most efficient in terms of energy recovery. 4 figs.
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Bauman, B.D. (Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooling our communities: A guidebook on tree planting and light-colored surfacing

Description: This book is a practical guide that presents the current state of knowledge on potential environmental and economic benefits of strategic landscaping and altering surface colors in our communities. The guidebook, reviews the causes, magnitude, and impacts of increased urban warming, then focuses on actions by citizens and communities that can be undertaken to improve the quality of our homes and towns in cost-effective ways.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Akbari, H.; Davis, S.; Huang, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Dorsano, S. (ed.) (The Bruce Co., (United States)) & Winnett, S. (ed.) (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States). Climate Change Div.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of impact of advanced energy transmission fluids on district heating and cooling systems (Phase 1)

Description: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), under sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Buildings and Community Systems, has embarked upon a comprehensive, long-range program to develop high-performance advanced energy transmission fluids for use in district heating and cooling (DHC) systems. ANL has the lead technical role in this DOE program. These advanced fluids will substantially reduce flow frictional losses and enhance energy transfer. In system enhancement scoping studies conducted by ANL, the fluids yielded potentially significant upfront capital equipment cost reductions by allowing the use of smaller pipes, pumps, heat exchangers, and storage tanks as well as reductions in operational costs. This report presents the first-phase results of assessment of impact of the advanced fluids on DHC systems. Future reports will focus on assessment of impact on hardware performance, capital eqiupment, and operation costs. 9 refs., 30 figs., 2 tab.
Date: September 1, 1987
Creator: Kasza, K.E. & Chen, M.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Suitability of the CASES software for evaluation of district heating systems based on annual storage cycles

Description: The CASES computer program is a software package for evaluation of community annual-storage energy system concepts. The software models energy systems that provide space and water heating by cascaded heat pumps and cooling by melting of stored ice. CASES computes thermal demands of individual buildings, aggregates these demands into community demands, models system response, and estimates the overall system costs. The Heat-Pump-Centered Integrated Community Energy Systems (HP-ICES) Project has produced a number of system concepts involving annual-storage cycles for which preliminary application feasibility studies have been performed. More rigorous examination of these concepts as well as detailed simulation and analysis of application feasibility would increase understanding of their potential. The CASES software was considered for these purposes, but was found unsuitable for evaluation of HP-ICES concepts and their application feasibility. No alternative software has been identified which will provide these capabilities, and extensive effort would be required to upgrade CASES for the intended concept evaluations.
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: Calm, J.M. & Sapienza, G.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Load management alternatives to transmission and distribution construction: Toledo-Wren case study

Description: This paper describes the development of a method to predict the feasibility of using load management as an alternative to construction of transmission and distribution capacity. A forecasting model was developed and applied to a particular case. Several problems were identified in the test case, necessitating modification of the model. The authors conclude that the modified version of the model allows accurate assessment of the effects of load management and conservation measures on transmission capacity. 13 figs. (JDH)
Date: December 1, 1987
Creator: Englin, J.E.; Klan, M.S.; Lyke, A.J.; Tawil, J.J.; De Steese, J.G. & Tepel, R.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Rhode Island Statewide Lighting Program

Description: This report summarizes the implementation and initial evaluation of the nation's first statewide conservation and load management program, the Rhode Island Statewide Lighting Program (RISLP). Rhode Island's program is unique because it is a voluntary collaborative effort and because three utilities use a single delivery mechanism for their programs. The Rhode Island Statewide Lighting Program is a unique attempt to improve the efficiency of electricity use in the commercial/industrial sector on a statewide basis. The cooperative nature of program design and implementation has strengthened communication among the participants. The process evaluation showed that both the participants and the customers are satisfied with the program. The program has had a significant effect on customer behavior.
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Pierce, B. & Bjoerkqvist, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data base for district heating pipe system design

Description: A methodology and data base for assigning installation costs and length requirements of hot water pipes for district heat service are described. These variables are the most important elements in the cost of the distribution system. The assignment technique is applicable to any city and reflects such factors as land use intensity, congestion of present underground service lines, and local labor rates and materials procurement costs.
Date: August 1, 1979
Creator: Lesse, R; Karkheck, J; Serry, H & Tessmer, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cogeneration institutional study in the Geismar, LA, and Orange, Texas areas

Description: The objective of this report is to provide a better understanding of the institutional problems involved in the use of coal-fueled cogeneration. The viewpoints of industry, utilities, and government were probed extensively through indepth confidential interviews. To provide a real-life basis for this investigation, two existing industrial sites in the Gulf Coast area were studied. The projected effects of the installation of coal-burning cogeneration plants supplying steam and electricity to several industries, replacing existing oil and gas burning boilers, were studied for each site. This report provides insights into the overall institutional problem that will be useful at other locations. It covers the regulatory, economic, financial, engineering, operating, contractual, and corporate relations aspects of cogeneration. It concludes with suggestions for future action by the Federal government, state governments, industries, and utilities that should be helpful in removing the institutional constraints that are retarding cogeneration installations and the use of coal.
Date: December 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electricity cogeneration in urban areas

Description: Some of the social and regulatory constraints to increased cogeneration of electricity and thermal energy are examined. Environmental regulations, taxation, and potential cost burdens on other utility customers are given particular attention. (MCW)
Date: November 1, 1979
Creator: Johnson, K.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-conserving site-design case study, Radisson, New York. Appendix

Description: Materials included in this Appendix to Final Report to CONS-4212-T2) provide support and background data for the body of that report. Data selected for inclusion are intended to provide background analysis or to clarify methodology. In most instances, the Appendix information is referenced to the body of the final report. Sections are devoted to: climate; building design data;energy-simulation data; and resources and contracts. 36 references.
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-conserving development regulations: current practice

Description: Almost every aspect of land development has an effect on energy use, from minute architectural details to broad considerations of urban density. Energy-efficiency depends in part on how development is planned and carried out. Conventional development regulations, such as zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, can be adapted in many ways to promote energy conservation at the community level. This report is about energy-efficient site and neighborhood design. It examines recent experiences of local governments that have adopted new development regulations or amended existing ones to promote energy conservation, more efficient generation and distribution, or a switch to alternative, renewable sources. Although much has been written in recent years about saving energy through community design, actual experience in applying these new ideas is still limited. To date, most communities have focused their efforts on studying the problem, documenting consumption patterns, and writing reports and plans. Only a handful have amended their land-use controls for the express purpose of saving energy. This study identifies 13 of these pioneering communities, after undertaking a survey of over 1400 local, regional, and state planning agencies. It takes a look at their experiences, to learn what has been done, how well it has worked, and what problems have been encountered.
Date: May 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-conserving site-design case study, Radisson, New York. Final report

Description: Radisson is a 2,950-acre new community currently being developed by the New York State Urban Development Corporation and located in central New York, 12 miles north-west of Syracuse. Case-study sites selected for this project are a 95-acre residential site and the 51-acre Town Center of the new community. Development on the Residential Site is a low-density (2.8 dwelling units/acre) mixture of single-family, townhouse and multi-family units. Development on the Town Center site is a mixture of small-scale commercial use (144,000 sq. ft.) and 330+ multi-family dwelling units. Energy-conserving plans developed for both sites have focused on passive measures to reduce energy use for space heating. Utility-system options have been identified for both sites, but require further study as to feasibility and cost. This report summarizes energy savings and cost differentials due to passive measures incorporated in both the residential and Town Center Plans. The future implementation schedule, also discussed, summarizes the procedures an schedule required for implementation of the passive measures, as well as further study required for the development of utility-system options. 4 tables.
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy conserving site design case study, Burke Center, Virginia. Final report

Description: The pattern of energy consumption within a modern suburban community, Burke Center, is examined. A variety of actions that could be incorporated to reduce its future energy demands is proposed. Recommendations have been limited to those that are technically feasible today, are reasonably cost-effective, and that should generate little or no market resistance. Findings are that: of the total energy consumed by the Burke Center Community, 57% will go to off-site transportation needs; energy conserving site planning generally coincides with cost-effective site planning; water-to-air heat pumps proved to be the most efficient and cost-effective method available today in the study area for reducing heating and cooling costs in buildings; certain public services such as the collection of solid waste, mail pick-up and delivery, and other routine activities can be made more energy efficient; and the use of available water saving devices in residential and commercial buildings can reduce a community's total utility energy consumption by as much as 20%. (MCW)
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Grid-connected ICES preliminary feasibility analysis and evaluation. Final report. Volume I. Executive summary

Description: A group of hospitals, clinics, research facilities, and medical education facilities, known as the HEAL Complex, was chosen as the site (in New Orleans) for the demonstration of a Grid-Connected Integrated Community Energy System (ICES). The contract work included a preliminary energy supply/demand assessment of the Demonstration Community, a preliminary feasibility analysis and conceptual design of a candidate Demonstration System, preliminary assessment of institutional factors, preparation of a detailed work management plan for subsequent phases of the demonstration program, firming-up of commitments from participating parties, and reporting thereon. This Phase I study has indicated that a central ICES plant producing steam, chilled water, and by-product electricity to serve the HEAL Complex is technically and economically feasible to the extent that Phase II, Detailed Feasibility and Preliminary Design, should be implemented. (MCW)
Date: June 30, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Minnesota Project: district heating and cooling through power plant retrofit and distribution network. Final report. Phase 1. [Minnesota Project]

Description: Appendices are presented for the Minnesota Project: District Heating and Cooling Through Power Plant Retrofit and Distribution Network. These are: SYNTHA results (SYNTHA II is a proprietary program of the SYNTHA Corporation); Market Survey Questionnaire: Environmental Review Procedures; Public Service Commission Regulation of District Heating; Energy Use Normalization Procedures; Power Plant Description; Letters of Commitment; Bond Opinion and Issuance; and Marvin Koeplin Letter, Chairman of Public Service Commission, Moorehead, Minnesota.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department