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Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on Locomotives

Description: From Introduction: "For purpose of procuring data that could be using in estimating the value of the briquetting process as applied to American fuels, the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with other interests, began in 1904, at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, certain experiments involving the production and use of bituminous-coal briquets."
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal in a Locomotive Boiler

Description: From Object of Tests: "The primary object of the tests was to study the relative performances of the two types of briquets and of the coal, with reference to efficiency, tendency to smoke, and the ease with which steam could be kept up, when each of the three varieties of fuel was burned at several rates of combustion. Many secondary objects were in mind, the data concerning which are discussed under "Effect of varying rates of combustion," pages 20-27."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline Mine Locomotives in Relation to Safety and Health

Description: From Introduction: "The investigation described in this bulletin was undertaken by the Bureau of Mines in an endeavor to obtain exact information on some of the basal questions involved in the use of gasoline locomotives in mines, this investigation being one of many that the bureau has been conducting in its efforts to increase safety and efficiency in mining."
Date: 1915
Creator: Hood, O. P. & Kudlich, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Utilization of Fuel in Locomotive Practice

Description: Report that investigates the possibility of conserving coal despite its extensive use in railroad locomotives across the United States. Includes an experiment using different grades of coal in an approximation of a locomotive, as well as data regarding fuel utilization and loss.
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperatures in Cabs of Freight Locomotives Passing Through Tunnels of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on experiments conducted to improve the cab conditions of freight engines. The temperature, gas content, and other properties are presented. This report includes tables, graphs, and illustrations.
Date: July 1924
Creator: Katz, S. H. & Meiter, Edward George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Clean and Efficient Diesel Engine

Description: Task 1 was to design study for fuel-efficient system configuration. The objective of task 1 was to perform a system design study of locomotive engine configurations leading to a 5% improvement in fuel efficiency. Modeling studies were conducted in GT-Power to perform this task. GT-Power is an engine simulation tool that facilitates modeling of engine components and their system level interactions. It provides the capability to evaluate a variety of engine technologies such as exhaust gas circulation (EGR), variable valve timing, and advanced turbo charging. The setup of GT-Power includes a flexible format that allows the effects of variations in available technologies (i.e., varying EGR fractions or fuel injection timing) to be systematically evaluated. Therefore, development can be driven by the simultaneous evaluation of several technology configurations.
Date: December 31, 2010
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasrail 2001

Description: Air Quality Issues--Alameda Corridor - 19 miles - $2.4B; Alameda Corridor East - 35 miles - $0.95B; 65% increase in rail traffic next 20 years; Environmental Justice issues; Electrification not cost- effective; and Need to reduce locomotive emissions. Background--GasRail USA 1993- 1998; Develop LNG EMD 12- 710 commuter locomotive; 75% red. in NOx, opt. power & efficiency; Selected & developed LaCHIP; 1998 project halted - EMD withdrew; and Need to develop & demonstrate a low- emission locomotive. GasRail 2001 Objectives--Complete GasRail USA; SCAQMD, MetroLink, SwRI; 2- 3 year project; $4 M (estimated); Freight? Commercialization?; and Seeking partners/alternatives?
Date: January 31, 2001
Creator: Bogdanoff, Mike
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive

Description: An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects’ Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat™ as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.
Date: September 28, 2007
Creator: Barnes, David L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDOE Top-of-Rail Lubricant Project

Description: Lubrication of wheel/rail systems has been recognized for the last two decades as a very important issue for railroads. Energy savings and less friction and wear can be realized if a lubricant can be used at the wheel/rail interface. On the other hand, adverse influences are seen in operating and wear conditions if improper or excessive lubrication is used. Also, inefficiencies in lubrication need to be avoided for economic and environmental reasons. The top-of-rail (TOR) lubricant concept was developed by Texaco Corporation to lubricate wheels and rails effectively and efficiently. Tranergy Corporation has been developing its SENTRAEN 2000{trademark} lubrication system for the last ten years, and this revolutionary new high-tech on-board rail lubrication system promises to dramatically improve the energy efficiency, performance, safety, and track environment of railroads. The system is fully computer-controlled and ensures that all of the lubricant is consumed as the end of the train passes. Lubricant quantity dispensed is a function of grade, speed, curve, and axle load. Tranergy also has its LA4000{trademark} wheel and rail simulator, a lubrication and traction testing apparatus. The primary task of this project was collecting and analyzing the volatile and semivolatile compounds produced as the lubricant was used. The volatile organic compounds were collected by Carbotrap cartridges and analyzed by adsorption and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The semivolatile fraction was obtained by collecting liquid that dripped from the test wheel. The collected material was also analyzed by GC/MS. Both of these analyses were qualitative. The results indicated that in the volatile fraction, the only compounds on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund List of Analytes detected were contaminants either in the room air or from other potential contamination sources in the laboratory. Similarly, in the semivolatile fraction none of the detected compounds are on the EPA's Superfund List of Analytes. ...
Date: February 1, 2002
Creator: Alzoubi, Mohumad F.; Fenske, George R.; Erck, Robert A. & Boparai, Amrit S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program Retrospective and Outlook

Description: OHVT Mission is to conduct, in collaboration with our heavy vehicle industry partners and their suppliers, a customer-focused national program to research and develop technologies that will enable trucks and other heavy vehicles to be more energy efficient and able to use alternative fuels while simultaneously reducing emissions.
Date: April 10, 1999
Creator: Eberhardt, James J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department