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Educational Uplift along the US-Mexico Border: How Students, Families, and Educators Cultivate a College-Going Culture in Contested Terrain

Description: Using critical race theory and LatCrit as conceptual frameworks, I conducted a qualitative instrumental case study of a cadre of self-identified Mexican-American and Hispanic college students who bring college knowledge, goodwill, and aid to their border town communities. The purpose of this study was to explore how college knowledge and other forms of academic capital are transmitted and co-constructed in the contested terrain of the borderlands. Primary data sources included semi-structured interviews, participant and non-participant observation, and personal artifacts (e.g. newspaper articles, college admissions essays, social media, etc.) collected from 17 full-time undergraduate student participants, 11 males and 6 females, ranging from 19 to 22 years old, who were active members of the Gates Millennium Scholars Program. Supplemental data sources included semi-structured interviews with 23 family members and 9 educators identified by student participants, as well as a review of public records regarding student participant's border town communities (e.g. newspaper articles, census data, educational statistics, etc.). Findings detail how this group of college students manages the 'scholar' distinction in their hometown and utilizes distinct methods to promote academic capital formation. Specifically, this study delineates the following four types of scholars: (1) pioneers, (2) guardians, (3) ambassadors, and (4) advocates. Ultimately, this research highlights the importance of college students' ingenuity in response to enduring system inequality in higher education, particularly along the U.S.-Mexico border, with implications for research theory, policy, and practice.
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Date: August 2017
Creator: Sanchez, Nydia C
Partner: UNT Libraries

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Description: The House passed a bill (H.R. 3146) on September 24 to extend TAIF, mandatory child care, abstinence education, and transitional Medicaid, on current terms, through March 31, 2004. In the absence of legislation, these programs would expire on September 30. The Senate Finance Committee approved a comprehensive TAIF preauthorization proposal of Chairman Chuck Grassley on September 10. Entitled Personal Responsibility and Individual Development for Everyone (PRIDE), the legislation would extend TANF, mandatory child care, abstinence education, and transitional Medicaid for 5 years, FY2004 through FY2008. It would raise TANF work participation standards, increase weekly work hours, add new countable work activities,
Date: October 1, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Description: The Federal Pell Grant program is the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education attendance funded by the federal government, providing grants to undergraduate students estimated to have totaled more than $11.6 billion in FY2002. This report reviews how the program works and provides analysis of program funding, recipients (numbers and characteristics), and the role being played by the program in the distribution of federal student aid. It concludes with an examination of several Pell-related issues that may be considered by the 108th Congress in the HEA reauthorization process. This report will be updated to reflect major legislative action to reauthorize the Pell Grant program.
Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Description: Every year the maximum Pell Grant award is established during the appropriations process. Debate often ensues during this process about the feasibility of increasing the maximum Pell award. As families continue to confront rising college prices, federal student aid in general, and Pell Grants specifically, become particularly important for needy students.
Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Student Aid Need Analysis System: Background, Description, and Legislative Action

Description: A federal need analysis system underlies the annual allocation of billions of dollars (more than $73 billion in FY2005) in student financial aid supported by Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA) (P.L. 89-329, as amended). The system has regularly been characterized by many as too complex, creating a barrier for students seeking financial assistance, especially low-income students. This report provides an overview of the federal need analysis system, including a discussion of recent legislative changes and proposals.
Date: February 3, 2006
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative Analysis Of 105 Higher Education Doctoral Programs In The United States

Description: The mission types of 105 current doctoral programs in higher education and the extent to which their missions have changed since a similar study was conducted by Dressel and Mayhew in 1974 was studied. The curricula offerings of these programs by degree type (e.g., Ed.D. & Ph.D.) were compared with Fife’s 1991 findings. Finally, the study examined the various modes of instruction (e.g., classroom, online, cohort, blended) these programs utilize. The population was the 131 U.S. higher education doctoral program coordinators or directors who were identified using the ASHE Higher Education Program Directory. A total of 46 hosted Ed.D. programs and 59 hosted Ph.D. programs for a combined total of 105 doctoral programs. An electronic survey, developed by utilizing an expert panel and the cognitive interviewing technique, was sent to each participant. A total of 46 hosted Ed.D. programs and 59 hosted Ph.D. programs for a combined total of 105 doctoral programs. A total of 77 institutions (59%) returned usable questionnaires, and six other universities (5%) indicated their doctoral higher education programs no longer existed. Twenty-three of the responding institutions identified with a research-focused mission; 25 institutions identified with a practitioner-based mission; and 28 institutions identified with both types of missions. Pearson r correlation analysis revealed no statistically significant relationship between degree type and course offerings (r = .123, p = .05). However, ? 2 revealed that, compared to Ed.D. programs, Ph.D. programs enrolled significantly more full-time students (? 2 (3) = 14.504, p < .05). Through further analysis, a core of nine courses emerged for more than 75% of all higher education doctoral programs. Those courses are general administration of higher education, finance of higher education, legal studies, history of higher education, philosophy and theoretical foundations of higher education, teaching/learning in higher education, student affairs administration, college student research, ...
Date: December 2011
Creator: Valerin, Marcus P.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Recommendations of the Members of the North Texas Industrial Arts Association Relative to the Industrial Arts Programs of Eight State-Supported Institutions of Higher Learning

Description: The purpose of this thesis is two-fold: first, to study the current requirements for the baccalaureate degree in industrial arts in eight state-supported institutions; and second, to compare the recommendations of the members of the North Texas Industrial Arts Association with the existing programs in industrial arts in the state-supported institutions to determine what should constitute an adequate program for the prospective teacher in industrial arts.
Date: January 1965
Creator: Sebastian, Jimmy W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Description: This report discusses major provisions of federal student loans made available through the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (DL) program and previously made through the FFEL program. It focuses on provisions related to borrower eligibility, loan terms and conditions, borrower repayment relief, and loan default and its consequences for borrowers. These topics are principally discussed with regard to loans currently being made through the DL program, or made in the recent past through either program. The report also provides detailed historical information on annual and aggregate borrowing limits, loan fees, and student loan interest rates.
Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Smole, David P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

College Costs and Prices: Background and Issues for Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act

Description: Based on available data, college tuition and fees have been rising more rapidly than household income over the past 2 decades. The divergence is particularly pronounced for low-income households and becomes less pronounced as household income increases. In analyzing price increases, researchers have considered whether a relationship exists between federal aid and price increases. There are several ways Congress could consider addressing the issue, such as imposing price controls, offering incentives for controlling prices or costs, ensuring the public is better educated about college cost and price issues, reducing regulatory burden, or changing federal financial aid programs. It is not clear which of these strategies would be most effective, or if Congress has appropriate tools at its disposal to address the issues of costs and prices.
Date: October 3, 2003
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2017 UNT Equity and Diversity Conference – Melissa Harris Perry (Keynote, Senate Room Panel)

Description: This video contains an invitation-only panel discussion, wherein Melissa Harris Perry fields questions from the audience on a variety of topics pertaining to the conference theme of social action, collective power, coalition building, identity, intersectionality, journalism, media, academia, and activism.
Date: February 23, 2017
Creator: Harris-Perry, Melissa
Partner: University of North Texas

Social Justice Models for Campus Engagement [Keynote]

Description: Video of the keynote for the 2017 UNT Equity & Diversity Conference. In this video, Melissa Harris-Perry discusses the questions educators face when engaging in social justice. This video also contains an introduction of the speaker by Shani Barrax Moore and video presentation introduced by Dr. Jacqueline Vickery of a student video project arguing for the need for diversity in faculty and staff.
Date: February 23, 2017
Creator: Harris-Perry, Melissa; Moore, Shani & Vickery, Jacqueline
Partner: UNT Libraries