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Analytical method for determining performance of turbojet-engine tail-pipe heat exchangers

Description: From Introduction: "The NACA Lewis laboratory has undertaken a program of analytical study to evaluate the effect on turbojet-engine performance of extracting energy from several points in the cycle. The program included an investigation of the effects of air bleed from the compressor outlet, hot gas bleed from the turbine inlet, hot gas bleed from the turbine outlet, and shaft power extraction (references 1 to 4). "
Date: September 1951
Creator: Behun, Michael & Chandler, Harrison C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Experimental Investigation of Flow Across Tube Banks

Description: Flow across tube banks was investigated by surveys of total dynamic and static pressure by visualization of the flow through the use of titanium tetrachloride smoke, by thermocouple surveys of heated tubes, and by hot-wire surveys of both heated and unheated tubes. It was found that turbulence increased as the depth of the bank increased and that the broad wake behind each tube affected flow over the succeeding tubes.
Date: March 1942
Creator: Brevoort, M. J. & Tifford, A. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research on Vapor Reheat And Liquid-Liquid Heat Exchange

Description: From Forward and From Introductory- Summary : "This is the seventy-eighth of a series of reports designed to present accounts of progress in saline water conversion with the expectation that the exchange of such data will contribute to the long-range development of economical processes applicable to large-scale, low-cost dimineralization of sea or other saline water. The distillation system has operated with only minor difficulties. Mass transfer coefficients are in the range predicted from previous experiments. It is emphasized that the data reported above are not the best values obtained, but rather those upon which there is statistical justification based upon analysis of all the data."
Date: September 1963
Creator: FMC Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rapid determination of core dimensions of crossflow gas-to-gas heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting a generalized procedure that permits a rapid determination of the core lengths of crossflow gas-to-gas heat exchangers. Some of the variables that must be prescribed include the inlet states of each fluid, the available pressure drops for each fluid, the required temperature change of one fluid, the fluid heat capacities, and the core configuration.
Date: December 1956
Creator: Diaguila, Anthony J. & Livingood, John N. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of ram-air heat exchangers for reducing turbine cooling-air temperature of a supersonic aircraft turbojet engine

Description: The sizes and weights of the cores of heat exchangers were determined analytically for possible application for reducing turbine cooling-air temperatures of an engine designed for a Mach number of 2.5 and an altitude The sizes and weights of the cores of heat exchangers were determined analytically for possible application for reducing turbine cooling-air temperatures of an engine designed for a Mach number of 2.5 and an altitude of 70,000 feet. A compressor-bleed-air weight flow of 2.7 pounds per second was assumed for the coolant; ram air was considered as the other fluid. Pressure drops and inlet states of both fluids were prescribed, and ranges of compressor-bleed-air temperature reductions and of the ratio of compressor-bleed to ram-air weight flows were considered.
Date: August 3, 1956
Creator: Diaguila, Anthony J.; Livingood, John N. B. & Eckert, Ernst R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transient temperature in heat exchangers for supersonic blowdown tunnels

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the heat transfer between an insulated tube and the fluid moving through the tube for three inlet fluid conditions: one with constant fluid temperature, one with the temperature decreased exponentially, and one with the temperature decreasing linearly with time. Results regarding the correlation of computed and experimental temperatures, multiple-tube bundle, and single insulated tube are provided.
Date: April 1954
Creator: Judd, Joseph H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Generalized equations for selection charts for heat exchangers in aircraft

Description: "The equations that describe the operation of a heat exchanger - the equations for pressure drop, rate of heat transfer, and power expenditure - have been put into nondimensional, generalized form. These generalized equations can be used for constructing selection charts for various types of aircraft heat exchangers. Such charts would facilitate choice of heat-exchanger dimensions for any given set of operating conditions. A typical selection chart is presented" (p. 1).
Date: April 1942
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N. & Wood, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 22: measured and predicted performance of a fluted-type exhaust gas and air heat exchanger

Description: Report presenting data on the thermal performance and static and total pressure drop characteristics of a fluted-type exhaust gas and air heat exchanger. Results regarding heat transfer, pressure drop, and non-isothermal pressure drop are provided.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Guibert, A. G.; Rademacher, J. M. & Romie, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the Liquid-metal Turbojet Cycle for Propulsion of Nuclear Powered Aircraft

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the nuclear powered liquid-metal turbojet cycle for a wide range of engine operating conditions at a range of flight Mach numbers and altitudes. The method of analysis and working charts are presented to facilitate investigations beyond the scope of this report.
Date: November 19, 1951
Creator: Rom, F. E. & Wachtl, W. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 12: performance of a formed-plate crossflow exhaust gas and air heat exchanger

Description: Report presenting performance data on a Trane exhaust gas and air heat exchanger. Heat transfer rates were measured using specified exhaust gas rates and ventilating-air rates. The measured thermal outputs and static pressure drops are compared with predicted magnitudes.
Date: May 1943
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Dennison, H. G.; Guibert, A. G. & Morrin, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 13: performance of corrugated and noncorrugated fluted type exhaust gas-air heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting thermal and static pressure-drop performance data on three fluted-type heat exchangers. Two of the heaters used corrugated surfaces along the fluid passages and the third one was constructed with non-corrugated surfaces. Results regarding a comparison of results on the noncorrugated heater using two different air shrouds, heat transfer, isothermal static pressure drop, nonisothermal static pressure drop, and heater surface temperatures are provided.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Guibert, A. G.; Miller, M. A. & Morrin, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 10: measured and predicted performance of a fluted-type exhaust gas and air heat exchanger

Description: Report presenting performance data on a small exhaust gas and air heat exchanger. The heat transfer rates were measured using about 8000 pounds per hour of exhaust gas and 4300 pounds per hour of ventilating air. The thermal performance of heater no. 2 can be estimated to 3 to 17 percent by use of the method described in the report.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Dennison, H. G.; Guibert, A. G. & Morrin, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of several exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting an investigation of thirteen exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchangers to determine the practicability of the use of such heat exchangers in the thermal ice-prevention systems on aircraft. The results show that the exchangers constitute an excellent source of heated air for aircraft ice prevention and can be constructed to resist thermal and vibrational stresses.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Jackson, Richard & Hillendahl, Wesley H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters XVIII: a design manual for exhaust gas and air heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting a summary of a series of reports regarding heat exchangers, and in particular, the design of exhaust gas and air heat exchangers. The four parts included are a summary of heat transfer equations, single pass heat exchangers, heater performance in flight, and appendicies with additional aerodynamic information.
Date: August 1945
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Martinelli, R. C.; Romie, F. E. & Morrin, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of stagnation temperature in calculating rate of heat transfer in aircraft heat exchangers

Description: From Summary: "Theoretical and experimental investigations of the effect of frictional heat on the rate of heat transmission at high fluid velocities are briefly reviewed. On the basis of these investigations, calculations are made which show that the use of the stagnation temperature of the cooling air as the effective temperature for heat transfer in an aircraft heat exchanger is sufficiently accurate."
Date: October 1943
Creator: Wood, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of the performance of a turbosupercharged engine of an exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchanger for thermal ice prevention

Description: From Summary: "This report presents the results of a flight investigation to determine the effect on the performance of a turbosupercharged engine of an exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchanger installed between the engine-exhaust collector ring and the turbosupercharger." The background, results, and discussion of the investigation are described.
Date: August 23, 1945
Creator: Look, Bonne C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 31: summary of laboratory testing of several exhaust-gas and air heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting a comparison of the thermal performance and pressure-drop characteristics of heat exchangers on a heat-exchanger test stand. The exchangers included parallel and cross-flow units as well as extended-surface and all-prime-surface units.
Date: July 1949
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Guibert, A. G.; Romie, F. E.; Sanders, V. D. & Rademacher, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat-exchanger-core weights for use with hydrogen expansion turbine

Description: Report presenting an analysis of probable heat-exchanger weights for stationary and rotary regenerator heat exchangers for use in a hydrogen-expansion turbine engine. Rotary regenerators may be used for a considerably lighter heat-exchanger core, possibly one-fourth that of the stationary regenerators.
Date: October 3, 1957
Creator: Reynolds, Thaine W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperature distribution in internally heated walls of heat exchangers with noncircular flow passages using coolants with very low Prandtl number

Description: Report presenting a prediction of the magnitude of temperature variation in order to detect the places of highest temperature and to determine the operating temperatures admissible for the material of which the heat exchanger is composed. Results regarding the temperature distribution in triangular passages, temperature distribution in rectangular passages, influence of velocity field on temperature field, and a comparison of Prandtl number 1 solution are provided.
Date: July 1951
Creator: Eckert, E. R. G. & Low, George M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperature distribution in internally heated walls of heat exchangers composed of nonnuclear flow passages

Description: "In the walls of heat exchangers composed of noncircular passages, the temperature varies in the circumferential direction because of local variations of the heat-transfer coefficients. A prediction of the magnitude of this variation is necessary in order to determine the region of highest temperature and in order to determine the admissible operating temperatures. A method for the determination of these temperature distributions and of the heat-transfer characteristics of a special type of heat exchanger is developed" (p. 383).
Date: October 4, 1950
Creator: Eckert, E. R. G. & Low, George M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparative study of weights and sizes of flat-plate exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchangers with and without fins

Description: Note presenting analytical comparisons of weights and volumes for flat-plate heat exchangers with the same calculated thermal output and friction pressure drop for three different fin configurations, including no fins, fins in both the air and exhaust gas passages, and fins in the air passages only. Two different heat exchangers were used and compared with predicted weights and volumes.
Date: July 1947
Creator: Tendeland, Thorval & Steinmetz, Charles P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Aircraft Heaters 4: Measured and Predicted Performance of Longitudinally Finned Tubes

Description: Report presenting a study of two double tube, cylindrical, longitudinally finned heat exchangers in which hot exhaust gases pass through the annular space and ventilating air passes through the center tube in order to determine heat transfer and pressure drop performance.
Date: October 1942
Creator: Martinelli, R. C.; Weinberg, E. B.; Morrin, E. H. & Boelter, L. M. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Aircraft Heaters 6: Heat Transfer Equations for the Single Pass Longitudinal Exchanger

Description: Report presenting an analysis of parallel flow and contraflow single pass heat exchangers, together with charts which allow the direct evaluation of the thermal performance of the units without recourse to trail-and-error techniques. The use of equations and charts is illustrated by several examples.
Date: December 1942
Creator: Martinelli, R. C.; Morrin, E. H. & Boelter, L. M. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department