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A Vegetative Analysis of and Distribution of the Grasses of North Central Texas

Description: Accurate identification is fundamental in any study of grasses by farmers, ranchers, range specialists, ecologists, or students interested in the changes taking place in the grass habitat. Frequently it is convenient, and sometimes it is necessary, to identify the grasses by their vegetative characters. Some are readily recognized at a glance by their habitat and certain characters well known to the experienced observer. In other cases, identification is more difficult; and, perhaps with a few, it is impossible to be certain of the species from vegetative characters. However, this may also be true when the characters of the floral parts alone are considered. The inflorescence, used in most keys and descriptions, is often available only for a short period of time. Identification by the characters of the vegetation can be used throughout the growing season, even if grazing or mowing has removed or prevented the development of the floral parts. There have been other studies of grass identification related to vegetative characters, but they have been local and have not covered North Central Texas. This paper provides a means of identifying grasses by their vegetative characters. It can be used by the scientist, the technician, and the layman interested in the grasses of North Central Texas. A key using technical terminology is provided for use by the ecologist, range specialist, plant taxonomist, and student in these areas of study. For the ranchman, farmer, greens keeper, gardener, or nurseryman, a key with symbols is given that can be used without a technical knowledge of taxonomic botany. The distribution maps and diagnoses will aid any user of the keys. They will also make available additional information that may be useful in the establishment of a numerical classification and identification of plants--grasses in particular.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Smith, David Lawrence, 1932-
Partner: UNT Libraries

Producing and harvesting grass seed in the Great Plains.

Description: Discusses best practices for selecting, growing, and harvesting grass seed in the Great Plains states: Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, north Dakota, and South Dakota.
Date: 1957
Creator: Cooper, Harold W., 1914-; Atkins, Maurice Donald, 1912- & Smith, James E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regrassing for Soil Protection in the Southwest

Description: "This bulletin is designed to help the stockmen and farmers, of the Southwest [United States] particularly, in reestablishing depleted ranges where unfavorable climatic conditions and heavy demands on the range have served to make improvement of the range by natural means a slow and difficult process. It discusses the latest methods of artificial revegetation that have proved most effective in regrassing the ranges. It also discusses the more promising grasses and indicates that areas to which they are adapted. It explains the latest methods for harvesting seed and establishing grass on various sites under a wide range of conditions as to elevation, temperature, rainfall, and soils." -- p. i
Date: 1942
Creator: Flory, Evan L. & Marshall, Charles G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Native and Adapted Grasses for Conservation of Soil and Moisture in the Great Plains and Western States

Description: "The information given in this bulletin should enable farmers in the Great Plains and Western States to select from the more common species of grasses some one or more suited to their needs [for soil and water conservation]. Common harvesting equipment and farm machinery can be adapted to the proper handling of native grasses. This brings the cost of such work within the means of most farmers." -- p. i. Among the grasses discussed are wheatgrass, buffalo grass, bluestem, grama, Bermuda grass, wild rye, hilaria, Sudan grass, bluegrass, panic grasses, dropseed, and needlegrass.
Date: 1939
Creator: Hoover, Max M. (Max Manley), 1895-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Canada Bluegrass: Its Culture and Uses

Description: "The increasing realization of the agricultural value of Canada bluegrass has resulted in a demand for information regarding its habits, uses, and culture. This paper is intended to contain an agronomic discussion of this grass, embodying a description of the methods of culture and utilization now followed, and also some suggestions resulting from experiments conducted by the Bureau of Plant Industry." -- p. 2
Date: 1910
Creator: Oakley, R. A. (Russell Arthur)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cattle Ranges of the Southwest: A History of the Exhaustion of the Pasturage and Suggestions for Its Restoration

Description: Report giving "a history of the exhaustion of the pasturage of central Texas, with suggestions for its restoration. The general features of the country are described; the early conditions of the ranges and the causes which have led to their deterioration are graphically portrayed. The obstacles in the way of the improvement of the ranges and how the value of the stock ranges may be renewed are topics discussed in detail. The report closes with brief descriptions of a few other of the most important native grasses and forage plants which may be utilized in improving the pasturage or increasing the production of forage." -- p. 2.
Date: 1898
Creator: Bentley, H. L. (Henry Lewis)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Vegetative Key to the Grasses of Erath County, Texas

Description: "The orientation of this study began with a collection of the grasses of Erath County during their flowering periods. Collections were made in the Spring and Fall of 1950 and 1951 to obtain both vernal and autumnal grasses. Identifications were made from the grass floras previously mentioned and checked against specimens in the herbarium of North Texas State College for verification. In addition, the list was checked by W.A. Turney, Conservationist, United States Department of Agriculture of Dublin, Texas. Finally, the list was compared with that prepared by W.M. Cory for the plant areas of which Erath County is a part. On the basis of the above identifications, a critical study of the vegetative characteristics was made and a key based on these features prepared. The width of the blad and characteristics of the ligule, roots, culms, and sheaths were used to distinguish each of the eighty-six specimens found in the collection area. A drawing was made of the longitudinal section of the juncture of the blade and the sheath of each grass. This diagnostic section includes the collar, ligule, a part of the blade and sheath, and auricles, if present."-- leaf 5.
Date: August 1951
Creator: Robinson, Inez Evans
Partner: UNT Libraries

Meadow Fescue: Its Culture and Uses

Description: "There is at present a great lack in the agricultural literature of this country of concise descriptions of the methods followed in the growing and handling of the different cultivated grasses, especially for seed production. This bulletin not only treats of the value of meadow fescue in meadows and permanent pastures, but also discusses in detail the production of seed and problems in connection with seed growing." -- p. 2
Date: 1909
Creator: Vinall, H. N. (Harry Nelson), 1880-1937
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lawn Soils and Lawns

Description: "The widespread movement of civic art to improve and beautify cities and towns by park and art commissions, civic associations and individuals creates a demand for information concerning lawns, their improvement, soil requirements, fertilization, maintenance, soil suited for filling-in or top dressing, and similar questions. It is to supply this general demand for information regarding lawns and lawn soils that the present bulletin is designed." -- p. 2
Date: 1912
Creator: Schreiner, Oswald, b. 1875; Skinner, J. J. (Joshua John), 1882-1969; Corbett, L. C. (Lee Cleveland), 1867-1940 & Mulford, Furman Lloyd, b. 1869
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Forage Crops for the Cotton Region

Description: Report discussing the grasses, legumes, hay crops, pasture crops, and other forage crops which grow in the Gulf Coast region of the United States. Among the more profitable crops discussed are velvet bean, beggarweed, Mexican clover, Japan clover, and Bermuda grass.
Date: 1912
Creator: Tracy, S. M. (Samuel Mills), 1847-1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natal Grass: A Southern Perennial Hay Crop

Description: This report discusses natal grass, a South African plant used for hay which is commonly grown in the southern United States and particularly in Florida. Its climatic and soil requirements, seeds, and varieties are among the topics discussed.
Date: 1916
Creator: Tracy, S. M. (Samuel Mills), 1847-1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses

Description: Several breakthroughs have been recently made in our understanding of plant growth and biomass accumulation. It was found that plant growth is rhythmically controlled throughout the day by the circadian clock through a complex interplay of light and phytohormone signaling pathways. While plants such as the C4 energy crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and possibly the C3 grass (Brachypodium distachyon) also exhibit daily rhythms in growth rate, the molecular details of its regulation remain to be explored. A better understanding of diurnally regulated growth behavior in grasses may lead to species-specific mechanisms highly relevant to future strategies to optimize energy crop biomass yield. Here we propose to devise a systems approach to identify, in parallel, regulatory hubs associated with rhythmic growth in C3 and C4 plants. We propose to use rhythmicity in daily growth patterns to drive the discovery of regulatory network modules controlling biomass accumulation.
Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: Kay, Steve A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Red-clover culture.

Description: Describes the uses of red clover for forage and as a soil-improving crop in the northeastern United States. Includes information about distribution, handling, and pest control.
Date: December 1926
Creator: Pieters, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Saving Soil with Sod in the Ohio Valley Region

Description: Clearing of forests, overgrazing, and soil erosion have greatly depleted the soil of the Ohio Valley in the United States. Farmers should implement agricultural practices that encourage the growth of sod, which has the potential to restore the soil. "The use of grass in increasing the productivity of farm land, in conserving soil on pasture and cropland, and in protecting smaller eroded or erodible areas is discussed in this bulletin." -- p. i
Date: 1939
Creator: Welton, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Planting and care of lawns.

Description: Describes methods for establishing, maintaining, and protecting lawns; describes varieties of grasses recommended for planting in different regions of the United States.
Date: 1937
Creator: Westover, H. L. (Harvey Leroy) & Enlow, C. R. (Charles Ranger), b. 1893.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department