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The Geology of Nantucket

Description: Letter of transmittal: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on the geology of the island of Nantucket. This report embodies a portion of the work which I have done in connection with the general study of the Atlantic coast line. Although part of a much more extended inquiry, it seems well to publish the results contained in this memoir in advance of my general report for the reason that the region constitutes a distinctly bounded field and also because the problems considered in this report have an important bearing on work which is in the bands of other divisions of the Survey.
Date: 1889
Creator: Shaler, Nathaniel Southgate
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Geological Reconnoissance in Central Washington

Description: From introduction: An examination of the country described in this paper was ordered by the Director of the U. S. Geological Survey at the request of persons interested in the development of the state of Washington, for the purpose of ascertaining how far the geological structure of the arid portion of the state favored the hope of obtaining artesian water for irrigation.
Date: 1893
Creator: Russell, Israel Cook & Knowlton, Frank Hall
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Stanford-Hobson Area, Central Montana

Description: From introduction: The Stanford-Hobson area project was undertaken by the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with the United States Bureau of Reclamation, as part of a program for the geologic mapping and investigation of mineral resources in the Missouri River basin. The field work that is the basis of the ensuing report consisted of mapping the geology and determining stratigraphic relationships in sufficient detail to evaluate the mineral resources, especially the oil and gas possibilities in the area.
Date: 1956
Creator: Vine, James David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Bannock Thrust Zone Southeastern Idaho

Description: Abstract: The Bannock overthrust in southeastern Idaho and northcentral Utah was originally described by Richards and Mansfield (1912) as a single large thrust fault that formed at the close of the Laramide orogeny and was folded by renewed compression near the end of Pliocene time. Later Mansfield expanded and revised his interpretation of the Bannock overthrust so that at least the northern part of the overthrust was thought to be a thrust zone in which the individual faults originated in a folded sole thrust. Detailed mapping in areas critical to Richards and Mansfield's interpretations has shown that the faults thought by them to be parts of one large thrust are separate faults, and that, although some of the thrust surfaces are curved, they were not folded in Pliocene time but probably were folded during a late stage of the thrusting. Extensions of the Bannock thrust to the north, south, east, and west based upon extrapolation of a single large folded thrust surface are not warranted. The Bannock overthrust is reinterpreted as a westward-dipping imbricate thrust zone possibly several tens of miles wide extending at least from southwestern Montana to north-central Utah. It is recommended that the name "Bannock overthrust" no longer be used, and that this zone of imbricate thrusts in the southeast corner of Idaho be called the Bannock thrust zone. The thrusts range in age from Late Jurassic to post- Early Cretaceous and are progressively younger from west to east; strong regional compressive forces do not appear to have been active in the area as late as Pliocene time. The upper plates of the thrusts moved to the northeast in response to an unknown force. Steep eastward-trending tear faults formed during thrusting probably in response to differential movement among the eastward-moving thrust plates. In Tertiary and Quaternary time ...
Date: 1963
Creator: Armstrong, Frank C. & Cressman, Earle Rupert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the Geology of Southwestern Idaho and Southeastern Oregon

Description: From introduction: The aim of the present paper is to put on record such observations relating to the general geology of the region traversed as it is thought may be of interest, more particularly to the people of Idaho and Oregon, and also in certain instances serve to supplement the report referred to on artesian conditions.
Date: 1903
Creator: Russell, Israel C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stratigraphy of Outcropping Permian Rocks in Parts of Northeastern Arizona and Adjacent Areas

Description: From introduction: In the spring and early summer of 1950 the writers undertook an investigation of the outcropping Permian rocks in northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and parts of southern Utah. This work had as its specific objective the establishing of correlations of Permian rocks in the Zuni uplift, Defiance uplift, and Monument Valley upwarp. The determination of these relations, it is believed, will be of aid in the current activities of the Geological Survey in the Navajo Reservation which have as objectives the investigation of the mineral fuels and water resources of the area.
Date: 1961
Creator: Read, C. B. & Wanek, Alexander A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Coastal Plain of South Carolina

Description: From abstract: The Coastal Plain of South Carolina extends from the Atlantic Ocean inland a distance ranging from 120 to 150 miles to the Fall Line, where it adjoins the Piedmont province. It includes an area of more than 20,000 square miles, or nearly two-thirds of the State, whose total area is 30,981 square miles, of which 494 square miles is water. The geographic divisions of the Coastal Plain are the marine coastal terraces, or "low country", which stand less than 270 feet above sea level, and the Aiken Plateau, the High Hills of Santee, the Richland red hills, and the Congaree sand hills.
Date: 1936
Creator: Cooke, C. Wythe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Tonsina District, Alaska

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this paper is to describe the geology and mineral resources of a part of the Copper River Basin between the Richardson Highway and the valley of the Klutina River, together with small areas east of the highway and west of the river. For convenience in reference this area is called the Tonsina district, as the Tonsina River and Tonsina Lake are conspicuous local geographic features, and the Tonsina Road House, on the highway at the crossing of the river, is one of the oldest and best-known settlements in the Copper River Basin.
Date: 1935
Creator: Moffit, Fred H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Frontier Formation and Associated Rocks of Northeastern Utah and Northwestern Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Frontier Formation of the Mancos Group in northeastern Utah and northwesternmost Colorado (proposed new rank designations; formerly known as the Frontier Sandstone Member of the Mancos Shale) consists of several facies of marine and nonmarine rocks of Late Cretaceous (Turonian) age that grade eastward into totally marine rocks in easternmost Utah and northwestern Colorado.
Date: 1990
Creator: Molenaar, C. M. & Wilson, B. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Origin of Coal

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the studies that form the basis of this report was to learn from microscopic examinations of coal how far and in what ways the grouping of coal by types depends on differences in the kinds of plant material from which it was formed and on the conditions of its accumulation, or how far the special characters or qualities of coal of any type were determined by the nature and the state of the plate debris from which the coal was formed."
Date: 1913
Creator: White, David & Thiessen, Reinhardt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Technology of Slate

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this bulletin is to point out the most efficient methods and equipment now in use in slate quarries, to describe methods of utilizing the quarried material to best advantage, and to outline means of reducing the proportion of waste, which is now excessive."
Date: 1922
Creator: Bowles, Oliver
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Big Stone Gap Coal Field of Virginia and Kentucky

Description: From introduction: In presenting this paper the writer has two objects in view. The first is to add to the general knowledge respecting the geology of this central district [Appalachian coal basin]. The groups determined in this region will be carried over the adjoining territory if they can be distinguished and they afford a type-section of the Coal-measures where they are probably best developed. The results are not put forth as final, but as representing the most probable conclusions from the observed facts.
Date: 1893
Creator: Campbell, Marius R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reconnaissance for Determining Effects of Land Use and Surficial Geology on Concentrations of Selected Elements on Streambed Materials from the Coal-Mining Region, Southwestern Indiana, October 1979 to March 1980

Description: From introduction: The objectives of the streambed-materials rials reconnaissance were to: (1) provide baseline concentrations of selected elements sorbed on streambed materials and (2) determine the effect of land use and surficial geology on the concentration of selected elements on streambed materials from southwestern Indiana.
Date: 1982
Creator: Wilber, William G. & Boje, Rita R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department