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Repairing and Reconstructing Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges: The Role of Federal-Aid Highway Assistance

Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of disaster damaged highways and bridges or catastrophic failures (such as a bridge collapse). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance and describes the ER program in its current form. The report then discusses eligibility issues and program operation. Finally, the report briefly describes the major findings of a recent Government Accountability Office report on ER.
Date: March 31, 2008
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Background and Selected Issues

Description: This report discusses the Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) -- originally named the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research -- which was established at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1978 to address congressional concerns about an "undue concentration" of federal research and development (R&D) funding in certain states.
Date: January 12, 2017
Creator: Harris, Laurie A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Higher Education Act (HEA): A Primer

Description: This report discusses the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329) that authorizes numerous federal aid programs that provide support to both individuals pursuing a postsecondary education and institutions of higher education (IHEs).
Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airport Improvement Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 106th Congress

Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program (AIP), which provides federal grants to airports for capital development. This report also discusses the Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century, also referred to as AIR21, which includes provisions for increases in AIP spending, among other things. Primarily, this report discusses the legislative processes surrounding the enaction of these laws and the various appropriations the laws authorize.
Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Lifeline Program: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers frequently asked questions regarding the Federal Lifeline Program which was established in 1985 by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to assist qualifying low-income consumers in gaining access to and remaining on the telecommunications network. The program assists eligible individuals in paying the reoccurring monthly service charges associated with telecommunications usage. While initially designed to support traditional landline service, in 2005 the FCC expanded the program to cover either a landline or a wireless/mobile option. On March 31, 2016, the FCC adopted an Order (2016 Order or Order) to once again expand the program to make broadband an eligible service. The Lifeline program is available to eligible low-income consumers in every state, territory, commonwealth, and on tribal lands.
Date: October 19, 2017
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Description: The National Science Foundation (NSF) was created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (P.L. 81-507). The NSF has the broad mission of supporting science and engineering in general and funding basic research across many disciplines. The agency provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities.
Date: March 12, 2009
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report provides background on ten selected questions related to public aid for faith-based organization. Despite the ongoing controversy about charitable choice, not until the 107th Congress were there full hearings and extended debates on its constitutionality, efficacy, and public policy implications.
Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Description: This report discusses the "digital divide," a term that has been used to characterize a gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications technologies (e.g., telephones, computers, the Internet) and those who do not. It particularly discusses one important subset of the digital divide debate concerns high speed Internet access or broadband.
Date: October 31, 2006
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2016 State Grants Under Title I-A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

Description: This report provides estimated FY2016 state grant amounts under each of the four formulas used to determine Title I-A grants. The program, part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), is designed to provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other students attending pre-kindergarten through grade 12 schools with relatively high concentrations of students from low-income families.
Date: May 3, 2016
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Food Aid and the 2007 Farm Bill

Description: This report discusses the legislative authority for international food aid programs in the 2002 farm bill. The 110th Congress has been considering the extension and reauthorization of food aid programs as part of the 2007 farm bill.
Date: August 28, 2007
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to Public Housing

Description: This report serves as an introduction to the federal public housing program. It provides information on the history of the program, how it is administered and funded, and the characteristics of public housing properties and the households they serve. While it introduces current policy issues, a full analysis of those issues and discussion of current legislation is not included in this report.
Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Description: This report discusses a number of issues connected with Amtrak that Congress may consider. Amtrak does not earn enough revenue, or receive enough assistance, to cover its operating costs and capital needs. As a result, Amtrak is regularly on the verge of insolvency.
Date: February 20, 2003
Creator: Peterman, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation Spending Under an Earmark Ban

Description: This report explains what earmarks are and discusses their use in surface transportation finance. It then discusses how federal transportation funding is distributed with a ban in place and how Members of Congress might influence the distribution.
Date: March 17, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.; Mallett, William J. & Peterman, David R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Housing: Fact Sheet on the New Operating Fund Formula

Description: The local public housing authorities (PHAs) that administer the federal public housing program will begin receiving their annual federal operating subsidies under a new formula in January 2007. As a result, some will experience an increase in their eligibility for funding and others will experience a decrease, although both increases and decreases will be phased in (over two and five years, respectively). However, the amount that a PHA qualifies for under the new formula (whether it is an increase or a decrease) will be reduced if Congress appropriates less money than is necessary to fund all agencies at 100% of their eligibility. This report provides a brief overview of the changes to the public housing operating fund formula that will take place in FY2007.
Date: January 4, 2007
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: July 23, 2007
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Distribution of Funds

Description: Four programs, administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), were created to provide temporary and permanent housing to the homeless, along with supportive services.This report describes how HUD distributes the four homeless assistance grants.
Date: December 21, 2006
Creator: Perl, Libby
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department