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The Higher Education Act (HEA): A Primer

Description: This report discusses the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329) that authorizes numerous federal aid programs that provide support to both individuals pursuing a postsecondary education and institutions of higher education (IHEs).
Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Repairing and Reconstructing Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges: The Role of Federal-Aid Highway Assistance

Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of disaster damaged highways and bridges or catastrophic failures (such as a bridge collapse). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance and describes the ER program in its current form. The report then discusses eligibility issues and program operation. Finally, the report briefly describes the major findings of a recent Government Accountability Office report on ER.
Date: March 31, 2008
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Background and Selected Issues

Description: This report discusses the Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) -- originally named the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research -- which was established at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1978 to address congressional concerns about an "undue concentration" of federal research and development (R&D) funding in certain states.
Date: January 12, 2017
Creator: Harris, Laurie A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airport Improvement Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 106th Congress

Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program (AIP), which provides federal grants to airports for capital development. This report also discusses the Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century, also referred to as AIR21, which includes provisions for increases in AIP spending, among other things. Primarily, this report discusses the legislative processes surrounding the enaction of these laws and the various appropriations the laws authorize.
Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Description: The National Science Foundation (NSF) was created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (P.L. 81-507). The NSF has the broad mission of supporting science and engineering in general and funding basic research across many disciplines. The agency provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities.
Date: March 12, 2009
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including the administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date. The Appendix provides summary information in a table format.
Date: December 23, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of the HOME Investment Partnerships Program

Description: This report provides an introduction to the HOME Investment Partnerships Program, including a brief history, an overview of allowable uses of HOME funds, and a description of certain program requirements. It also provides information on funding for the program and how that funding has been used.
Date: September 11, 2014
Creator: Jones, Katie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Description: This report begins with a review of federal appropriations activity in FY2014 as it relates to child welfare programs, including the effect of the automatic spending cuts, known as sequestration. The bulk of the report provides a short description of each federal child welfare program, including its purpose and recent (FY2012-FY2014) funding levels.
Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including the administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date. The Appendix provides summary information in a table format.
Date: September 15, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report provides background on ten selected questions related to public aid for faith-based organization. Despite the ongoing controversy about charitable choice, not until the 107th Congress were there full hearings and extended debates on its constitutionality, efficacy, and public policy implications.
Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Description: This report discusses the "digital divide," a term that has been used to characterize a gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications technologies (e.g., telephones, computers, the Internet) and those who do not. It particularly discusses one important subset of the digital divide debate concerns high speed Internet access or broadband.
Date: October 31, 2006
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2016 State Grants Under Title I-A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

Description: This report provides estimated FY2016 state grant amounts under each of the four formulas used to determine Title I-A grants. The program, part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), is designed to provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other students attending pre-kindergarten through grade 12 schools with relatively high concentrations of students from low-income families.
Date: May 3, 2016
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Food Aid and the 2007 Farm Bill

Description: This report discusses the legislative authority for international food aid programs in the 2002 farm bill. The 110th Congress has been considering the extension and reauthorization of food aid programs as part of the 2007 farm bill.
Date: August 28, 2007
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to Public Housing

Description: This report serves as an introduction to the federal public housing program. It provides information on the history of the program, how it is administered and funded, and the characteristics of public housing properties and the households they serve. While it introduces current policy issues, a full analysis of those issues and discussion of current legislation is not included in this report.
Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Description: This report discusses a number of issues connected with Amtrak that Congress may consider. Amtrak does not earn enough revenue, or receive enough assistance, to cover its operating costs and capital needs. As a result, Amtrak is regularly on the verge of insolvency.
Date: February 20, 2003
Creator: Peterman, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation Spending Under an Earmark Ban

Description: This report explains what earmarks are and discusses their use in surface transportation finance. It then discusses how federal transportation funding is distributed with a ban in place and how Members of Congress might influence the distribution.
Date: March 17, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.; Mallett, William J. & Peterman, David R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homeland Security Grants: Evolution of Program Guidance and Grant Allocation Methods

Description: This CRS report explains the evolving administrative guidance that governs the three homeland security assistance programs, discusses the changing DHS requirements for grant applications and subsequent reporting by recipients, describes the DHS grant allocation methods, and identifies pertinent oversight questions that may be of interest to Congress.
Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department