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Report of the SSC impedance workshop

Description: This workshop focused attention on the transverse, single-bunch instability and the detailed analysis of the broadband impedance which would drive it. Issues discussed included: (1) single bunch stability -- impact of impedance frequency shape, coupled-mode vs. fast blowup regimes, possible stopband structure; (2) numerical estimates of transverse impedance of inner bellows and sliding contact shielded bellows; (3) analytic estimates of pickup and kicker impedance contributions; and (4) feasibility studies of wire and beam measurements of component impedance.
Date: October 28, 1985
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CBEAM. 2-D: a two-dimensional beam field code

Description: CBEAM.2-D is a two-dimensional solution of Maxwell's equations for the case of an electron beam propagating through an air medium. Solutions are performed in the beam-retarded time frame. Conductivity is calculated self-consistently with field equations, allowing sophisticated dependence of plasma parameters to be handled. A unique feature of the code is that it is implemented on an IBM PC microcomputer in the BASIC language. Consequently, it should be available to a wide audience.
Date: May 1, 1985
Creator: Dreyer, K.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of electromagnetic launcher behavior for impact fusion. Annual report, May 1, 1984-April 30, 1985

Description: The second year of a 4-year program to develop an ultra-high velocity electromagnetic launcher has been completed, with significant progress made in the key technical areas. This lays firmly the cornerstone for major progress in Year 3 of the program. The launcher instrumentation and diagnostics system was developed. More than 20 launcher experiments were conducted using the SUVAC-I augmented launcher system. We tested our novel plasma generation technique using a lithium seeded propellant with encouraging success. We accelerated a 1.4 g projectile to 5.3 km/s in 1.6 m in the series. Unaugmented barrels for SUVAC-II were fabricated. The barrels were tested and commissioned with a total of 8 firings in single-stage configurations. The tests verified the basic soundness of the barrel mechanical and electrical design. Velocity up to 4.4 km/s was achieved with a 1.1 g projectile. Concurrently, we completed the fabrication, assembly and installation of SUVAC-II power supply (1 MJ) and its expanded control system. Experimentation with the multi-stage SUVAC-II launcher is expected to take place in the early part of Year 3. In the meantime, fabrication of the SUVAC-III power supply (an additional 0.4 MJ) has also been initiated.
Date: May 1, 1985
Creator: Thio, Y.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Theory of Mutual Impedances and Multiple Reflections in an N-Element Array Environment

Description: Abstract: A general theoretical approach is formulated to describe the complex electromagnetic environment of an N-element array. The theory reveals the element-to-element interactions and multiple reflections within the array. From the formulation, it is found that the interaction between an excited element and an open-circuited element can be viewed as the sum of terms describing all possible signal paths within the array environment which start from the radiating element and terminate on the element under observation. Within all paths except the most direct one, multiple reflections between subgroups of elements take place. The resulting solution is highly structured and recursive and is discussed in detail in the text. Illustrative examples are provided to facilitate understanding of these ideas.
Date: February 1985
Creator: Muth, Lorant A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Possible Estimation Methodologies for Electromagnetic Field Distributions in Complex Environments

Description: Abstract: The problem of measuring and characterizing complicated multiple-source, multiple-frequency electromagnetic environments is becoming more important and more difficult as electrical devices proliferate. This paper outlines three general approaches to the problem which are currently under investigation at the National Bureau of Standards. The three approaches are: 1) a statistical treatment of the spatial distribution of electromagnetic field intensities, 2) a numerical computation using a finite-difference (or lattice) form of the electromagnetic action functional, and 3) use of a directional probe to scan a volume. All three methods are still in the development stage, but each appears promising.
Date: March 1985
Creator: Kanda, Motohisa; Randa, J. & Nahman, N. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design of the National Bureau of Standards Isotropic Magnetic Field Meter (MFM-10) 300 kHz to 100 MHz

Description: From introduction: In this report the following will he discussed: (1) design consideration of the broadband magnetic field sensor, (2) overall design of the magnetic field meter, (3) performance of the meter, (4) calibration and operating procedures, (5) alignment and adjustment procedures, and (6) summary and conclusions.
Date: October 1985
Creator: Cruz, J. E.; Driver, L. D. & Kanda, Motohisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Role of ECRH in potential formation for tandem mirrors

Description: The axial ion plugging potential in a tandem mirror is produced by electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) applied at two locations in the end mirror cell. A second harmonic (..omega.. = 2..omega../sub c/) resonance is used near the midplane to generate hot electrons which yield an electron potential barrier between center cell electrons and electrons outboard of the end cell midplane. The latter group of electrons is then heated at the fundamental resonance (..omega.. = ..omega../sub c/) on the outboard side of the magnetic well which drives an ion confining potential. Fokker-Planck and Monte Carlo calculations show that such a configuration is achievable, and the scaling obeys a rather simple set of equations. Another aspect of this configuration is the experimental observation that the fundamental heating drives the overall potential of the device relative to the wall to approx. 1 kV. An analytic model predicts this behavior for very strong ECRH. Results are given a numerical study of electron confinement in a mirror cell owing to fundamental heating as the level of the rf electric field, E/sub rf/, is increased. For the second part of the paper, we show that moderate levels of uniformly distributed rf fields, called cavity fields, can result in very hot (>250 keV) tails in the electron distribution as seen in the TMX-U experiment.
Date: May 8, 1985
Creator: Rognlien, T.D.; Matsuda, Y. & Stewart, J.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detailed design of a 13 kA 13 kV dc solid-state turn-off switch

Description: An experimental facility for the study of electromagnetic effects in the First Wall-Blanket-shield (FWBS) systems of fusion reactors has been constructed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). In a test volume of 0.76 m/sup 3/, a vertical, pulsed 5 kG dipole field (B < 320 kGs/sup -1/) is perpendicular to a 10 kG solenoid field. Power supplies of 2.75 MW at 550 V dc and 5.5 MW at 550 V dc and a solid-state switch rated at 13 kA and 13 kV (169 MW) control the pulsed magnetic fields. The total stored energy in the coils is 2.6 MJ. This paper describes the design and construction features of the solid-state switching circuit which turns off a dc of 13 kA in approximately 82 ..mu..s and holds off voltages of < 13 kV.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Praeg, W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unification of quantum theory and classical physics

Description: A program is described for unifying quantum theory and classical physics on the basis of the Copenhagen-interpretation idea of external reality and a recently discovered classical part of the electromagnetic field. The program effects an integration of the intuitions of Heisenberg, Bohr, and Einstein.
Date: July 1, 1985
Creator: Stapp, H.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results from the FELIX experiments on electromagnetic effects in hollow cylinders

Description: The early experiments with the FELIX (Fusion Electromagnetic Induction eXperiments) facility have been devoted to obtaining data which can be used to validate eddy current computer codes. This paper describes experiments on field variation inside conducting cylinders.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Turner, L.R.; Gunderson, G.R.; Knott, M.J.; McGhee, D.G.; Praeg, W.F. & Wehrle, R.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solution of the field equations for 2-D electromagnetic direct implicit plasma simulation

Description: A direct implicit particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation model with full electromagnetic (EM) effects has been implemented in 2-D Cartesian geometry. The model, implemented with the D/sub 1/ time differencing scheme, was first implemented in a 1-D electrostatic (ES) version to gain some experience with spatial differencing in forms suitable for extension to the full EM field in two dimensions. The implicit EM field solve is considerably different from the implicit ES code. The EM field calculation requires an inductive part as well as the electrostatic and the B field must be self-consistently advanced.
Date: January 2, 1985
Creator: Hewett, D.W. & Langdon, A.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coupling between eddy currents and rigid body rotation: analysis, computation, and experiments

Description: Computation and experiment show that the coupling between eddy currents and the angular deflections resulting from those eddy currents can reduce electromagnetic effects such as forces, torques, and power dissipation to levels far less severe than would be predicted without regard for the coupling. This paper explores the coupling effects beyond the parameter range that has been explored experimentally, using analytical means and the eddy-current computer code EDDYNET. The paper also describes upcoming FELIX experiments with cantilevered beams.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Hua, T.Q. & Turner, L.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of rf fields in axisymmetric cavities

Description: A new code, PISCES, has been developed for calculating a complete set of rf electromagnetic modes in an axisymmetric cavity. The finite-element method is used with up to third-order shape functions. Although two components are enough to express these modes, three components are used as unknown variables to take advantage of the symmetry of the element matrix. The unknowns are taken to be either the electric field components or the magnetic field components. The zero-divergence condition will be satisfied by the shape function within each element.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Iwashita, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

IFR code for secondary particle dynamics

Description: A numerical simulation has been constructed to obtain a detailed, quantitative estimate of the electromagnetic fields and currents existing in the Advanced Test Accelerator under conditions of laser guiding. The code treats the secondary electrons by particle simulation and the beam dynamics by a time-dependent envelope model. The simulation gives a fully relativistic description of secondary electrons moving in self-consistent electromagnetic fields. The calculations are made using coordinates t, x, y, z for the electrons and t, ct-z, r for the axisymmetric electromagnetic fields and currents. Code results, showing in particular current enhancement effects, will be given.
Date: October 11, 1985
Creator: Teague, M.R. & Yu, S.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Numerical simulation of secondary electron orbits near an electron beam propagating in a low pressure gas

Description: A numerical simulation has been constructed to obtain a detailed, quantitative estimate of the electromagnetic fields generated in a recently-proposed collective accelerator scheme for electrons. The code treats the secondary electrons by particle simulation and the beam dynamics by a time-dependent envelope model. The simulation gives a fully relativistic description of secondary electrons moving in selfconsistent electromagnetic fields. The calculations are made using coordinates t, x, y, z for the electrons and t, ct-z, r for the axisymmetric electromagnetic fields and currents. Code results showing the axial electric field dependence on the configuration of the ultrashort U.V. laser pulse will be given. 4 refs., 4 figs.
Date: August 14, 1985
Creator: Teague, M.R. & Yu, S.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Replica-space renormalization in random-field systems

Description: The critical behavior of random-field systems is characterized by exponentially long relaxation times. They may differ by orders of magnitude and slow modes have to be considered quenched with respect to the faster ones. This requires a drastic modification of the renormalization process in which the degrees of freedom are integrated out. A new replica-space renormalization procedure, to carry out the coarse-graining of the time intervals, is presented. We relate by recursion-relations the effective reduced dimensions of consecutive time scales. Their stable fixed-points yield the apparent dimensionalities for the longest and shortest time scales, which are insensitive to the exact behavior on intermediate scales. For Ising systems we find that d = 2 is the lower critical dimension in both regimes. The thermal exponents for d = 3, in the short-time observable regime, are related to those of the pure system in d = 2. This is consistent with the observations in field-cooled random antiferromagnets of the correlation length exponent nu approx. = 1 (by neutron scattering) and of the symmetric logarithmic divergence in the specific-heat (by linear birefringence). 17 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Shapir, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of structural-mechanics methods to the design of large tandem-mirror fusion devices (MFTF-B)

Description: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory requires state-of-the-art structural-mechanics methods to deal with access constraints for plasma heating and diagnostics, alignment requirements, and load complexity and variety. Large interactive structures required an integrated analytical approach to achieve a reasonable level of overall system optimization. The Tandem Magnet Generator (TMG) creates a magnet configuration for the EFFI calculation of electromagnetic-field forces that, coupled with other loads, form the input loading to magnet and vessel finite-element models. The analytical results provide the data base for detailed design of magnet, vessel, foundation, and interaction effects.
Date: March 4, 1985
Creator: Karpenko, V.N. & Ng, D.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department