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Electricity distribution industry restructuring, electrification, and competition in South Africa

Description: This paper reviews the status of the South African electricity supply industry (ESI) and proposals for reorienting and restructuring it. South Africa has been intensely examining its ESI for more than 4 years in an effort to determine whether and how it should be restructured to best support the country`s new economic development and social upliftment goals. The debate has been spirited and inclusive of most ESI stakeholders. The demands on and expectations for the ESI are many and varied. The debate has reflected this diversity of interests and views. In essence, however, there is a consensus on what is expected of the industry, namely, to extend provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity service to all citizens and segments of the economy. This means a large-scale electrification program to reach as many of the nearly 50% of households currently without electricity service as soon as possible, tariff reform to promote equity and efficiency, and the upgrading of service quality now being provided by some of the newly consolidated municipal authorities. The issues involved are how best to achieve these results within the context of the national Reconstruction and Development Program, while accounting for time and resource constraints and balancing the interests of the various parties.
Date: July 1, 1997
Creator: Galen, P S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost-Effective Cable Insulation

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses new, low-cost high-voltage direct current (HVDC) cables as part of the "Nanoclay Reinforced Ethylene-Propylene-Rubber for Low-Cost HVDC Cabling" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: General Electric Global Research
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Grid Hardware and Software

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the 15 projects that are a part of the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including project goals, innovation needs, and potential impacts.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: United States. Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Autonomous, Decentralized Grid Architecture

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses a decentralized electric grid architecture as part of the "Prosumer-Based Distributed Autonomous Cyber-Physical Architecture for Ultra-Reliable Green Electricity Networks" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automated Grid Disruption Response System

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses topology control to detect and manage electric grid disruptions as part of the "Robust Adaptive Topology Control (RATC)" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Texas Engineering Experiment Station
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distributed Power Flow Control

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses a device that helps to control power flows in existing transmission lines as part of the "Distributed Power Flow Control using Smart Wires for Energy Routing" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Smart Wire Grid, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Probability-Based Software for Grid Optimization

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses the development of software to improve the use of renewable energy sources as part of the "Improved Power System Operations Using Advanced Stochastic Optimization" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Sandia National Laboratories
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy Positioning System

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses a system to allocate renewable energy sources within the power grid as part of the "Energy Positioning: Control and Economics" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: University of Washington
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integration of Renewables Via Demand Management

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses an automated control software to manage the electric grid as part of the "Highly Dispatchable and Distributed Demand Response for the Integration of Distributed Generation" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: AutoGrid Systems, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Power Flow Controller for Renewables

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses a power flow controller for routing renewable energy as part of the "Transformer-less Unified Power Flow Controller for Wind and Solar Power Transmission" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Michigan State University
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Decision-Support Software for Grid Operators

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses controls for managing power flows as part of the "Transmission Topology Control for Infrastructure Resilience to the Integration of Renewable Generation" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Charles River Associates International, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloud Computing for the Grid

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses cloud computing-based software for managing electric grids as part of the "GridControl: A Software Platform to Support the Smart Grid" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Cornell University
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetic Amplifier for Power Flow Control

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses the development of an electromagnet amplifier to control power in electric grids as part of the "Magnetic Amplifier for Power Flow Control" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Connecting Renewables Directly to the Grid

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses the development of electricity transmission hardware for renewable energy sources as part of the "Resilient Multi-Terminal HVDC Networks with High-Voltage High-Frequency Electronics" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: General Electric Global Research
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Insertion HVDC Circuit Breaker

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses the development of a direct current circuit breaker as part of the "Magnetically Pulsed Hybrid Breaker for HVDC Power Distribution Protection" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: General Atomics
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scalable Distributed Automation System

Description: Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy project sheet summarizing general information about the Green Electricity Network Integration (GENI) program including critical needs, innovation and advantages, impacts, and contact information. This sheet discusses a a distributed automation system for managing electricity from renewable resources as part of the "Scalable Real-time Decentralized Volt/VAR Control" project.
Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: California Institute of Technology
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Future of Grid-Tied PV Business Models: What Will Happen When PV Penetration on the Distribution Grid is Significant? Preprint

Description: Eventually, distributed PV will become a more significant part of the generation mix. When this happens, it is expected that utilities will have to take on a more active role in the placement, operation and control of these systems. There are operational complexities and concerns of revenue erosion that will drive utilities into greater involvement of distributed PV and will create new business models. This report summarizes work done by Navigant Consulting Inc. for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory as part of the Department of Energy's work on Renewable System Integration. The objective of the work was to better understand the structure of these future business models and the research, development and demonstration (RD&D) required to support their deployment. This report describes potential future PV business models in terms of combinations of utility ownership and control of the PV assets, and the various relationships between end-users and third-party owners.
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Graham, S.; Katofsky, R.; Frantzis, L.; Sawyer, H. & Margolis, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department