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Sustaining Multilinguality: Case Studies of Two Multilingual Digital Libraries

Description: Digital libraries have become valuable learning resources for information users. However, language barriers have greatly limited information access for many digital libraries, as users do not understand those languages. This study explored technical and operational challenges digital libraries faced in sustaining multilinguality. Using the multiple-case method, the study investigated two digital libraries that have sustained multilinguality for over a decade: the World Digital Library and the Digital Library of the Caribbean. On-site interviews were conducted at both digital libraries and the related documents were analyzed. The findings of the study showed that the two multilingual digital libraries faced many technical and operational challenges and employed various approaches to find solutions. A model of challenges and approaches in sustaining multilinguality was presented. As the first such case study, this research enriches the existing literature, and has theoretical, practical, and methodological implications for the research of multilingual digital libraries. The findings of the study provide useful guidelines and insights for the digital library community in sustaining multilingual services.
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Date: August 2021
Creator: Wu, Anping
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Smoothing the information seeking path: Removing representational obstacles in the middle-school digital library.

Description: Middle school student's interaction within a digital library is explored. Issues of interface features used, obstacles encountered, search strategies and search techniques used, and representation obstacles are examined. A mechanism for evaluating user's descriptors is tested and effects of augmenting the system's resource descriptions with these descriptors on retrieval is explored. Transaction log data analysis (TLA) was used, with external corroborating achievement data provided by teachers. Analysis was conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods. Coding schemes for the failure analysis, search strategies and techniques analysis, as well as extent of match analysis between terms in student's questions and their search terms, and extent of match analysis between search terms and controlled vocabulary were developed. There are five chapters with twelve supporting appendixes. Chapter One presents an introduction to the problem and reviews the pilot study. Chapter Two presents the literature review and theoretical basis for the study. Chapter Three describes the research questions, hypotheses and methods. Chapter Four presents findings. Chapter Five presents a summary of the findings and their support of the hypotheses. Unanticipated findings, limitations, speculations, and areas of further research are indicated. Findings indicate that middle school users interact with the system in various sequences of patterns. User groups' interactions and scaffold use are influenced by the teacher's objectives for using the ADL. Users preferred to use single word searches over Boolean, phrase or natural language searches. Users tended to use a strategy of repeating the same exact search, instead of using the advanced scaffolds. A high percent of users attempted at least one search that included spelling or typographical errors, punctuation, or sequentially repeated searches. Search terms matched the DQ's in some instantiation 54% of all searches. Terms used by the system to represent the resources do not adequately represent the user groups' information needs, however, …
Date: May 2002
Creator: Abbas, June M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Nuts & Bolts: Preserving Digital Content at the University of North Texas

Description: This presentation discusses the preservation and digitization of content at the University of North Texas (UNT). The topics include a background of the digital initiatives at the UNT Libraries, the organization of the digital initiatives, the collaborative projects, the collections held by the UNT Libraries, and areas of research.
Date: June 2008
Creator: Hartman, Cathy Nelson & Phillips, Mark Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries

UNT Libraries' Digital Collections

Description: This presentation provides an overview for the University of North Texas Libraries' digital collections: The Portal to Texas History, the UNT Digital Library, and the Gateway to Oklahoma History.
Date: August 14, 2018
Creator: Phillips, Mark Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit
open access

Appendix F: MetaArchive Microservices

Description: This is an appendix to the MetaArchive Final Report. The purpose of this document is to explain the PREMIS Event microservice as prototyped for the MetaArchive Cooperative, primarily from a developer's standpoint. The document will attempt to explain the purpose of the microservice, the underlying principles on which it operates, and a practical example of its usage. The MetaArchive has installed all of the components needed to deploy this microservice and looks forward to opportunities to experiment with practical implementations in future development projects.
Date: March 9, 2012
Creator: Halbert, Martin; Hartman, Cathy Nelson; Skinner, Katherine; Walters, Tyler & Schultz, Matt
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

An exploration of the diffusion of a new technology from communities of practice perspective: Web services technologies in digital libraries.

Description: This study explored and described decision factors related to technology adoption. The research used diffusion of innovations and communities of practice (CoP) theoretical frameworks and a case study of Web services technology in the digital library (DL) environment to develop an understanding of the decision-making process. A qualitative case study approach was used to investigate the research problems and data were collected through semi-structured interviews, documentary evidence (e.g., meeting minutes), and a comprehensive member check. The research conducted face-to-face and phone interviews with seven respondents with different job titles (administraive vs. technical) from five different DL programs selected based on distinctive characteristics such as size of the DL program. Findings of the research suggested that the decision-making process is a complex process in which a number of factors are considered when making technology adoption decisions. These factors are categorized as organizational, individual, and technology specific factors. Further, data showed that DL CoPs played an important role in enabling staff members of a DL program to access up-to-date and experienced-based knowledge, provided a distributed problem solving and learning environment, facilitating informal communication and collaborative activities, and informing the decision-making process.
Date: August 2007
Creator: Oguz, Fatih
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Enhancing User Search Experience in Digital Libraries with Rotated Latent Semantic Indexing

Description: This study investigates a semi-automatic method for creation of topical labels representing the topical concepts in information objects. The method is called rotated latent semantic indexing (rLSI). rLSI has found application in text mining but has not been used for topical labels generation in digital libraries (DLs). The present study proposes a theoretical model and an evaluation framework which are based on the LSA theory of meaning and investigates rLSI in a DL environment. The proposed evaluation framework for rLSI topical labels is focused on human-information search behavior and satisfaction measures. The experimental systems that utilize those topical labels were built for the purposes of evaluating user satisfaction with the search process. A new instrument was developed for this study and the experiment showed high reliability of the measurement scales and confirmed the construct validity. Data was collected through the information search tasks performed by 122 participants using two experimental systems. A quantitative method of analysis, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), was used to test a set of research hypotheses and to answer research questions. The results showed a not significant, indirect effect of topical label type on both guidance and satisfaction. The conclusion of the study is that topical labels generated using rLSI provide the same levels of alignment, guidance, and satisfaction with the search process as topical labels created by the professional indexers using best practices.
Date: August 2015
Creator: Polyakov, Serhiy
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Diffusion across the digital divide: Assessing use of the Connecticut Digital Library (ICONN) in K-12 schools in Connecticut.

Description: State digital libraries are manifestations of the diffusion of technology that has provided both access to and delivery of digital content. Whether the content is being accessed and used equitably in K-12 schools has not been assessed. Determining patterns of the diffusion of use across socioeconomic groups in K-12 schools may help measure the success of existing efforts to provide equitable access and use of digital content, and help guide policies and implementation to more effectively address remaining disparities. This study examined use of the Connecticut Digital Library (ICONN) in K-12 schools in Connecticut by determining annual patterns of use per school/district over a four-year period, using transaction log search statistics. The data were analyzed in the paradigm that Rogers (2003) describes as the first and second dimensions of the consequences of an innovation - the overall growth and the equality of the diffusion to individuals within an intended audience --- in this case, students in K-12 schools. Data were compared by school district and the established socioeconomic District Reference Groups (DRGs) defined by the Connecticut State Board of Education. At the time of this study, ICONN used aggregate data (total searches) for K-12 schools, but did not have relevant data on diffusion within the public schools in Connecticut related to district or DRGs.
Date: December 2008
Creator: Bogel, Gayle
Partner: UNT Libraries

Open Access at the UNT Libraries

Description: This presentation discusses the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries' Digital Library collection. It showcases the collections included in the UNT Digital Library, the statistics of use, and highlights the UNT Scholarly Works institutional repository.
Date: May 20, 2011
Creator: Phillips, Mark Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries

Introduction to the UNT Digital Collections

Description: Presentation on the University of North Texas (UNT) Digital Library and The Portal to Texas History. The topics include featured collections in The Portal to Texas History and in the UNT Digital Library, and the special collections of maps and their features and usage.
Date: October 1, 2011
Creator: Tarver, Hannah
Partner: UNT Libraries

Tools and Workflows for Managing Metadata at the UNT Libraries

Description: Presentation for the Central Plains Network for Digital Asset Management Virtual Conference. This presentation provides an overview of interface design features in the metadata editing system for the University of North Texas Libraries' Digital Collections.
Date: November 7, 2017
Creator: Phillips, Mark Edward & Tarver, Hannah
Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit

New Interfaces for Metadata Quality Improvement in the UNT Libraries' Digital Collections

Description: Presentation for the Innovating with Metadata Virtual Conference. This presentation provides an overview of interface design features in the metadata editing system for the University of North Texas Libraries' Digital Collections.
Date: November 9, 2017
Creator: Tarver, Hannah & Phillips, Mark Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit

Supporting Faculty Scholarly Activity

Description: This presentation is part of a panel discussion titled Academic Libraries as Partners in Research. This presentation discusses how digital libraries can support faculty scholarly activity, with examples and strategies from the UNT Digital Library collections.
Date: January 21, 2012
Creator: Phillips, Mark Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries

Opportunities and challenges for the 21st century FDLP

Description: This presentation discusses research on the opportunities and challenges for the 21st century Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). The authors discuss the principles of the FDLP, the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), LOCKSS-USDOCS, and the University of North Texas (UNT) efforts toward digital FDLP.
Date: April 2012
Creator: Jacobs, James A.; Sears, Suzanne & Walls, David
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Meeting the Demands of Digital Scholarship: Challenges and Opportunities

Description: Paper accompanying a poster presentation for the 2005 ASIS&T Annual Conference. This paper provides an overall scenario in the areas of aggregating a variety of digital formats, archiving digital content, and innovative uses of digital library technologies.
Date: 2005
Creator: Alemneh, Daniel Gelaw; Hartman, Cathy Nelson & Hastings, Samantha Kelly
Partner: UNT Libraries
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