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Review of Soils Design, Construction, and Prototype Analysis: Blakely Mountain Dam, Arkansas

Description: This report provides a review of the design and performance of the embankment and foundation of Blakely Mountain Dam in Arkansas. "This study is one of a series of similar studies of the foundation and soil mechanics features of earth dams [...] In these studies field experience is analyzed and performance of the completed structures is compared with design predictions to provide information for use in the design and construction of future projects" (p. 1).
Date: October 1956
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of Soils Design, Construction, and Performance Observations, John H. Kerr project (Buggs Island and Island Creek Dams) Virginia

Description: This report contains general background information about the John H. Kerr project, which comprises a retaining structure, Buggs Island Dam, and a backwater protection structure, Island Creek Dam. It also provides more detailed information about the design, construction, and prototype observation of each of the dams.
Date: August 1957
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Field Evaluation of the U.S. Army Engineer Topographic Laboratories' Laser Dam Alignment Instrument

Description: Summary: Several series of laser instrument alignment surveys were made at the exterior roadway deck level and within the interior inspection gallery of Keystone Dam, Oklahoma, and compared with theodolite surveys over the same lines and under similar conditions.
Date: April 1973
Creator: Davis, Carl D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landscape

Description: Photograph taken from a very high angle, showing a landscape with buildings in the background. There appears to be a dam, partially visible on the right side of the image.
Date: unknown
Creator: Williams, Byrd M. (Byrd Moore), Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Review of Soils Design, Construction, and Performance Observations: Benbrook Dam, Texas

Description: "This report contains a summary of construction of procedures and field observations made during and after construction of Benbrook Dam, a brief review of the original design data, and comparisons of design predictions with performance data" (p. 1). It is part of a series to compare field experience and performance of existing structures with design predictions.
Date: March 1957
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of Soils Design, Construction, and Performance Observations: Lookout Point Dam, Oregon

Description: This report reviews the performance of the Lookout Point Dam located on the Middle Fork of the Willamette River in Oregon. "This study is one of a series of similar studies of the foundation and soil mechanics features of earth dams [...] In these studies original design data are reviewed, construction experience is summarized, and performance fo the completed structures is compared with design predictions to provide information for use in the design and construction of future similar projects" (p. 1).
Date: May 1959
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Piezometer and Relief-Well Data: Report Number 1, Data from Sardis Dam, Mississippi

Description: Summary: Data obtained from tests and observations of the extensive piezometer and relief-well systems at Sardis Dam, Mississippi, are analyzed in this report in furtherance of a Corps of Engineers program to study the performance of earth dams and foundations.
Date: February 1954
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Field Compaction Data: Report 2, Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Massachusetts

Description: Summary: This report is a review of the materials, specifications, procedures, equipment, and testing pertinent to construction and compaction control of the earth-fill embankment of Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Mass., constructed by the U. S. Army Engineer Division, New England.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Torrey, Victor H., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of Natural Stream Sites for Hydroelectric Dams in the Pacific Northwest Region

Description: This pilot study presents a methodology for modeling project characteristics using a development model of a stream obstructing dam. The model is applied to all individual stream reaches in hydrologic region 17, which encompasses nearly all of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Project site characteristics produced by the modeling technique include: capacity potential, principal dam dimensions, number of required auxiliary dams, total extent of the constructed impoundment boundary, and the surface area of the resulting reservoir. Aggregated capacity potential values for the region are presented in capacity categories including total, that at existing dams, within federal and environmentally sensitive exclusion zones, and the balance which is consider available for greenfield development within the limits of the study. Distributions of site characteristics for small hydropower sites are presented and discussed. These sites are screened to identify candidate small hydropower sites and distributions of the site characteristics of this site population are presented and discussed. Recommendations are made for upgrading the methodology and extensions to make the results more accessible and available on a larger scale.
Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: Hall, Douglas G.; Verdin, Kristin L. & Lee, Randy D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Construction and Use of Farm Weirs

Description: "The purpose of this bulletin is to give practical directions for the construction and use of the smaller sizes of weirs, such as are suited to the measurement of water on irrigated farms.... The weirs described in this bulletin are the rectangular, Cipolletti, and 90 degree triangular-notch types, with free fall, sharp crests, and complete contractions." -- p. 1-2
Date: 1917
Creator: Cone, Victor M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Flow Characteristics of Florida Streams and Canals

Description: Abstract: This report contains data and statistics on low-flow frequency for 254 stream-gagins stations on Florida streams and canals. The selected stations have 10 or more years of continuous record. A site description, a 10-year hydrograph, and a table of flow duration are presented for each station. A computed monthly 7-day, 10-year low flow is presented for stations when flow is not significantly altered by dams, increased or decreased significantly by diversion, or influence by tides.
Date: 1983
Creator: Foose, Donald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage and Distribution at Detroit Dam, 2011

Description: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory evaluated juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at Detroit Dam (DET) on the North Santiam River, Oregon for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to provide data to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance downstream passage at DET and others dams in USACE’s Willamette Valley Project. This study was conducted in response to regulatory requirements necessitated by the listing of Upper Willamette River Spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and Upper Willamette River steelhead (O. mykiss) as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The goal of the study was to provide information of juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at DET from February 2011 through February 2012. The results of the hydroacoustic study provide new and, in some cases, first-ever data on passage estimates, run timing, distributions, and relationships between fish passage and environmental variables at the dam. This information will inform management decisions on the design and development of surface passage and collection devices to help restore Chinook salmon populations in the North Santiam River watershed above DET. During the entire study period, an estimated total of 182,526 smolt-size fish (±4,660 fish, 95% CI) passed through turbine penstock intakes. Run timing peaked in winter and early spring months. Passage rates were highest during late fall, winter and early spring months and low during summer. Horizontal distribution for hours when both turbine units were operated simultaneously indicated Unit 2 passed almost twice as much fish as Unit 1. Diel distribution for smolt-size fish during the study period was fairly uniform, indicating fish were passing the turbines at all times of the day. A total of 5,083 smolt-size fish (± 312 fish, 95% CI) were estimated passed via the spillway when it was open between June 23 and September 27, 2011. Daily passage was low at the spillway ...
Date: November 15, 2012
Creator: Khan, Fenton; Royer, Ida M.; Johnson, Gary E. & Ham, Kenneth D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fish Passage Through a Simulated Horizontal Bulb Turbine Pressure Regime: A Supplement to"Laboratory Studies of the Effects of Pressure and Dissolved Gas Supersaturation on Turbine-Passed Fish"

Description: Migratory and resident fish in the Columbia River Basin are exposed to stresses associated with hydroelectric power production, including pressure changes during turbine passage. The responses of fall chinook salmon and bluegill sunfish to rapid pressure change was investigated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Previous test series evaluated the effects of passage through a vertical Kaplan turbine under the"worst case" pressure conditions and under less severe conditions where pressure changes were minimized. For this series of tests, pressure changes were modified to simulate passage through a horizontal bulb turbine, commonly installed at low head dams. The results were compared to results from previous test series. Migratory and resident fish in the Columbia River Basin are exposed to stresses associated with hydroelectric power production, including pressure changes during turbine passage. The responses of fall chinook salmon and bluegill sunfish to rapid pressure change was investigated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Previous test series evaluated the effects of passage through a vertical Kaplan turbine under the"worst case" pressure conditions and under less severe conditions where pressure changes were minimized. For this series of tests, pressure changes were modified to simulate passage through a horizontal bulb turbine, commonly installed at low head dams. The results were compared to results from previous test series. Both fish species were acclimated for 16-22 hours at either surface (101 kPa; 1 atm) or 30 ft (191 kPa; 1.9 atm) of pressure in a hyperbaric chamber before exposure to a pressure scenario simulating passage through a horizontal bulb turbine. The simulation was as follows: gradual pressure increase to about 2 atm of pressure, followed by a sudden (0.4 second) decrease in pressure to either 0.7 or 0.95 atm, followed by gradual return to 1 atm (surface water pressure). Following the exposure, fish were held at surface ...
Date: July 31, 2003
Creator: Abernethy, Cary S.; Amidan, Brett G. & Cada, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Locked door]

Description: Photograph of a locked door on the side of a wood structure. In the image, the small door is locked with a chain and more wooden structures can be seen in the background.
Date: unknown
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Endangered Species Act (ESA) Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead

Description: The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. This report discusses the federal regulation of this system under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Buck, Eugene H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Acid Production, Leaching, and Transport of Dissolved Metals at an Abandoned Sulfide Tailings Impoundment: Monitoring and Physical Properties

Description: Abstract: Researchers at the U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted a long-term groundwater monitoring and site characterization program at an abandoned 10-ha, acid-producing, copper-gold tailings impoundment in north-central Washington State. The purpose was to investigate contaminant release and transport, and attenuation mechanisms in the tailings, sediments below the tailings, and gravels downgradient of the impoundment. This report summarizes the monitoring results and physical properties of the tailings, the sediments below the tailings, and the groundwater system associated with the tailings. Water samples from the vadose and saturated zones of the impoundment were analyzed for 15 constituents. Concentrations of the same constituenta were determined in water samples up to 3 m beneath the impoundment and in the shallow colluvium and deep bedrock at 76, 335, and 550 m downgradient and 168 m upgradient. Constituent concentrations within the tailings are quite variable and are influenced by pH, depth of oxidation, grain-size differential (surface area), hydraulic gradient, groundwater mixing, and the presence of hardpan layers, carbonaceous material, and organic matter. Most of the metal constituents decreased to background or near-background concentrations in the farthest downgradient well.
Date: 1995
Creator: Stewart, Bill M.; Williams, B. C. & Lambeth, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department