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Investigation of Two-Stage Counterrotating Compressor. 3: Design of Second-Stage Rotor and Preliminary Over-All Performance

Description: At the design speed of a two-stage counterrotating compressor, an overall average pressure ratio of 4.3 was obtained at a specific weight flow of 27.2 pounds per second per square foot frontal area with an adiabatic efficiency of 0.75. Preliminary tests indicate that a weight-flow mismatching exists between the two rotors that causes the first rotor to operate at less than peak efficiency at design speed. At lower speeds, the first stage was forced to operate in the stalled region in single-stage tests. With the second rotor installed, no periodic rotating stall was observed, although random fluctations of similiar magnitude were noted.
Date: October 22, 1956
Creator: Wilcox, Ward W. & Wright, Linwood C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analytical investigation using aerodynamic limitations of several designs of high stage pressure ratio multistage compressors

Description: From Introduction: "As more quantitative information becomes available, more will be known of the maximum stage total-pressure ratios that can be used while maintaining acceptable efficiences and weight flows. Because quantitative knowledge is limited, the qualitative nature of limiting factors and trends are investigated herein."
Date: December 1951
Creator: Voit, Charles H. & Thomson, Arthur R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of part-speed operation for high-pressure-ratio multistage axial-flow compressors

Description: From Introduction: "For the analysis reported herein, the same hypothetical 12-stage compressor discussed in reference 6 was chosen, and the effects of inlet-stage stall characteristics and stage interactions were estimated by arbitrary adjustment of the stall characteristics and stage interactions were estimated by arbitrary adjustment of the stalled characteristics of the individual stages."
Date: December 4, 1953
Creator: Benser, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of transonic rotor-blade passage loss with hot-wire anemometers

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents data from measurements of the flow in a single-stage research compressor, which supports the model of reference 1. A calculated shock technique similar to that of reference 1 is incorporated with these experimental results. Another approach for estimating passage shock loss given a flow rate and blade geometry was reported in reference 2."
Date: June 5, 1958
Creator: Lewis, George W.; Tysl, Edward R. & Fessler, Theodore E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Stage Matching and Off-Design Performance of Multistage Axial-Flow Compressors

Description: From Introduction: "The present report is intended to give a qualitative picture of the operation of each stage of a multistage compressor over a range of actual operating conditions from 50 to 100 percent design speed and to point out some means of achieving improved off-design performance. The method used in the report is primarily analytical and is based on single-stage-performance results."
Date: June 27, 1952
Creator: Finger, Harold B. & Dugan, James F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary analysis of over-all performance of an eight-stage axial -flow research compressor with two long-chord transonic inlet stages

Description: Report presenting a study of the performance of a modified compressor over a range of weight flows at a constant Reynolds number. The chords of the first two stages of the eight-stage axial-flow compressor had two transonic inlet stages doubled. Results regarding the long-chord-compressor performance and a comparison of long-chord and medium-chord compressors are provided.
Date: February 10, 1958
Creator: Sievers, Gilbert K.; Geye, Richard P. & Lucas, James G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standard Procedures for Rating and Testing Multistage Axial-Flow Compressors

Description: "In order to establish a standard procedure for rating and testing multistage axial-flow compressors, the NACA Subcomittee on Compressors appointed a panel to write such a procedure. This panel made recommendations for standardization of test setups, instrumentation, test procedure, data to be taken, and the presentation of the data. These recommendations are presented" (p. 1).
Date: September 1946
Creator: NACA Subcommittee on Compressors
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Reynolds number effect on performance of an eight-stage axial-flow research compressor with long- and medium-chord lengths in the two transonic inlet stages

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the Reynolds number effects on an axial-flow compressor with two of the transonic inlet stages doubled as compared to the original compressor. Results regarding the long-chord-compressor performance, effect of Reynolds number on compressor performance, and a comparison of long- and medium-chord compressor performance are provided.
Date: February 18, 1958
Creator: Sievers, Gilbert K.; Geye, Richard P. & Lucas, James G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design and performance of experimental axial-discharge mixed-flow compressor 2: performance of impeller

Description: Report presenting an analysis of an axial-discharge mixed-flow compressor designed to combine the compactness, reliability, and wide operating range of a mixed-flow compressor with the high flow capacity per unit of frontal area that characterizes the axial-flow compressor. The primary objective of this design was to maximize the flow capacity for a predetermined pressure ratio. Results regarding the flow distribution at the impeller inlet, flow distribution at the impeller outlet, and impeller performance are provided.
Date: August 12, 1948
Creator: Wilcox, Ward W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reynolds number effect on axial-flow compressor performance

Description: Investigation conducted in the altitude wind tunnel to study the effect of Reynolds number on the performance of an axial-flow compressor. The compressor was operated as a part of a turbojet engine over a range of pressure altitudes and compressor-inlet Reynolds numbers. Results regarding compressor efficiency, air flow, and a comparison with axial-flow compressors of different design are provided.
Date: September 15, 1949
Creator: Wallner, Lewis E. & Fleming, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Cascade Tests of the NACA 65-(12A(sub 10))10 and NACA 65-(12A(sub 2)I(sub 8b))10 Compressor Blade Sections

Description: From Summary: "Two-dimensional porous-well cascade tests of the NACA 65- (l2Al0) 10 and NACA 65-(l2A2I8b)10 blade sections were made at Mach numbers from 0.3 to choking in most cases. Data were obtained at solidities of 1.0 and 1.5 at inlet-air angles of 45 deg. and 60 deg. for both blade sections. With a solid--wall modification to the cascade tunnel, schlieren observations were made of the flow in cascade at a solidity of 1.5 and inlet-air angle of 45 deg. and at a solidity of 1.0 and inlet-air angle of 60 deg."
Date: December 21, 1955
Creator: Dunavant, James C.; Emery, James C.; Walch, Howard C. & Westphal, Willard R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic design of axial-flow compressors: Volume 3

Description: Chapters XI to XIII concern the unsteady compressor operation arising when compressor blade elements stall. The fields of compressor stall and surge are reviewed in Chapters XI and XII, respectively. The part-speed operating problem in high-pressure-ratio multistage axial-flow compressors is analyzed in Chapter XIII. Chapter XIV summarizes design methods and theories that extend beyond the simplified two-dimensional approach used previously in the report. Chapter XV extends this three-dimensional treatment by summarizing the literature on secondary flows and boundary layer effects. Charts for determining the effects of errors in design parameters and experimental measurements on compressor performance are given in Chapters XVI. Chapter XVII reviews existing literature on compressor and turbine matching techniques.
Date: August 1, 1956
Creator: Johnsen, Irving A.; Bullock, Robert O.; Graham, Robert W.; Costilow, Eleanor L.; Huppert, Merle C.; Benser, William A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a supersonic-compressor rotor with turning to axial direction 1: rotor design and performance

Description: Report presenting an approximate, quasi-three-dimensional design procedure adapted to the design of high solidity, impulse-type supersonic compressors. The method is applied to a compressor rotor with a tip speed of 1600 feet per second in air, an inlet hub-tip radius ratio of 0.75, and an axial discharge relative to the rotor. Results regarding the overall performance, rotor-entrance conditions, static-pressure profiles, discharge conditions, and discharge surveys are provided.
Date: August 19, 1953
Creator: Tysl, Edward R.; Klapproth, John F. & Hartmann, Melvin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a 10-stage subsonic axial-flow research compressor 3: investigation of rotating stall, blade vibration and surge at low and intermediate compressor speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation of rotating stall and surge at low and intermediate speeds conducted on a 10-stage subsonic axial-flow research compressor. Fluctuations of rotating stall and surge were detected by hot-wire anemometers and pressure transducers. Results regarding overall performance and rotating stall, rotating stall and blade vibration, surge, and discussion of surge are provided.
Date: May 18, 1953
Creator: Huppert, Merle C.; Costilow, Eleanor L. & Budinger, Ray E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of off-design performance of shock-in-rotor type supersonic blading

Description: An analysis of the off-design performance of shock-in rotor-type supersonic blading is presented. The over-all losses are assumed divided into two groups;normal-shock losses, and external-wave losses. Throughout the range of relative entrance Mach numbers from 1.35 to starting, the largest losses can be attributed to the normal shock. An improvement in performance would be expected with a reduction of the normal-shock losses by the introduction of external compression waves.
Date: May 7, 1951
Creator: Graham, Robert C.; Klapproth, John F. & Barina, Frank J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 4000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine. 2 - Operational Characteristics

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the operational characteristics of an axial flow-type turbojet engine with a 4000-pound-thrust rating over a range of pressure altitudes from 5,000 to 50,000 feet, ram pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.86, and temperatures from 60 deg to -50 deg F. The low-flow (standard) compressor with which the engine was originally equipped was replaced by a high-flow compressor for part of the investigation. The effects of altitude and airspeed on such operating characteristics as operating range, stability of combustion, acceleration, starting, operation of fuel-control systems, and bearing cooling were investigated."
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Fleming, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine 2 - Analysis of Compressor Performance

Description: Compressor performance properties for two 11-stage compressors of 3000-pound-thrust axial-flow turbojet engines were determined. Data are presented for a range of simulated altitudes and a range of Mach numbers for various modifications of the engine.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Dietz, Robert O., Jr.; Berdysz, Joseph J. & Howard, Ephraim M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design and Performance of Family of Diffusing Scrolls with Mixed-flow Impeller and Vaneless Diffuser

Description: Report presenting a study of a family of diffusing scrolls designed for use with a mixed-flow impeller and a small-diameter vaneless diffuser. Results regarding a comparison of performance of scrolls and comparison of performance of various compressor configurations are provided.
Date: May 1948
Creator: Brown, W. Byron & Bradshaw, Guy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Design of Axial-Flow Compressors, Volume 2

Description: Available experimental two-dimensional-cascade data for conventional compressor blade sections are correlated. The two-dimensional cascade and some of the principal aerodynamic factors involved in its operation are first briefly described. Then the data are analyzed by examining the variation of cascade performance at a reference incidence angle in the region of minimum loss. Variations of reference incidence angle, total-pressure loss, and deviation angle with cascade geometry, inlet Mach number, and Reynolds number are investigated. From the analysis and the correlations of the available data, rules and relations are evolved for the prediction of the magnitude of the reference total-pressure loss and the reference deviation and incidence angles for conventional blade profiles. These relations are developed in simplified forms readily applicable to compressor design procedures.
Date: August 1, 1956
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane superchargers

Description: Discussed here are the principles and operation of aircraft engine superchargers used to maintain and increase engine power as aircraft encounter decreases in the density of air as altitude rises. Details are given on the design and operation of the centrifugal compressors. A method is given for calculating the amount of power needed to drive a compressor. The effects of the use of a compressor on fuel system operation and design are discussed. Several specific superchargers that were in operation are described.
Date: May 1921
Creator: Noack, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of a form of peak holding control

Description: From Introduction: "The general objective of this report is a study of the characteristics of the described form of peak holding control. The control has not yet been used in experimental turbojet-engine study.This study is concerned with only one method of extracting the maximum amount of information from a peak output for the purpose of maintaining that peak. The criteria sought in this control process are: maintenance of peak average output, minimum duration of time in undesirable operation, quickness in response to command to reach peak condition, least amount of excursion in the undesirable region, and type of stability."
Date: March 30, 1956
Creator: Delio, G J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of effects of design changes on performance of large-capacity centrifugal compressors

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effects of several design changes on the performance of large-capacity, double-entry, centrifugal compressors. Four modifications of a turbojet engine compressor were operated over a range of equivalent impeller tip speeds an the compressor overall and component performances were determined. Results regarding the impeller performance, diffuser performance, and compressor performance are provided.
Date: March 2, 1951
Creator: Withee, Joseph R., Jr.; Kovach, Karl & Ginsburg, Ambrose
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department