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The Outcomes of Copenhagen: The Negotiations and the Accord

Description: This document evaluates the Copenhagen climate talks, including the status of the negotiations on the key issues under the formal negotiating tracks and the provisions of the Copenhagen Accord, and draws implications for the implementation of actions in developing countries.
Date: February 2010
Creator: Averchenkova, Alina
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Africa Adaptation Programme: An insight into AAP and Country project Profiles

Description: The Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) has been designed to support the long-term efforts of targeted countries to further develop their capability to successfully identify, design and implement holistic adaptation and disaster risk reduction programmes that are aligned with national development priorities. This report provides insight into the Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) and its related country project profiles. The AAP has shifted into implementation, with Namibia and Tunisia as the firs… more
Date: January 2010
Creator: The Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP)
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Our Planet, May 2010

Description: Magazine of the United Nations Environment Programme discussing worldwide environmental policies and other concerns. This issue is devoted to the economic importance of biodiversity and how protecting or restoring habitats can significantly reduce the costs in a variety of industries and infrastructures.
Date: May 2010
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Ting and the Possible Futures

Description: This is a children's book where the characters build a time machine that lets them visit alternate futures based on the decisions they make in the present. The story provides a glimpse of a post-apocalyptic dystopia as a result of severe global climate change, as well as a future utopian ideal that comes as a result of implementing massive changes to land use and food and energy production.
Date: June 2008
Creator: Douglis, Carole & Kennaway, Adrienne
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Climate Change: Observations on EPA's April 1999 Climate Change Report

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Climate Change Report, which was submitted to the Senate Committee on Appropriations in April 1999, focusing on the extent to which it: (1) provides a comprehensive explanation of the agency's climate change programs for fiscal year (FY) 2000; (2) justifies requested increases in funding for that fiscal year; (3) exp… more
Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Observations on Options for Selling Emissions Allowances in a Cap-and-Trade Program

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Congress is considering proposals for market-based programs to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Many proposals involve creating a cap-and-trade program, in which an overall emissions cap is set and entities covered by the program must hold tradable permits--or "allowances"-- to cover their emissions. According to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the value of these allowances could total $300 billio… more
Date: February 24, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Federal Agencies Should Do More to Make Funding Reports Clearer and Encourage Progress on Two Voluntary Programs

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) reports on federal funding for climate research and to develop technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, among other things. The Climate Change Science Program (CCSP), which coordinates many agencies' activities, also reports on science funding. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Climate Leaders and the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Climate VISION p… more
Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Improvements Needed to Clarify National Priorities and Better Align Them with Federal Funding Decisions

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Climate change poses risks to many environmental and economic systems, including agriculture, infrastructure, and ecosystems. Federal law has periodically required the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to report on federal climate change funding. GAO was asked to examine (1) federal funding for climate change activities and how these activities are organized; (2) the extent to which methods for defi… more
Date: May 20, 2011
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Agencies Should Develop Guidance for Addressing the Effects on Federal Land and Water Resources

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Climate change has implications for the vast land and water resources managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Forest Service (FS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and National Park Service (NPS). These resources generally occur within four ecosystem types: coasts and oceans, forests, fresh waters, and grasslands and shrublands. GAO ob… more
Date: August 7, 2007
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Expert Opinion on the Economics of Policy Options to Address Climate Change

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Elevated levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the resulting effects on the earth's climate could have significant environmental and economic impacts in the United States and internationally. Potential impacts include rising sea levels and a shift in the intensity and frequency of floods and storms. Proposed responses to climate change include adapting to the possible impacts by planning and … more
Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Energy Infrastructure Risks and Adaptation Efforts

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "According to assessments by the National Research Council (NRC) and the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), U.S. energy infrastructure is increasingly vulnerable to a range of climate change impacts--particularly infrastructure in areas prone to severe weather and water shortages. Climate changes are projected to affect infrastructure throughout all major stages of the energy supply chain, the… more
Date: January 31, 2014
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Policymakers have raised questions about geoengineering--large-scale deliberate interventions in the earth's climate system to diminish climate change or its impacts--and its role in a broader strategy of mitigating and adapting to climate change. Most geoengineering proposals fall into two categories: carbon dioxide removal (CDR), which would remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and solar r… more
Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Observations on EPA's March 2000 Climate Change Report

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) March 2000 climate change report, focusing on: (1) the agency's climate change programs for fiscal year (FY) 2001; (2) the programs' goals, strategies, and procedures to verify and validate performance information; (3) EPA's justification for requested funding increases; and (4) how the programs are ju… more
Date: June 5, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "According to the National Research Council (NRC) and others, infrastructure such as roads and bridges, wastewater systems, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) centers are vulnerable to changes in the climate. Changes in precipitation and sea levels, as well as increased intensity and frequency of extreme events, are projected by NRC and others to impact infrastructure in a variety o… more
Date: April 12, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Federal Reports on Climate Change Funding Should Be Clearer and More Complete

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Congress has required the administration to report annually on federal spending on climate change. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) reports funding in four categories: technology (to reduce greenhouse gas emissions), science (to better understand the climate), international assistance (to help developing countries), and tax expenditures (to encourage reductions in emissions). The Climate Ch… more
Date: August 25, 2005
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: EPA and DOE Should Do More to Encourage Progress Under Two Voluntary Programs

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "To reduce greenhouse gas emissions linked to climate change, two voluntary programs encourage participants to set emissions reduction goals. The Climate Leaders Program, managed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), focuses on firms. The Climate VISION (Voluntary Innovative Sector Initiatives: Opportunities Now) Program, managed by the Department of Energy (DOE) along with other agencies, focuse… more
Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Analysis of Two Studies of Estimated Costs of Implementing the Kyoto Protocol

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "In 1992 the United States ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which was intended to stabilize the buildup of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere but did not impose binding limits on emissions. In July 1997, when preliminary negotiations on a new climate agreement were under way, the Senate passed a resolution expressing the sense of the Senate that the Clinton administrati… more
Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Federal Efforts Under Way to Assess Water Infrastructure Vulnerabilities and Address Adaptation Challenges

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Department of Defense's U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) have assessed water resource and infrastructure vulnerabilities and taken steps to develop guidance and strategies to adapt to the effects of climate change. Specifically, since 2009, the Corps has completed a high-level assessment of the vulnerabilities to climate ch… more
Date: November 14, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Climate Change: Trends in Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Emissions Intensity in the United States and Other High-Emitting Nations

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "In February 2002, the President reaffirmed a previous U.S. commitment to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases at a level designed to prevent dangerous human interference with the earth's climate. At the same time, he announced a Global Climate Change Initiative to reduce the rate of increase of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States between 2002 and 2012. Spec… more
Date: October 28, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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