Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructure and Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) for High Performance Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices
Description: My work presents a novel approach to fabricate binder free three-dimensional carbon nanotubes/sulfur (3DCNTs/S) hybrid composite by a facile and scalable method increasing the loading amount from 1.86 to 8.33 mg/cm2 highest reported to date with excellent electrochemical performance exhibiting maximum specific energy of ~1233Wh/kg and specific power of ~476W/kg, with respect to the mass of the cathode. Such an excellent performance is attributed to the fact that 3DCNTs offers higher loading amount of sulfur, and confine polysulfide within the structure. In second part of the thesis, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is typically studied for three electrochemical energy storage devices including supercapacitors, Li-ion batteries, and hybrid Li-ion capacitors. The intrinsic sheet like morphology of MoS2 provides high surface area for double layer charge storage and a layered structure for efficient intercalation of H+/ Li+ ions. My work demonstrates the electrochemical analysis of MoS2 grown on different substrates including copper (conducting), and carbon nanotubes. MoS2 film on copper was investigated as a supercapacitor electrode in three electrode system exhibiting excellent volumetric capacitance of ~330F/cm3 along with high volumetric power and energy density in the range of 40-80 W/cm3 and 1.6-2.4 mWh/cm3, respectively. Furthermore, we have developed novel binder-free 3DCNTs/ MoS2 as an anode materials in half cell Li-ion batteries. The vertically oriented morphology of MoS2 offers high surface area and active electrochemical sites for efficient intercalation of Li+ ions and demonstrating excellent electrochemical performance with high specific capacity and cycling stability. This 3DCNTs/ MoS2 anode was coupled with high surface area southern yellow pine derived activated carbon (SYAC) cathode to obtain hybrid 3DCNTs/ MoS2 || SYAC Li-ion capacitor (LIC), which delivers large operating voltage window of 1-4.0V with excellent cycling stability exhibiting capacitance retention of ~80% after 5000 cycles.
Date: December 2017
Creator: Patel, Mumukshu D.
Partner: UNT Libraries