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Computation of Cantilever Airplane Wings

Description: The purpose of this treatise is, first of all, the determination of the effect of variously loaded spars on one another, since the neglect of this effect would present an economically very unfavorable computation method. The system of spars and cross-bars alone (whether solid or built-up) does not matter at first, the original assumption being that the spars are rigidly braced by the cross-bars.
Date: July 1925
Creator: Thalau, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of low-lift drag at Mach numbers from 0.74 to 1.37 of rocket-boosted models having externally braced wings and cantilever wings

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine whether the low-lift drag of a rocket-model airplane-like configuration could be reduced at transonic and low supersonic Mach numbers by reducing wing thickness while external braces were used to provide the necessary bending strength. The investigation was conducted with two rocket models of aspect ratio 3.04, and unswept braced tapered wings mounted on fuselages with the same fineness ratios and cross-sectional area distributions. Data was compared to a previous study involving a model with a thicker cantilever wing.
Date: September 25, 1957
Creator: Dickens, Waldo L. & Hastings, Earl C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ailerons on a low-drag airfoil 1: The effect of aileron profile

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of the effects of various modifications to the profile of a 0.20-chord plain sealed aileron and a 0.15-chord plain sealed aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil. Thickening of the aileron was found to reduce the aileron effectiveness, reduce the slope of the wing section lift curve, and reduce the hinge-moment coefficients. Results regarding the section data, aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, lift, pitching moment, drag, and Reynolds number are provided.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Crane, Robert M. & Holtzclaw, Ralph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of the spanwise, chordwise and vertical location of an external store on the aerodynamic characteristics of a 60 degree delta wing at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.62, and 1.96

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the supersonic blowdown tunnel to determine the effects of external store location on the lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics of a 60 degree delta wing at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.62, and 1.96. Brief comparative tests were also made to determine the effect of changing the sweep of the strut attaching the store to the wing and of changing the chordwise location of the swept strut.
Date: October 27, 1952
Creator: Jacobsen, Carl R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Control characteristics of trailing-edge spoilers on untapered blunt trailing-edge wings of aspect ratio 2.7 with 0 degree and 45 degrees sweepback at Mach numbers of 1.41 and 1.96

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the supersonic blowdown tunnel to determine the control characteristics of full-span trailing-edge spoilers on two related full-blunt wings with the same aspect ratio but differing angles of sweepback. A similar unswept wing that was larger and had a partially blunt trailing edge was also tested with a full-span trailing-edge spoiler. Results regarding the lift, rolling-moment, and pitching-moment coefficients for unswept wings, the 45-degree sweptback wing, and a comparison of spoiler data with flap data are provided.
Date: December 3, 1952
Creator: Jacobsen, Carl R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of two models representing intermediate inboard and outboard wing sections of the XB-36 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing in the two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel and the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel of two models made by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, one of the outboard section and one of the inboard section.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a lateral-control model 3: section characteristics, fence studies, and tabulated pressure coefficients with modified NACA 0012-64 section, 26.6-percent-chord, plain aileron, 0 and 45 degree sweepback

Description: Report presenting wind-tunnel measurements of the pressure distribution on a semispan wing with a modified NACA 0012-64 airfoil section and a plain trailing-edge aileron with the wing unswept and also swept back 45 degrees. Adverse changes in loading and loss of aileron effectiveness developed with the wing unswept as the Mach number was increased, but did not occur at Mach numbers up to 0.925 with the swept wing. Results regarding section characteristics and effect of fences are provided.
Date: November 22, 1950
Creator: Krumm, Walter J. & Cleary, Joseph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The transonic characteristics of a low-aspect-ratio triangular wing with a constant-chord flap as determined by wing-flow tests, including correlation with large-scale tests

Description: Report presenting wing-flow-method measurements for 0.47 to 1.15 Mach number of the longitudinal-stability and -control characteristics of a triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 equipped with a constant-chord flap. Changes in the lift-curve slope and aerodynamic-center position through the transonic speed range were moderate and gradual. Results regarding triangular-wing characteristics, flap characteristics, and a comparison of the wind-tunnel and free-flight-test results at higher Reynolds numbers are provided.
Date: August 18, 1950
Creator: Rathert, George A., Jr.; Rolls, L. Stewart & Hanson, Carl M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Influence of wing flexibility on force-time relation in shock strut following vertical landing impact

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the force developed in a shock strut as a function of the flexibility of the attached wing structure. Both the experiment and analysis indicated that wing flexibility had some effect on the shape and peak value of the force-time curve in a shock strut.
Date: November 1949
Creator: McPherson, Albert E.; Evans, J., Jr. & Levy, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effects of scale and test technique on the validity of small-scale measurements of the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing with the leading edge swept back 63 degrees

Description: Report presenting the lift and pitching-moment characteristics of two wings of the same plan form measured over a range of Mach and Reynolds numbers using the wing-flow method. One wing had a symmetrical airfoil section and no twist, while the other was cambered and twisted to support a uniform load distribution at a lift coefficient of 0.25 at Mach number 1.5. A comparison with previous testing is also provided.
Date: December 9, 1949
Creator: Rolls, L. Stewart
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of wing-tip ailerons on a 51.3 degrees sweptback wing at transonic speeds by the transonic-bump method

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of deflectable wing-tip ailerons on a sweptback wing in the Langley high-speed tunnel by means of the transonic bump technique. Three ailerons were investigated, one with a basic wing-plan form and two with an extended-tip plan form. Results regarding the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, rolling-moment data, control effectiveness, and lift effectiveness are provided.
Date: November 26, 1951
Creator: Moseley, William C., Jr. & Watson, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag interference between a pointed cylindrical body and triangular wings of various aspect ratios at Mach numbers of 1.50 and 2.02

Description: The drag of a body alone, six triangular wings of various aspect ratios, and the combinations were measured at Mach numbers of 1.50 and 2.02 at a Reynolds number of 5.5 million (based on the body length). The experimental drag-interference results were in accordance with calculations based on NACA RM A9E19, 1949, with skin-friction effects taken into account, the interference effect being principally the result of fixing transition on the body by adding a wing.
Date: November 1956
Creator: Katzen, Elliott D. & Kaattari, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag interference between a pointed cylindrical body and triangular wings of various aspect ratios at Mach numbers of 1.50 and 2.02

Description: The drag of a body alone, six triangular wings of various aspect ratios, and the combinations were measured at Mach numbers of 1.50 and 2.02 at a Reynolds number of 5.5 million (based on the body length). The experimental drag-interference results were in accordance with calculations based on NACA RM A9E19, 1949, with skin-friction effects taken into account, the interference effect being principally the result of fixing transition on the body by adding a wing.
Date: May 23, 1951
Creator: Katzen, Elliott D. & Kaattari, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for calculating the rolling and yawing moments due to rolling for unswept wings with or without flaps or ailerons by use of nonlinear section lift data

Description: From Summary: "The methods of NACA reports 865 and 1090 have been applied to the calculation of the rolling-moment and yawing-moment coefficients due to rolling for unswept wings with or without flaps or ailerons. The methods are based on lifting-line theory and allow the use of nonlinear section lift data. The method presented in this report permits calculations to be made somewhat beyond maximum lift for wings having no twist or continuous twist and employing airfoil sections which do not display large discontinuities in the lift curves. Calculations can be made up to maximum lift for wings with discontinuous twist such as that produced by partial-span flaps or ailerons, or both. Two calculated examples are presented in simplified computing forms in order to illustrate the procedures involved."
Date: January 29, 1953
Creator: Martina, Albert P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure distributions on triangular and rectangular wings to high angles of attack Mach numbers 1.45 and 1.97

Description: Pressure distributions were measured over rectangular wings of aspect ratio 2 and triangular wings of aspect ratios 2 and 4 at Mach numbers of 1.45 and 1.97. The investigation includes some comparison of the effects of Reynolds number and of thickening the wing root sections on the loading.
Date: June 25, 1954
Creator: Kaattari, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure distributions on triangular and rectangular wings to high angles of attack Mach numbers 2.46 and 3.36

Description: Pressure distributions were measured over rectangular wings of aspect ratio 2 and triangular wings of aspect ratios 2 and 4 at Mach numbers of 2.46 and 3.36. The investigation includes some comparison of the effects of Mach number, Reynolds number, and thickening the wing root sections on the loading.
Date: January 18, 1955
Creator: Kaattari, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The flexible rectangular wing in roll at supersonic flight speeds

Description: From Summary: "The problem of the loss in rolling effectiveness at supersonic flight speeds is considered for the case of the rectangular wing. Equations are obtained from which can be calculated either the loss in rate of roll due to flexibility or the torsional stiffness required to maintain a given rate of roll, for two assumed variations of the spanwise distribution of torsional stiffness. A computation form and figures are provided so that calculations can be made without reference to the details of the analysis."
Date: December 1948
Creator: Tucker, Warren A. & Nelson, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wing-tunnel investigation at low transonic speeds of the effects of number of wings on the lateral-control effectiveness of an RM-5 test vehicle

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effects of number of wings on the aileron rolling effectiveness of an RM-5 test vehicle using the free-rolling wind-tunnel testing technique through a speed range to Mach number 0.9. The wings tested had neither taper nor sweepback and were equipped with full-span 20-percent-chord sealed and faired ailerons. Results indicated that increasing the number of wings resulted in a decrease in rolling effectiveness so that results obtained from the test of the three-wing model were closer to conventional-airplane-configuration results than the four-wing data.
Date: November 29, 1949
Creator: Johnson, Harold S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of the proximity of the wing first-bending frequency and the short-period frequency on the airplane dynamic-response factor

Description: Report presenting a study of the effect of the frequency of the lowest wing structural mode on the airplane center-of-gravity dynamic-response factor was made my employing simplified transfer functions.
Date: June 1958
Creator: Huss, Carl R. & Donegan, James J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A suggested method of analyzing for transonic flutter of control surfaces based on available experimental evidence

Description: Report presenting the results of a study of the movement of shocks on a three-dimensional wing with and without aileron flutter occurring. The studies include a number of changes and variations to the wing and control. Results for the standard wing and aileron, spoilers at 50 percent chord, upper and lower surface, faired bumps at the 50-percent-chord and 70-percent-chord positions, variations of thickness ratio along the span, vent holes between upper and lower surface, aileron-contour change, aileron mass overbalance, dampers, wing flutter, buffeting forces on fixed controls, and static characteristics are provided.
Date: December 16, 1947
Creator: Erickson, Albert L. & Stephenson, Jack D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-distribution measurements of a low-drag airfoil with slotted flap submitted by Curtiss-Wright Corporation

Description: From Summary: "Pressure-distribution measurements were made at the request of the Materiel Division, U.S. Army Air Corps, on a 24-inch-chord wooden model equipped with a slotted flap and submitted by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation. The tests were made in the Langley two-dimensional tunnel at a Reynolds number of about 5,600,000."
Date: December 1941
Creator: Abbott, I. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Graphic Analysis of American and British Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine Performance Trends (Current and Future)

Description: From Summary: "This report presents a compilation of static sea-level data on existing or designed American and British axial-flow turbojet engines in terms of basic engine parameters such as thrust and air flow. In the data presented, changes in the over-U engine performance with time are examined as well as the relation of the various engine parameters to each other."
Date: December 10, 1951
Creator: Cesaro, Richard S. & Lazar, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift and moment coefficients expanded to the seventh power of frequency for oscillating rectangular wings in supersonic flow and applied to a specific flutter problem

Description: From Summary: "Linearized theory for compressible unsteady flow is used to derive the velocity potential and lift and moment coefficients in the form of oscillating rectangular wing moving at a constant supersonic speed. Closed expressions for the velocity potential and lift and moment coefficients associated with pitching and translation are given to seventh power of the frequency. These expressions extend the range of usefulness of NACA report 1028 in which similar expressions were derived to the third power of the frequency of oscillation. For example, at a Mach number of 10/9 the expansion of the potential to the third power is an accurate representation of the potential for values of the reduced frequency only up to about 0.08; whereas the expansion of the potential to the seventh power is an accurate representation for values of the reduced frequency up to about 0.2. The section and total lift and moment coefficients are discussed with the aid of several figures. In addition, flutter speeds obtained in the Mach number range from 10/9 to 10/6 for a rectangular wing of aspect ratio 4.53 by using section coefficients derived on the basis of three-dimensional flow are compared with flutter speeds for this wing obtained by using coefficients derived on the basis of two-dimensional flow."
Date: April 1954
Creator: Nelson, Herbert C.; Rainey, Ruby A. & Watkins, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department