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The conversion of energy in a radiator

Description: It was a worthwhile task to research methods to lower the cooling drag of radiators. And the success of these efforts has been so great that without this research the modern high-speed airplane would have decidedly inferior performance. It is the purpose of this report to give a comprehensive discussion of all the fundamental principles and phenomena that offer a key to understanding modern cooling problems.
Date: July 1938
Creator: Weise, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internally finned honeycomb radiators

Description: Report presenting the performance of several internally finned radiators and a comparison with more conventional honeycomb radiators. In a typical case, the new radiator can be designed with 55 percent less volume and 18 percent less power expenditure while dissipating the same amount of heat.
Date: December 1941
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Drag of Airplane Radiators With Special Reference to Air Heating (Comparison of Theory and Experiment)

Description: This report contains a survey of past radiator research. This report also is intended as a systematic comparison of theoretical and experimental radiator drag, with the object of ascertaining the most important loss sources and their interaction in different cases of installation, and to separate the radiator systems which are amenable to calculation, both as regards axial flow and drag. The sources of loss due to the diffuser are to be looked into closely as in many cases they can be of preeminent magnitude and their customary appraisal, according to Fliegner's formula, does not meet actual conditions.
Date: May 1939
Creator: Göthert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Properties of Special Types of Radiators

Description: This report discusses the general performance characteristics of three special classes of radiators: those with flat plate water tubes, fin and tube types, and types that whistle in an air stream. Curves and tables show the performance of representative radiators of each class and compare the flat plate and whistling types. Empirical equations are given for estimating the performance of flat plate radiators of various dimensions. This report also contains a brief discussion, with curves, showing the effect of yawing on the properties of a radiator.
Date: 1921
Creator: Parsons, S. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Drop in Radiator Air Tubes

Description: This report describes a method for measuring the drop in static pressure of air flowing through a radiator and shows (1) a reason for the discrepancy noted by various observers between head resistance and drop in pressure; (2) a difference in degree of contraction of the jet in entering a circular cell and a square cell; (3) the ratio of internal frictional resistance to total head resistance for two representative types; (4) the effect of smoothness of surface on pressure gradient; and (5) the effects of supplying heat to the radiator on pressure gradient. The fact that the pressure gradients are found to be approximately proportional to the square of the rate of flow of air appears to indicate turbulent flow, even in the short tubes of the radiator.
Date: 1921
Creator: Parsons, S. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments With a Built-In or Fuselage Radiator

Description: "The experiments discussed here were performed to determine whether radiators having similar cooling properties offer less resistance when incorporated into the fuselage, than when the hitherto customary arrangement is employed, with the radiator in the free air current more or less independent of the fuselage. The experiments indicated that the quantity of air flowing through the radiator is greatest when the fuselage and the radiator are separate. However, separate radiators cause more air resistance" (p. 1).
Date: May 1923
Creator: Wieselsberger, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation in the 7-by-10 Foot Wind Tunnel of Ducts for Cooling Radiators within an Airplane Wing

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a large-chord wing model with a duct to house a simulated radiator suitable for a liquid-cooled engine. The duct was expanded to reduce the radiator losses, and the installation of the duct and radiator was made entirely within the wing to reduce form and interference drag. The tests were made using a two-dimensional-flow setup with a full-span duct and radiator. Section aerodynamic characteristics of the basic airfoil are given and also curves showing the characteristics of the various duct-radiator combinations.
Date: June 9, 1938
Creator: Harris, Thomas A. & Recant, Isidore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Head resistance due to radiators

Description: Part 1 deals with the head resistance of a number of common types of radiator cores at different speeds in free air, as measured in the wind tunnel at the bureau of standards. This work was undertaken to determine the characteristics of various types of radiator cores, and in particular to develop the best type of radiator for airplanes. Some 25 specimens of core were tested, including practically all the general types now in use, except the flat plate type. Part 2 gives the results of wind tunnel tests of resistance on a model fuselage with a nose radiator. Part 3 presents the results of preliminary tests of head resistance of a radiator enclosed in a streamlined casing. Special attention is given to the value of wing radiator and of the radiator located in the open, especially when it is provided with a properly designed streamlined casing.
Date: 1920
Creator: Kleinschmidt, R. V. & Parsons, S. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resistance and cooling power of various radiators

Description: "This reports combines the wind tunnel results of radiator tests made at the Navy Aerodynamical Laboratory in Washington during the summers of 1921, 1925, and 1926. In all, 13 radiators of various types and capacities were given complete tests for figure of merit. Twelve of these were tested for resistance to water flow and a fourteenth radiator was tested for air resistance alone, its heat dissipating capacity being known. All the tests were conducted in the 8 by 8 foot tunnel, or in its 4 by 8 foot restriction, by the writer and under conditions as nearly the same as possible" (p. 163).
Date: 1928
Creator: Smith, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal-flow systems for aircraft

Description: An investigation has been made to determine efficient arrangements for an internal-flow system of an aircraft when such a system operates by itself or in combination with other flow systems. The investigation included a theoretical treatment of the problem and tests in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of inlet and outlet openings in a flat plate and in a wing.
Date: 1941
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal-flow systems for aircraft

Description: An investigation has been made to determine efficient arrangements for an internal-flow system of an aircraft when such a system operates by itself or in combination with other flow systems. The investigation included a theoretical treatment of a problem and tests in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of inlet and outlet openings in a flat plate and in a wing. When an internal-flow system tends to decrease the final velocity of it's wake, the results showed that it should be arranged in series with the propulsive system; the inlet opening should be located at a forward stagnation point; and the outlet opening should be so shaped and located as to recover the kinetic energy of the jet without increasing the drag of other portions of the aircraft. When an internal-flow system tends to increase the final velocity new b's wake, as does a propeller, location of the inlet opening in the boundary layer or in the wake of the wing or in the fuselage may be desirable.
Date: October 1940
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Determination of Pressure Drop Caused by Wire Gauze in an Air Stream

Description: "For several kinds of wire gauze the difference in static, dynamic and total or absolute pressure in front of and behind the gauze were determined for comparison with the pressure drop caused by an airplane radiator, such gauze being used on airplane models to represent the radiator" (p. 1).
Date: January 1925
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department