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General Airplane Performance

Description: "Equations have been developed for the analysis of the performance of the ideal airplane, leading to an approximate physical interpretation of the performance problem. The basic sea-level airplane parameters have been generalized to altitude parameters and a new parameter has been introduced and physically interpreted. The performance analysis for actual airplanes has been obtained in terms of the equivalent ideal airplane in order that the charts developed for use in practical calculations will for the most part apply to any type of engine-propeller combination and system of control, the only additional material required consisting of the actual engine and propeller curves for propulsion unit" (p. 241).
Date: June 1, 1937
Creator: Rockfeller, W. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary investigation of a conical spike inlet in combination with a vertical-wedge auxiliary inlet at Mach number 1.9

Description: Pressure-recovery characteristics of a nacelle-type-spike inlet in combination with a vertical-wedge auxiliary scoop are presented for a free-stream Mach number of 1.9 at zero angle of attack. The auxiliary scoop provided 17 percent additional air flow with a drop in critical pressure recovery from 0.86 to 0.81. However, in terms of inlet-engine matching, the pressure recovery of the undersized spike inlet operating at a specified corrected air flow increased with the scoop open, for example, from 0.69 to 0.81.
Date: September 27, 1955
Creator: Beke, Andrew; Allen, John L. & Williams, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 4000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, Part 1, Performance and Windmilling Drag Characteristics

Description: From Summary: "The results of altitude-wind-tunnel tests conducted to determine the performance of an axial-flow-type 4000-pound-thrust turbojet engine for a range of pressure altitudes from 5000 to 40,000 feet and ram pressure ratios from 1.02 to 1.86 are presented and the experimental and analytical methods employed are discussed. By means of suitable generalizing factors applied to the measured performance data, curves were obtained from which the engine performance at any altitude for a given ram pressure ratio can be estimated. The data presented include the windmilling drag characteristics of the turbojet engine for the ranges of altitudes and ram pressure ratios covered by the performance data."
Date: August 3, 1948
Creator: Fleming, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of knocking characteristics of fuels in an engine having a hemispherical combustion chamber

Description: From Summary: "Data are presented to show the effects of inlet-air pressure, inlet-air temperature, and compression ratio on the maximum permissible performance obtained with having a hemispherical-dome combustion chamber. The five aircraft-engine fuels used have octane numbers varying from 90 to 100 plus 2 ml of tetraethyl lead per gallon. The data were obtained on a 5 1/4-inch by 4 3/4-inch liquid-cooled engine operating at 2,500 r.p.m. The compression ratio was varied from 6.0 to 8.9. The inlet-air temperature was varied from 110 to 310 F. For each set of conditions, the inlet-air pressure was increased until audible knock occurred and then reduced 2 inches of mercury before data were recorded."
Date: July 1940
Creator: Rothrock, A. M. & Biermann, Arnold E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation of Effects of Combustion-chamber Length and Inlet Total Temperature, Total Pressure, and Velocity on Afterburner Performance

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the effects of afterburner-inlet total temperature, total pressure, velocity, fuel-air ratio, and afterburner combustion-chamber length on afterburner performance and stability limits using a cylindrical afterburner installed in a duct test rig. The afterburner was investigated over a range of total temperature, total pressure, velocity, and afterburner fuel-air ratios.
Date: June 3, 1957
Creator: King, Charles R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propeller-performance charts for transport airplanes

Description: The preliminary selection of a propeller on the basis of cruising and take-off performance for application to transport airplanes at flight Mach numbers up to 0.8 can be accomplished by the use of charts and methods presented. The charts are of sufficient scope to permit a fairly rapid evaluation of the propeller performance for engine power ratings of 1,000 to 10,000 horsepower. The method is presented primarily in the interest of propeller-noise abatement.
Date: July 1953
Creator: Gilman, Jean, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Factors affecting flow distortions produced by supersonic inlets

Description: Report presenting the typical effects of flow distortions on turbojet-engine performance and how flow distortions can be reduced by reducing the distortion entering the inlet diffuser and by improving the amount of mixing that generally occurs in the subsonic diffuser. Sources of distortion in the supersonic inlet are described and steps are suggested that might be taken to reduce their effects.
Date: February 29, 1956
Creator: Piercy, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A wind-tunnel investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics of a full-scale supersonic-type three-blade propeller at Mach numbers to 0.96

Description: From Summary: "An investigation of the characteristics of a full-scale supersonic-type propeller has been made in the Langley 16-foot transonic tunnel with the 6000-horsepower propeller dynamometer. The tests covered a range of blade angles from 20.2 degrees to 60.2 degrees at forward Mach numbers up to 0.96. The results showed that envelope efficiency at an advance ratio of 2.8 decreased from 86 percent to 72 percent when the forward Mach number was increased from 0.70 to 0.96."
Date: May 18, 1953
Creator: Evans, Albert J. & Liner, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of inadvertent speed increases in transport operation

Description: From Summary: "Some factors relating to inadvertent speed and Mach number increases in transport operation are discussed with the object of indicating the manner in which they might vary with different qualities of the airplane and the minimum margins required to guard against reaching unsafe values. The speed increments and the margins required under several assumed conditions are investigated. The results indicate that, on a percentage basis, smaller margins should be required of high-speed airplanes than of low-speed airplanes to prevent overspeeding in inadvertent maneuvers."
Date: November 16, 1951
Creator: Pearson, Henry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simple formula for estimating airplane ceilings

Description: From Summary: "The aeronautical engineer often has occasion to estimate the absolute ceiling of an airplane for which a detailed performance calculation is out of the question. In such cases it is customary to use either empirical performance charts or formulae. The performance charts given in several of the recent works on aeronautics are satisfactory so long as the airplane under consideration does not depart too far from the average in its characteristics. The formulae, with one exception, are no better. Given here is that exception, with indications of which terms of the formula may be neglected without seriously affecting the results, thus simplifying the task."
Date: June 1922
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gust-load and airspeed data from one type of two-engine airplane on six civil airline routes from 1947 to 1955

Description: Report presenting an analysis of approximately 70,000 hours of V-G data from one type of two-engine transport airplane to determine the severity and frequency of occurrence of the gust loads and gusts. The data were obtained during routine feeder-line and short-haul commercial operations in six different routes over the course of eight years. Results regarding the distribution of acceleration, gust velocity, and airspeed, confidence bends, and acceleration and gust velocity envelopes are provided.
Date: February 1956
Creator: Walker, Walter G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for graphical estimation of airplane performance

Description: This report contains a series of charts which were developed in order to simplify the estimation of airplane performance. Charts are given for estimating propeller diameter and efficiency, maximum speed, initial rate of climb, absolute ceiling, service ceiling, climb in 10 minutes, time to climb to any altitude, maximum speed at any altitude, and endurance. A majority of these charts are based on the equations given in NACA Technical Report no. 173. Plots of pressure and density against altitude in standard air are also given for convenience. It must be understood that the charts giving propeller diameter, maximum speed, initial rate of climb, absolute ceiling, and speeds at altitudes are approximations subject to considerable error under certain conditions. These particular charts should not be used as a substitute for detailed calculations when accuracy is required, as, for example, in military proposals. (author).
Date: January 1925
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of flight path inclination on airplane velocity

Description: This report was prepared at the request of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in order to supply a systematic study of the relations between the flight velocity V and its horizontal component V subscript H, in power glides. Curves of V and V subscript H plotted against the inclination of the flight path 0 are given, together with curves which show the maximum values of V subscript H and the corresponding values of 0. Curves are also given showing the effect of small departures from the horizontal in high speed performance testing.
Date: January 1927
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reduction of observed airplane performance to standard conditions

Description: This report shows how the actual performance of an airplane varies with air temperature when the pressure is held constant. This leads to comparatively simple methods of reducing observed data to standard conditions. The new methods which may be considered exact for all practical purposes, have been used by the Navy Department for about a year, with very satisfactory results. The report also contains a brief historical review of the important papers which have been published on the subject of performance reduction, and traces the development of the standard atmosphere. (author).
Date: January 1929
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane

Description: This report is concerned with the derivation of a chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane. This chart may be used in conjunction with the usual curves of power required and power available as an accurate substitute for extended calculation, or it may be used in the estimation of absolute ceiling when power curves are not available.
Date: July 1930
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reliable formulae for estimating airplane performance and the effects of changes in weight, wing area, or power

Description: This report contains the derivation and the verification of formulae for predicting the speed range ratio, the initial rate of climb, and the absolute ceiling of an airplane. Curves used in the computation are given in NACA-TR-171. Standard formulae for service ceiling, time of climb, cruising range, and endurance are also given in the conventional forms.
Date: January 1924
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance evaluation of reduced-chord rotor blading as applied to J73 two-stage turbine 1: over-all performance with standard rotor blading at inlet conditions of 35 inches of mercury absolute and 700 degrees R

Description: Report presenting an investigation conducted to determine the overall performance of the J73 two-stage turbine with a standard rotor-blade configuration. The turbine operated with a maximum brake internal efficiency between 0.91 and 0.92 at an overall pressure ratio of about 3.4 and 120 percent equivalent design rotor speed. Results regarding the overall performance, variation of equivalent weight flow with overall pressure ratio, and effect of limiting blade loading are provided.
Date: July 11, 1957
Creator: Berkey, William E.; Rebeske, John J., Jr. & Forrette, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ideal temperature rise due to constant-pressure combustion of a JP-4 fuel

Description: The ideal temperature rise due to the constant-pressure combustion of a methylene (CH sub 2) fuel was calculated. CH sub 2 fuel closely approximates MIL-F-5624 grade JP-4 fuel presently used in most turbojet and ram-jet engines. Charts are presented from which the ideal temperature rise or the ideal quantity of fuel required to obtain a specified combustion temperature may be obtained for any flight condition likely to be encountered with turbojet or ram-jet engines using this fuel. The charts are applicable only to a fuel having a hydrogen-carbon mass ratio of 0.168.
Date: September 27, 1955
Creator: Huntley, S. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operational characteristics of RA-14 Avon turbojet engine

Description: Report presenting a determination of the windmilling and altitude starting characteristics for the RA-14 Avon turbojet engine over a range of altitudes and flight Mach numbers. Successful ignition and acceleration to idle speed were obtained up to an altitude of 33,000 feet at all Mach numbers and at 45,000 feet for Mach numbers below 0.5 and above 1.0. Results regarding throttle bursts and wave-off-type acceleration and compressor-outlet bleed are also provided.
Date: 1956
Creator: Sivo, Joseph N. & Jones, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of aircraft heaters 22: measured and predicted performance of a fluted-type exhaust gas and air heat exchanger

Description: Report presenting data on the thermal performance and static and total pressure drop characteristics of a fluted-type exhaust gas and air heat exchanger. Results regarding heat transfer, pressure drop, and non-isothermal pressure drop are provided.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Guibert, A. G.; Rademacher, J. M. & Romie, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of calculated and experimental propeller characteristics for four-, six-, and eight-blade single-rotating propellers

Description: Report presenting the calculated performance of four-, six-, and eight-blade single-rotating propellers compared with experimental results for blade angles ranging from 25 to 65 degrees. The data were obtained on propellers mounted in front of a streamline body with a spinner housing the hub.
Date: February 1944
Creator: Crigler, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of a 16-inch impulse-type supersonic-compressor rotor

Description: Performance data and characteristics of a 16-inch impulse-type supersonic-compressor rotor are presented. The experimental portion of this investigation was conducted in Freon-12. A peak pressure ratio of 3.6 was obtained with an adiabatic efficiency of 0.80 at design conditions. Performance was continuous from impulse operation, at open throttle, to shock-in-rotor operation at the stall condition.
Date: October 5, 1951
Creator: Ullman, Guy N.; Hartmann, Melvin J. & Tysl, Edward R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of divergence angle on the internal performance characteristics of several conical convergent-divergent nozzles

Description: Report presenting experiments conducted on conical convergent-divergent nozzles having included a range of divergence angles and expansion ratios over a wide range of nozzle pressure ratios with cold flow to determine the effect of divergence angle on the internal performance of the nozzles. Results regarding the performance characteristics, effect of divergence angle on overexpanded performance, and effect of divergence angle on nozzle air-flow characteristics are provided.
Date: November 29, 1954
Creator: Steffen, Fred W.; Krull, H. George & Schmiedlin, Ralph F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department