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Preliminary investigation at transonic speeds of the effect of balancing tabs on the hinge-moment and other aerodynamic characteristics of a full-span flap on a tapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3

Description: Report presenting an investigation at transonic speeds of the control balancing characteristics of three tabs on a full-span flap on an aspect-ratio-3, 45 degree sweptback wing. The results indicated that all the tabs tested, inset, attached, or detached, would balance the flap hinge moments throughout the speed range.
Date: April 8, 1952
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Fikes, Joseph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oscillating hinge moments and flutter characteristics of a flap-type control surface on a 4-percent-thick unswept wing with low aspect ratio at transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting free-oscillation tests to determine the dynamic hinge-moment characteristics of a trailing-edge flap-type control surface on a 4-percent-thick unswept wing with low aspect ratio. Tests were made over a range of Mach numbers, reduced frequencies, and low test speeds. Results regarding the effects of wing motion, damping moment and flutter characteristics, spring moments, and theoretical results are provided.
Date: February 23, 1956
Creator: Thompson, Robert F. & Moseley, William C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical characteristics in supersonic flow of two types of control surfaces on triangular wings

Description: From Summary :"Methods based on the linearized theory for supersonic flow were used to find the characteristics of two types of control surfaces on thin triangular wings. The first type, the constant-chord partial-span flap, was considered to extend either outboard from the center of the wing or inboard from the wing tip. The second type, the full-triangular-tip flap, was treated only for the case in which the Mach number component normal to the leading edge is supersonic. For each type, expressions were found for the lift, rolling-moment, pitching-moment, and hinge-moment characteristics."
Date: 1949
Creator: Tucker, Warren A. & Nelson, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary results of a flight investigation to determine the effect of negative flap deflection on high-speed longitudinal-control characteristics

Description: Report presenting flight testing on two propeller-driven airplanes with wings of NACA 66-series and NACA 230-series airfoil sections to determine the effect of deflecting the landing flaps upward on the high-speed longitudinal-control characteristics.
Date: December 16, 1947
Creator: White, Maurice D.; Sadoff, Melvin; Clousing, Lawrence A. & Cooper, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a Low-Drag Airfoil Section with a Double Slotted Flap

Description: From Summary: "Tests were made of an 0.309-chord double-slotted flap on an NACA 65, 3-118, a equals 1.0 airfoil section to determine drag, lift, and pitching-moment characteristics for a range of flap deflections. Results indicate that combination of a low-drag airfoil and a double-slotted flap, of which the two parts moved as a single unit, gave higher maximum lift coefficients than have been obtained with plain, split, or slotted flaps on low-drag airfoils. Pitching moments were comparable to those obtained with other high-lift devices on conventional airfoils for similar lift coefficients."
Date: September 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 1: effect of gap on the aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord plain flap

Description: From Summary: "Tests have been made to determine the effect of a gap at the flap nose upon the aerodynamic section characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with a plain flap and tab. The results are presented in the form of airfoil and flap section characteristics for several flap deflections, tab deflections, and for four sizes of gap."
Date: June 1941
Creator: Sears, Richard I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of NACA 23012, 23021, and 23030 airfoils equipped with 40-percent-chord double slotted flaps

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation conducted in the NACA 7 by 10-foot win tunnel to determine the effect of the deflection of main and auxiliary slotted flaps on the aerodynamic section characteristics of large-chord NACA 23012, 23021, 23030 airfoils equipped with 40-percent-chord double slotted flaps. The complete aerodynamic section characteristics and envelope polar curves are given for each airfoil-flap combination. The effect of airfoil thickness is shown, and comparisons are made of single slotted flaps with double slotted flaps on each of the airfoils.
Date: 1941
Creator: Harris, Thomas A. & Recant, Isidore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of thin triangular wings with constant-chord partial-span control surfaces at supersonic speeds

Description: Report presenting a theoretical analysis of the characteristics of constant-chord partial-span control surfaces on thin triangular wings at supersonic speeds by use of methods based on the linearized theory for supersonic flow. Two cases were treated with the analysis. Results regarding lift coefficient, rolling-moment coefficient, and hinge-moment coefficient due to flap deflection, hinge-moment coefficient due to angle of attack, and the pitching-moment coefficient due to flap lift.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Tucker, Warren A. & Nelson, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the calculation of the minimum horizontal tail surface for airplanes equipped with wing flaps

Description: A method of calculating the horizontal tail area for an airplane equipped with flaps is presented. The general problem of tail design, the effects of flaps on the factors involved, and the manner in which the flaps change the requirements upon which the minimum horizontal tail area is based are discussed.
Date: April 1937
Creator: Soulé, Hartley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The calculated effect of various hydrodynamic and aerodynamic factors on the take-off of a large flying boat

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation made to determine the influence of various factors on the take-off performance of a hypothetical large flying boat by means of take-off calculations. The factors varied in the calculations were size of hull (load coefficient), wing setting, trim, deflection of flap, wing loading, aspect ratio, and parasite drag. The take-off times and distances were calculated to the stalling speeds and the performance above these speeds was separately studied to determine piloting technique for optimum take-off.
Date: April 29, 1940
Creator: Olson, R. E. & Allison, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 1.29 of an unswept, tapered wing of aspect ratio 2.67 with leading- and trailing-edge flaps - leading-edge flaps deflected

Description: Report presenting aerodynamic characteristics of an unswept wing with an aspect ratio of 2.67, a taper ratio of 0.5, and employing full-span, 25-percent chord, plain, leading-edge flaps using wind-tunnel testing of a semispan model. The leading edge flap was generally effective at changing both the lift and pitching-moment coefficients at each angle of attack and Mach number. Results regarding lift characteristics, hinge-moment characteristics, drag characteristics, and pitching-moment characteristics are provided.
Date: February 26, 1951
Creator: Stivers, Louis S., Jr. & Malick, Alexander W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 1.29 of an unswept tapered wing of aspect ratio 2.67 with leading- and trailing-edge flaps - trailing-edge flaps deflected

Description: Report presenting aerodynamic characteristics of an unswept wing with an aspect ratio of 2.67, a taper ratio of 0.5, and employing full-span, 25-percent chord, plain, trailing-edge flaps using wind-tunnel testing of a semispan model. The trailing-edge flap was generally effective in changing the lift coefficient at each angle of attack and Mach number of the investigation. Results regarding lift characteristics, hinge-moment characteristics, drag characteristics, and pitching-moment characteristics are provided.
Date: December 13, 1950
Creator: Stivers, Louis S., Jr. & Malick, Alexander W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of several flap-type trailing-edge controls on a trapezoidal wing at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01

Description: Report presenting an investigation at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01 to determine the control effectiveness and hinge-moment characteristics for a series of 25.4-percent-chord trailing-edge controls on a trapezoidal wing with a 23 degree sweptback leading edge, aspect ratio of 3.1, and taper ratio of 0.4. Pressure distribution and hinge-moment measurements were made at a range of angles of attack and control deflections. Results regarding effect of control deflection, effect of wing angle of attack, effect of Reynolds number, effect of trailing-edge thickness, effect of hinge-line gap, effect of Mach number, and effect of control size and location are provided.
Date: June 14, 1954
Creator: Lord, Douglas R. & Czarnecki, K. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation of Incremental Pitching Moments Due to Trailing-Edge Flaps on Swept and Triangular Wings

Description: Report presenting a method by which incremental pitching moments can be estimated for swept and triangular wings with arbitrary types of trailing-edge high-lift flaps. Span-loading theory is combined with two-dimensional airfoil data adjusted for the effects of sweep. Application of the method is demonstrated for 58 cases covering various types of flaps on wings with a wide range of sweep, aspect ratio, and taper ratio.
Date: June 10, 1955
Creator: James, Harry A. & Hunton, Lynn W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Qualitative measurements of relative flap effectiveness at transonic speeds on a series of five thin airfoils with 25-percent-chord flaps and various amounts of sweepback

Description: Report presenting testing on a series of five flat plate models of aspect ratio 2.0 with 25-percent-mean-aerodynamic-chord flaps at a range of Mach numbers in order to investigate the effect of sweepback on flap effectiveness.
Date: May 17, 1948
Creator: Crane, Harold L. & McLaughlin, Milton D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Modified NACA 65(sub 112)-111 Airfoil with 35-Percent-Chord Slotted Flap at Reynolds Numbers up to 25 Million

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnels to develop the optimum configuration of a .035-chord slotted flap on an NACA 65(sub(112)-111 airfoil section modified by removing the trailing-edge cusp. Included in the investigation were measurements to determine the scale effects on the section lift and drag characteristics of the airfoil with the flap retracted for Reynolds numbers ranging from 3.0 X 10(exp 6) to 2.5 X 10(exp 6). The scale effects on the lift characteristics were also determined for the same Reynolds numbers for the flap deflected in the rotation found to be optimum at a Reynolds number of 9.0 X 10(exp 6)."
Date: January 20, 1947
Creator: Racisz, Stanley F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Modified NACA 65(sub 112)-111 Airfoil with 35-Percent-Chord Slotted Flap to Determine Pitching-Moment Characteristics and Effects of Roughness

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel to develop the optimum configuration of a 0.35-chord slotted flap on an NACA 65(sub 1120)-111 airfoil section modified by removing the trailing-edge cusp. The section pitching-moment characteristics and the effects of standard roughness on the section characteristics were determined for the flap retracted at Reynolds numbers ranging from 3.0 x 10(exp 6) to 9.0 x 10(exp 6)."
Date: February 10, 1947
Creator: Racisz, Stanley F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Modified NACA 65(112)-111 Airfoil with 35-Percent-Chord Slotted Flap to Determine Optimum Flap Configuration at Reynolds Number of 2.4 Million

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel to develop the optimum configuration of a 0.35-chord slotted flap on an NACA 65 (112)-111 airfoil section modified by removing the trailing-edge cusp. The results of the investigation indicate that for the optimum configuration at a Reynolds number of 2.4 x 10(exp 6), the flap deflection was 45 degrees and the flap leading-edge radius center was 0.73 percent-chord behind and 4.46 percent-chord below the slot lip. The maximum section lift coefficient for the optimum configuration at a Reynolds number of 2.4 x 10(exp 6) was 2.46 or 0.12 higher than that obtained for an NACA 65-210 airfoil section with a 0.250-chord slotted flap."
Date: 1947
Creator: Racisz, Stanley F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effectiveness at High Speeds of a 20-Percent-chord Plain Trailing-edge Flap on the NACA 65-210 Airfoil Section

Description: An analysis has been made of the lift-control effectiveness of a 20-percent-chord plain trailing-edge flap on the NACA 65-210 airfoil section from section lift-coefficient data obtained at Mach numbers from 0.3 to 0.875. In addition, the effectiveness of the plain flap as a lift-control device has been compared with the corresponding effectiveness of both a spoiler and a dive-recovery flag on the INCA 65-210 airfoil section.
Date: May 6, 1947
Creator: Stivers, Louis S., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effectiveness at high subsonic Mach numbers of a 20-percent-chord plain trailing-edge flap on the NACA 65-210 airfoil section

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the effectiveness of a 20-percent-chord plain trailing-edge flap on the NACA 65-210 airfoil section from section lift-coefficient data obtained at Mach numbers from 0.30 to 0.875. Results regarding effectiveness of the plain flap as a lift-producing device, and a comparison of the effectiveness of a spoiler, a dive-recovery flap, and a plain flap are provided.
Date: March 1954
Creator: Stivers, Louis S., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of two 25-percent-area trailing-edge flaps on an aspect ratio 2 triangular wing at subsonic and supersonic speeds

Description: Report presenting the results of an investigation of flap-type controls on a low-aspect-ratio triangular wing using NACA 0005-63 sections for a constant-chord and a constant-percent-chord control surface. Two flap profiles were investigated: one with a true contour and the other with a blunt trailing edge. Results regarding lift, drag, pitching moment, hinge moment, and rolling moments were obtained for several Mach numbers, a constant Reynolds number, and a range of angles of attack.
Date: July 22, 1952
Creator: Boyd, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-dimensional wind-tunnel investigation of four types of high-lift flap on an NACA 65-210 airfoil section

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel to develop flap configurations for maximum lift of the NACA 65-210 airfoil section equipped with four types of high-lift flap. Lift and pitching-moment data were obtained for the optimum configurations. Results regarding the optimum configurations for maximum lift, scale effect, effect of roughness, pitching moments, and comparison of flaps are provided.
Date: February 1947
Creator: Cahill, Jones F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of propeller operation and location on ability of a wing with plain flaps to deflect propeller slipstreams downward for vertical take-off

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effects of several factors associated with the propeller installation on the ability of a wing with plain flaps to deflect a propeller slipstream downward as a means for achieving vertical take-off. Some of the factors considered were propeller blade angle, mode of propeller rotation, propeller location, and ratio of wing chord to propeller diameter.
Date: January 1955
Creator: Draper, John W. & Kuhn, Richard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation at low speed of a 51.3 degree sweptback semispan wing equipped with 16.7-percent-chord plain flaps and ailerons having various spans and three trailing-edge angles

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation performed at low speed to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a 51.3 degree sweptback semispan wing equipped with 16.7-percent-chord plain flaps and ailerons with various spans and spanwise locations and one with span of aileron with trailing-edge angles of 6, 14, and 25 degrees. Results regarding the wing aerodynamic characteristics, aileron-control characteristics, spoiler control characteristics, and effect of wing-tip shape are provided.
Date: November 12, 1948
Creator: Fischel, Jack & Schneiter, Leslie E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department