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The Calculation of the Heat Required for Wing Thermal Ice Prevention in Specified Icing Conditions

Description: Flight tests were made in natural icing conditions with two 8-ft-chord heated airfoils of different sections. Measurements of meteorological variables conducive to ice formation were made simultaneously with the procurement of airfoil thermal data. The extent of knowledge on the meteorology of icing, the impingement of water drops on airfoil surfaces, and the processes of heat transfer and evaporation from a wetted airfoil surface have been increased to a point where the design of heated wings on a fundamental, wet-air basis now can be undertaken with reasonable certainty.
Date: December 1947
Creator: Neel, Carr B., Jr.; Bergrun, Norman R.; Jukoff, David & Schlaff, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Flight Test of an Automatically Stabilized Model C (Swept Back) Four-Wing Tiamat

Description: "The results of the first flight test of a swept-back four-wing version of Tiamat (MX-570 model C) which was launched at the NACA Pilotless Aircraft Research Station at W4110PB Island, Va. are presented. In general, the flight behavior was close to that predicted by calculations based an stability theory and oscillating table tests of the autopilot. The flight test thus indicates that the techniques employed to predict automatic stability are valid and practical from an operational viewpoint" (p. 1).
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Seacord, Charles L., Jr. & Teitelbaum, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests to Determine Aileron Characteristics of the McDonnell XFD-1 Airplane, TED No. NACA 23102

Description: Tests were performed on a partial span of the wing of a McDonnell XFD-1 airplane to determine a combination of sealed internal balance and spring-tab stiffness for the aileron that would give satisfactory stick-force characteristics for the airplane. Two sealed internal balances were tested in combination with spring tabs of various stiffnesses. One of the combinations was tested at several speeds to determine the variation of stick force with speed. Estimates, based on the results of the tests, indicate that for this airplane any reduction of stick force by use of the spring tab reduces the helix angle pb/2V below the required value of 0.09. The estimates show that, of the configurations tested, the most satisfactory combination for obtaining a stick force of 30 pounds at 300 miles per hour indicated airspeed is a 0.48-chord internal balance in combination with a spring-tab stiffness of 500 pounds per inch. With this combination, a wing-tip helix angle of 0.078 is estimated. Stick-force curves for all configurations show a rapid increase in stick force above approximately 20 deg. total aileron deflection.
Date: September 26, 1946
Creator: Yates, Campbell C. & Schneiter, Leslie E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Zero-Lift Drag of Several Configurations of the XAAM-N-2 Pilotless Aircraft. TED No. NACA DE332

Description: Free-flight tests have been made to determine the zero-lift drag of several configurations of the XAAM-N-2 pilotless aircraft. Base-pressure measurements were also obtained for some of the configurations. The results show that increasing the wing-thickness ratio from 4 to 6 percent increased the wing drag by about 100 percent at M = 1.3 and by about 30 percent at M = 1.8. Increasing the nose fineness ratio from 5.00 to 6.25 reduced the drag coefficient of the wingless models a maximum of about 0.030 (10 percent) at M = 2.0. A corresponding change in nose shape for the winged models decreased the drag coefficient by about 0.05 in the Mach number range from 1.1 to 1.4; at Mach numbers greater than 1.6 no measurable reduction in drag coefficient was obtained. The drag of the present Sparrow fuselage is less than that of a parabolic fuselage which could contain the same equipment.
Date: March 16, 1950
Creator: Hall, James R. & Sandahl, Carl A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vibration of a Wing of Finite Span in a Supersonic Flow

Description: An investigate ion was made of the disturbed motion of a gas for the harmonic vibrations of a thin slightly cambered wing of finite span moving forward with supersonic velocity. This problem was considered by E. A. Krasilshchikova who applied the method of Fourier series and obtained a solution of the space problem for the condition that the Mach cones drawn through the leading edge of the wing intersect the wing or are tangent to it. In this paper, a different method of solution is given, which is free from the previously mentioned condition. In particular, the vibrations of a triangular wing lying within the Mach cone are considered.
Date: April 1950
Creator: Haskind, M. D. & Falkovich, S. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation at Low Speed of the Static Longitudinal and Lateral Stability Characteristics of a 1/9-Scale Powered Model of the Convair XFY-1 Vertically Rising Airplane

Description: An experimental investigation has been made in the Langley stability tunnel at low speed to determine the static longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics of a l/9-scale powered model of the Convair XFY-1 vertically rising airplane. Effects of thrust coefficient were investigated for the complete model and for certain components of the model. Effects of control deflections and of propeller-blade angle were investigated briefly for the complete model. Most of the tests were made through an angle-of-attack range from about -4 deg. to 29 deg, and the thrust-coefficient range was from 0 t o 0.7. In order to expedite distribution of these data to interested persons, no analysis of the data has been prepared for this report,.
Date: February 11, 1953
Creator: Queijo, M. J.; Wolhart, W. D. & Fletcher, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a Horizontal-Tail Model through the Transonic Speed Range by the NACA Wing-Flow Method

Description: A 1/12-scale model of a horizontal tail of a fighter airplane was tested through the transonic speeds in the high-speed flow over an airplane wing, the surface of which served as a reflection plane for the model. Measurements of lift, elevator-hinge moment, angle of attack, and elevator angle were made in the Mach number range from 0.75 to 1.04 for elevator deflections ranging from 10 degrees to minus 10 degrees, and for angles of attack of minus 1.2 degrees, 0.4 degrees, and 3.4 degrees. The equipment used to measure the hinge moments of the model proved to be unsatisfactory, and for this reason the hinge-moment data are considered to be only qualitative.
Date: April 11, 1947
Creator: Adams, Richard E. & Silsby, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transonic-Wind-Tunnel Tests of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.15-Scale Model of the North American Aviation 255-Inch Fin-Stabilized External Store, Coord No. AF-AM-4

Description: An investigation has been made in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnels on the aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.15-scale model of the North American Aviation 255-inch fin-stabilized external store over a maximum Mach number range of 0.60 to 1.2 and on the effects of mounting lugs, of fin orientation, of fin aspect ratio, and of fixed-transition. The Reynolds number (based on a body length of 37.50 inches) varied from 9.8 x 10(exp 6) to 13.1 x 10(exp 6). The results indicate that the static margin of the finned store at low lift coefficients was only 9 percent of body length at subsonic Mach numbers and was reduced to zero at a Mach number of 1.0, Increasing the fin aspect ratio from 1.82 to 2.41 increased the subsonic static margin to 18 percent and provided a minimum margin of 9 percent near a Mach number of l.O. Store mounting lugs or fin orientation had only small effects on the aerodynamic characteristics of the basic store.
Date: February 9, 1958
Creator: Fischetti, Thomas L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Design of Variable Mach Number Asymmetric Super-Sonic Nozzles by Two Procedures Employing Inclined and Curved Sonic Lines

Description: "Two theoretical procedures are developed for designing asymmetric supersonic nozzles for which the calculated exit flow is nearly uniform over a range of Mach numbers. One procedure is applicable at Mach numbers less than approximately 3. This approach yields, without iteration, a nozzle for which the calculated exit flow is uniform at two Mach numbers and, with proper design, is nearly uniform at Mach numbers between, slightly above, and slightly below these two" (p. 1).
Date: April 11, 1951
Creator: Syvertson, Clarence A. & Savin, Raymond C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Various Blade Modifications on Performance of a 16-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor 2 - Effect on Over-All Performance Characteristics of Increasing Twelfth through Fifteenth Stage Stator-Blade Angles 3 Degrees

Description: The stator-blade angles in the twelfth through fifteenth stages of a 16-stage axial-flow compressor were increased 3O. The over-all performance of this modified compressor is compared to the performance of the compressor with original blade angles. The matching characteristics of the modified compressor and a two-stage turbine were obtained and compared to those of the compressor with original blade angles and the same turbine.
Date: January 5, 1952
Creator: Hatch, James E. & Medeiros, Arthur A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Various Blade Modifications on Performance of a 16-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor 3 - Effect on Over-All Performance Characteristics on Increasing Stator-Blade Angles in Inlet Stages

Description: The stator-blade angles in the first four stages of a 16-stage axial-flow compressor were increased in order to decrease the angles of attack of these stages, and thereby to improve part-speed performance. The performance of this modified compressor was compared with that of the same compressor with original blade angles.
Date: February 15, 1952
Creator: Medeiros, Arthur A. & Hatch, James E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of an Operating Propeller on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 1/10-Scale Model of the Lockheed XFV-1 Airplane at High Subsonic Speeds (TED No. NACA DE-377)

Description: "An investigation was conducted in the Ames 12-foot pressure wind tunnel to determine the effect of an operating propeller on the aerodynamic characteristics of a 1/19-scale model of the Lockheed XFV-1 airplane. Several full-scale power conditions were simulated at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.92; the.Reynolds number was constant at 1.7 million. Lift, longitudinal force, pitch, roll, and yaw characteristics, determined with and without power, are presented for the complete model and for various combinations of model components" (p. 1).
Date: May 6, 1952
Creator: Sutton, Fred B. & Buell, Donald A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Component Performance Investigation of J71 Experimental Turbine 2 - Internal-Flow Conditions with 97-Percent-Design Stator Areas

Description: "An experimental investigation of the internal-flow conditions of a J71 experimental turbine equipped with 97-percent-design stator areas was conducted at equivalent design speed and near equivalent design work. The results of the investigation indicate that the stage work distribution closely approximates design, the actual distribution being 44.1, 33.4, and 22.5 percent for the first, second, and third stages, respectively. The first-, second-, and third-stage efficiencies were 0.894, 0.858, and 0.792, respectively" (p. 1).
Date: April 11, 1956
Creator: Rebeske, John J., Jr. & Petrash, Donald A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Component Performance Investigation of J71 Experimental Turbine 3 - Effect of Third-Stage Shrouding on Over-All Performance

Description: "A negligible effect on turbine efficiency and only a small decrease in turbine weight flow were observed when the J71 experimental turbine with 97-percent-design stator areas was modified to include shrouding of the third-stage rotor" (p. 1).
Date: April 17, 1956
Creator: Petrash, Donald A.; Schum, Harold J. & Davison, Elmer H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Centrally Loaded Thin-Walled Columns Above the Buckling Limit

Description: "When thin-walled columns formed from flanged sheet, such as used in airplane construction, are subjected to axial load, their behavior at failure varies according to the slenderness ratio. On long columns the axis deflects laterally while the cross section form is maintained; buckling results. The respective breaking load in the elastic range is computed by Euler's formula and for the plastic range by the Engesser- Karman formula. Its magnitude is essentially dependent upon the length" (p. 1).
Date: April 1945
Creator: Reinitzhuber, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the 19B-2, 19B-8 and 19XB-1 Jet- Propulsion Engines: 4 - Analysis of Compressor Performance

Description: "Investigations were conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the performance and operational characteristics of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XS-1 turbojet engines. One objective was to determine the effect of altitude, flight Mach number, and tail-pipe-nozzle area on the performance characteristics of the six-stage and ten-stage axial-flow compressors of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 engines, respectively, The data were obtained over a range of simulated altitudes and flight Mach numbers" (p. 1).
Date: April 25, 1947
Creator: Dietz, Robert O. & Kuenzig, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of Average Skin-Friction Coefficients on a Parabolic Body of Revolution (NACA RM-10) at Mach Numbers from 1.0 to 3.7

Description: "Measurement of average skin-friction coefficients have been made on six rocket-powered free-flight models by using the boundary-layer rake technique. The model configuration was the NACA RM-10, a 12.2-fineness-ratio parabolic body of revolution with a flat base. Measurements were made over a Mach number range from 1 to 3.7, a Reynolds number range 40 x 10(exp 6) to 170 x 10(exp 6) based on length to the measurement station, and with aerodynamic heating conditions varying from strong skin heating to strong skin cooling" (p. 1).
Date: August 25, 1954
Creator: Loposer, J. Dan & Rumsey, Charles B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Low-Speed Investigation of a Fuselage-Side Air Inlet for use at Transonic Flight Speeds

Description: "A low-speed investigation in the Langley propeller-research tunnel of annular air inlets designed to avoid compression shocks and attendant boundary-layer separation on the fuselage ahead of the inlets at transonic flight speeds by maintaining substream flow velocities on the fuselage nose was reported in NACA RM No. L6J04. In the present investigation, one of the original annular inlets was converted by the installation of a canopy and a nose-wheel fairing into a twin side inlet in order to study problems involved in applying such an inlet to a fighter-type airplane. Extensive measurements of pressures on the surface of the model and surveys of the internal flow were conducted at angles of attack of 0 degrees, 3 degrees, and 6 degrees over a wide range of inlet-velocity ratio" (p. 1).
Date: April 9, 1947
Creator: Nichols, Mark R. & Goral, Edwin B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Ejection Releases of an MB-1 Rocket From a 0.04956-Scaled Model of the Convair F-106A Airplane at Mach Number 1.59

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the ejection release characteristics of the MB-1 rocket from the missile bay of a model of the Convair F-106A airplane with its fin tips retracted at a simulated altitude of 18,670 feet. Successful ejections of the rocket were made at supersonic speeds by applying a combination of ejection velocity and nose-down pitching moment at release.
Date: May 20, 1957
Creator: Lee, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Light Airplane

Description: This report begins with a review and analysis of the work being done to develop light airplanes in the U.S. and abroad. A technical discussion of the construction and innovations in light airplanes is then presented.
Date: April 1925
Creator: Driggs, Ivan H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Range Performance of Bombers Powered by Turbine-Propeller Power Plants

Description: "Calculations have been made to find ranges attainable by bombers of gross weights from l40,000 to 300,000 pounds powered by turbine-propeller power plants. Only conventional configurations were considered and emphasis was placed upon using data for structural and aerodynamic characteristics which are typical of modern military airplanes. An effort was made to limit the various parameters invoked in the airplane configuration to practical values" (p. 1).
Date: June 20, 1950
Creator: Cline, Charles W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strength Investigations in Aircraft Construction Under Repeated Application of the Load

Description: "In the calculation of the dimensions of modern machines and building constructions, account is taken of the frequency of the occurrence of the anticipated loads. It is generally assumed that these loads will be repeated an infinite number, or at any rate some millions, of times during the total working life of the construction. When calculating the dimensions of the structural parts of aircraft, on the contrary, a consideration only of those frequencies in the appearance of the loads which actually come into play in the various states of stress is allowable" (p. 1).
Date: August 1946
Creator: Gassner, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-Distribution Measurements on the Tail Surfaces of a Rotating Model of the Design BFW - M31

Description: In order to obtain insight into the flow conditions on tail surfaces on airplanes during spins, pressure-distribution measurements were performed on a rotating model of the design BFW-M31. For the time being, the tests were made for only one angle of attack (alpha = 60 degrees) and various angles of yaw and rudder angles. The results of these measurements are given; the construction of the model, and the test arrangement used are described. Measurements to be performed later and alterations planned in the test arrangement are pointed out.
Date: December 1949
Creator: Kohler, M. & Mautz, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of Horizontal-Tail Location and Wing Modifications on the High-Speed Stability and Control Characteristics of a 01.17-Scale Model of the McDonnell XF2H-1 Airplane (TED No, NACA DE336)

Description: "An additional series of high-speed wind-tunnel tests of a modified 0.17-scale model of the McDonnell XF2H-1 airplane was conducted to evaluate the effects of a reduction in the thickness-to-chord ratios of the tail planes, the displacement of the horizontal tail relative to the vertical tail, and the extension of the trailing edge of the wing. Two tail-intersection fairings designed to improve the flow at the tail were also tested. The pitching-moment characteristics of the model were improved slightly by the use of the thinner tail sections" (p. 1).
Date: October 14, 1949
Creator: Emerson, Horace F. & Axelson, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department