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Aerodynamic Factors Affecting the Ability of a Pilot to Return an Airplane to Level From a Banked Attitude by Use of the Rudder Alone and Without Change of Heading

Description: Report presenting a study of the aerodynamic factors upon which the ability to perform the maneuver depends in an attempt to obtain a better understanding of the conditions involved and, if possible, to evolve criterions that may be used during design.
Date: October 1941
Creator: Harmon, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Behavior of Conventional Airplanes in Situations Thought to Lead to Most Crashes

Description: Simple flight tests were made on ten conventional airplanes for the purpose of determining their action in two situations, which are generally thought to precede and lead to a large proportion of airplane crashes. These situations are when in an attempt to stretch the glide in a forced landing, the airplane is stalled, and when while taking off, particularly if taking off steeply, the engine fails at a low altitude.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bench-Test Investigation of the Transient-Response Characteristics of Several Simulated Airplanes Incorporating an Autopilot Sensitive to Yawing Accelerations

Description: Note presenting testing of an autopilot sensitive to yawing acceleration, which was used to control four simulated airplane (mass-spring) configurations, and a series of bench tests to determine the response characteristics of the combinations.
Date: July 1951
Creator: Howard, Donald A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statical Longitudinal Stability of Airplanes

Description: This report, which is a continuation of the "Preliminary report on free flight testing" (report no. NACA-TR-70), presents a detailed theoretical analysis of statical stability with free and locked controls and also the results of many free flight test on several types of airplanes. In developing the theory of stability with locked controls an expression for pitching moment is derived in simple terms by considering the total moment as the sum of the moments due to wings and tail surface. This expression, when differentiated with respect to angle of incidence, enables an analysis to be made of the factors contributing to the pitching moment.
Date: 1921
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Experience With Two High-Speed Airplanes Having Violent Lateral-Longitudinal Coupling in Aileron Rolls

Description: "During flight tests of two high-speed airplane configurations, violent cross-coupled lateral and longitudinal motions were encountered following abrupt rudder-fixed aileron rolls. The speeds involved ranged from a Mach number of 0.7 to 1.05. The motions were characterized by extreme variations in angles of attack and sideslip which resulted in load factors as large as 6.7g (negative) and 7g (positive) normal acceleration and 2g transverse acceleration" (p. 1).
Date: February 4, 1955
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Lateral Control Near the Stall: Flight Tests With High-Wing and Low-Wing Monoplanes of Various Configurations

Description: Report presenting the results of flight tests with several typical light aircraft. Flight tests were made with one airplane with two different horizontal tail configurations in an attempt to provide an arrangement that would give optimum conditions with regard to the effect of power change on longitudinal trim near the stall. The results are intended to provide quantitative flight-test information which may be useful to designers in attempting to provide for adequate low-speed control and which may be correlated with analytical analyses.
Date: June 1956
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Abramson, H. Norman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Lateral Control Near the Stall: Flight Investigation With a Light High-Wing Monoplane Tested With Various Amounts of Washout and Various Lengths of Leading-Edge Slot

Description: Note presenting flight tests made with a typical light airplane to investigate possibilities for obtaining reliable control at low flight speeds. An attempt was made to find a configuration that would provide sufficient elevator control for a three-point landing under the most critical condition and that would also have insufficient elevator control to exceed the angle of attack at which reliable lateral control is obtained in flight under all of the center-of-gravity and power conditions.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Weick, Fred E.; Sevelson, Maurice S.; McClure, James G. & Flanagan, Marion D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Factors Affecting the Static Longitudinal and Directional Stability Characteristics of Supersonic Aircraft Configurations

Description: Memorandum presenting a survey of the problems introduced by the increased longitudinal stability and the reduced directional stability of aircraft operating in the low supersonic speed range. The longitudinal stability increases markedly at supersonic speeds and results in high drags due to trimming and in limited control for maneuvering. The vertical-tail contribution is shown to be affected by many factors including the wing position, the fuselage shape, and the horizontal-tail position.
Date: July 12, 1957
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Survey and Evaluation of Flutter Research and Engineering

Description: Memorandum presenting a survey and evaluation of flutter research and flutter engineering, with particular emphasis placed on the design of primary fixed surfaces and primary controls. Analyses are made of recent flutter occurrences to delineate past and future problems, and detailed appraisals are given of the status of the various engineering branches involved in the analytical and experimental prediction of flutter.
Date: October 5, 1956
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stability of Airplanes

Description: The author attempts to correct the misconception that piloting an airplane requires extraordinary skill and balance. He also tries to show that airplanes are extremely stable in flight. Some of the major points covered in this article include: automatic pilots, airplanes designed to be stable, and the reliance on mathematics to help in designing stable aircraft.
Date: May 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turn Indicator

Description: This report presents a study of an instrument that can warn the pilot of the turning of his airplane. This instrument must satisfy three conditions: 1) It must give useful indication immediately from take-off; 2) The indications must be instantaneous and require no exertion by the pilot; 3) The indicator must be sensitive only to changes of orientation in the horizontal plane. Different solutions are presented such as a gyroscope driven by the suction of a Venturi tube.
Date: August 1922
Creator: de Guiche, A. de Gramont
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Vane With Various Applications

Description: A design for a wind vane is presented and various applications are discussed. The equations that can be used to calculate effects on the aircraft using the vane and control assistance that can be provided using the wind vane are provided.
Date: September 1922
Creator: Constantin, M. Louis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research on the Control of Airplanes

Description: Our task is to endeavor to obtain precise experimental records of the motion of stalled airplanes, both when left to themselves and when the pilot is trying to control them. The apparatus which we use consists of a box containing tree gyroscopes which are slightly deflected against a spring control when the airplane is turning.
Date: October 1928
Creator: Jones, B. Melvill
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on Maximum Airplane Angular Velocities

Description: Bulletin presenting some information on obtaining the maximum angular velocities to which aircraft are subjected in flight. Some of the maneuvers explored include pitching, rolling, yawing, or combinations of the motions, such as spinning.
Date: May 1943
Creator: Conway, H. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operating Characteristics of an Acceleration Restrictor as Determined by Means of a Simulator

Description: Note presenting the operating characteristics of an acceleration restrictor which limits the normal acceleration of an airplane in maneuvers determined from tests on a simulator. The simulator consisted of a control stick geared to a magnetic brake unit and an analog computer which simulated the dynamic characteristics of the airplane.
Date: December 1954
Creator: Assadourian, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spiral Tendency in Blind Flying

Description: "The flight path followed by an airplane which was being flown by a blindfolded pilot was observed and recorded. When the pilot attempted to make a straight-away flight there was a tendency to deviate from the straight path and to take up a spiral one" (p. 1).
Date: August 1929
Creator: Carroll, Thomas & McAvoy, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Data on Body and Jet Reaction Controls

Description: Report presenting testing of a series of rocket-propelled general-research test missiles incorporating cruciform delta wings mounted along the diagonals of a fuselage of square cross section used to obtain longitudinal trim in flight. Several combinations of controls and static and dynamic longitudinal stability of the missiles were tested at a range of Mach numbers.
Date: March 4, 1957
Creator: Henning, Allen B.; Wineman, Andrew R. & Rainey, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Damping at Mach Numbers of 1.3 and 1.6 of a Control Surface on a Two-Dimensional Wing by a Free-Oscillation Method

Description: Memorandum presenting tests at two supersonic speeds to obtain experimentally the aerodynamic damping characteristics of a control surface on a two-dimensional wing. The control surface had a chord of 1.67 inches and a span of 7.25 inches and was supplied in three materials with different mass, inertia, and stiffness properties. Results regarding the presentation of data and comparison with theory and comparison with control-surface data for a triangular wing are provided.
Date: May 1, 1956
Creator: Tuovila, W. J. & Hess, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Further Flight Tests on the Effectiveness of Handley Page Automatic Control Slots

Description: Investigation of damping in roll within range of maximum lift with the Albatross L 75, with and without Handley Page automatic control slots, revealed the following: Without control slots, any attempt to go beyond a certain angle of attack near c(sub a max) in glide and climb, is followed by sudden sideslip. The conduct of the airplane throughout the motions in roll, moreover, confirmed that all attempts to higher angles of attack are accompanied by sudden loss of damping in roll.
Date: September 1932
Creator: Pleines, Wilhelm
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wing-Tunnel Investigation of Effects of Various Aerodynamic Balance Shapes and Sweepback on Control-Surface Characteristics of Semispan Tail Surfaces With NACA 0009, 0015, 66-009, 66(215)-014, and Circular-Arc Airfoil Sections

Description: Note presenting a summary of force data on unswept and sweptback airplane control surfaces. Lift and hinge-moment characteristics were determined for four unswept, semispan control surfaces, and lift, drag, hinge moment, and pitching moment were determined for two semispan, sweptback control surfaces. Measured values of the parameters are compared with those obtained from section data by application of lifting-surface and lifting-line theory.
Date: October 1951
Creator: Harper, John J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Additional Investigation of the High-Speed Lateral-Control Characteristics of Spoilers

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the characteristics of partial-span spoilers located at 0.75 of the chord on an NACA 66-series tapered wing, especially at high speeds. The effect of small spoiler projections was found to increase with an increase in speed until the critical Mach number was exceeded.
Date: June 1945
Creator: Laitone, Edmund V. & Summers, James L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Balanced and Servo Control Surfaces

Description: "Many reports on various control systems are available, but the results cannot be generally applied since the effect of particular changes of surface-form and mounting are subject to variations depending upon airfoil section and influences of airplane layout. This report presents a simple analysis of several control systems in more general use. Elevators, ailerons, and rudders are all discussed" (p. 1).
Date: May 1930
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department