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Airplane Stability Calculations and Their Verification by Flight Tests

Description: For some time, the designers of airplanes have begun to occupy themselves with the question of longitudinal stability. In their quest to simplify calculation and data collection, the designers have attached the greatest importance to the coefficient of initial longitudinal stability. In this study a diagram was constructed from the data of the tunnel tests, which depends neither on the position of the center of gravity nor of the angle of deflection of the elevators. This diagram is constructed by means of straight lines drawn through the metacenters of the complete airplane, in a direction parallel to the tangents to the polar of the airplane relative to a system of axes fixed with reference to the airplane.
Date: July 1922
Creator: Rota, Augusto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identification of Aircraft by Rockwell Test

Description: A large number of tests were made on tubes of 1025 and 4130X steel, in various diameters and wall thicknesses, and after diverse heat treatments. The Rockwell B scale was employed, as being the best suited to the ranges of hardness encountered. Only satisfactory chrome molybdenum tubes were found to show a hardness in excess of 90-B after normalizing.
Date: June 1930
Creator: Knerr, Horace
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the Design of Latticed Columns Subject to Lateral Loads

Description: "No rational column formula has yet been developed which gives results which are sufficiently precise for the design of airplane members, and consequently it is necessary to fall back upon experimental testing. In order to derive the maximum benefit from experiments, however, it is necessary that the experiments be guided by theory. It is the object here to modify existing formulae that may be obtained with a minimum number of tests" (p. 1).
Date: May 1922
Creator: McCarthy, Charles J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Present Status of Airship Construction, Especially of Airship-Framing Construction

Description: "This work proposes to sketch, in broad outline, the status of airship construction in the various countries, at a time when commerce over great distances might be finally opened up to the airship through the performances of the "Graf Zeppelin." After a short historical review, a survey of the most important rigid and semirigid airships built since 1925, their differences and special problems, is made. In more detailed treatment, the framing construction of the more recent rigid airships and some especially interesting structural questions are investigated" (p. 1).
Date: July 1938
Creator: Ebner, Hans
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relative Structural Efficiencies of Flat Balsa-Core Sandwich and Stiffened-Panel Construction

Description: "An analysis is made and charts are presented for the determination of regions of efficient application of flat balsa-core sandwich and stiffened-panel construction for a large range of design requirements. Optimum sandwiches are found to have relatively low values of the ratio of core thickness to face thickness" (p. 1).
Date: October 1951
Creator: Hubka, Ralph E.; Dow, Norris F. & Seide, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flat Sheet Metal Girders With Very Thin Metal Web. Part 1: General Theories and Assumptions

Description: The object of this report was to develop the structural method of sheet metal girders and should for that reason be considered solely from this standpoint. The ensuing methods were based on the assumption of the infinitely low stiffness in bending of the metal web. This simplifies the basis of calculations to such an extent that many questions of great practical importance can be examined which otherwise cannot be included in any analysis of the bending stiffness of the buckled plate. This report refers to such points as the safety in buckling of uprights to the effect of bending flexibility of spars, to spars not set parallel, etc.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Wagner, Herbert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fittings and Other Structural Parts of Airplanes

Description: "The strength and reliability of airplanes depend greatly on the careful design and manufacture of fittings, couplings, and other highly stressed parts. The more important parts of the airplane must be occasionally tested for increased loads and in order to avoid the possibility of defects creeping in during subsequent production. Strength tests are discussed for fittings for wing spar joints, fittings for strut connections, internal bracing, control gear, and landing gear" (p. 1).
Date: October 1923
Creator: Eydam, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wood Versus Metal in Airplane Construction

Description: The aim of this article is to present, in broad outline, a scientific method for solving the problem, "Wood or Metal." It will be shown that structural methods have by no means reached their final perfection. The strength of the different materials is discussed as well as different construction methods.
Date: June 1923
Creator: Seehase, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wood Versus Metal in Airplane Construction

Description: The aim of this article is to present, in broad outline, a scientific method for solving the problem, "Wood or Metal." It will be shown that structural methods have by no means reached their final perfection. The strength of the different materials is discussed as well as different construction methods.
Date: June 1923
Creator: Seehase, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Welding in Airplane Construction

Description: The present article attempts to explain the principles for the production of a perfect weld and to throw light on the unexplained problems. Moreover, it is intended to elucidate the possibilities of testing the strength and reliability of welded parts.
Date: February 1928
Creator: Rechtlich, A. & Schrenk, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modern Manufacturing Equipment of the Ernst Heinkel Airplane Works

Description: This report contains a description of new methods of fabrication, new equipment, and special tools, with a view to supplying data for design from economical points of view, as well as to stimulate the interest of other factories in improved shop methods. Some of the topics include the method and tools for changing the sectional shape of light-alloy and steel tubes, skin riveting, automatic strip insertion for drawing-sheet sections, silent beating tools, beam strap milling machines, drilling and countersinking tools for mounting standard parts, and tools for creasing thin sheets.
Date: November 1938
Creator: Thormann, A. & Jockisch, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Curves Showing Column Strength of Steel and Duralumin Tubing

Description: Given here are a set of column strength curves that are intended to simplify the method of determining the size of struts in an airplane structure when the load in the member is known. The curves will also simplify the checking of the strength of a strut if the size and length are known. With these curves, no computations are necessary, as in the case of the old-fashioned method of strut design. The process is so simple that draftsmen or others who are not entirely familiar with mechanics can check the strength of a strut without much danger of error.
Date: May 1929
Creator: Ross, Orrin E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Depreciation of Aircraft

Description: Report presenting an examination of the concept that aircraft are essentially fragile and deteriorate rapidly when in service, which the author considers to be a misunderstanding due to the intense conditions occurring during war. Some examples of commercial airplane lines that have been running for several years and some potential deterioration costs that must be considered are provided.
Date: December 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Rules for Metal Aircraft Construction

Description: "The Commissariat of Aviation deems it expedient to issue a few rules of a general character which should be followed by constructors in designing aircraft, into the manufacture of which metal enters to a considerable extent. The materials covered include: aluminum, duralumin, soft steel, high-resistance steel, in sheets, tubing, and shaped elements" (p. 1).
Date: September 1924
Creator: Guidoni, Alessandre
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metal Construction

Description: The future development of aerial navigation is closely connected with the condition of obtaining airplanes of great stability and sufficient strength. Different construction materials such as wood, aluminum, iron, and alloys are examined to determine which materials or combination of materials provides a greater coefficient of safety.
Date: April 1922
Creator: Verduzio, Rodolfo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building a Full-Size Glider

Description: The building and flying of a glider is possible for anyone who can use a few basic tools. This report presents some plans and techniques for building your own glider.
Date: September 1927
Creator: Camm, F. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

English Airplane Construction

Description: English airplane construction is presented with a particular emphasis on metal construction techniques. Steel rib and fuselage construction are discussed as well as the use of duralumin in construction.
Date: December 1930
Creator: Schwencke, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Wing Spars of Variable Cross-Section and Linear Load

Description: "The calculation of wing spars of constant cross-section and load has been thoroughly treated by a large number of authors. Such is not the case,however, regarding the calculation of wing spars whose section and linear load diminish toward the ends, as in wings of trapezoidal contour and decreasing section" (p. 1).
Date: March 1925
Creator: Kirste, Léon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Condensed Data on the Aircraft Engines of the World

Description: This compilation of the outstanding characteristics of the available aircraft engines of the world was prepared as a compact ready reference for desk use. It does not pretend to be anything but a skeleton outline of the characteristics of engines reported in the technical press as being in either the experimental, development, or production stage. At present progress is quite rapid and by the time this compilation is disseminated new models may have superseded those listed, or changes may have been made which will entirely change the characteristics given" (p. 1).
Date: April 1929
Creator: Fliedner, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for Checking the Stability of Compression Members in Trusses

Description: "The present report contains a set of charts developed for computing the fixity effect on a compression member in a truss through its adjacent members, the amount of fixity being considered variable with the particular total truss load. The use of the charts is illustrated on two- and three-bay systems, as well as on a triangular truss" (p. 1).
Date: July 1936
Creator: Borkmann, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Use of Elektron Metal in Airplane Construction

Description: Memorandum presenting an evaluation of elektron, which is the lightest of the light metals and is of particular interest for aircraft construction. Some of its chemical properties, particular alloys and wrought materials that can be made using elektron, and some of the potential ways in which the material might be used are provided.
Date: February 1931
Creator: de Ridder, E. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department