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Wind-Tunnel Tests of Ailerons at Various Speeds 3: Ailerons of 0.20 Airfoil Chord and True Contour With 0.35-Aileron-Chord Frise Balance on the NACA 23012 Airfoil

Description: Report presenting hinge moment, lift, and pressure-distribution measurements made on a Frise aileron on an NACA 23012 airfoil in the two-dimensional test section of the stability tunnel. Speeds up to 360 miles per hour corresponding to a Mach number of about 0.470 were used.
Date: September 1943
Creator: Letko, W. & Kemp, W. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect on the low-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a 49 degree sweptback wing having an aspect ratio of 3.78 of blowing air over the trailing-edge flap and aileron

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the full-scale tunnel to determine the effects on the aerodynamic characteristics of a 49.1 degree sweptback wing of blowing a high-energy stream of air over a trailing-edge flap and an aileron. The results indicated that significant increases in lift coefficient and an improvement in aileron effectiveness may be obtained by the blowing method of boundary-layer control.
Date: April 23, 1954
Creator: Whittle, Edward F., Jr. & Lipson, Stanley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of leakage past aileron nose on aerodynamic characteristics of plain and internally balanced ailerons on NACA 66(215)-216, a = 1.0 airfoil

Description: Report presenting an investigation in two-dimensional flow to determine the effect of leakage past the aileron nose on the aerodynamic characteristics of ailerons. The effects of amount and type of leakage, aileron contour, and Mach and Reynolds number are investigated.
Date: July 1945
Creator: Bird, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests of a blunt-nose aileron with beveled trailing edge on an NACA 66(215)-216 airfoil with several modifications of aileron nose and adjacent airfoil contour

Description: Report presenting an investigation of ailerons with a beveled trialing edge and a blunt-nose overhang of 35 percent aileron chord on an NACA 66(215)-26 airfoil in two-dimensional flow. Five configurations were tested with various modifications of the aileron nose and adjacent airfoil contour to determine the effect of modifications on lift and aileron hinge-moment characteristics.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Bird, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of aileron span, aileron chord, and wing twist on rolling effectiveness as determined by rocket-powered model tests and theoretical estimates

Description: A determination of the variation of rolling effectiveness with spanwise aileron extent for full-chord ailerons on a sweptback wing over a range of Mach numbers. The test wings had NACA 65A006 airfoil sections, an aspect ratio of 4.0, 45 degrees sweepback at the quarter-chord line, and a taper ratio of 0.6. Results regarding ailerons and twisted wings are provided.
Date: September 14, 1954
Creator: Strass, H. Kurt & Tucker, Warren A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aileron as an aid to recovery from the spin

Description: From Introduction: "In order to afford a means of comparison and to obtain a clear understanding of the results, a study of the effects of normal angular deflections of the ailerons, with and against the spin, was included in the investigation. Ailerons deflected with the spin means that the ailerons are deflected with right aileron up and left aileron down in a right spin. The results of the investigation are discussed in this paper."
Date: September 1940
Creator: Neihouse, A. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel tests of ailerons at various speeds I: ailerons of 0.20 airfoil chord and true contour with 0.35 aileron-chord extreme blunt nose balance on the NACA 66,2-216 airfoil

Description: Hinge-moment, lift, and pressure-distribution measurements were made in the two-dimensional test section of the NACA stability tunnel on a blunt-nose balance-type aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil at speeds up to 360 miles per hour corresponding to a Mach number of 0.475. The tests were made primarily to determine the effect of speed on the action of this type of aileron. The balance-nose radii of the aileron were varied from 0 to 0.02 of the airfoil chord and the gap width was varied from 0.0005 to 0.0107 of the airfoil chord. Tests were also made with the gap sealed.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Letko, W.; Denaci, H. G. & Freed, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rolling, yawing, and hinge moments produced by rectangular ailerons

Description: Ailerons described in references 1, 2, and 3, are summarized in the form of empirical equations which relate the aileron dimensions and displacements to the rolling, yawing, and hinge moments for pitch angles of 0 and 12 degrees, corresponding to angles of attack of the wings of 4 and 16 degrees, respectively.
Date: January 1933
Creator: Heald, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Rolling and Yawing Moments Produced by Floating Wing-Tip Ailerons, as Measured by Spinning Balance

Description: From Summary: "The investigation described in this report was made to determine the effectiveness of floating wing-tip ailerons as an airplane control in the spin. In these tests the ailerons, not being balanced, were set parallel to the axis of rotation, which is probably very nearly the attitude that balanced floating ailerons would assume in a spin. Rolling - and yawing moment coefficients are given as measured for the model with and without the ailerons, and computed values are given for the ailerons alone."
Date: March 1934
Creator: Bamber, Millard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of the N.A.C.A. Slot-Lip Aileron

Description: "An investigation of the undesirable delayed action, or lag, of the spoiler-type lateral control device led to the development of the NACA slot-lip aileron. The tests were made in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel with a 4- by 8-foot wing hinged at the tunnel jet boundary and restrained in roll by elastic cords. Time histories were taken of the motion of the control device under test and of the resulting wing motion" (p. 1).
Date: November 1935
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Wing Tip Floating Ailerons on the Autorotation of a Monoplane Wing Model

Description: "The preliminary tests described here were made to determine the extent to which wing tip floating ailerons might be effective in reducing airplane spinning tendencies. The tests showed that initial spinning tendencies and rates of stable spinning could doubtless be reduced by the use of tip floating ailerons on an airplane. It also appears to be desirable to reduce to a minimum the interference between wing and aileron. This would serve to maintain uniformity of action at all angles of attack and enable calculation of the aileron characteristics" (p. 1).
Date: March 1930
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel research comparing lateral control devices, particularly at high angles of attack 11: various floating tip ailerons on both rectangular and tapered wings

Description: Discussed here are a series of systematic tests being conducted to compare different lateral control devices with particular reference to their effectiveness at high angles of attack. The present tests were made with six different forms of floating tip ailerons of symmetrical section. The tests showed the effect of the various ailerons on the general performance characteristics of the wing, and on the lateral controllability and stability characteristics. In addition, the hinge moments were measured for the most interesting cases.
Date: May 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Harris, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel and Flight Tests of Slot-Lip Ailerons

Description: "The slot-lip ailerons developed by the NACA consist of a flap-type spoiler with an adjoining continuously open slot. The ailerons were developed in an investigation of the delayed response, or lag, of spoiler-type lateral controls. This report presents the results of tests of these slot-lip ailerons made on wing models in the 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel, on a Fairchild 22 airplane in the full-scale wind tunnel and in flight, and on the Weick W1-A airplane in flight" (p. 537).
Date: June 11, 1937
Creator: Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight observations of aileron flutter at high Mach numbers as affected by several modifications

Description: Report presenting an investigation of aileron flutter associated with high-speed flight. When the aileron control system was modified by installing a hydraulic irreversible unit, it was possible to delay aileron flutter and reduce its amplitude. Results regarding the aileron flutter with and without the modifications, analysis of the time histories for the control systems, and relation between aileron upfloat and flutter are provided.
Date: April 25, 1947
Creator: Spreiter, John R.; Galster, George M. & Cooper, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ailerons on a low-drag airfoil 1: The effect of aileron profile

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of the effects of various modifications to the profile of a 0.20-chord plain sealed aileron and a 0.15-chord plain sealed aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil. Thickening of the aileron was found to reduce the aileron effectiveness, reduce the slope of the wing section lift curve, and reduce the hinge-moment coefficients. Results regarding the section data, aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, lift, pitching moment, drag, and Reynolds number are provided.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Crane, Robert M. & Holtzclaw, Ralph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of drooped ailerons on a 16-percent-thick low-drag airfoil

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation to determine the practicability of the dropped-aileron-type lateral-control device on NACA low-drag airfoils. Section aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 66(215)-216 airfoil with an aileron of normal profile and an aileron of straight-sided profile with a modified nose shape are presented for various aileron locations, hinge centers, and aerodynamic balances.
Date: August 1947
Creator: Holtzclaw, Ralph W. & Dods, Jules B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ailerons on a low-drag airfoil 2: the effect of thickened and beveled trailing edges

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of the effects of modifications to the trailing edge of a 0.20-chord plain sealed aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil. The modifications considered consisted of various amounts of symmetrical thickening and beveling of the aileron trailing edge. Results regarding aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, aileron control forces, lift, pitching moment, drag, and Reynolds number are provided.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Crane, Robert M. & Holtzclaw, Ralph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a lateral-control model 3: section characteristics, fence studies, and tabulated pressure coefficients with modified NACA 0012-64 section, 26.6-percent-chord, plain aileron, 0 and 45 degree sweepback

Description: Report presenting wind-tunnel measurements of the pressure distribution on a semispan wing with a modified NACA 0012-64 airfoil section and a plain trailing-edge aileron with the wing unswept and also swept back 45 degrees. Adverse changes in loading and loss of aileron effectiveness developed with the wing unswept as the Mach number was increased, but did not occur at Mach numbers up to 0.925 with the swept wing. Results regarding section characteristics and effect of fences are provided.
Date: November 22, 1950
Creator: Krumm, Walter J. & Cleary, Joseph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of low-speed aileron control characteristics at a Reynolds number of 6,800,000 of a wing with leading edge swept back 42 degrees with and without high-lift devices

Description: Report presenting an investigation at a Reynolds number of 6,800,000 to determine the low-speed lateral control characteristics of a 20-percent-chord half-span outboard aileron on a wing with 42 degrees of sweepback at the leading edge. The lateral control, aileron hinge-moment, aileron load, and balance-chamber-pressure characteristics were determined for the wing with and without high-lift and stall-control devices for an angle-of-attack range from -4 degrees through the stall.
Date: July 19, 1949
Creator: Bollech, Thomas V. & Pratt, George L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of wing-tip ailerons on a 51.3 degrees sweptback wing at transonic speeds by the transonic-bump method

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of deflectable wing-tip ailerons on a sweptback wing in the Langley high-speed tunnel by means of the transonic bump technique. Three ailerons were investigated, one with a basic wing-plan form and two with an extended-tip plan form. Results regarding the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, rolling-moment data, control effectiveness, and lift effectiveness are provided.
Date: November 26, 1951
Creator: Moseley, William C., Jr. & Watson, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effectiveness at transonic speeds of flap-type ailerons for several spanwise locations on a 4-percent-thick sweptback-wing-fuselage model with and without tails

Description: Report presenting a transonic investigation in the 16-foot transonic tunnel to determine the effects of spanwise location of a flap-type aileron on the lateral characteristics of a 4-percent-thick sweptback-wing-fuselage model. Results regarding the effect of aileron spanwise position on roll and lift effectiveness, tail effects, and effect of spanwise aileron position on complete model rolling-moment characteristics are provided.
Date: February 26, 1957
Creator: Hieser, Gerald & Whitcomb, Charles F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a Sealed Internally Balanced Aileron from Tests of a 1/4-Scale Partial-Span Model of the Republic XF-12 Airplane in the Langley 19-Foot Pressure Tunnel

Description: This paper presents the results of the aileron investigation and includes rolling-moment, yawing-moment, and aileron hinge-moment coefficients and pressure coefficients across the aileron-balance seal through a range of angle of attack, tab deflection, and aileron deflection with flaps neutral and deflected 20 degrees and 55 degrees. Some of the effects of wing roughness and balance seal leakage on the aileron and tab characteristics are also presented.
Date: November 1, 1946
Creator: Graham, Robert R.; Martina, Albert P. & Salmi, Reino J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of transonic aileron flutter

Description: Report presenting a partial-span wing tested to determine the cause of a flutter which had occurred in high-speed flight. Changes were made to the wing stiffness, location of the center of gravity of the wing, and the mass balance of the aileron. Results regarding the effect of wing changes on flutter, effect of aileron changes on flutter, shock-wave study, and static aerodynamic coefficients are provided.
Date: June 9, 1949
Creator: Erickson, Albert L. & Mannes, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department