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Status Report Number Three on Clinch River Study

Description: Report describing the progress made in the Clinch River Study for the period May to October 1961. This report is based off of multiple reports of water sampling conducted across six stations in order to evaluate the safety and radioactive content of the Clinch River.
Date: December 6, 1962
Creator: Morton, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Periodic Waste Disposal System Material Balance Test. Core 1, Seed 2. Test Evaluation T-641317. Section 1

Description: A test was carried out to determine the adequacy of storage capacity and operating procedures of the radioactive waste disposal system during a normal reactor plant warmup. The capacity and operating procedures were found to be adequate. It was impossible to perform a complete material balance based on existing level instrumentation and using the data required by the test procedure. Approximately 21,290 gal. of waste were received in the system and 13,210 gal. were discharged to the river with a total activity of 1200 mu c. A quantity of 6,670 gal. of reactor coolant effluent was processed. Approximately 634 lb of combustible waste were incinerated. (M.C.G.)
Date: June 30, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radioactive Waste Disposal Practices in the Atomic Energy Industry. A Survey of the Costs

Description: A survey was made on methcds and related costs of disposing of radioactive wastes as practiced in 1955 by twelve atomic industry installations. Wherever possible, estimated unit costs of differentiated stages of waste handling are shown- these are integrated to show the over-all scope of waste dispesal practices at each site. Tabular data summarize costs and operation magnitades at the installations. A pattern is established for standardizing the reporting of fixed costs and equipment unsage costs. The economy of solid waste volume reduction is analyzed. Material costs are listed. An outline for recording monthly waste disposal costs is presented. Obvious conclusions drawn from the factual data are: that it is more expensive per cubic foot to handle high-level wastes than low-level wastes. and that land disposal is less expenaive than sea disposal. A reexamination of baling economics shows that high compression of solid wastes is more expensive than simpler forms of compaction. (auth)
Date: December 31, 1955
Creator: Joseph, A. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EVALUATION OF ULTIMATE DISPOSAL METHOD FOR LIQUID AND SOLID RADIOACTIVE WASTES. PART I. INTERIM LIQUID STORAGE

Description: As the first part of a study to evaluate the economics of the various steps leading to and including the permanent disposal of high-activity liquid and solid radioactive waste, costs of interim liquid storage of acid and alkaline Purex and Thorex wastes were estimated for storage times of 0.5 to 30 years. A 6- ton/day plant was assumed, processing 1500 tons/year of uranium converter fuel at a burnup of 10,000 Mwd/ton and 270 tons/year of thorium converter fuel at a burnup of 20,000 Mwd/ton. Tanks of Savannah River design were assumed, with stainless steel construction for acid wastes and mild steel construction for neutralized wastes. The operating cycle of each tank was assumed to consist of equal filling and emptying periods plus a full (or dead) period. With interim storage time defined as filling time plus full time, tank costs were minimum when full time was 40 to 70% of the interim storage time, using present worth considerations. For waste storage times of 0.5 to 30 years, costs ranged from 2.2 x 10/sup -3/ to 9.5 x 10/sup -3/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for acid wastes and from 1.7 x 10/sup -3/ to 5.1 x 10/sup -3/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for neutralized wastes. (auth)
Date: August 22, 1961
Creator: Bradshaw, R.L.; Perona, J.J.; Roberts, J.T. & Blomeke, J.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radioactive Waste Disposal System Periodic Radiation Monitoring Survey. Core I, Seed 1. Test Results (T-612075). Section 2

Description: Radiation levels were determined at all permanently installed monitored points in the disposal area. Radiation levels were found to be generally higher than those measured during the previous test but within Health Physics limitations. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 1, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alternatives for Disposal of Raffinate from the TRUEX Process

Description: Possible methods for disposing of the immobilized raffinate from TRUEX processing are reviewed. The purpose of the TRUEX process is to extract transuranium elements from high-level and TRU wastes into a small volume that can be managed at lower cost than that of the original wastes. The raffinate from the TRUEX process, containing negligible concentrations of transuranium elements, would be combined with salt solutions also derived from processing high-level waste, and the mixture would be converted to grout.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Trevorrow, L. E. & Vandegrift, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radioactive Tank Waste from the Past Production of Nuclear Weapons: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information on the disposal of radioactive tank waste, analyzes the waste disposal authority in P.L. 108-375, discusses the implementation of this authority, and examines relevant issues.
Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: Bearden, David M. & Andrews, Anthony
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Completion Report for Contracts AT(10-1)-1054, AT(10-1)-1122 : Drilling, Casing and Cementing Observation Wells at the National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho

Description: Report that "summarizes the costs, experience and results of contracts AT(10-1)-1054 and AT(10-1)-1122 for drilling, casing and cementing observation wells at the National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho" (p. [11]).
Date: May 1, 1963
Creator: Keys, W. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OPTIMUM FILL VOLUMES IN POT CALCINATION OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES

Description: The 15,000 MW nuclear economy assumed for the long range study of pot calcination costs reported earlier was used as a basis for calculating optimum fill volumes. An algebraic expression was developed for cost as a functmon of the normalized radius of the central void space in a partially filled vessel. Minima of this expression were found for acmdmc and neutralized wastes in 6, 12, and 24in.-diameter vessels. Optimum fill volumes decreased as vessel diameter increased, varying for acidic wastes from 99.8% for 6-in.-diameter vessels to 92.5% for 24-in.diameter vessels. Decreases in costs by using optimum fill volumes instead of the 90% fill volume assumed for all cases in the long range study were small, the largest being an 8% decrease for neutralized wastes in 6- in.-diameter vessels. (auth)
Date: November 17, 1961
Creator: Perona, J.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: August 5, 2015
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: April 24, 2015
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Date: December 2, 2013
Creator: Holt, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Waste Treatment and Disposal Progress Report for August and September 1961

Description: Work is being carried out to develop and demonstrate on pilot plant scale integrated processes for treatment and disposal of radmoactive wastes. High-level waste calcination, low-level waste treatment, economic and hazards evaluation, engineering evaluation, disposal in deep wells, disposal in natural salt formations, Clinch River studies, fundamental studies of minerals, and White Oak Creek basin study are discussed. (M.C.G.)
Date: November 29, 1961
Creator: Blanco, R. E. & Struxness, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LIMITATIONS FOR EXISTING STORAGE TANKS FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM SEPARATIONS PLANTS

Description: The physical limitations of existing storage tanks for radioactive wastes from separations plants are defined as a guide for preparing process and operating criteria for the existing tank forms to assure continued integrity of the tanks. A "safe-load" curve for each of the four groups of tanks based on current technology is presented. Loading conditions, operation procedures, and thermal stresses are discussed. (M.C.G.)
Date: October 22, 1959
Creator: Doud, E. & Stivers, H.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Steady State Heat Losses From Radio Waste Storage Tanks in Oak Ridge National Laboratory Tank Farm

Description: Six cylindrical radio waste storage tacks in an Oak Ridge NationaL Laboratory tank farm are arranged in a rectangular array two tanks wide and three tanks long with a 60-ft distance between tank centers. The tanks are 50 ft in diameter and 13 to 15 ft tall. They are buried in the earth with five foot of cover soil. An electrical analog of the farm was constructed in order to determine the steady state heat loss rates from tanks at the boiling point, 230 deg F, to the winds over the earth with an average year round temperature of 60 deg F. The steady state heat loss rate per tank ranged from 4,000 to 44,000 Btu/ hr dependmg upon the location of the tank and whether the soil was dry or moist. (auth)
Date: May 1, 1960
Creator: Jury, S. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL

Description: This report was prepared as text material to serve as a basis for a series of lectures for the Interational Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Argore National Laboratory. Radioactive waste disposal is discussed, including origin and management of wastes; handling of gaseous, solid, and liquid wastes; reduction of liquids to solids; release of wastes to environment; ultimate disposal; and future problems. Extensive data tabulations are presented. (136 references). (T.R.H.)
Date: September 1, 1960
Creator: Rodger, W.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EVALUATION OF ULTIMATE DISPOSAL METHODS FOR LIQUID AND SOLID RADIOACTIVE WASTES. PART II. CONVERSION TO SOLID BY POT CALCINATION

Description: The costs of pot calcination of Purex and Thorex wastes were calculated. The wastes were assumed produced by a plant processing 1500 ton/year of U converter fuel at a burnup of 10,000 Mwd/ton and 270 ton/year of Th converter fuel at 20,000 Mwd/ton. Costs were calculated for processing Purex waste in acidic and reacidified forms and for processing Thorex wastes in acidic and reacidified forms and with constituents added for producing an acidic Thorex glass. Calcination vessel designs were right circular cylinders similar to those used in engineering development studies. Costs were calculated for processing in 6-, 12-, and 24-in.-dia vessels with a fixed length of 10 ft. Vessel costs used, based on estimates from private industry, were calculated for wastes decayed 120 days and 1, 3, 10, and 30 years after reactor discharge prior to calcination. Aging had negligible effect on costs, except as it permitted larger diameter vessels to be used, because vessel and operating costs were much larger than capital costs in all cases. The lowest cost was 0.87 x 10/sup -2/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for processing acidic Purex and Thorex wastes in 24-in.-dia vessels, and the highest was 5.0 x 10/sup -2/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for processing reacidified Purex and Thorex wastes in 6-in.-dia vessels. About 7 years of interim liquid storage would be required before acidic Purex wastes could be processed in 24-in.-dia vessels. (auth)
Date: October 16, 1961
Creator: Perona, J.J.; Bradshaw, R.L.; Roberts, J.T. & Blomeke, J.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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