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Air flow through poppet valves

Description: Report discusses the comparative continuous flow characteristics of single and double poppet valves. The experimental data presented affords a direct comparison of valves, single and in pairs of different sizes, tested in a cylinder designed in accordance with current practice in aviation engines.
Date: 1918
Creator: Lewis, G W & Nutting, E M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The design and development of an automatic injection valve with an annular orifice of varying area

Description: The purpose of this investigation was to provide an automatic injection valve of simple construction which would produce a finely atomized oil spray of broad cone angle and would fulfill the requirements of fuel injection in aircraft oil engines. The injection valve designed has only six parts - i. e., two concentric nozzle tubes flared at one end, two body parts, and two nuts. Analysis and engine tests indicate that the fuel spray from this type of injection valve has characteristics which reduce the time lag of autoignition and promote efficient combustion in high-speed oil engines.
Date: 1931
Creator: Joachim, William F.; Hicks, Chester W. & Foster, Hampton H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Large Bakeable Vacuum Valve

Description: This report describes the development and design of a large bakeable valve that is based on a unique seat arrangement and a novel motion seal.
Date: August 6, 1959
Creator: Batzer, Thomas H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intermittent-flow coefficients of a poppet valve

Description: "Flow coefficients were determined for the inlet valve of a modern air-cooled cylinder during operation of the valve. The cylinder head with valves was mounted on a large tank that could be evacuated. Operating the valve with a rotating cam allowed air to flow through the valve into the evacuated tank. The change of pressure in the tank was a measure of the amount of air flowing though the valve in a given number of cycles. The flow coefficients were determined from the pressure across the valve, the quantity of air flowing, and the valve-lift curve" (p. 1).
Date: April 1939
Creator: Waldron, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Salt valve and instrumentation test using the nagle long shafted pump :final report.

Description: The Salt Valve and Instrumentation Test was done to provide data on equipment performance in high temperature environments similar to that expected in the next large scale application of that technology. The experiment tested three different valves: (1) a valve with the standard valve body and standard high temperature self-packing material; (2) a valve with the standard valve body and stainless steel O-rings; and (3) a magnetic valve that uses a high temperature coil and no packing material. The first valve, which was used at Solar Two, performed sufficiently throughout the test with only a small leak from the split-body, not the packing material, on the 6th day of testing on the long-term test. The second valve, with the stainless steel O-rings, developed a small leak on the last run of the third test at the bonnet (packing material), at which point it was noted to watch if it got worse and the test continued. By the 6th day of the long-term test, the leak was significant (up to 3 cups per day) and the test was terminated. The magnetic valve failed when exposed to a relatively low temperature of 500 F. According to the manufacturer, it was expected to survive up to temperatures of 600 F. Two different pressure transducers were tested and compared, Taylor and Dynisco. The Taylor pressure transducer was used and proven successful at Solar Two. However, they are no longer made. Therefore the experiment tested a new pressure transducer from Dynisco and compared the results to that of the Taylor. The Dynisco pressure transducer performed inaccurately from the beginning. The pressure transducer was affected by an increase in temperature when the pressure remained the same. Dynisco agreed to recalibrate the pressure transducer and/or send us a new one if the piece was faulty. However, in ...
Date: June 1, 2003
Creator: Welch, Kathleen T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HRT Process Flowsheets--Revised Edition

Description: Revised HRT flowsheets are presented. These revisions cover such items as relocation of freezer units on the lines, corrections to the numbering of lines, valves or instruments, and the addition of a few lines in the service areas. The waste and vent system flowsheet was redrawn as two sheets. (C.J.G.)
Date: December 15, 1959
Creator: Robertson, R. C. & Jones, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of a low-loss air valve on performance of a 22-inch-diameter pulse-jet engine

Description: Report presenting the performance of a 22-inch-diameter pulse-jet engine using a net of low-loss modified air valves at ram pressures equivalent to simulated flight speeds. Results regarding combustion-air weight flow, flight thrust, maximum combustion-chamber pressure, specific fuel consumption, pressure cycle, and valve life are provided.
Date: June 1946
Creator: Bressman, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of air valves for intermittent-jet engines at speeds of 20 and 25 cycles per second

Description: Report discussing a study of automatic nonreturn air valves for use in an intermittent-jet engine. Four valve-spring materials, three valve-grill materials, and five types of valves were used. Valve A, which was made out of aluminum, was found to perform the best and last the longest.
Date: May 8, 1945
Creator: Bressman, Joseph R. & McCready, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Whitey SCHe Ball Valves Provide Test Port Isolation

Description: These valves are 1/4-inch ball valves fabricated of 316 stainless steel. Packing is TFE (standard). They are used as normally closed isolation valves for test ports in the SCHe System between the gage root valve and the pressure indicator.
Date: October 19, 2000
Creator: Miska, C. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resonance Control Cooling System for the APT/LEDA RFQ

Description: The Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) resonance control cooling system (RCCS) for the Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) in support of the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) is described. Constant flow regulating valves to distribute the required flow to the 424 channels and to permit use of centrifugal pumps is discussed. Control system schema are described to regulate resonance frequency during steady state operation.
Date: November 4, 1998
Creator: Domer, G.A. & Floersch, R.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The N.A.C.A. combustion chamber gas-sampling valve and some preliminary test results

Description: A gas sampling valve of the inertia-operated type was designed for procuring samples of the gases in the combustion chamber of internal combustion engines at identical points in successive cycles so that the analysis of the gas samples thus procured may aid in the study of the process of combustion. The operation of the valve is described. The valve was used to investigate the CO2 content of gases taken from the quiescent combustion chamber of a high speed compression-ignition engine when operating with two different multiple-orifice fuel injection nozzles. An analysis of the gas samples thus obtained shows that the state of quiescence in the combustion chamber is maintained during the combustion of the fuel.
Date: March 1933
Creator: Spanogle, J. A. & Buckley, E. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Control of cylinder temperatures by thermostatically operated internal-coolant valves

Description: Report discusses the results of testing conducted to determine the performance of automatic, internal-coolant valves actuated by cylinder temperatures.The performance of the valves with respect to temperature sensitivity, rapidity of response, and hunting characteristics is described. The relative effects on cylinder performance obtained by internally supplying water and additional fuel were also examined.
Date: July 1945
Creator: Biermann, Arnold E.; Henneberry, Hugh M. & Miller, George R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Structure and Transport in Magnetic Multilayers

Description: ORNL assisted Seagate Recording Heads Operations in the development of CIPS pin Valves for application as read sensors in hard disk drives. Personnel at ORNL were W. H. Butler and Xiaoguang Zhang. Dr. Olle Heinonen from Seagate RHO also participated. ORNL provided codes and materials parameters that were used by Seagate to model CIP GMR in their heads. The objectives were to: (1) develop a linearized Boltzmann transport code for describing CIP GMR based on realistic models of the band structure and interfaces in materials in CIP spin valves in disk drive heads; (2) calculate the materials parameters needed as inputs to the Boltzmann code; and (3) transfer the technology to Seagate Recording Heads.
Date: February 18, 2008
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ambient Monitoring for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Puget Sound, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2010 Regional Mussel Watch (AMB02)

Description: The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS&IMF) and Naval Base Kitsap-Bremerton (Shipyard) located in Bremerton, WA are committed to a culture of continuous process improvement for all aspects of Shipyard operations, including reducing the releases of hazardous materials and waste in discharges from the Shipyard. Under the Project ENVVEST Final Project Agreement, a cooperative project among PSNS&IMF, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), and local stakeholders (US Navy, EPA and Ecology 2002) has been helping to improve the environmental quality of the Sinclair and Dyes Inlet Watershed (ENVVEST 2006). An ambient monitoring program for sediment, water, and indigenous mussels began in 2009 to assess the status and trend of ecological resources, assess the effectiveness of cleanup and pollution control measures, and determine if discharges from all sources are protective of beneficial uses including aquatic life. This document presents the 2010 chemical residue data and stable isotopes of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) for the regional mussel watch stations located in Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, Rich Passage, Agate Passage, Liberty Bay, and Keyport Lagoon. Indigenous bivalves were collected from a small boat and/or from along the shoreline, measured, composited, and analyzed for a suite of trace metals and organic contaminants. The trace metals included silver, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead, and zinc. The organic contaminants included the list of NOAA Status and Trends 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners and suite of parent and methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These chemical residue data provide the first year of the biota ambient monitoring.
Date: October 20, 2010
Creator: Brandenberger, Jill M.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Suslick, Carolynn R. & Johnston, Robert K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electrostatic microvalves utilizing conductive nanoparticles for improved speed, lower power, and higher force actuation.

Description: We have designed and built electrostatically actuated microvalves compatible with integration into a PDMS based microfluidic system. The key innovation for electrostatic actuation was the incorporation of carbon nanotubes into the PDMS valve membrane, allowing for electrostatic charging of the PDMS layer and subsequent discharging, while still allowing for significant distention of the valveseat for low voltage control of the system. Nanoparticles were applied to semi-cured PDMS using a stamp transfer method, and then cured fully to make the valve seats. DC actuation in air of these valves yielded operational voltages as low as 15V, by using a supporting structure above the valve seat that allowed sufficient restoring forces to be applied while not enhancing actuation forces to raise the valve actuation potential. Both actuate to open and actuate to close valves have been demonstrated, and integrated into a microfluidic platform, and demonstrated fluidic control using electrostatic valves.
Date: September 1, 2009
Creator: Ten Eyck, Gregory A.; Branson, Eric D.; Kenis, Paul J. A. (University of Illinois, Champaign Urbana); Desai, Amit (University of Illinois, Champaign Urbana); Schudel, Ben (University of Illinois, Champaign Urbana); Givler, Richard C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department