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A NORMETEX MODEL 15 M3/HR WATER VAPOR PUMPING TEST

Description: Tests were performed using a Model 15 m{sup 3}/hr Normetex vacuum pump to determine if pump performance degraded after pumping a humid gas stream. An air feed stream containing 30% water vapor was introduced into the pump for 365 hours with the outlet pressure of the pump near the condensation conditions of the water. Performance of the pump was tested before and after the water vapor pumping test and indicated no loss in performance of the pump. The pump also appeared to tolerate small amounts of condensed water of short duration without increased noise, vibration, or other adverse indications. The Normetex pump was backed by a dual-head diaphragm pump which was affected by the condensation of water and produced some drift in operating conditions during the test.
Date: December 20, 2010
Creator: Klein, J.; Fowley, M. & Steeper, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reclamation of Contaminated Diffusion Pump Oil and Removal of Tuballoy Therefrom

Description: Abstract: The possibilities for the removal of tuballoy from diffusion pump oil and reclamation of the oils for reuse are discussed. The report includes specifications of practical equipment, operating instructions, photographs and diagrams of the necessary construction details.
Date: December 6, 1945
Creator: Lee, J. E. Jr. & Susano, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recovery of Uranium From Oil Distillation Residue

Description: Abstract: The complete development of an effective process for recovery of the uranium in the residues from distillation of used Kinney and diffusion pump oils or similar oils is described. After considerable study and experimentation with several methods, a successful procedure has been developed. The recommended procedure embodies solution of the residues in trichlorethylene followed by extraction with nitric acid. Recovery of uranium is better than 99 percent effective and the method may be applied directly to contaminated oils as well as to their distillation residues.
Date: February 24, 1947
Creator: Lee, J. E.; Aikin, L. M. & Susano, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reclamation of Contaminated Kinney and Diffusion Pump Oils and Removal of Uranium Therefrom

Description: Abstract: Test distillations were made with Kinney and diffusion pump oils under vacuum in order to determine accurately the temperature range over which satisfactory distillate may be collected. Also recommendations are made as to the most advisable type of heating equipment necessary to produce the required heat and maintain the desired temperature. In addition, several important refinements in the distillation equipment were checked for operational characteristics and for their efficiency in aiding the production of uranium-free distillates.
Date: March 10, 1947
Creator: Lee, J. E. Jr.; Aikin, L. M. & Susano, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recovery of Uranium From Contaminated Precipitron Oil

Description: Abstract: The distillation and residue extraction recovery procedures developed for the recovery of uranium from Kinney and diffusion pump oil, were applied to contaminated precipitron oil. The effectiveness and advisability of using the method, in whole or in part, is discussed, and various recommendations for processing this particular type of oil are presented. Additional contaminating substances present in this type of oil added to the complexity of the problem but a satisfactory recovery procedure was, nevertheless, successfully developed.
Date: April 17, 1947
Creator: Lee, J. E.; Aikin, L. M. & Susano, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SHINE Vacuum Pump Test Verification

Description: Normetex pumps used world-wide for tritium service are no longer available. DOE and other researchers worldwide have spent significant funds characterizing this pump. Identification of alternate pumps is required for performance and compatibility with tritium gas. Many of the pumps that could be used to meet the functional performance requirements (e.g. pressure and flow conditions) of the Normetex pump have features that include the use of polymers or oils and greases that are not directly compatible with tritium service. This study assembles a test system to determine the flow characteristics for candidate alternate pumps. These tests are critical to the movement of tritium through the SHINE Tritium Purification System (TPS). The purpose of the pump testing is two-fold: (1) obtain baseline vacuum pump characteristics for an alternate (i.e. ''Normetex replacement'') pump intended for use in tritium service; and (2) verify that low pressure hydrogen gas can be transported over distances up to 300 feet by the candidate pumps. Flow rates and nominal system pressures have been identified for the SHINE Mo-99 production process Tritium Purification System (TPS). To minimize the line sizes for the transfer of low pressure tritium from the Neutron Driver Accelerator System (NDAS) to the primary processing systems in the TPS, a ''booster'' pump has been located near the accelerator in the design. A series of pump tests were performed at various configurations using hydrogen gas (no tritium) to ensure that this concept is practical and maintains adequate flow rates and required pressures. This report summarizes the results of the tests that have been performed using various pump configurations. The current design of the Tritium Purification System requires the ''booster'' pump to discharge to or to be backed by another vacuum pump. Since Normetex pumps are no longer manufactured, a commercially available Edwards scroll pump will be ...
Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Morgan, Gregg A & Peters, Brent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A simple, high-yield, apparatus for NEG coating of vacuum beamline elements

Description: Non-Evaporable Getter (NEG) materials are extremely useful in vacuum systems for achieving Ultra High Vacuum. Recently, these materials have been used to coat the inner surfaces of vacuum components, acting as an internal, passive, vacuum pump. We have constructed a low cost apparatus, which allows coating of very small diameter vacuum tubes, used as differential pumping stages. Despite the relative ease of construction, we are routinely able to achieve high coating yields. We further describe an improvement to our system, which is able to achieve the same yield, at an even lower complexity by using an easily manufactured permanent magnet arrangement. The designs described are extendible to virtually any combination of length and diameter of the components to be coated.
Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Ron, Guy; Oort, Ron & Lee, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cryogenic infrastructure for Fermilab's ILC vertical cavity test facility

Description: Fermilab is building a Vertical Cavity Test Facility (VCTF) to provide for R&D and pre-production testing of bare 9-cell, 1.3-GHz superconducting RF (SRF) cavities for the International Linear Collider (ILC) program. This facility is located in the existing Industrial Building 1 (IB1) where the Magnet Test Facility (MTF) also resides. Helium and nitrogen cryogenics are shared between the VCTF and MTF including the existing 1500-W at 4.5-K helium refrigerator with vacuum pumping for super-fluid operation (125-W capacity at 2-K). The VCTF is being constructed in multiple phases. The first phase is scheduled for completion in mid 2007, and includes modifications to the IB1 cryogenic infrastructure to allow helium cooling to be directed to either the VCTF or MTF as scheduling demands require. At this stage, the VCTF consists of one Vertical Test Stand (VTS) cryostat for the testing of one cavity in a 2-K helium bath. Planning is underway to provide a total of three Vertical Test Stands at VCTF, each capable of accommodating two cavities. Cryogenic infrastructure improvements necessary to support these additional VCTF test stands include a dedicated ambient temperature vacuum pump, a new helium purification skid, and the addition of helium gas storage. This paper describes the system design and initial cryogenic operation results for the first VCTF phase, and outlines future cryogenic infrastructure upgrade plans for expanding to three Vertical Test Stands.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Carcagno, R.; Ginsburg, C.; Huang, Y.; Norris, B.; Ozelis, J.; Peterson, T. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Titanium Sublimation Pumps T. Price &

Description: Titanium Sublimation Pumps (TSP's) are to be used to attain the ultra high vacuum necessary to operate the accumulator. Tests were conducted to gain a 'hands on' understanding of their operation, and evaluate the controllers and power supplies needed for their operation. The test chamber consisted of a 270 liter/sec ion pump, two ion gauges, a variable leak valve and a 8-inch TSP chamber. The vacuum in the chamber was maintained at 10{sup -7} TORR, during tests, by opening the variable leak valve, using dry N{sub 2} as an inlet gas. This was done in order to achieve a pressure where changes in chamber pressure, due to pumping of TSP, could be observed. Pressure and filament current data were chart recorded. Filaments were activated for periods of 90 seconds at 15 minute intervals. Ion gauges were calibrated.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Klen, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cold Vacuum Drying (CVD) Facility General Service Helium System Design Description

Description: This document describes the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility general service helium system (GSHe). The GSHe is a general service facility process support system, but does include safety-class systems, structures and components providing protection to the offsite public. The GSHe also performs safety-significant functions that provide protection to onsite workers. The GSHe essential function is to provide helium to support process functions during all phases of facility operations. GSHe helium is used to purge the cask and the MCO in order to maintain their internal atmospheres below hydrogen flammability concentrations. The GSHe also supplies helium to purge the PWC lines and components and the VPS vacuum pump.
Date: July 6, 1999
Creator: FARWICK, C.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transfer operations with tritium -- A review

Description: Controlled thermonuclear reactors will involve pumping operations with tritium that may involve pressures ranging from submillipascals to megapascals. A variety of pumps is available that can cover portions of this range, and these can be staged to cove the entire pressure range. Some of these pumps can be adapted to virtually any size requirement currently anticipated. Special attention must be paid to operating features and construction materials.
Date: December 31, 1975
Creator: Folkers, C.L. & Gede, V.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An ancillary pumping system for the APS vacuum system

Description: An ancillary pumping system has been designed and installed in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. This vacuum system has the ability to pump sectors of the storage ring down from room pressure to ultra-high vacuum (UHV). The ancillary system is a {open_quotes}dry{close_quotes} system that uses a combination of turbomolecular pumps and oil-free roughing pumps. The benefits of this system are the reduction of equipment needed for in-tunnel maintenance, essential for the operation of a UHV storage ring; rapid response to vacuum emergencies and a guard to accidental exposures to hydrocarbon contamination. The operational logic and the pump interlock and controls are described.
Date: June 1, 1997
Creator: Walters, D.; Noonan, J. & Gagliano, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing of vacuum pumps for APT/LEDA RFQ

Description: Two vacuum systems were designed and built for the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) cavity in the APT/LEDA (Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator) linac. The gas load from the proton beam required very high hydrogen pump speed and capacity, The gas load from the high power RF windows also required very high hydrogen pump speed for the RF window vacuum system. Cryopumps were chosen for the RFQ vacuum system and ST185 sintered nonevaporable getter (NEG) cartridges were chosen for the RF window vacuum system. Hydrogen pump speed and capacity measurements were carried out for a commercial cryopump and a NEG pump. This paper will discuss the test procedures and the results of the measurements.
Date: December 31, 1998
Creator: Kishiyama, K.; Shen, S.; Behne, D.; Wilson, N.G.; Schrage, D. & Valdiviez, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing of vacuum pumps for the Accelerator Production of Tritium/Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator radio frequency quadrupole

Description: Two vacuum systems were designed and built for the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) cavity in the APT/LEDA (Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator) linac. The gas load from the proton beam required very high hydrogen pump speed and capacity. The gas load from the high power RF windows also required very high hydrogen pump speed for the RF window vacuum system. Cryopumps were chosen for the RFQ vacuum system and ST185 sintered non-evaporable getter (NEG) cartridges were chosen for the RF window vacuum system. Hydrogen pump speed and capacity measurements were carried out for a commercial cryopump and a NEG pump. This paper will discuss the test procedures and the results of the measurements.
Date: December 31, 1998
Creator: Kishiyama, K.; Shen, S.; Behne, D.; Wilson, N.G.; Schrage, D. & Valdiviez, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acceptance Test Report for 241-SY Pump Cradle Hydraulic System

Description: The purpose of this ATP is to verify that hydraulic system/cylinder procured to replace the cable/winch system on the 101-SY Mitigation Pump cradle assembly fulfills its functional requirements for raising and lowering the cradle assembly between 70 and 90 degrees, both with and without pump. A system design review was performed on the 101-SY Cradle Hydraulic System by the vendor before shipping (See WHC-SD-WM-DRR-045, 241-SY-101 Cradle Hydraulic System Design Review). The scope of this plan focuses on verification of the systems ability to rotate the cradle assembly and any load through the required range of motion.
Date: March 8, 1995
Creator: Koons, B.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing of vacuum pumps for APT/LEDA RFQ

Description: Two vacuum systems were designed and built for the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) cavity in the APT/LEDA (Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator) linac. The gas load from the proton beam required very high hydrogen pump speed and capacity. The gas load from the high power RF windows also required very high hydrogen pump speed for the RF window vacuum system. Cryopumps were chosen for the RFQ vacuum system and ST185 sintered non- evaporable getter (NEG) cartridges were chosen for the RF window vacuum system. Hydrogen pump speed and capacity measurements were carried out for a commercial cryopump and a NEG pump. This paper will discuss the test procedures and the results of the measurements.
Date: August 6, 1998
Creator: Behne, D.; Shen, S.; Valdiviez, R.; Wilson, N. G. & Schrage, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam vacuum system of Brookhaven`s muon storage ring

Description: A storage ring with a circumference of 45 m is being built at Brookhaven to measure the g-2 value of the muons to an accuracy of 0.35 ppm.. The beam vacuum system of the storage ring will operate at 10{sup -7} Torr and has to be completely non-magnetic. It consists of twelve sector chambers. The chambers are constructed of aluminum and are approximately 3.5 m in length with a rectangular cross-section of 16.5 cm high by 45 cm at the widest point. The design features, fabrication techniques and cleaning methods for these chambers are described. The beam vacuum system will be pumped by forty eight non-magnetic distributed ion pumps with a total pumping speed of over 2000 {ell}/sec. Monte Carlo simulations of the pressure distribution in the muon storage region are presented.
Date: November 1, 1995
Creator: Hseuth, H.C.; Snydstrup, L. & Mapes, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department