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Human Factors Review Plan

Description: ''Human Factors'' is concerned with the incorporation of human user considerations into a system in order to maximize human reliability and reduce errors. This Review Plan is intended to assist in the assessment of human factors conditions in existing DOE facilities. In addition to specifying assessment methodologies, the plan describes techniques for improving conditions which are found to not adequately support reliable human performance. The following topics are addressed: (1) selection of areas for review describes techniques for needs assessment to assist in selecting and prioritizing areas for review; (2) human factors engineering review is concerned with optimizing the interfaces between people and equipment and people and their work environment; (3) procedures review evaluates completeness and accuracy of procedures, as well as their usability and management; (4) organizational interface review is concerned with communication and coordination between all levels of an organization; and (5) training review evaluates training program criteria such as those involving: trainee selection, qualification of training staff, content and conduct of training, requalification training, and program management.
Date: December 1, 1985
Creator: Paramore, B. & Peterson, L.R. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiological assistance program: Region I. Part I

Description: The purpose of the Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) is to make DOE resources available and provide emergency assistance to state and local agencies in order to control radiological hazards, protect the public health and safety, and minimize the loss of property. This plan is an integral part of a nationwide program of radiological assistance established by the US DOE, and is implemented on a regional basis. The Brookhaven Area Office (BHO) Radiological Assistance Program is applicable to DOE Region I, which consists of the New England States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia. The BHO RAP-1 has been developed to: (a) ensure the availability of an effective radiological assistance capability to ensure the protection of persons and property; (b) provide guidelines to RAP-1 Team personnel for the evaluation of radiological incidents and implementation of corrective actions; (c) maintain liaison with other DOE installations, Federal, State and local organizations which may become involved in radiological assistance operations in Region I; and (d) encourage development of a local capability to cope with radiological incidents.
Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Musolino, S.V.; Kuehner, A.V. & Hull, A.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of current practices at several DOE facilities for maintaining exposures to as low as practicable

Description: The results of a study initiated by Battelle-Northwest to determine the extent of the development and use of As Low As Practicable (ALAP) guidelines at several DOE facilities show a wide variance in methods for attempting to achieve a good ALAP program. The information obtained from interviews and on-site visits was collated and found to contain several areas where greater attention may be required. These areas range from a need for identification of risks assumed by management to an improved method for data feedback. The various approaches to achieving ALAP and areas requiring greater attention, together with a forthcoming manual, A Guide to Good ALAP Practices, will be discussed.
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Gilchrist, R.L.; Selby, J.M. & Wedlick, H.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An economic analysis of recordable injuries at Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc

Description: The William-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) was passed by the Congress and signed by the President of the United States in 1970. This law required all companies with more than 25 employees to maintain information about each recordable injury, which is defined as any occupational illness or any work-related injury requiring more extensive treatment than first aid. However, compliance with OSHA standards did not require employers to keep records regarding the costs of recordable injuries or illnesses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate actual recordable US Department of Energy injuries (as defined by OSHA standards) at a multi-plant corporation during a six-month period to determine the average costs of such injuries on the basis of site and payroll classification.
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Johnson, E.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Briefing paper -- Remedial Action Assessment System

Description: Congress has mandated a more comprehensive management of hazardous wastes with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund'') and the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act (SARA). This mandate includes restoration of disposal sites contaminated through past disposal practices. This mandate applies to facilities operated for and by the Department of Energy (DOE), just as it does to industrial and other institutions. To help implement the CERCLA/SARA remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) process in a consistent, timely, and cost-effective manner, a methodology needs to be developed that will allow definition, sorting, and screening of remediation technologies for each operable unit (waste site). This need is stated specifically in Section 2.2.2.1 of the October 1989 Applied Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation (RDDT E) Plan of the DOE. This Briefing Paper is prepared to respond to this need. 1 fig.
Date: April 1, 1990
Creator: Buelt, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of probabilistic risk assessment to reprocessing

Description: The Savannah River Laboratory uses probabilistic methods of risk assessment in safety analyses of reprocessing facilities at the Savannah River Plant. This method uses both the probability of an accident and its consequence to calculate the risks from radiological, chemical, and industrial hazards. The three principal steps in such an assesment are identification of accidents, calculation of frequencies, and consequence quantification. The tools used at SRL include several databanks, logic tree methods, and computer-assisted methods for calculating both frequencies and consequences. 5 figures.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Perkins, W C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparation of SARs for nonreactor nuclear facilities at the Savannah River Plant

Description: Safety Analysis Reports for designated nonreactor nuclear facilities at the Savannah River Plant are prepared in accordance with the DOE Savannah River Manual Chapter 52X1. The accident analysis section is based on the Integrated Risk Assessment Plan, a methodology developed by the Savannah River Laboratory for reprocessing facilities. In general, designated facilities contain radioactive, chemical, or other materials to the extent that a credible accident could have a significant detrimental effect on health and safety. The responsibility for specifying which facilities are designated rests with the manager, Savannah River Operations Office.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Durant, W.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Etiology of contaminated wounds

Description: The US Department of Energy reports of events that occurred in the chemical processing 200 Areas of the Hanford Site during the period from 1972 through 1986 were reviewed to identify the causes of contaminated wounds. Contaminated wounds were reported in 19 events involving 20 workers. The causal agents (high risk operations) and the root causes were characterized. Emergency actions taken and their efficacy were noted. The 19 wound events were compared with 17 events with the potential for inhalation. It was found that the wound events involve a single worker and frequently result in an internal contamination and its resulting dose. Inhalation events involve groups of workers and rarely resulted in detectable internal contamination. The difference is attributed to anticipation of an inhalation event and use of respiratory protection and continuous air monitors to mitigate its effects.
Date: January 16, 1992
Creator: Sudmann, R.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document

Description: The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document defines the quality assurance program requirements for the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program at the Hanford Site. This paper describes the objectives outlined in DOE/RL 90-28. The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program implements significant commitments made by the US Department of Energy in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order entered into with the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Environmental Protection Agency. 18 refs.
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Cote, R.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation control standards and procedures

Description: This manual contains the Radiation Control Standards'' and Radiation Control Procedures'' at Hanford Operations which have been established to provide the necessary control radiation exposures within Irradiation Processing Department. Provision is also made for including, in the form of Bulletins'', other radiological information of general interest to IPD personnel. The purpose of the standards is to establish firm radiological limits within which the Irradiation Processing Department will operate, and to outline our radiation control program in sufficient detail to insure uniform and consistent application throughout all IPD facilities. Radiation Control Procedures are intended to prescribe the best method of accomplishing an objective within the limitations of the Radiation Control Standards. A procedure may be changed at any time provided the suggested changes is generally agreeable to management involved, and is consistent with department policies and the Radiation Control Standards.
Date: December 14, 1956
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The increasing importance of risk assessment and management in environmental decision-making

Description: Because environmental problems are growing and resources for dealing with them are shrinking, the environmental movement is witnessing an evolutionary shift toward greater emphasis on the use of risk assessment and management tools in setting environmental standards, determining levels of cleanup and deciding environmental program funding priorities. This change has important ramifications for the Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories in terms of the costs of weapons facilities cleanup, the types of cleanup technology that will be emphasized and the way the DOE programs will be run. Other Federal agencies responsible for cleanup operations [e.g., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Defense (DOD)] will be similarly affected. This paper defines risk management and risk assessment and explains why these concepts will be of growing importance in the 1990s. It also defines other relevant terms. The paper develops a rationale for why risk assessment and management will be of increasing importance in environmental decision-making in the 1990s and beyond.
Date: June 1, 1992
Creator: Jaksch, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Guide to radiological accident considerations for siting and design of DOE nonreactor nuclear facilities

Description: DOE Office of Nuclear Safety has sponsored preparation of a guidance document to aid field offices and contractors in their analyses of consequences of postulated major accidents. The guide addresses the requirements of DOE Orders 5480.1A, Chapter V, and 6430.1, including the general requirement that DOE nuclear facilities be sited, designed, and operated in accordance with standards, codes, and guides consistent with those applied to comparable licensed nuclear facilities. The guide includes both philosophical and technical information in the areas of: siting guidelines doses applied to an offsite reference person; consideration also given to an onsite reference person; physical parameters, models, and assumptions to be applied when calculating doses for comparison to siting criteria; and potential accident consequences other than radiological dose to a reference person which might affect siting and major design features of the facility, such as environmental contamination, population dose, and associated public health effects. Recommendations and/or clarifications are provided where this could be done without adding new requirements. In this regard, the guide is considered a valuable aid to the safety analyst, especially where requirements have been subject to inconsistent interpretation or where analysis methods are in transition, such as use of dose model (ICRP 2 or ICRP 30) or use of probabilistic methods of risk analysis in the siting and design of nuclear facilities.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Elder, J. & Graf, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of construction safety in DOE course taught in Aiken, South Carolina August 4--August 7, 1992

Description: This report summarizes trainee evaluations for the Safety and Health Training Section course, Construction Safety in DOE'' which was conducted August 4--7 at Westinghouse Savannah River, in Aiken, South Carolina. Section 1.1 and 1.2 of this report summarize the quantitative course evaluations that trainees provided upon completion of the course. Appendix A provides a transcript of the trainees' written comments.
Date: December 1, 1992
Creator: Handwerk, E.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of construction safety in DOE course taught in Los Alamos, New Mexico, June 8--June 11, 1992

Description: This report summarizes trainee evaluations for the Safety and Health Training Section course, Construction Safety in DOE'', which was conducted June 8--11 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The quantitative course evaluations that trainees provided upon completion of the course are described. A transcript of the trainees' written comments is provided.
Date: December 1, 1992
Creator: Handwerk, E C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of P-101 course Orientation to Occupational Safety Compliance in DOE'' taught in Richland, Washington, June 16--June 26, 1992

Description: This report summarizes trainee evaluations for the Safety Training Section course, Orientation to Occupational Safety in DOE'', (P-101) which was conducted June 16 to 26, 1992 at Hanford, in Richland, Washington. Sections 1.1 and 1.2 of this report summarize the quantitative course evaluations that trainees provided upon completion of the course. Appendix A provides a transcript of the trainees' written comments.
Date: March 1, 1993
Creator: Colley, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of injury/illness recordkeeping pilot course taught in Richland, Washington, June 18, 1992

Description: This report summarizes trainee evaluations for the Safety Training Section course, Injury/Illness Recordkeeping which was conducted June 18, at Hanford, in richland, Washington. This class was the second pilot course taught. This class was designed to aquaint attendees with DOE orders 5484.1, 5484.1A, draft 3 and OSHA regulations found in 29 CFR 1904.
Date: November 1, 1992
Creator: Wright, T.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Schedule Optimization Study, Hanford RI/FS Program

Description: A Schedule Optimization Study (SOS) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Program was conducted by an independent team of professionals from other federal agencies and the private sector experienced in environmental restoration. This team spent two weeks at Hanford in September 1992 examining the reasons for the lengthy RI/FS process at Hanford and developing recommendations to expedite the process. The need for the study arose out of a schedule dispute regarding the submission of the 1100-EM-1 Operable Unit RI/FS Work Plan. This report documents the study called for in the August 29, 1991, Dispute Resolution Committee Decision Statement. Battelle's Environmental Management Operations (EMO) coordinated the effort for DOE's Richland Field Office (RL).
Date: December 1, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A mobile autonomous robot for radiological surveys

Description: The Robotics Development Group at the Savannah River Site is developing an autonomous robot (SIMON) to perform radiological surveys of potentially contaminated floors. The robot scans floors at a speed of one-inch/second and stops, sounds an alarm, and flashes lights when contamination in a certain area is detected. The contamination of interest here is primarily alpha and beta-gamma. The robot, a Cybermotion K2A base, is radio controlled, uses dead reckoning to determine vehicle position, and docks with a charging station to replenish its batteries and calibrate its position. It uses an ultrasonic ranging system for collision avoidance. In addition, two safety bumpers located in the front and the back of the robot will stop the robots motion when they are depressed. Paths for the robot are preprogrammed and the robots motion can be monitored on a remote screen which shows a graphical map of the environment. The radiation instrument being used is an Eberline RM22A monitor. This monitor is microcomputer based with a serial I/0 interface for remote operation. Up to 30 detectors may be configured with the RM22A.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Dudar, A.M.; Wagner, D.G. & Teese, G.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reduction of radiation area project plan

Description: This plan deals with the overall reduction of outdoor surface radiation areas under Rockwell's jurisdiction. Four basic alternatives are identified which will reduce and/or stabilize radiation areas until long-term disposal decisions are made: (1) continued routine surveillance and maintenance; (2) reduction or elimination of effluent discharges; (3) improved site stabilization; and (4) site removal. The four major transport mechanisms at Hanford that are the primary forces for contamination spread are identified as wind, animal transport, concentration and dispersal by plants, and transport resulting from human activities.
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accident analysis and DOE criteria

Description: In analyzing the radiological consequences of major accidents at DOE facilities one finds that many facilities fall so far below the limits of DOE Order 6430 that compliance is easily demonstrated by simple analysis. For those cases where the amount of radioactive material and the dispersive energy available are enough for accident consequences to approach the limits, the models and assumptions used become critical. In some cases the models themselves are the difference between meeting the criteria or not meeting them. Further, in one case, we found that not only did the selection of models determine compliance but the selection of applicable criteria from different chapters of Order 6430 also made the difference. DOE has recognized the problem of different criteria in different chapters applying to one facility, and has proceeded to make changes for the sake of consistency. We have proposed to outline the specific steps needed in an accident analysis and suggest appropriate models, parameters, and assumptions. As a result we feed DOE siting and design criteria will be more fairly and consistently applied.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Graf, J.M. & Elder, J.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety analysis report 306-W Building

Description: The west portion of the 306 building (306-W), which is operated by PNL, contains a diversified metalworking facility, the BNW specialty shop that machines U, Th, and other weakly radioactive materials, a ceramics laboratory, SNM storage area, and support laboratories, This report presents a safety analysis of the work performed and of the equipment in 306-W. the analyses cover criticality and radiological accidents as well as industrial accidents that could contribute to a criticality or radiological accident. (DLC)
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Hays, D.D.; Lanning, D.D.; Anthis, R.M. & Nelson, R.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tiger Team assessment of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

Description: The Management Subteam conducted a management assessment of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES H) programs and their implementation of Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The objectives of the assessment were to: (1) evaluate the effectiveness of existing management functions and processes in terms of ensuring environmental compliance, and the health and safety of workers and the general public; and (2) identify probable root causes for ES H findings and concerns. Organizations reviewed were DOE-Headquarters: DOE Field Offices, Chicago (CH) and Idaho (ID); Argonne Area Offices, East (AAO-E) and West (AAO-W); Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory (RESL); Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); EG G Idaho, Inc. (EG G); Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company, Inc. (WINCO); Rockwell-INEL; MK-Ferguson of Idaho Company (MK-FIC); and Protection Technology of Idaho, Inc. (PTI). The scope of the assessment covered the following ES H management issues: policies and procedures; roles, responsibilities, and authorities; management commitment; communication; staff development, training, and certification; recruitment; compliance management; conduct of operations; emergency planning and preparedness; quality assurance; self assessment; oversight activities; and cost plus award fee processes.
Date: August 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tiger Team Assessment of the Ames Laboratory

Description: This report documents the Tiger Assessment of the Ames Laboratory (Ames), located in Ames, Iowa. Ames is operated for the US Department of Energy (DOE) by Iowa State University. The assessment was conducted from February 10 to March 5, 1992, under the auspices of the Office of Special Projects, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Environment, Safety and Health, Headquarters, DOE. The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing Environment, Safety, and Health (ES H) disciplines; management practices; and contractor and DOE self-assessments. Compliance with applicable Federal, State of Iowa, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal requirements at Ames Laboratory were assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE and the site contractor's management of ES H/quality assurance program was conducted.
Date: March 1, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tiger Team assessment of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

Description: The purpose of the Safety and Health (S H) Subteam assessment was to determine the effectiveness of representative safety and health programs at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) site. Four Technical Safety Appraisal (TSA) Teams were assembled for this purpose by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Deputy Assistant Secretary for Safety and Quality Assurance, Office of Safety Appraisals (OSA). Team No. 1 reviewed EG G Idaho, Inc. (EG G Idaho) and the Department of Energy Field Office, Idaho (ID) Fire Department. Team No. 2 reviewed Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W). Team No. 3 reviewed selected contractors at the INEL; specifically, Morrison Knudsen-Ferguson of Idaho Company (MK-FIC), Protection Technology of Idaho, Inc. (PTI), Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory (RESL), and Rockwell-INEL. Team No. 4 provided an Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)-type compliance sitewide assessment of INEL. The S H Subteam assessment was performed concurrently with assessments conducted by Environmental and Management Subteams. Performance was appraised in the following technical areas: Organization and Administration, Quality Verification, Operations, Maintenance, Training and Certification, Auxiliary Systems, Emergency Preparedness, Technical Support, Packaging and Transportation, Nuclear Criticality Safety, Security/Safety Interface, Experimental Activities, Site/Facility Safety Review, Radiological Protection, Personnel Protection, Worker Safety and Health (OSHA) Compliance, Fire Protection, Aviation Safety, Medical Services, and Firearms Safety.
Date: August 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department