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National Ignition Facility system design requirements conventional facilities SDR001

Description: This System Design Requirements (SDR) document specifies the functions to be performed and the minimum design requirements for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) site infrastructure and conventional facilities. These consist of the physical site and buildings necessary to house the laser, target chamber, target preparation areas, optics support and ancillary functions.
Date: April 9, 1996
Creator: Hands, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NIF optics phase gradient specfication

Description: A root-mean-square (rms) phase gradient specification seems to allow a good connection between the NIP optics quality and focal spot requirements. Measurements on Beamlet optics individually, and as a chain, indicate they meet the assumptions necessary to use this specification, and that they have a typical rms phase gradient of {approximately}80 {angstrom}/cm. This may be sufficient for NIP to meet the proposed Stockpile Stewardship Management Program (SSMP) requirements of 80% of a high- power beam within a 200-250 micron diameter spot. Uncertainties include, especially, the scale length of the optics phase noise, the ability of the adaptive optic to correct against pump-induced distortions and optics noise, and the possibility of finding mitigation techniques against whole-beam self-focusing (e.g. a pre- correction optic). Further work is needed in these areas to better determine the NIF specifications. This memo is a written summary of a presentation on this topic given by W. Williams 24 April 1997 to NIP and LS&T personnel.
Date: May 2, 1997
Creator: Williams, W.; Auerbach, J.; Hunt, J.; Lawson, L.; Manes, K.; Orth, C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility Appendix A: Safety Requirements

Description: These rules apply to all LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees (including contract labor, supplemental labor, vendors, personnel matrixed/assigned from other National Laboratories, participating guests, visitors and students) and construction contractors/subcontractors. The General Safety and Health rules shall be used by management to promote accident prevention through indoctrination, safety and health training and on-the-job application. As a condition for contracts award, all contractors and subcontractors and their employees must certify on Form S & H A-1 that they have read and understand, or have been briefed and understand, the National Ignition Facility OCIP Project General Safety Rules.
Date: January 14, 1997
Creator: Cerruti, S. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility, Appendix A

Description: Topics covered in this appendix include: General Rules-Code of Safe Practices; 2. Personal Protective Equipment; Hazardous Material Control; Traffic Control; Fire Prevention; Sanitation and First Aid; Confined Space Safety Requirements; Ladders and Stairways; Scaffolding and Lift Safety; Machinery, Vehicles, and Heavy Equipment; Welding and Cutting-General; Arc Welding; Oxygen/Acetylene Welding and Cutting; Excavation, Trenching, and Shoring; Fall Protection; Steel Erection; Working With Asbestos; Radiation Safety; Hand Tools; Electrical Safety; Nonelectrical Work Performed Near Exposed High-Voltage Power-Distribution Equipment; Lockout/Tagout Requirements; Rigging; A-Cranes; Housekeeping; Material Handling and Storage; Lead; Concrete and Masonry Construction.
Date: June 26, 1997
Creator: Cerruti, S. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility

Description: The Construction Safety Program (CSP) for NIF sets forth the responsibilities, guidelines, rules, policies and regulations for all workers involved in the construction, special equipment installation, acceptance testing, and initial activation and operation of NIF at LLNL during the construction period of NIF.
Date: June 26, 1997
Creator: Cerruti, S.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Capsule design for the National Ignition Facility

Description: Several choices exist in the design and production of capsules intended to ignite and propagate fusion burn of the DT fuel when imploded by indirect drive at the National Ignition Facility. These choices include ablator material, ablator dopant concentration and distribution, capsule dimensions, and x-ray drive profile (shock timings and strengths). The choice of ablator material must also include fabrication and material characteristics, such as attainable surface finishes, permeability, strength, transparency to radio frequency and infrared radiation, thermal conductivity, and material homogeneity. Understanding the advantages and/or limitations of these choices is an ongoing effort for LLNL and LANL designers. At this time, simulations in one- two- and three- dimensions show that capsules with either a copper doped beryllium or a polyimide (C<sup>22</sup>H<sup>10</sup>N<sup>2</sup>O<sup>4</sup>) ablator material have both the least sensitivity to initial surface roughnesses and favorable fabrication qualities. Simulations also indicate the existence of capsule designs based on these ablator materials which ignite and burn when imploded by less than nominal laser performance (900 kJ energy, 250 TW power, producing 250 eV peak radiation temperature). We will describe and compare these reduced scale capsules, in addition to several designs which use the expected 300 eV peak x-ray drive obtained from the nominal NIF laser (1.3 MJ, 500 TW).
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Bradley, P. A.; Cook, R. C.; Dittrich, T. R.; Haan, S. W.; Hinkel, D. E.; Marinak, M. M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of recent KDP damage experiments and implications for NIF tripler performance

Description: Considerable attention has been paid over the years to the problem of growing high purity KDP and KD*P to meet damage threshold requirements of ICF lasers at LLNL. The maximum fluence requirement for KD*P triplers on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is 14.3 J/cm<sup>2</sup> at 351 nm in a 3 ns pulse. Currently KD*P (conventional or rapid grown) cannot meet this requirement without laser (pre)conditioning. In this overview, recent experiments to understand laser conditioning and damage phenomena in KDP and KD*P will be discussed. These experiments have lead to a fundamental revision of damage test methods and test result interpretation. In particular, the concept of a damage threshold has given way to measuring performance by damage distributions using millimeter sixed beams. Automated R/l (conditioned) damage tests have shown that the best rapidly grown KDP crystals exhibit the same damage distributions at the best conventionally grown KD*P. Continuous filtration of the growth solution and post growth thermal sealing are shown to increase the damage performance as well. In addition, centimeter size beams from multijoule lasers have been used to study stepwise laser conditioning in KDP. These tests have shown that an increase in the damage threshold of ~1.5X is attainable with 8-12 shots of increasing fluence. The experiments show that the damage density (pinpoints/mm<sup>3</sup>) evolves exponentially and once formed, the micron sized bulk pinpoints remain stable against increases in local fluence. The information obtained from damage distributions and conditioning studies has been used with model NIF spatial profiles to determine the probability of damage and the local pinpoint density generated in a tripler. Calculations based on test data have shown that .for well conditioned, high quality rapid growth KDP or conventional growth KD*P the damage probability is less than 3%. Furthermore, the fluence profiles expected on NIF lead to only small ...
Date: July 14, 1998
Creator: Carmen, L.; De Yoreo, J.; Jennings, R.; Milam, D.; Runkel, M.; Sell, W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility main laser stray light analysis and control

Description: Stray light analysis has been carried out for the main laser section of the National Ignition Facility main laser section using a comprehensive non-sequential ray trace model supplemented with additional ray trace and diffraction propagation modeling. This paper describes the analysis and control methodology, gives examples of ghost paths and required tilted lenses, baffles, absorbers, and beam dumps, and discusses analysis of stray light �pencil beams� in the system.
Date: June 26, 1998
Creator: English, R E; Miller, J L; Peterson, G & Schweyen, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NIF Title III engineering plan

Description: The purpose of this document is to define the work that must be accomplished by the NIF Project during Title III Engineering. This definition is intended to be sufficiently detailed to provide a framework for yearly planning, to clearly identify the specific deliverables so that the Project teams can focus on them, and to provide a common set of objectives and processes across the Project. This plan has been preceded by similar documents for Title I and Title II design and complements the Site Management Plan, the Project Control Manual, the Quality Assurance Program Plan, the RM Parsons NIF Title III Configuration Control Plan, the Integrated Project Schedule, the Preliminary Safety Analysis Report, the Configuration Management Plan, and the Transition Plan.
Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Deis, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ghost reflection analysis for the main laser of the National Ignition Facility

Description: Ghost reflections are a major consideration in the optical design of the National Ignition Facility (ME). The frost-order layout (e.g., spacing between components), the lens shape, and the dimensions of the building are strongly affected. In this paper we will describe the principal ghost reflections that drive the system configuration. Several specific examples will be shown to illustrate how dangerous ghost reflections are avoided and stray light concerns are managed.
Date: June 26, 1998
Creator: English, R E; Miller, J L & Schweyen, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development system performance issues of the NIF master oscillator and pulse forming networking

Description: A crucial step in the development of a complex laser system is initial testing of an integrated system. Issues arise at the system level which are not easily observed in component level testing. The NIF master oscillator room (MOR) contains a network of fiber and integrated optic components which can interact, potentially reducing system performance. Here we present some of the system problems we have seen in integrated tests and our solutions. Issues include ASE in the fiber amplifiers, filtering effects in the PM fiber, and regulation of average optical power.
Date: October 29, 1998
Creator: Browning, D; Dreifuerst, G; Penko, F; Rothenberg, J & Wilcox, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strongly-driven laser plasma coupling

Description: An improved understanding of strongly-driven laser plasma coupling is important for optimal use of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for both inertial fusion and for a variety of advanced applications. Such applications range from high energy x- ray sources and high temperature hohlraums to fast ignition and laser radiography. We discuss a novel model for the scaling of strongly-driven stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering. This model postulates an intensity dependent correlation length associated with spatial incoherence due to filamentation and stimulated forward scattering. We first motivate the model and then relate it to a variety of experiments. Particular attention is paid to high temperature hohlraum experiments, which exhibited low to modest stimulated Brillouin scattering even though this instability was strongly driven. We also briefly discuss the strongly nonlinear interaction physics for efficient generation of high energy electrons either _ by irradiating a large plasma with near quarter-critical density or by irradiating overdense targets with ultra intense laser
Date: June 25, 1998
Creator: Suter, L; Afeyan, B; Campbell, E M; Decker, C D; Kruer, W L; Moody, J et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Adaptation of a cubic smoothing spline algortihm for multi-channel data stitching at the National Ignition Facility

Description: Some diagnostics at the National Ignition Facility (NIF), including the Gamma Reaction History (GRH) diagnostic, require multiple channels of data to achieve the required dynamic range. These channels need to be stitched together into a single time series, and they may have non-uniform and redundant time samples. We chose to apply the popular cubic smoothing spline technique to our stitching problem because we needed a general non-parametric method. We adapted one of the algorithms in the literature, by Hutchinson and deHoog, to our needs. The modified algorithm and the resulting code perform a cubic smoothing spline fit to multiple data channels with redundant time samples and missing data points. The data channels can have different, time-varying, zero-mean white noise characteristics. The method we employ automatically determines an optimal smoothing level by minimizing the Generalized Cross Validation (GCV) score. In order to automatically validate the smoothing level selection, the Weighted Sum-Squared Residual (WSSR) and zero-mean tests are performed on the residuals. Further, confidence intervals, both analytical and Monte Carlo, are also calculated. In this paper, we describe the derivation of our cubic smoothing spline algorithm. We outline the algorithm and test it with simulated and experimental data.
Date: December 28, 2010
Creator: Brown, C; Adcock, A; Azevedo, S; Liebman, J & Bond, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's activities to achieve ignition by x-ray drive on the National Ignition Facility

Description: The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a MJ-class glass laser-based facility funded by the Department of Energy which has achieving thermonuclear ignition and moderate gain as one of its main objectives. In the summer of 1998, the project is about 40% complete, and design and construction is on schedule and on cost. The NIF will start firing onto targets in 2001, and will achieve full energy in 2004. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), together with the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have the main responsibility for achieving x-ray driven ignition on the NIF. In the 1990�s, a comprehensive series of experiments on Nova at LLNL, followed by recent experiments on the Omega laser at the University of Rochester, demonstrated confidence in understanding the physics of x-ray drive implosions. The same physics at equivalent scales is used in calculations to predict target performance on the NIF, giving credence to calculations of ignition on the NIF. An integrated program of work in preparing the NIF for x-ray driven ignition in about 2007, and the key issues being addressed on the current ICF facilities [(Nova, Omega, Z at Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and NIKE at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL)] are described.
Date: July 20, 1998
Creator: Bernat, T. P.; Hammel, B. A.; Kauffman, R. L.; Kilkenny, J. D.; Landen, O. L.; Lindl, J. D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Role of the NIF in the development of ICF applications

Description: The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a 1.8 MJ (at 351 nm), 192 beam laser facility being built at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to achieve inertial fusion ignition in the laboratory. The NIF Project is being designed and built by a team from LLNL, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, and the University of Rochester. When completed in 2003, it will be a multipurpose facility that will be used for many applications in national security, energy, and the basic sciences. In addition to the National Security Mission, these applications include, for example, electric power generation, space propulsion, and study of basic astrophysical phenomena in the laboratory. Such applications receive benefit both through the state- of-the-art technology developments necessary to build NIF and through specific experiments that will be performed on NIF.
Date: April 23, 1998
Creator: Hogan, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility Site Management Plan

Description: The purpose of the NIF Site Management Plan is to describe the roles, responsibilities, and interfaces for the major NIF Project organizations involved in construction of the facility, installation and acceptance testing of special equipment, and the NIF activation. The plan also describes the resolution of priorities and conflicts. The period covered is from Critical Decision 3 (CD3) through the completion of the Project. The plan is to be applied in a stepped manner. The steps are dependent on different elements of the project being passed from the Conventional Facilities (CF) Construction Manager (CM), to the Special Equipment (SE) CMs, and finally to the Activation/ Start-Up (AS) CM. These steps are defined as follows: The site will be coordinated by CF through Project Milestone 310, end of conventional construction. The site is defined as the fenced area surrounding the facility and the CF laydown and storage areas. The building utilities that are installed by CF will be coordinated by CF through the completion of Project Milestone 310, end of conventional construction. The building utilities are defined as electricity, compressed air, de-ionized water, etc. Upon completion of the CF work, the Optics Assembly Building/Laser and Target Area Building (OAB/LTAB) will be fully operational. At that time, an Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program building coordinator will become responsible for utilities and site activities. * Step 1. Mid-commissioning (temperature stable, +1{degree}C) of an area (e.g., Laser Bay 2, OAB) will precipitate the turnover of that area (within the four walls) from CF to SE. * Step 2. Interior to the turned-over space, SE will manage all interactions, including those necessary by CF. * Step 3. As the SE acceptance testing procedures (ATPS) are completed, AS will take over the management of the area and coordinate all interactions necessary by CF and SE. For ...
Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Roberts, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimized, diode pumped, Nd:glass, prototype regenerative amplifier for the National Ignition Facility (NIF)

Description: The National Ignition Facility (NIF) will house a 2 MJ Nd:glass laser system to be used for a broad range of inertial confinement fusion experiments. This record high energy laser output will be initiated by a single low energy, fiber -based master oscillator which will be appropriately shaped in time and frequency prior to being split into 48 beams for intermediate amplification. These 48 intermediate energy beams will feed the 192 main amplifier chains. We report on the baseline design and test results for an amplifier subsystem in the intermediate amplifiers. The subsystem is based on a diode pumped, Nd:glass regenerative amplifier. The amplifier is comprised fo a linear, folded, TEM{sub 00}, 4.5m long cavity and represents the highest gain (approximately 10{sup 7}) component in the NIF laser system. Two fundamentally important requirements for this amplifier include output energy of 20 mJ and square pulse distortion of less than 1.45. With a single 48 bar 4.5kW peak power diode array and lens duct assembly we pump a 5 mm diameter X 50 mm long Nd-doped, phosphate glass rod, and amplify the mode matched, temporally shaped (approximately 20ns in duration)oscillator seed pulse to 25 mJof output energy with a very acceptable square pulse distortion of 1.44. This most recent design of the regenerative amplifier has increased the performance and reduced the cost, enabling it to become a solid baseline for the NIF laser system.
Date: December 1, 1997
Creator: Martinez, M.; Crane, J.; Penko, F. & Browning, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility subsystem design requirements target diagnostics subsystem SSDR 1.8.3

Description: This SSDR establishes the performance, design, development and test requirements for the Target Experimental System`s Diagnostic, WBS 1.8. 3. This includes the individual diagnostic components, the Target Diagnostic Data Acquisition System (Target DAS), the diagnostic vacuum system, the timing/fiducial system, and the EMI protection system.
Date: October 28, 1996
Creator: Lee, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility subsystem design requirements transportation {ampersand} handling, SSDR

Description: This Subsystem Design Requirement document is a development specification that establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for the Transportation & Material Handling Systems (WBS of the NIF Laser System (WBS 1.3 and 1.4). The NIF is a multi-pass, 192-beam, high-power, neodymium-glass laser that meets requirements set forth in the NIF SDR 002 (Laser System). 5 figs.
Date: July 10, 1996
Creator: Yakuma, S. & McNairy, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility system design requirements Laser System SDR002

Description: This System Design Requirement document establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for the NIP Laser System. The Laser System generates and delivers high-power optical pulses to the target chamber, and is composed of all optical puke creating and transport elements from Puke Generation through Final Optics as well as the special equipment that supports, energizes and controls them. The Laser System consists of the following WBS elements: 1.3 Laser System 1.4 Beam Transport System 1.6 Optical Components 1.7 Laser Control 1.8.7 Final Optics.
Date: August 20, 1996
Creator: Larson, D.W.; Bowers, J.M.; Bliss, E.S.; Karpenko, V.P. & English, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility subsystem design requirements laser {ampersand} target area building (LTAB) SSDR

Description: This Subsystem Design Requirements (SSDR) document establishes the performance, design, and verification requirements for the conventional building systems and subsystems of the Laser and Target Area Building (LTAB), including those that house and support the operation of high-energy laser equipment and the operational flow of personnel and materials throughout the facility. This SSDR addresses the following subsystems associated with the LTAB: Building structural systems for the Target Bay, Switchyards, Diagnostic Building, Decontamination Area, Laser Bays, Capacitor Bays and Operations Support Area, and the necessary space associated with building-support equipment; Architectural building features associated with housing the space and with the operational cleanliness of the functional operation of the facilities; Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems for maintaining a clean and thermally stable ambient environment within the facilities; Plumbing systems that provide potable water and sanitary facilities for the occupants, plus stormwater drainage for transporting rainwater; Fire Protection systems that guard against fire damage to the facilities and their contents; Material handling systems for transporting personnel and heavy materials within the building areas; Mechanical process piping systems for liquids and gases that provide cooling and other service to experimental laser equipment and components; Electrical power and grounding systems that provide service and standby power to building and experimental equipment, including lighting distribution and communications systems for the facilities; Instrumentation and control systems that ensure the safe operation of conventional facilities systems, such as those listed above. Detailed requirements for building subsystems that are not addressed in this document (such as specific sizes, locations, or capacities) are included in detail-level NIP Project Interface Control Documents (ICDS).
Date: August 19, 1996
Creator: Kempel, P. & Hands, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Ignition Facility subsystem design requirements NIF site improvements SSDR 1.2.1

Description: This Subsystem Design Requirements (SSDR) document establishes the performance, design, and verification requirements associated with the NIF Project Site at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) at Livermore, California. It identifies generic design conditions for all NIF Project facilities, including siting requirements associated with natural phenomena, and contains specific requirements for furnishing site-related infrastructure utilities and services to the NIF Project conventional facilities and experimental hardware systems. Three candidate sites were identified as potential locations for the NIF Project. However, LLNL has been identified by DOE as the preferred site because of closely related laser experimentation underway at LLNL, the ability to use existing interrelated infrastructure, and other reasons. Selection of a site other than LLNL will entail the acquisition of site improvements and infrastructure additional to those described in this document. This SSDR addresses only the improvements associated with the NIF Project site located at LLNL, including new work and relocation or demolition of existing facilities that interfere with the construction of new facilities. If the Record of Decision for the PEIS on Stockpile Stewardship and Management were to select another site, this SSDR would be revised to reflect the characteristics of the selected site. Other facilities and infrastructure needed to support operation of the NIF, such as those listed below, are existing and available at the LLNL site, and are not included in this SSDR. Office Building. Target Receiving and Inspection. General Assembly Building. Electro- Mechanical Shop. Warehousing and General Storage. Shipping and Receiving. General Stores. Medical Facilities. Cafeteria services. Service Station and Garage. Fire Station. Security and Badging Services.
Date: August 19, 1996
Creator: Kempel, P. & Hands, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department