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An investigation of the feasibility of building a harbor on the West coast of South America using explosive power of nuclear weapons, a preliminary report

Description: There is an interest in discovering the various peace time uses of nuclear explosives. One of the proposals is the building of harbors. There are several ports along the west coast of South America where lighterage is necessary. This implies a need for expanded harbor facilities. The problem is to find a good location for creating a harbor, and the feasibility of accomplishing this with the use of nuclear force. Feasibility includes blast effects, radiation hazards, the number of weapons needed, and economic considerations. Economic considerations include the cost of treating a harbor of sufficient depth and area, the building of harbor facilities, and the estimated savings and advantages of the new harbor. Several meetings were held with naval personnel of the Military Liaison group at UCRL to discuss the general problems of harbors. Thirty-three different ports were given a preliminary investigation.
Date: December 31, 1971
Creator: Zodtner, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual environmental monitoring summary, July 1974--June 1975

Description: Monsanto Research Corporation operates Mound Laboratory, a government-owned facility of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration, at Miamisburg, Ohio. Mound Laboratory is an integrated research, development, and production facility performing work in support of ERDA weapon and non-weapon programs with emphasis on explosive and nuclear technology. Mound Laboratory originated as a technical organization in 1943 when Monsanto Chemical Company was requested to accept responsibility for determining the chemical and metallurgical properties of polonium as a project of the Manhattan Engineering District. Work was carried on at Monsanto`s Central Research Department and several satellite units in the Dayton, Ohio area. Late in 1945, the Manhattan Engineering District determined that the research, development and production organization established by Monsanto at Dayton should become a permanent facility. A search for a suitable location in early 1946 led to the selection of a 180-acre tract adjacent to Miamisburg, about ten miles (16 km) south of Dayton.
Date: December 1, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of aqueous effluents from in situ fossil-fuel processing technologies on aquatic systems

Description: Progress is reported for the second year of this project to evaluate the effects of aqueous effluents from in-situ fossil fuel processing technologies on aquatic biota. The project objectives for Year 2 were pursued through five tasks: literature reviews on process water constituents, possible environmental impacts and potential control technologies; toxicity bioassays on the effects of coal gasification and oil shale retorting process waters and six process water constituents on aquatic biota; biodegradation studies on process water constituents; bioaccumulation factor estimation for the compounds tested in the toxicity bioassays; and recommendations on maximum exposure concentrations for process water constituents based on data from the project and from the literature. Results in each of the five areas of research are reported.
Date: December 1, 1978
Creator: Bergman, H.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety analysis report: packages. 232-H Byproduct Trailer (packaging of radioactive material). Final report. [Helium containing some tritium]

Description: Helium containing some tritium is shipped at low pressure in banks of cylinders mounted on a truck trailer in compliance with 49 CFR 178.350, Specification 7A. The shipping package is not a radiological hazard under normal or accident conditions.
Date: December 1, 1975
Creator: Chalfant, G.G. (comp.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutral transport in a plasma

Description: A solution procedure for the neutral transport equation in plasma slab geometry is developed. Half-angle scalar fluxes, currents and averaged cross sections are introduced to provide a convenient and simple method of calculating the neutral energy distribution as an adjunct to the neutral density calculation. A forward-backward sweep numerical solution procedure, which avoids matrix inversion, is outlined.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: Stacey, Jr, W M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy use in the marine transportation industry: Task II. Regulations and Tariffs. Final report, Volume III

Description: The evaluation of the energy impacts of regulations and tariffs is structured around three sequential steps: identification of agencies and organizations that impact the commercial marine transportation industry; identification of existing or proposed regulations that were perceived to have a significant energy impact; and quantification of the energy impacts. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter II describes the regulatory structure of the commercial marine transportation industry and includes a description of the role of each organization and the legislative basis for their jurisdiction and an identification of major areas of regulation and those areas that have an energy impact. Chapters III through IX each address one of the 7 existing or proposed regulatory or legislative actions that have an energy impact. Energy impacts of the state of Washington's tanker regulations, of tanker segregated ballast requirements, of inland waterway user charges, of cargo pooling and service rationalization, of the availability of intermodal container transportation services, of capacity limitations at lock and dam 26 on the Mississippi River and the energy implications of the transportation alternatives available for the West Coast crude oil supplies are discussed. (MCW)
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental control implications of generating electric power from coal. 1977 technology status report. Appendix A, Part 1. Coal preparation and cleaning assessment study

Description: This report evaluates the state of the art and effectiveness of physical coal cleaning as a potential strategy for controlling SO/sub x/ emissions in coal fired power generation. Coal properties which are significantly altered by physical coal cleaning were determined. The effects of the changes in properties as they relate to pulverized coal firing, fluidized bed combustion and low Btu gasification for combined cycle powered generation were studied. Available coal washability data were integrated by computer with U.S. coal reserve data. Approximately 18% of the demonstrated coal reserve were matched with washability data. Integrated data appear in the Appendix. Current coal preparation practices were reviewed. Future trends were determined. Five process flow sheets representing increasing levels of cleaning sophistication were prepared. The clean product from each flow sheet will meet U.S. EPA New Source Performance Standards. Capital and operating costs for each case were estimated. Environmental control technology and environmental impact associated with current coal preparation and cleaning operations were assessed. Physical coal cleaning is widely practiced today. Where applicable it represents the least expensive method of coal sulfur reduction. Developmental physical and chemical coal cleaning processes were studied. The chemical methods have the advantage of being able to remove both pyritic sulfur and organic sulfur present in the coal matrix. Further R and D efforts will be required before commercialization of these processes.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual highlights, Environmental Programs of the Department of Energy and Environment

Description: Brief summaries are presented of some 35 individual programs covering a wide range of activities in the atmospheric, oceanographic, and terrestrial ecology areas. In general, these programs are involved with the study of pollutants resulting from the production of energy and their effects or potential effects on the environment. Programs include meteorology and plume dispersion, with emphasis on tracing plumes from the tall stacks of fossil-fuel burning power plants, and implementation of MAP3S (the Multistate Atmospheric Power Production Pollution Study), including both field and modeling studies related to atmospheric pollutants in the Northeastern United States, the meteorology of the coastal land-sea interface, the development of long-distance tracer systems for following movements of air masses, the measurement of a series of pollutants at ambient levels in real time, and laboratory and field studies on the collection and behavior of aerosol particulates, including work on the speciation and quantification of sulfate particulates. The objective of programs in oceanographic sciences is to assess the potential impact of energy-related activities (reactor releases, oil spills, etc.) on the Northeast coastal zone and its biota. A capability for the study of environmental virology has been established. Another major program is the study of the effects of acid rain on forest ecosystems and on selected crops.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental control implications of generating electric power from coal. 1977 technology status report. Appendix A (Part 2). Coal preparation and cleaning assessment study appendix

Description: This report presents the results of integrating coal washability and coal reserves data obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Mines. Two computer programs were developed to match the appropriate entries in each data set and then merge the data into the form presented in this report. Approximately 18% of the total demonstrated coal reserves were matched with washability data. However, about 35% of the reserves that account for 80% of current production were successfully matched. Each computer printout specifies the location and size of the reserve, and then describes the coal with data on selected physical and chemical characteristics. Washability data are presented for three crush sizes (1.5 in., /sup 3///sub 8/ in., and 14 mesh) and several specific gravities. In each case, the percent recovery, Btu/lb, percent ash, percent sulfur, lb SO/sub 2//10/sup 6/ Btu, and reserves available at 1.2 lb SO/sub 2//10/sup 6/ Btu are given. The sources of the original data and the methods used in the integration are discussed briefly.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy use in the marine transportation industry: Task III. Efficiency improvements; Task IV. Industry future. Final report, Volume IV. [Projections for year 2000]

Description: Tasks III and IV measure the characteristics of potential research and development programs that could be applied to the maritime industry. It was necessary to identify potential operating scenarios for the maritime industry in the year 2000 and determine the energy consumption that would result given those scenarios. After the introductory chapter the operational, regulatory, and vessel-size scenarios for the year 2000 are developed in Chapter II. In Chapter III, future cargo flows and expected levels of energy use for the baseline 2000 projection are determined. In Chapter IV, the research and development programs are introduced into the future US flag fleet and the energy-savings potential associated with each is determined. The first four appendices (A through D) describe each of the generic technologies. The fifth appendix (E) contains the baseline operating and cost parameters against which 15 program areas were evaluated. (MCW)
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: A.C.T.]

Description: B-roll video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: December 7, 1978, 6:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Phase II, Title I, engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Riverton Site, Riverton, Wyoming

Description: An engineering assessment was performed of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at the Spook Site, Converse County, Wyoming. Services include the performance of core drillings, soil, water and other sample analyses, radiometric measurements to determine areas with radium-contaminated materials, the evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigation of site geology, hydrology, and meteorology and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 187,000 tons of tailings at the Spook Site constitutes the main environmental impact, which is negligible. The two alternative actions presented are better fencing of the site in its present state, and placing tailings and contaminated on-site materials and soil in the open-pit mine and covering the resulting pile with 2 ft of overburden materials. The cost estimates for the options are $81,000 and $142,000, respectively.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Lakeview Site, Lakeview, Oregon. Phase II, Title I

Description: Results are reported from an engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at the Lakeview, Oregon site. Results are included from the analyses of soil, water, and other samples; radiometric measurements to determine areas with radium-contaminated materials; evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations; investigation of site geology, hydrology, and meteorology; and evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 130,000 tons of tailings at the Lakeview site constitutes the main environmental impact, which is minimal. The two alternative actions presented are maintenance of the site now that the ARCO reclamation program has been completed (Option I); and addition of stabilization cover to a minimum depth of 2 ft, improved fencing, and removal of a few isolated spots of contamination (Option II). The cost estimates for these options are $40,000 and $290,000, respectively.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase II, Title I engineering assessment of radioactive sands and residues, Lowman Site, Lowman Idaho

Description: An engineering assessment was performed of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium sand residues at the Lowman, Idaho, site. Services normally include the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings and radiometric measurements sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings and other radium-contaminated materials, the evaluation of resulting investigations of site hydrology and meteorology, and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 90,000 tons of sand residues at the Lowman site constitutes the most significant environmental impact, although external gamma radiation is also a factor. The two alternative actions presented are dike construction, fencing, and maintenance (Option I); and consolidation of the piles, addition of a 2-ft-thick stabilization cover, and on-site cleanup (Option II). Both options include remedial action at off-site structures. Cost estimates for the two options are $393,000 and $590,000.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic impact of using nonmetallic materials in low to intermediate temperature geothermal well construction. Volume 1

Description: The results are presented of an exhaustive literature search and evaluation concerning the properties and economics of commercially available nonmetallic well casing and screens. These materials were studied in terms of their use in low to intermediate temperature geothermal well construction.
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dedicated medical ion accelerator design study. Final report

Description: Results and conclusions are reported from a design study for a dedicated medical accelerator. Basing efforts on the current consensus regarding medical requirements, the resulting demands on accelerator and beam delivery systems were analyzed, and existing accelerator technology was reviewed to evaluate the feasibility of meeting these demands. This general analysis was augmented and verified by preparing detailed preliminary designs for sources of therapeutic beams of neutrons, protons and heavy ions. The study indicates that circular accelerators are the most desirable and economical solutions for such sources. Synchrotrons are clearly superior for beams of helium and heavier ions, while synchrotrons and cyclotrons seem equally well suited for protons although they have different strengths and weaknesses. Advanced techniques of beam delivery are of utmost importance in fully utilizing the advantages of particle beams. Several issues are invloved here. First, multi-treatment room arrangements are essential for making optimal use of the high dose rate capabilities of ion accelerators. The design of corresponding beam switching systems, the principles of which are already developed for physics experimental areas, pose no problems. Second, isocentric beam delivery substantially enhances flexibility of dose delivery. After several designs for such devices were completed, it was concluded that high field magnets are necessary to keep size, bulk and cost acceptable. Third, and most important, is the generation of large, homogeneous radiation fields. This is presently accomplished with the aid of scattering foils, occluding rings, collimators, ridge filters, and boluses. A novel approach, three-dimensional beam scanning, was developed here, and the most demanding components of such a system (fast-scanning magnet and power supply) were built and tested.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Energy programs and objectives: energy conservation in agricultural production

Description: This document describes the current Department of Energy agriculture research program as it relates to the research recommendations submitted by a 1976 workshop on energy conservation in agricultural production. In-depth discussions on fertilizers, irrigation, crop drying, fuel substitution, crop and animal production systems, greenhouses, materials handling, and transport systems are included. (MCW)
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration-Plant Program. Pretreatment unit options (Deliverable No. 41)

Description: Three approaches to pretreatment for the Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration Plant project in the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Pilot Plant have been examined. Analyses of these approaches, selection of the best alternative among the three, and detailed design and evaluation of cost and schedule impacts were made. The best approach available to pretreatment demonstration is an integrated pretreater - an ash agglomerating gasifier (AAG) that uses the existing AAG system, a new pretreater pressure vessel, and needed ancillary equipment. Based on pilot plant results, IGT dos not recommend pretreatment for the Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration Plant or testing pretreatment in the IGT Pilot Plant, but merely suggests the above approach to pilot plant testing of pretreatment as the most viable. Based on pilot plant tests, IGT does not feel that pretreatment is necessary for operation of the ash agglomerating gasifier with Western Kentucky No. 9 coal. IGT has developed a feeding technique that enables raw coal to be fed directly to the gasifier without plugging of the feed nozzle lines which has been demonstrated in several tests. Should pretreatment prove necessary because of unforeseen circumstances, IGT has studied the available alternatives and has selected the best alternative for detailed consideration. If pretreatment is required, it can be implemented efficiently in accordance with plans developed.
Date: December 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear reactivity evaluations of 216-Z-9 enclosed trench

Description: BS>Plutonium and americium accumulations and the nuclear criticality implications were evaluated for an underground liquid waste dispoaal site at Hanford, Washington. Remote plutonium detection by infrared, gamma, and neutron surveys is described. Geological drilling and soil sampling techniques developed are described. Nuclear criticality safety was evaluated by computer model calculations and by neutron pulsing techniques. Technologies used to evaluate a waste disposal site for a plutonium recovery operation are discussed, and sampllng equipment and procedures are described in detail. (auth)
Date: December 1, 1973
Creator: Smith, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation of air pollution to mortality: a critique. [SO/sub 2/ in New York City air]

Description: A study of the relation between SO/sub 2/ and smoke-shade in the surface air of New York City and deaths resulting from respiratory and heart diseases is discussed. The need to use data from a number of sampling stations in any epidemiological study on the health effects of air pollutants is stressed. It is pointed out that the complicated effects of weather on the environmental transport of air pollutants and the variations in statistical methods used may lead to eronious conclusions as to the cause of deaths.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: Goldstein, I F; Goldstein, M & Landovitz, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of a semiconductor laser in infrared spectroscopy

Description: A semiconductor laser has certain properties which makes its use desirable as a continuous monitor of atmospheric pollutants. Its energy output is concentrated in widely separated energy modes of very narrow bandwidths (less than 10/sup -5/ cm/sup -1/) which can be centered on one infrared absorption line of one gas. This makes the laser quite selective. The energy in each mode is typically greater than 200 ..mu.. watts, and, because of the laser's small size, its light energy can be collimated over large distances with minimal optical losses and be easily detected. One can rapidly measure the decrease in transmission of the light due to the absorption of the light by the gas being monitored, and, using certain analytical parameters, which are different for each absorption line, one can determine the concentration of the gas in question immediately. In addition to the line center (nu/sub 0/), these analytical parameters are the intensity (S) and the half width at half maximum (..gamma..). The intensity (S) is dependent only on temperature when expressed in a per concentration basis and ..gamma.. is dependent on pressure. The Lorentzian lineshape equation K(nu) + S/..pi gamma..(((nu - nu/sub 0/)/..gamma..)/sup 2/ + 1)/sup -1/ is the equation which describes the absorption profile of a gas at ambient atmospheric pressure. Having determined K(nu) and knowing atmospheric pressure and path length of the laser light, one can obtain the concentration of the gas in question. Infrared absorption lines of N/sub 2/O, SO/sub 2/, and H/sub 2/S are observed from low pressure (equal or approximately equal 0.1 torr) to a total pressure of one atmosphere when mixed with room air. The analytical parameters S and ..gamma.. are determined for some lines of N/sub 2/O, and nu/sub 0/, S, and ..gamma.. are determined for several absorption lines of SO/sub 2/. Also ...
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: Morris, R. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SIMS three year study on statistics and environmental factors in health. Technical progress report No. 2

Description: Progress is reported on a study of statistical methods for the correlation of environmental factors and health effects, with emphasis on the effects of air pollution. Statistical methods and models for describing the effects of the environment, measured in terms of pollution and weather variables on health, so far measured only in terms of respiratory diseases, are discussed. Plans for conducting a six-city pollution health study are also discussed. A list of publications during 1976 and 1977 is included.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department