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Monitoring and data analysis for the Vadose Zone Monitoring System (VZMS), McClellan AFB. Quarterly status report, August 15, 1997--November 15, 1997

Description: This report contains information on field and laboratory work performed between August 15th and November 15th at site S-7 in IC 34, at McClellan AFB. At this location, a Vadose Zone Monitoring System (VZMS) (LBNL, 1996) is currently being used to collect subsurface data including hydraulic potential, soil gas pressure, moisture content, water chemistry, gas chemistry, and temperature.
Date: December 5, 1997
Creator: Zawislanski, P.T.; Mountford, H.S.; Dahlquist, R.; Rodriguez, S.J. & Salve, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microturbulence and Flow Shear in High-performance JET ITB Plasma

Description: The transport, flow shear, and linear growth rates of microturbulence are studied for a Joint European Torus (JET) plasma with high central q in which an internal transport barrier (ITB) forms and grows to a large radius. The linear microturbulence growth rates of the fastest growing (most unstable) toroidal modes with high toroidal mode number are calculated using the GS2 and FULL gyrokinetic codes. These linear growth rates, gamma (subscript lin) are large, but the flow-shearing rates, gamma (subscript ExB) (dominated by the toroidal rotation contribution) are also comparably large when and where the ITB exists.
Date: December 5, 2001
Creator: Budny, R.V.; Andre, A.; Bicoulet, A.; Challis, C.; Conway, G.D.; Dorland, W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CSER 94-014: Storage of metal-fuel loaded EBR-II casks in concrete vault on PFP grounds

Description: A criticality safety evaluation is presented to permit EBR-2 spent fuel casks loaded with metallic fuel rods to be stored in an 8-ft diameter, cylindrical concrete vault inside the PFP security perimeter. The specific transfer of three casks with Pu alloy fuel from the Los Alamos Molten Plutonium Reactor Experiment from the burial grounds to the vault is thus covered. Up to seven casks may be emplaced in the casing with 30 inches center to center spacing. Criticality safety is assured by definitive packaging rules which keep the fissile medium dry and at a low effective volumetric density.
Date: December 5, 1994
Creator: Hess, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geophysical investigation of 216-U-8 clay vitrified pipe transfer line, 200 West Area

Description: Two geophysical surveys were conducted over a vitrified clay pipeline (VCP) that was used to transfer liquid radioactive waste from the 224-U Building to the 216-U-8 and 216-U-12 cribs. The objectives of the surveys were to locate the VCP in the northern site, locate the bends in the VCP in the southern site, and locate possible utilities or pipelines at both sites. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) was the method chosen for the surveys. Electromagnetic induction (EMI) was also used at the southern site to map the extent of a possible pipeline. It is very difficult to detect most VCPs with GPR, however, excavation boundaries for the pipeline are often discernible. The VCP was not identified in the GPR data at the northern site. Its anticipated depth was 10--12 ft. The VCP at the southern site appears to be much shallower. The data suggest it may be 5 ft or less below the surface in places. The edges of the excavation from N100 to N190 are between E120 and E135 and were quite distinct in the data. However, the excavation boundaries weren`t apparent north of N190, suggesting that the VCP bends to the north near N200. Several profiles were extended beyond N200. These profiles detected a linear, with the characteristic signature of a pipeline, approximately 3 ft below the surface. There was no previous knowledge of the pipeline. The linear was traced across the entire surface contamination area with an EMI geophysical tool.
Date: December 5, 1994
Creator: Bergstrom, K. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioecological implications of the Par Pond drawdown

Description: The drawdown of the Par Pond reservoir created dramatic alterations in this formerly stable lentic ecosystem. In addition, the radiation environment at Par Pond has changed significantly because of the exposure of Cesium 137-contaminated sediments and the appearance of new transport pathways to the terrestrial environment. In response to this situation, SREL was asked to study the radioecological implications of the reservoir drawdown. This report contains the objectives, methods, and results of the SREL study.
Date: December 5, 1991
Creator: Hickey, H. & Whicker, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

(Fission product transport experiments (HFR-B1))

Description: Travel to the JRC Petten was for the purpose of discussing the HFR-B1 experiment and post irradiation activities. Technical assessment of the experiment strongly supports the concept of enhanced fission gas release at temperatures above 1100{degree}C, the extensive release of stored fission gas at water vapor levels postulated in accident scenarios, an increase in the steady-state fission gas release under hydrolyzing conditions, and an increase in gas release during thermal cycling. Schedules were established for completion of the work and issuance of reports by September 1990. At the KFA Juelich agreement was reached on the PIE activities for HFR-B1 and a schedule established. The final PIE report is due June 1991. Choices of accident condition tests in the PIE have yet to be made by the US participants. A proposal for the establishment of a new cooperative effort on model and code development was presented at the Institut fuer Nukleare Sicherheitsforschung of KFA. The proposal was considered premature; discussions dealing with general principles, basic aims, and organization were requested; particular concerns about free exchange of information, overlap with the existing safety subprogram, and exclusive cooperation with ORNL were raised. A strong desire for cooperation and the opinion that the raised problems could be resolved were expressed. Technical discussions at the KFA were beneficial.
Date: December 5, 1989
Creator: Myers, B.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

(Acid rain workshop)

Description: The traveler presented a paper entitled Susceptibility of Asian Ecosystems to Soil-Mediated Acid Rain Damage'' at the Second Workshop on Acid Rain in Asia. The workshop was organized by the Asian Institute of Technology (Bangkok, Thailand), Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne, Illinois), and Resource Management Associates (Madison, Wisconsin) and was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the United Nations Environment Program, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, and the World Bank. Papers presented on the first day discussed how the experience gained with acid rain in North America and Europe might be applied to the Asian situation. Papers describing energy use projections, sulfur emissions, and effects of acid rain in several Asian countries were presented on the second day. The remaining time was allotted to discussion, planning, and writing plans for a future research program.
Date: December 5, 1990
Creator: Turner, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pore Connectivity Effects on Solute Transport in Rocks

Description: Retardation of nuclear contaminants in rock matrices can lead to long retention times, allowing substantial radionuclide decay prior to eventual release. Imbibition and diffusion into the rock matrix can move contaminants away from an active fracture, thereby contributing to their retardation. However, diffusive transport in some rocks may behave anomalously because of their sparsely connected porespace, in contrast to diffusion in rocks with denser pore connections. We examined imbibition of weakly sorbing tracers into welded tuff and Indiana sandstone, and water imbibition into metagraywacke and Berea sandstone. Tuff samples were initially equilibrated to 12% and 76% water (v/v) within controlled humidity chambers, while the other rocks were air-dried. For imbibition, one face was exposed to water, with or without tracer, and uptake was measured over time. Following imbibition, tracer concentration measurements were made at fine (1 mm) increments. Three anomalous results were observed: (1) Indiana sandstone and metagraywacke showed mass of imbibed water scaling as time{sup 0.26}, while tuff and Berea sandstone showed the more classical scaling with time{sup 0.05}; (2) tracer movement into dry (2% initial saturation) Indiana sandstone showed a dispersion pattern similar to that expected during tracer movement into moist (76% initial saturation) tuft and (3) tracer concentrations at the inlet face of the tuff sample were approximately twice those deeper inside the sample. The experiment was then modeled using random walk methods on a 3-D lattice with different values of pore coordination. Network model simulations that used a pore coordination of 1.49 for Indiana sandstone and 1.56 for metagraywacke showed similar temporal scaling, a result of their porespace being close to the percolation threshold. Tracer concentration profiles in Indiana sandstone and tuff were closely matched by simulations that used pore coordinations of 1.49 and 1.68, respectively, because of how low connectivity alters the accessible porosity in ...
Date: December 5, 2001
Creator: Hu, Oinhong
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department