Description: This report reviews advances in the descriptions of microbial transport processes. The advances can often be translated into technological advances for solute transport, with potential applicability to a number of subsurface concerns related to solutes. The processes involved in microbial transport include physically controlled processes, chemically controlled processes, and biologically controlled processes. The physical processes involved in the transport of microbes include advection, diffusion, dispersion, straining, filtration, and exclusion. Biomass removal by chemical reactions has received less attention, and included electrostatic attraction and hydrophobic sorption. In addition, microbiologic processes affecting the fate and transport of microbes in the subsurface include growth and decay; motility and chemotaxis; biological adhesion; and predation. Interdependencies among these processes arise through coupling, e.g., as multiscale mixing in heterogeneous environments affects nutrient availability (growth) and filtration velocities (attachment).
Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Ginn, T.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department