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Rigid muffin-tin approximation for the electron-phonon interaction in transition metals

Description: Progress in calculating the electron-phonon parameters of transition metals has been based on either the rigid muffin-tin approximation (RMTA) or the fitted modified tight-binding approximation (FMTBA). The RMTA has been shown to be remarkably accurate for average electron-phonon properties, but there are indications that RMTA matrix elements may be too small at low momentum transfer. An attempt is made to demonstrate these assertions concerning the accuracy of RMTA and the numerous electron-ph… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Butler, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interactions of tailings leachate with local liner materials found at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

Description: The mill tailings site at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania is the first mill site to receive remedial action under the Department of Energy's Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Program. Part of this remedial action will require excavating the 53,500 m/sup 3/ (70,000 yd/sup 3/) of tailings on the site having a specific activity exceeding 100 pCi/g, and encapsulating these contaminated tailings in a clay-lined cell. As part of the remedial action effort, Pacific Northwest Laboratory has been studying … more
Date: April 1, 1984
Creator: Dodson, M.E.; Gee, G.W. & Serne, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Organic components of nuclear wastes and their potential for altering radionuclide distribution when released to soil

Description: Normal waste processing at the Hanford operations requires the use of many organic materials, chiefly in the form of complexing agents and diluents. These organic materials and their chemical and radiolytic degradation products, have potential for complexing fission products and transuranium elements, both in the waste streams and upon infiltration into soil, perhaps influencing future sorption or migration of the nuclides. Particular complexation characteristics of various nuclides which const… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: McFadden, K.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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TCT hybrid preconceptual blanket design studies

Description: The conceptual design of a tokamak fusion-fission (hybrid) reactor, which produces electric power and fissile material, has been performed in a cooperative effort between Princeton's Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and Battelle's Pacific Northwest Laboratories (PNL). PPPL, who had overall project lead responsibility, designed the fusion driver system. Its core consists of a tokamak plasma maintained in the two-component torus (TCT) mode by both D and T beams and having a single null poloidal d… more
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Aase, D. T.; Bampton, M. C. C.; Doherty, T. J.; Leonard, B. R.; McCann, R. A.; Newman, D. F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences

Description: Research programs in the following areas are briefly described: High-Temperature Gas-Particle Reactions; Mathematical Modelling of Plasma Systems; Metal Transfer in Gas Metal-Arc Welding; Multivariable Control of Gas Metal-Arc Welding; Synthesis of Heat and Work Integration Systems for Chemical Process Plants; Parity Simulation of Dynamic Processes; Fundamentals of Elastic-Plastic Fracture: Three-Dimensional and Mechanistic Modelling; and Comminution of Energy Materials. Publications from each … more
Date: August 1, 1989
Creator: White, D.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interaction of noble-metal fission products with pyrolytic silicon carbide

Description: Fuel particles for the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) contain layers of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide, which act as a miniature pressure vessel and form the primary fission product barrier. Of the many fission products formed during irradiation, the noble metals are of particular interest because they interact significantly with the SiC layer and their concentrations are somewhat higher in the low-enriched uranium fuels currently under consideration. To study fission product-… more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Lauf, R. J. & Braski, D. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Catalytic steam gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol

Description: Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) tested the catalytic gasification of bagasse for the production of methanol synthesis gas. The process uses steam, indirect heat, and a catalyst to produce synthesis gas in one step in fluidized bed gasifier. Both laboratory and process development scale (nominal 1 ton/day) gasifiers were used to test two different catalyst systems: (1) supported nickel catalysts and (2) alkali carbonates doped on the bagasse. This paper presents the results of laboratory and … more
Date: December 1, 1983
Creator: Baker, E.G. & Brown, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Price 1/sup 0/ x 2/sup 0/ NTMS area, Utah. Data report (abbreviated)

Description: Surface sediment samples were collected at 1444 sites, at a target sampling density of one site per 13 square kilometers. Ground water samples were collected at 137 sites. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 9 other elements in ground water. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Analytical data and field measurements are presente… more
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: Cook, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stream sediment detailed geochemical survey for Marysvale, Utah

Description: Results of the Marysvale detailed geochemical survey are reported. Field and laboratory data are presented for 397 stream sediment samples and 160 radiometric readings. Statistical and areal distributions of uranium and possible uranium-related variables are displayed. A generalized geologic map of the area is provided, and pertinent geologic factors which may be of significance in evaluating the potential for uranium mineralization are briefly discussed. Stream sediments containing significant… more
Date: July 31, 1980
Creator: Butz, T. R.; Vreeland, J. L.; Bard, C. S.; Helgerson, R. N.; Grimes, J. G. & Pritz, P. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment using extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopy

Description: Impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) have been studied using extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy. Three time-resolving absolutely-calibrated normal-incidence monochromators, one on each section of TMX, were used to study the impurity emissions in the wavelength range of 300 A to 1600 A. The instruments on the east end cell and central cell were each capable of obtaining spatially-resolved profiles from 22 chords of the plasma simultaneously while the instrument on the west end cell mon… more
Date: May 12, 1982
Creator: Strand, O. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Magnetic excitations in transition-metal ferromagnets. Recent progress and future prospects on neutron scattering experiments

Description: A review is given on current neutron scattering experiments at Brookhaven National Laboratory on transition-metal ferromagnets Ni, Fe, Pd/sub 2/MnSn and MnSi. The scattering intensity in constant-energy scans, observed above T/sub c/ in all of these materials, exhibited a clear peak at finite momentum transfers. Using a simple scattering function with double-Lorentzian shape, we demonstrate that this peak is a manifestation of simple diffusive spin fluctuations. Experimental results of several … more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Uemura, Y.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tritium storage development. Progress report No. 12, April--June 1977. [In metal hydride; polymer impregnated tritiated concrete]

Description: Laboratory work was continued on hydriding of zirconium sponge and rod under varying conditions of temperature (400 to 900/sup 0/C) and pressure (0-1000 torr) to determine optimum conditions for the formation of hydrides with desirable mechanical properties. Titanium sponge and rod were also hydrided for comparison. Zirconium and titanium samples containing tritium were prepared and initial leach data were obtained. Leach rates for zirconium in distilled water ranged from 1.1 x 10/sup -6/ to 4.… more
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Colombo, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of passive electronic components for instrumentation of improved geothermal logging tools and components. Annual progress report

Description: Short term objectives for well-logging instrumentation are circuits which can operate at temperatures in the range 275/sup 0/C to 350/sup 0/C; the medium term goal is operation up to 500/sup 0/C, and the long term goal is to achieve operation at 1000/sup 0/C. It is apparent that useful electronic circuits will require the combination of both passive components and active devices. In order to meet the compatibility requirements, the basic technology which has been selected in this project is the… more
Date: October 20, 1977
Creator: Raymond, L.S.; Hamilton, D.J. & Kerwin, W.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Studies on transition metals and alloy Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, their electronic and bulk properties. (I: Fe/MnO; II: Fe/TiO/sub 2/; III: Fe/Mord. ). Final report, July 1, 1982-September 30, 1983

Description: The objectives were: (1) to characterize samples D1, 10% FeO/90% MnO, and D2, 48% FeO/52% MnO, under varying conditions of reduction (at 250/sup 0/C or 350/sup 0/C in H/sub 2/) and of syngas reaction 1:1 of CO:H/sub 2/ at 290/sup 0/C) and in some cases use CO only for reduction and to identify species by Moessbauer Spectroscopy and Magnetization (sigma/sub s) measurement; (2) similarly, to see if there is any metal (oxide)/support (Mordenite) interaction by the same techniques. The characteriza… more
Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Mulay, L.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solder fatigue reduction in point focus photovoltaic concentrator modules

Description: Solder fatigue tests have been conducted on point focus photovoltaic concentration cell assemblies to identify a baseline fatigue life and to quantify the fatigue life improvements that result using a copper-molybdenum-copper low-expansion insert between the solar cell and copper heat spreader. Solder microstructural changes and fatigue crack growth were identified using cross sections and ultrasonic scans of the fatigue solder joints. The Coffin-Manson and Total Strain fatigue models for low-c… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Hund, T. D. & Burchett, S. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Wells 1/sup 0/ x 2/sup 0/ NTMS area, Nevada. Data report (abbreviated)

Description: Surface sediment samples were collected at 1336 sites, at a target sampling density of one site per 13 square kilometers. Ground water samples were collected at 112 sites. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 9 other elements in ground water and surface water. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Data from ground water and surfac… more
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: Cook, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of platinum from concentrated sodium chloride brine by electrodeposition on vitreous carbon

Description: The voltammetric characteristics of Pt(II) and Pt(IV) have been examined at a vitreous carbon electrode in slightly acidic 3M (approx. 15 wt %) NaCl solutions. Pt(IV) is reduced to Pt(II) at approx. 0 V and Pt(II) is reduced to Pt(0) at approx. -0.5 V vs Ag-AgCl. The rate of deposition of platinum metal at -0.5 V is very low on bare carbon, but increases as the coverage of platinum increases. The potential at which hydrogen is evolved in this medium is approx. -0.85 V. A technique has been test… more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Harrar, J.E. & Stephens, F.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of liquid waste discharges from steam generating facilities

Description: This report contains a summary of the effects of liquid waste discharges from steam electric generating facilities on the environment. Also included is a simplified model for use in approximately determining the effects of these discharges. Four basic fuels are used in steam electric power plants: three fossil fuels--coal, natural gas, and oil; and uranium--presently the basic fuel of nuclear power. Coal and uranium are expected to be the major fuels in future years. The following power plant e… more
Date: September 1, 1977
Creator: McGuire, H.E. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy use in Japan and the United States

Description: This comparative study was undertaken to explain in part the per capita differential between the two countries. In the introduction, the ratios of energy per capita and energy per dollar of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are presented. The exchange rates utilized to convert GDP to a common currency are discussed in detail. Brief sections on the energy supply and electric generation situation in Japan are included for background information, followed by the body of the report devoted to the energy… more
Date: August 1, 1977
Creator: Doernberg, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface damage of molybdenum and TZM alloy under D/sup +/ impact

Description: The surface damage of polycrystalline molybdenum and TZM alloy under 40-, 60-, and 120-keV D/sup +/ impact has been investigated for irradiation in both pulsed and continuous mode for total doses varying from 1.7 x 10/sup 17/ to 2.2 x 10/sup 19/ ions/cm/sup 2/ and for target temperatures verying from ambient temperature to 400/sup 0/C. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy of the MO samples held at ambient temperatures during D/sup +/ irradiations in both pulsed and continuous modes revealed… more
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Das, S.K.; Kaminsky, M. & Dusza, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Waste acid detoxification and reclamation: Phase 1, Project planning and concept development

Description: The objectives of this project are to develop processes for reducing the volume, quantity, and toxicity of metal-bearing waste acids. The primary incentives for implemeting these types of waste minimization processes are regulatory and economic in that they meet requirements in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and reduce the cost for treatment, storage, and disposal. Two precipitation processes and a distillation process are being developed to minimize waste from fuel fabrication oper… more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Stewart, T. L. & Brouns, T. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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System model for analysis of the mirror fusion-fission reactor

Description: This report describes a system model for the mirror fusion-fission reactor. In this model we include a reactor description as well as analyses of capital cost and blanket fuel management. In addition, we provide an economic analysis evaluating the cost of producing the two hybrid products, fissile fuel and electricity. We also furnish the results of a limited parametric analysis of the modeled reactor, illustrating the technological and economic implications of varying some important reactor de… more
Date: October 12, 1977
Creator: Bender, D.J. & Carlson, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stability and compatibility studies with the inorganic explosive 2-(5-cyanotetrazolato)pentaamminecobalt(III) perchlorate (CP)

Description: 2-(5-Cyanotetrazolato)pentaamminecobalt(III) perchlorate (CP) is an inorganic secondary explosive that has been developed for applications involving deflagration-to-detonation transition. Previously the primary explosives lead azide and lead styphnate had been used. Stability and compatibility studies with CP have been conducted for periods up to three years. By using the rate of formation of cobalt(II) as the prime stability measurement for CP no reaction above baseline has been observed at te… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Massis, T. M.; Morenus, P. K.; Huskisson, D. H. & Merrill, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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