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Mechanical transport in two-dimensional networks of fractures

Description: The objectives of this research are to evaluate directional mechanical transport parameters for anisotropic fracture systems, and to determine if fracture systems behave like equivalent porous media. The tracer experiments used to measure directional tortuosity, longitudinal geometric dispersivity, and hydraulic effective porosity are conducted with a uniform flow field and measurements are made from the fluid flowing within a test section where linear length of travel is constant. Since fluid … more
Date: April 1, 1984
Creator: Endo, H.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Corrosion Behavior of Reactor Materials in Fluoride Salt Mixtures

Description: Molten fluoride salts, because of their radiation stability and ability to contain both Th and U, offer important advantages as high-temperature fuel solutions for nuclear reactors and as media suitable for nuclear fuel processing. Both applications have stimulated experimental and theoretical studies of the corrosion processes by which molten salt mixtures attack potential reactor materials. Corrosion experiments with fluoride salts which were conducted in support of the Molten-Salt Reactor E … more
Date: September 19, 1962
Creator: DeVan, J. H. & Evans, R. B., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Performance of a coincidence based blood activity monitor

Description: A new device has been constructed that measures the positron emitting radio-tracer concentration in arterial blood by extracting blood with a peristaltic pump, then measuring the activity concentration by detecting coincident pairs of 511 keV photons with a pair of heavy inorganic scintillators attached to photomultiplier tubes. The sensitivity of this device is experimentally determined to be 610 counts/second per {mu}Ci/ml, and has a paralyzing dead time of 1.2 {mu}s, so is capable of measuri… more
Date: December 1, 1989
Creator: Moses, W. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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(The fate of nuclides in natural water systems)

Description: Our research at Yale on the fate of nuclides in natural water systems has three components to it: the study of the atmospheric precipitation of radionuclides and other chemical species; the study of the behavior of natural radionuclides in groundwater and hydrothermal systems; and understanding the controls on the distribution of radionuclides and stable nuclides in the marine realm. In this section a review of our progress in each of these areas is presented.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Turekian, K.K. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (USA). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Humic substance formation during wastewater infiltration

Description: Soil infiltration of wastewater effluents is a widely practiced method of treatment and disposal/reuse throughout the world. Renovation of the wastewater results from a wide variety of complex physicochemical and biological processes. One set of processes is speculated to involve the accumulation of organic matter by filtration and sorption followed by formation of humic substances. This humic substance formation can effect the performance of soil treatment systems by contributing to soil pore … more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Siegrist, R.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Hildmann-Smed, R.; Filip, Z.K. (Bundesgesundheitsamt (BGA), Langen (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene) & Jenssen, P.D. (Norges Landbrukshoegskole, Aas (Norway). Centre for Soil and Environmental Research)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research on oil recovery mechanisms in heavy oil reservoirs

Description: The goal of the Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute is to conduct research directed toward increasing the recovery of heavy oils. Presently, SUPRI is working in five main directions: To assess the influence of different reservoir conditions (temperature and pressure) on the absolute and relative permeability to oil and water and on capillary pressure; To evaluate the effect of different reservoir parameters on the in-situ combustion process. This project includes the study of the k… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Brigham, W.E.; Aziz, K. & Ramey, H.J. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Short-lived positron emitter labeled radiotracers - present status

Description: The preparation of labelled compounds is important for the application of positron emission transaxial tomography (PETT) in biomedical sciences. This paper describes problems and progress in the synthesis of short-lived positron emitter (/sup 11/C, /sup 18/F, /sup 13/N) labelled tracers for PETT. Synthesis of labelled sugars, amino acids, and neurotransmitter receptors (pimozide and spiroperidol tagged with /sup 11/C) is discussed in particular. (DLC)
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Fowler, J. S. & Wolf, A. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Presence of UV-endonuclease sensitive sites in daughter DNA of UV-irradiated mammalian cells. [3H-thymidine tracer]

Description: Asynchronous Chinese hamster cells were irradiated with 10 Jm/sup -2/ uv radiation and 0.25 to 4 hours later pulse-labeled with (/sup 3/H)thymidine. Cells synchronized by shaking off mitotic and G/sub 1/ cells were irradiated in either the G/sub 1/-phase or S-phase of the cell cycle and pulse-labeled with (/sup 3/H)thymidine in the S-phase. After a 12 to 14 hour chase in unlabeled medium, the DNA was extracted, incubated with Micrococcus luteus uv-endonuclease and sedimented in alkaline sucrose… more
Date: February 1, 1978
Creator: D'Ambrosio, S. & Setlow, R.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RADIOISOTOPE AND RADIATION APPLICATIONS QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT. SECTION I. USE OF INTRINSIC RADIOACTIVE TRACERS FOR PROCESS CONTROL. SECTION II. RADIATION-INDUCED GRAFT-POLYMERIZATION STUDIES

Description: Research was continued in the areas of intrinsic radioactive tracers for industrial process control and the influence of structural factors in radiation- induced graft polymerization. The use of in-process isotope neutron soarces to produce short-lived radiotraces is discussed. A 10c Po--Be neutron source was obtained for exploratory experiments. The design and construction of a neutronsource storage shield and an activatioa-cell holder are underway. The effect of structural factors oii the eIf… more
Date: October 23, 1961
Creator: McFarling, J.L.; Gluck, P.; Kircher, J.F.; Sunderman, D.N.; Sliemers, F.A.; Luttinger, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RADIOISOTOPES AND RADIATION APPLICATIONS. Quarterly Progress Report No. 12

Description: Continued research is reported in the areas of intrinsic radioactive tracers for industrial process control and the effects of structural factors on radioinduced graft polymerization. The use of Be-- Po neutron sources for production of short-lived isotopes is being investigated. Data are included on the effects of target volume, high-Z scattering media, target-isotope concentration, and macroscopic cross-section on speciflc and total activation produced with a 10-curie source. Research on graf… more
Date: April 18, 1962
Creator: Sunderman, D.N. ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Isotope applications in the environmental field

Description: Established uses of enriched isotopes in the environmental field were surveyed to determine future trends in isotope needs. Based on established isotope uses, on the projected increase in the pollution problem, and on the apparent social and economic pressure for pollution abatement, a significant demand for enriched isotopes appears to be developing for the assessment and control of air, water, and soil pollutants. Isotopic techniques will be used in combination with conventional methods of de… more
Date: February 17, 1978
Creator: DeWitt, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Earth Sciences Division. Annual report 1979

Description: This annual report contains articles describing the research programs conducted during the year. Major areas of interest include geothermal exploration technology, geothermal energy conversion technology, reservoir engineering, geothermal environmental research, basic geosciences studies, applied geosciences studies, nuclear waste isolation, and marine sciences. (ACR)
Date: July 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Size distribution of autotrophy and microheterotrophy in reservoirs: implications for foodweb structure

Description: Particle size is a primary determinant of resources available to consumers and of the efficiency of energy transfer through planktonic food chains. Dual radioisotopic labeling (with /sup 14/C-bicarbonate and /sup 3/H-acetate) and size fractionation of naturally-occurring phytoplankton-bacterioplankton assemblages were employed to examine the particle size distributions of planktonic autotrophy and microheterotrophy in four limnologically-dissimilar US reservoirs (Lake Mead, Arizona-Nevada, olig… more
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Kimmel, B. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hot dry rock, an alternate geothermal energy resource: a challenge for instrumentation

Description: The natural internal heat from the Earth is one of the cleanest, nearly inexhaustible energy sources. The hot dry rock that composes most of the Earth's crust has the potential of becoming one of the largest reservoirs of energy economically available in the near future. The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, for the past five years, has been working toward exploiting this very abundant, clean energy source. The LASL technique to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of extracting h… more
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Dennis, B.R. & Horton, E.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some atmospheric tracer experiments in complex terrain at LASL: experimental design and data. [Fluorescent particle tracer study]

Description: Two series of atmospheric tracer experiments were conducted in complex terrain situations in and around the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Fluorescent particle tracers were used to investigate nighttime drainage flow in Los Alamos Canyon and daytime flow across the local canyon-mesa complex. This report describes the details of these experiments and presents a summary of the data collected. A subsequent report will discuss the analysis of these data.
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Archuleta, J.; Barr, S.; Clements, W.E.; Gedayloo, T. & Wilson, S.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preferred methods of analysis for chemical tracers in moderate- and high-temperature geothermal environments

Description: This report describes the sampling and analytical techniques used for tracer analysis in the Raft River and East Mesa field tests. The collection procedures and sample preservation techniques, analytical methods and possible sources of contamination or error are discussed in detail. 6 refs.
Date: December 1, 1984
Creator: Kroneman, R.L.; Yorgason, K.R. & Moore, J.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field experiment of steam drive with in-situ foaming. Annual report, October 1, 1982-September 30, 1983

Description: Following the introduction this report contains the following two sections: (1) field work completed to date; and (2) results and conclusions to date. Field work covers: (1) review of past efforts; (2) well to well tracer testing: (3) injection program; (4) logging program; (5) pressure falloff testing; and (6) injectivity profiles. Results and conclusions cover: (1) injection pressure; (2) temperature at the producers; (3) injectivity profiles; (4) tracer studies; (5) carbon/oxygen logging; (6… more
Date: June 1, 1984
Creator: Brigham, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DIFFUSION OF Zr$sup 95$ IN BODY-CENTERED CUBIC IODIDE ZIRCONIUM

Description: Chemically purifled Zr/sup 95/ was used in determining selfdiffusion coefficients in the body-centered cubic phase of iodide zirconium over the temperature range of 900 to 1750 deg C. In order to minimize effects of build-in of the daughter isotope Nb/sup 95/, all heat treatments were completed within 48 hr after the purification. The temperature dependence of the diffusion coefflcients could not be described by the usual Arrhenius-type equation. Instead, apparent values of the frequency factor… more
Date: September 1, 1962
Creator: Lundy, T.S. & Federer, J.I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LABORATORY PROGRESS ON THE DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE BY DEEP- WELL INJECTION

Description: Results of laboratory studies on the neutralization of Purex-type wastes are reported, including the radiochemical distribution of the fission products in the precipitate and supernate and the effect of sodium and calcium neutralizations on fission-produet separation. The problem of interstitial precipitation encountered when a second incompatible liquid is injected into a formation is discussed. Results indicate a piston-iike displacement of the interstitial liquid by the injected waste with o… more
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Lacy, W.J.; Sealand, O.M.; Jacobs, D.G. & Struxness, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LABORATORY DEVELOPMENT OF A CARRIER-PRECIPITATION PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF STRONTIUM FROM PUREX WASTES

Description: Strontium recovery from Purex 1WW was investigated with simulated feeds and tracer activities. Initial experiments demonstrated recovery of over 70% of the strontium by sulfate precipitation from partially neutralized 1WW by either increasing the sulfate concentration to about 3 M or by adding carriers such as lead. Precipitation of iron was avoided by addition of one or more moles of tartrate per two moles of iron. Precipitation at elevated temperatures and addition of lead after pH adjustment… more
Date: May 1, 1961
Creator: Bray, L.A. & Van Tuyl, H.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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