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Analysis of elastic thermal stresses in thin plate with spanwise and chordwise variations of temperature and thickness

Description: From Introduction: "The object of the present paper is to present an approximate method for calculating accurately the thermal stresses in a thin plate with both chordwise and spanwise variations in temperature and chordwise but restricted spanwise variations in thickness."
Date: November 1956
Creator: Mendelson, Alexander & Hirschberg, Marvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Behavior of materials under conditions of thermal stress

Description: A review is presented of available information on the behavior of brittle and ductile materials under conditions of thermal stress and thermal shock. For brittle materials, a simple formula relating physical properties to thermal-shock resistance is derived and used to determine the relative significance of two indices currently in use for rating materials. For ductile materials, thermal-shock resistance depends upon the complex interrelation among several metallurgical variables which seriously affect strength and ductility. These variables are briefly discussed and illustrated from literature sources. The importance of simulating operating conditions in tests for rating materials is especially to be emphasized because of the importance of testing conditions in metallurgy. A number of practical methods that have been used to minimize the deleterious effects of thermal stress and thermal shock are outlined.
Date: 1954
Creator: Manson, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental and theoretical determination of thermal stresses in a flat plate

Description: Report determining the thermal stresses induced in a flat, rectangular, 75S-T6 aluminum-alloy plate by nonuniform heating both experimentally and theoretically. Results regarding the temperature distribution, longitudinal direct stresses, shear stresses, transverse direct stresses, and agreement between theory and experiment are provided.
Date: August 1952
Creator: Heldenfels, Richard R. & Roberts, William M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperature gradients in the wing of a high-speed airplane during dives from high altitudes

Description: Report presenting flight testing to investigate the temperature gradients in the wing structure of a typical high-speed fighter airplane caused by rapid changes in surface temperatures. Reports were carried out using dive testing and measured at multiple points on the airplane.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Tendeland, Thorval & Schlaff, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperatures, thermal stress, and shock in heat-generating plates of constant conductivity and of conductivity that varies linearly with temperature

Description: Report presenting working formulas for the steady-state temperatures and thermal stress in heat-generating infinite plates of constant conductivity. Of all planes in the plate, the plate surfaces are always under the greatest tension, and the midplane is under the greatest compression.
Date: July 1953
Creator: Manson, S. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A biharmonic relaxation method for calculating thermal stress in cooled irregular cylinders

Description: A numerical method was developed for calculating thermal stresses in irregular cylinders cooled by one or more internal passages. The use of relaxation methods and elementary methods of finite differences was found to give approximations to the correct values when compared with previously known solutions for concentric circular cylinders possessing symmetrical and asymmetrical temperature distributions.
Date: May 10, 1951
Creator: Holms, Arthur G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two factors influencing temperature distributions and thermal stresses in structures

Description: From Summary: "The influence of joint conductivity and internal radiation on temperature distribution and thermal stresses has been discussed. Joints of poor conductivity can occur in normal fabrication procedure and greatly alter temperature distributions and increase thermal stresses. On the other hand, internal radiation tends to make the temperature distributions more uniform and thereby relieves thermal stress."
Date: June 1957
Creator: Brooks, William A., Jr.; Griffith, George E. & Strass, H. Kurt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A biharmonic relaxation method for calculating thermal stress in cooled irregular cylinders

Description: Report presenting a numerical method for calculating thermal stresses in irregular cylinders cooled by one or more internal passages. The use of relaxation methods and elementary methods of finite differences was found to give approximations to correct values when compared with previously known solutions for concentric circular cylinders with symmetrical and asymmetrical temperature distributions.
Date: August 1951
Creator: Holms, Arthur G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The combinations of thermal and load stresses for the onset of permanent buckling in plates

Description: A simple and practical method for evaluating the onset of permanent buckling in plates in the presence of combined thermal and compressive load stresses is outlined. A particular application of the method shows reasonable agreement with tests of 17-7 PH stainless-steel square tubes. The results indicate that the compressive load stress which the plate can support at the onset of permanent buckling is substantially reduced as the temperature difference of the plate and adjoining members increases.
Date: June 1957
Creator: Zender, George W. & Pride, Richard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of temperature distribution and elastic properties of materials on gas-turbine-disk stresses

Description: From Summary: "Calculations were made to determine the influence of changes in temperature distribution and in elastic material properties on calculated elastic stresses for a typical gas-turbine disk. Severe temperature gradients caused thermal stresses of sufficient magnitude to reduce the operating safety of the disk. Small temperature gradients were found to be desirable because they produced thermal stresses that subtracted from the centrifugal stresses in the region of the rim."
Date: March 29, 1947
Creator: Holms, Arthur G. & Faldetta, Richard D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of joint conductivity on the temperatures and thermal stresses in aerodynamically heated skin-stiffener combinations

Description: Report presenting an analysis of temperatures and thermal stresses in typical skin-stiffener combinations of winglike structures subjected to aerodynamic heating using an electronic differential analyzer. Variations were made in aerodynamic heat-transfer parameter, in a joint conductivity parameter, and in the ratio of skin width to skin thickness. Results regarding data obtained,an illustrative example, temperature and stress ratios, and peak stress ratios and temperature-ratio drop across joint are provided.
Date: June 1956
Creator: Griffith, George E. & Miltonberger, Georgene H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermal stress under high-power surface heating

Description: Estimates are made of thermal stress in a wall subjected to transient heating on one side. A detailed calculation is carried out for a flat plate heated on one face and cooled on the other. These examples furnish a guide to power absorption limits for surfaces in high-power plasma devices. Figures of merit are tabulated for various possible materials. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1973
Creator: Schivell, J. F. & Grove, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure and Thermal Stresses at a Pipe Attachment to a Sphere

Description: Abstract: Design nomographs and equations have been prepared for determining the bending stresses and hoop stresses at the junction of a cylinder and sphere when: (1) Internal pressure exists in the sphere and (2) There is a difference in average temperature between the cylinder and the sphere. A correlation of calculated stresses and photoelastically determined stresses for models with internal pressure is presented.
Date: September 21, 1959
Creator: Deagle, Lorenzo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

TEMP-2--A ONE DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT THERMAL STRESS PROGRAM FOR THE IBM 704

Description: An IBM-704 computer program for the solution of transient thermal stress problems in one dimension is described. For given boundary and initial conditions the transient temperature distribution and stresses are computed. Spherical, cylindrical, and slab geometeries can be treated by this program. (auth)
Date: April 1, 1960
Creator: Culpepper, L.M. & Jortner, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HYDROGEN REDISTRIBUTION IN ZIRCALOY-2 UNDER THERMAL AND MECHANICAL STRESS GRADIENTS

Description: Past and current work on the study of the movement of dissolved hydrogen in Zircaloy-2 under the influence of thermal and mechanical stress and two-phase activity gradients is reviewed, and the findings are discussed. A program of future work ia presented. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1959
Creator: Markowitz, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High flux isotope reactor redesigned beryllium reflector thermal stress calculations

Description: The Beryllium reflector of the High Flux Isotope Reactor is currently redesigned for upgrading the capability of the reactor. The original design criteria are adopted in the redesign analysis. Both nuclear heating and thermal stress calculations are revised. The results show that more margin of safety have been achieved and the updated design assures more precise design estimates for the reflector thermal stress conditions. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: Chang, S.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermal Expansion of Insulating Materials

Description: Scientific paper issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies on thermal expansion. Expansivity tests are conducted on many different insulating materials. The results of the tests are discussed. This paper includes tables, photographs, and illustrations.
Date: December 27, 1919
Creator: Souder, Wilmer H. & Hidnert, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Screening and Degradation Tests of Linear-Polymer Additives for District Heating Applications

Description: In closed-loop district heating and cooling (DHC) systems, the addition of a friction-reducing additive to the working fluid conveying energy between the energy sources and end users would allow increased load-handling capability (in an existing system) or the use of much smaller pipes and/or pumps (in a new system). As the first step in identifying friction-reducing additives that have a reasonable lifetime at DHC temperatures, two high-molecular-weight linear-polymer additives have been tested at two different temperatures (25.0 C and 87.8 C). The additives are Polyox WSR-301 and Separan AP-273 at 200 wppm in deionized water. Results of capillary tube screening tests with fresh solutions show that both polymers can give more than 60% friction reduction. However, Separan is effective at high temperatures, whereas Polyox undergoes thermal degradation. Degradation tests in a closed recirculatory flow system show that (1) friction reduction is always accompanied by heat transfer reduction regardless of the hours of shear, (2) Polyox cannot be used in recirculatory systems because it is very sensitive to mechanical degradation, and (3) although Separan does degrade under high flow shear conditions, it does not degrade completely; it achieves a plateau value of friction reduction even under continuous shear. This is an important discovery and implies that Separan is still a good candidate for closed-loop DH systems.
Date: December 1987
Creator: Choi, U. S.; Cho, Young I. & Kasza, Kenneth Edmund
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department