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Suspended-sediment inflows to Watts Bar Reservoir. Revision 1

Description: Suspended-sediment inflows to Watts Bar Reservoir are important data that are required in numerical modeling of transport and deposition of sediment in the reservoir. Acceptable numerical modeling requires sediment inflow rates and locations in order to be able to compute the location and quantity of sediment deposited within the reservoir. Therefore, the representativeness of modeling results is highly dependent on the characteristics of sediment input to the model. The following recommendations, that account for suspended-sediment inflows to be used in the numerical modeling of sediment transport and deposition in Watts Bar Reservoir, were developed through an evaluation of available watershed and sediment deposition data. (1) Use the suspended-sediment rating regression equations of Gaydos et al., for Emory River at Oakdale, TN, and for Poplar Creek near Oak Ridge, TN, to represent the suspended-sediment inflows into Watts Bar Reservoir from its tributaries; (2) Use a suspended-sediment rating regression equation that was derived from suspended-sediment and streamflow data of the Little Tennessee River at McGhee, TN, to represent sediment inflow from the Little Tennessee River for simulation of any historical year before the completion of Tellico Dam; (3) Check the appropriateness of any assumption for suspended-sediment inflows from upstream reservoirs by using its long-term relationship to local suspended-sediment inflows and to the suspended-sediment outflow through Watts Bar Dam; and (4) Focus refinements to suspended-sediment inflow rates on the Clinch arm of Watts Bar Reservoir.
Date: September 1, 1993
Creator: Ewing, L.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Clinch River remedial investigation task 9 -- benthic macroinvertebrates

Description: This report summarizes the results of Task 9 of the TVA/Department of Energy (DOE) Interagency Agreement supporting DOE`s Clinch River Remedial Investigation. Species lists and densities (numbers/m{sup 2}) of benthic macroinvertebrates sampled at 16 sites in the Clinch River and Poplar Creek embayments of upper Watts Bar Reservoir near Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in March, 1994, are presented and briefly discussed. Data are also analyzed to assess and compare quality of benthic communities at each site, according to methods developed for TVA`s Reservoir Vital Signs Monitoring Program. Results of this study will be incorporated with other program tasks in a comprehensive report prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1995, which will, in part, assess the effect of sediment contaminants on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in Watts Bar Reservoir.
Date: August 1, 1994
Creator: Scott, E.M. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Task 5: TVA sediment-disturbing activities within the Watts Bar Reservoir and Melton Hill Reservoir areas of the Clinch River

Description: The objectives of Task 5 of the Interagency Agreement No. DE-AI05-91OR22007 were to review: (1) the extent of dredging, construction, and other sediment-disturbing activities conducted by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in potentially contaminated areas of Watts Bar Reservoir, and (2) the disposition of the materials from these activities. This memorandum is the final report for Task 5. This memorandum describes major activities in the Watts Bar Reservoir and Melton Hill Reservoir areas of the Clinch River that possibly resulted in significant disturbance of potentially contaminated sediments. TVA records from the construction of Watts Bar Dam, Kingston Fossil Plant, and Melton Hill Dam were reviewed to facilitate qualitative description of the effect of these activities in disturbing potentially contaminated sediments. The critical period for these activities in disturbing contaminated sediments was during or after 1956 when the peak releases of radioactive contaminants occurred from the Oak Ridge Reservation.
Date: June 1, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of the water quality in the releases from thirty dams in the Tennessee River Valley

Description: The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has routinely monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature from the tailwater releases of its dams since the 1950s. The original objective of this monitoring was to collect baseline information to support reaeration research and determine the relative impact of impoundments on the assimilative capacity of the river system. This monitoring has continued even though the original objective was satisfied. New purposes for this monitoring data have arisen in support of several programs, without new consideration of the monitoring strategy and sampling design. The primary purpose of this report is to compare the historical release data for 30 dams in the Tennessee Valley based on four different objectives: (1) comparison of seasonal patterns, (2) comparison of baseline conditions using descriptive statistics, (3) evaluation of monotonic trends, and (4) discussion of monitoring strategies that might be required to determine compliance with existing and proposed criteria. A secondary purpose of the report is to compile the existing database into tables and figures that would be useful for other investigators. 51 refs., 210 figs., 1 tab.
Date: September 1, 1990
Creator: Butkus, S.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary report on water quality, sediment and water chemistry data for water and sediment samples collected from source areas to Melton Hill and Watts Bar reservoirs

Description: Contamination of surface water and sediments in the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir (CR/WBR) system as a result of past and present activities by the US Department of Energy (DOE) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) and also activities by non-ORR facilities are being studied by the Clinch River Environmental Restoration Program (CR-ERP). Previous studies have documented the presence of heavy metals, organics, and radionuclides in the sediments of reservoirs in the vicinity. In support of the CR-ERP, during the summer of 1991, TVA collected and evaluated water and sediment samples from swimming areas and municipal water intakes on Watts Bar Reservoir, Melton Hill Reservoir (which is considered part of the Clinch River and Watts Bar Reservoir System), and Norris Reservoir, which was considered a source of less-contaminated reference or background data. Results of this study indicated that the levels of contamination in the samples from the Watts Bar and Melton Hill Reservoir sites did not pose a threat to human health. Despite the numerous studies, until the current work documented by this report, relatively few sediment or water samples had been collected by the CR-ERP in the immediate vicinity of contaminant point sources. This work focused on water and sediment samples taken from points immediately downstream from suspected effluent point sources both on and off the ORR. In August and September, 1994, TVA sampled surface water and sediment at twelve locations in Melton Hill and Watts Bar Reservoirs. Eleven of the sampling sites were selected based on existence of pollutant discharge permits, known locations of hazardous waste sites, and knowledge of past practices. The twelfth sample site was selected as a relatively less contaminated reference site for comparison purposes.
Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Tomaszewski, T.M.; Bruggink, D.J. & Nunn, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of sediment and water sampling and inorganic, organic, and radionuclide analysis at recreation areas and water intakes - Norris, Melton Hill, and Watts Bar Lakes - Data report

Description: Suspected water quality contamination in Watts Bar Reservoir as a result of activities in past decades at the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Oak Ridge facility is of public concern. DOE, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the State of Tennessee, and other agencies and officials have received many inquiries from the public in recent years concerning this suspected pollution, especially how this potential contamination may affect the health and safety of those persons who use beaches in the area for swimming or other water-body-contact sports. As a result of these concerns, TVA conducted a study in May and June 1991 to obtain data on potential contaminants of concern in the water and sediment of Watts Bar Reservoir. TVA collected water and sediment samples at a total of 29 sites, including 18 recreation areas and 11 water intake locations, located throughout Norris, Melton Hill, and Watts Bar Reservoirs. The samples were analyzed for radionuclides, metals, and organic compounds which could pose a threat to human health.
Date: October 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary direct heat geothermal resource assessment of the Tennessee Valley region

Description: A preliminary appraisal of the direct heat geothermal energy resources of the Tennessee Valley region has been completed. This region includes Kentucky, Tennessee and parts of adjacent states. Intermediate and deep aquifers were selected for study. Basement and Top-of-Knox structure and temperature maps were compiled from oil and gas well data on file at various state geological survey offices. Results of this study indicate that the New Madrid seismic zone is the only area within the region that possesses potential for direct heat utilization. In other areas geothermal energy is either too deep for economical extraction or it will not be able to compete with other local energy resources. The only anomalously high temperature well outside the New Madrid seismic zone was located in the Rome Trough and near the central part of the eastern Kentucky coal basin. Geothermal energy in that region would face strong competition from coal, oil and natural gas.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Staub, W.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of the use of plastic sampling containers on laboratory measurements of dissolved oxygen

Description: Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations are often used to define the water quality of a stream or reservoir. In the Tennessee Valley, there is a commonly held belief that water quality in general, and DO in particular, is declining in TVA reservoirs. In 1980, TVA conducted a study of DO trends in the tailraces of Tennessee River Dams and found a downward trend in most reservoirs, with the greatest decrease in the downstream reservoirs. This report examines a change in sampling procedures which may have contributed to the perception of declining DO. 6 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.
Date: October 1, 1990
Creator: Fehring, J.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PCB studies on fish from Watts Bar, Fort Loudoun, Tellico, and Melton Hill Reservoirs, 1988

Description: The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) reservoirs that are the subject of this report have been under investigation for several years due to contamination with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The study has two primary objectives: (1) define the geographical boundaries where contamination in fish ceases to be a problem and (2) determine the trend in PCB loading in fish from reservoirs where the contamination has been well defined. The purpose of this document is to briefly describe results of PCB analysis of fish collected from these reservoirs in autumn 1988 and compare them to results for previous years. These results were shared with all members on the study team as soon as they were received from the analytical laboratory rather than waiting for this formal report. Therefore, decisions on updating existing advisories and selection of study design for autumn 1989 were made months before this document was prepared. 6 refs., 21 tabs.
Date: September 1, 1990
Creator: Dycus, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compendium of ordinances for groundwater protection

Description: Groundwater is an extremely important resource in the Tennessee Valley. Nearly two-thirds of the Tennessee Valley's residents rely, at least in part, on groundwater supplies for drinking water. In rural areas, approximately ninety-five percent of residents rely on groundwater for domestic supplies. Population growth and economic development increase the volume and kinds of wastes requiring disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal problems associated with increases in conventional wastewater and solid waste, technological advancements in recent decades have resulted in new chemicals and increased usage in agriculture, industry, and the home. Unfortunately, there has not been comparable progress in identifying the potential long-term effects of these chemicals, in managing them to prevent contamination of groundwater, or in developing treatment technologies for removing them from water once contamination has occurred. The challenge facing residence of the Tennessee Valley is to manage growth and economic and technological development in ways that will avoid polluting the groundwater resource. Once groundwater has been contaminated, cleanup is almost always very costly and is sometimes impractical or technically infeasible. Therefore, prevention of contamination -- not remedial treatment--is the key to continued availability of usable groundwater. This document discusses regulations to aid in this prevention.
Date: August 1, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regional Reference Energy Systems: electric utility applications

Description: Reference Energy Systems (RES) were developed for the region serviced by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) for the base year 1975 and projections developed for the years 1980, 1985, and 2000. This system's formulation has traditionally been applied to assessment of energy technologies and policies on a national level. A reformulation of the projection methodology is presented in order to apply the RES format to an electric utility region (e.g., the TVA). The RES is a network representation of technical activities required to supply various forms of energy to end-use activities. Technologies are defined for all operations involving specific fuels including resource extraction, refinement, conversion, transportation, distribution, and utilization. Each of these activities is represented by a link in the network for a given year with the levels of energy demand and supply specified. A unique advantage of using the RES for utility planning is its integrative view of the entire energy system as opposed to an analysis limited exclusively to the electric sector. This system's approach, incorporating all resources, technologies and uses of energy, allows a utility to assess the impact of alternate technologies and policies across the entire energy system. Demand patterns for 25 end-use demand categories within the residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation sectors are developed for a base-case scenario representing reasonable energy-use patterns derived in a consistent manner by applying engineering techniques to the best available information. The impact of a new technology in terms of resource consumption may be evaluated by modifying the energy-flow paths to incorporate the new technology. Alternate paths through the network reflect the substitutability of resources and technologies for one another.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Hermelee, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department