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Distribution and Trend of Nitrate, Chloride, and Total Solids in Water in the Magothy Aquifer in Southeast Nassau County, New York, from the 1950's Through 1973

Description: Abstract: Concentrations of nitrate, chloride, and total sol ids in water in the Magothy aquifer, southeast Nassau County, N.Y., show a steadily increasing trend from the early 1950's to 1973. Vertical distribution of nitrate, chloride, and total-solids concentrations as shown in sections of the study area indicate downward movement of these constituents. Maximum concentrations are in a zone underlying the areas of Westbury, Hicksvil.le, and Plainview. Nitrate (as nitrogen) concentration increased from 4-5 milligrams per liter to 7 milligrams per liter in the area of Westbury and from 3 to 10 milligrams per liter in Plainview during the period 1950-73. During this same period, a 10 milligram-per-liter line of equal-chloride concentration on a cross section in the Westbury area moved downward a distance of less than 50 feet (15 meters), and in the area of Hicksville nearly 150 feet (45 meters). Total-solids concentration doubled in the area of Plainview, where maximum downward movement of pollutants was observed.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Ku, Henry F. H. & Sulam, Dennis J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Functions and Requirements for the DST Knuckle Region Ultrasonic Scanning System

Description: This document defines the functions and requirements for a ultrasonic scanning system to provide an examination of the knuckle region of Hanford's double shell waste tanks, This document provides the basis for the ultrasonic concept selection, design, fabrication, and deployment methodology.
Date: January 29, 2001
Creator: Pardini, Allan F. & Samuel, Todd J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The calculation of certain static aeroelastic phenomena of wings with tip tanks or boom-mounted lifting surfaces

Description: Report presenting the use of the matrix-integration method for calculating static aeroelastic phenomena on a wing with concentrated aerodynamic forces at the tip due to tip tanks or boom-mounted lifting surfaces. The results indicate that the presence of a tip tank on an unswept wing tends to deteriorate its static aeroelastic characteristics and that a lift surface geared to the aileron and mounted on a boom ahead of the tip may improve the static aeroelastic characteristics to warrant consideration of a vane as a device for relieving adverse aeroelastic effects.
Date: August 27, 1952
Creator: Diederich, Franklin W. & Foss, Kenneth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AN-tank farm

Description: This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AN-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southeast Quadrant of the Hanford 200 Areas.
Date: March 6, 1997
Creator: Brevick, C.H.; Stroup, J.L. & Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tank 241-AP-106, grab samples, 6AP-96-1 through 6AP-96-3 analytical results for the final report

Description: This document is the final report for tank 241-AP-106 grab samples. This document presents the analytical results for three samples (6AP-96-1, 6AP-96-2 and 6AP-96-3) taken from riser 1 @ 150{degrees} of tank 241-AP-1 06 on September 12, 1996. Analyses were performed in accordance with the Compatibility Grab Sampling and Analysis Plan (TSAP) (Sasaki, 1996) and the Data Quality Objectives for Tank Farms Waste Compatibility Program (DQO) (Fowler, 1995).
Date: December 11, 1996
Creator: Esch, R.A., Westinghouse Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project W-320 tank 241-C-106 sluicing acceptance for beneficial use

Description: The purpose of this document is to identify the Project W- 320 documentation required to be turned over from the Projects organization to Tank Farm Operations as part of the acceptance of the new systems for beneficial use. The assigned responsibility for completion of each item is listed on the Acceptance for Beneficial Use (ABU) in Appendix A in this document.
Date: October 31, 1996
Creator: Symons, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of a Remotely Operated NDE System for Inspection of Hanford's Double Shell Waste Tank Knuckle Regions

Description: This report documents work performed at the PNNL in FY01 to support development of a Remotely Operated NDE (RONDE) system capable of inspecting the knuckle region of Hanford's DSTs. The development effort utilized commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) technology wherever possible and provided a transport and scanning device for implementing the SAFT and T-SAFT techniques.
Date: September 28, 2001
Creator: Pardini, Allan F.; Alzheimer, James M.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Gervais, Kevin L.; Harris, Robert V. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Grout performance in support of in situ grouting of the TH4 tank sludge

Description: The cold demonstration test proved that less water was required to pump the in situ grout formulation than had been previously tested in the laboratory. The previous in situ grout formulation was restandardized with the same relative amounts of dry blend ingredients, albeit adding a fluidized admixture, but specifying less water for the slurry mix that must by pumped through the nozzles at high pressure. Also, the target GAAT tank for demonstrating this is situ grouting technique has been shifted to Tank TH4. A chemical surrogate sludge for TH4 was developed and tested in the laboratory, meeting expectations for leach resistance and strenght at 35 wt % sludge loading. It addition, a sample of hot TH4 sludge was also tested at 35 wt % sludge loading and proved to have superior strength and leach resistance compared with the surrogate test.
Date: April 1999
Creator: Hunt, R. D.; Kauschinger, J. L. & Spence, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gas Releases During Saltcake Dissolution for Retrieval of Single-Shell Tank Waste, Rev. 1

Description: It is possible to retrieve a large fraction of soluble waste from the Hanford single-shell waste tanks (SSTs) by dissolving it with water. This retrieval method will be demonstrated in Tanks U-107 and S-112 in the next few years. If saltcake dissolution proves practical and effective, many of the saltcake SSTs may be retrieved by this method. Many of the SSTs retain flammable gas that will be released into the tank headspace as the waste dissolves. This report describes the physical processes that control dissolution and gas release. Calculation results are shown and describe how the headspace hydrogen concentration evolves during dissolution. The observed spontaneous and induced gas releases from SSTs are summarized, and the dissolution of the crust layer in SY-101 is discussed as a recent example of full-scale dissolution of saltcake containing a large volume of retained gas. The report concludes that the dissolution rate is self-limiting and that gas release rates are relatively low.
Date: December 28, 2001
Creator: Stewart, Charles W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Glass Waste Forms for Oak Ridge Tank Wastes: Fiscal Year 1998 Report for Task Plan SR-16WT-31, Task B

Description: Using ORNL information on the characterization of the tank waste sludges, SRTC performed extensive bench-scale vitrification studies using simulants. Several glass systems were tested to ensure the optimum glass composition (based on the glass liquidus temperature, viscosity and durability) is determined. This optimum composition will balance waste loading, melt temperature, waste form performance and disposal requirements. By optimizing the glass composition, a cost savings can be realized during vitrification of the waste. The preferred glass formulation was selected from the bench-scale studies and recommended to ORNL for further testing with samples of actual OR waste tank sludges.
Date: May 10, 1999
Creator: Andrews, M.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FLAMMABLE GAS DIFFUSION THROUGH SINGLE SHELL TANK (SST) DOMES

Description: This report quantified potential hydrogen diffusion through Hanford Site Single-Shell tank (SST) domes if the SSTs were hypothetically sealed airtight. Results showed that diffusion would keep headspace flammable gas concentrations below the lower flammability limit in the 241-AX and 241-SX SST. The purpose of this document is to quantify the amount of hydrogen that could diffuse through the domes of the SSTs if they were hypothetically sealed airtight. Diffusion is assumed to be the only mechanism available to reduce flammable gas concentrations. The scope of this report is limited to the 149 SSTs.
Date: November 10, 2003
Creator: MEACHAM, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Vapor Space Monitoring of Flammable Gas Watch List Tanks

Description: This report documents the measurement of headspace gas concentrations and monitoring results from the Hanford tanks that have continuous flammable gas monitoring. The systems used to monitor the tanks are Standard Hydrogen Monitoring Systems. Further characterization of the tank off-gases was done with Gas Characterization systems and vapor grab samples. The background concentrations of all tanks are below the action level of 6250 ppm. Other information which can be derived from the measurements (such as generation rate, released rate, and ventilation rate) is also discussed.
Date: September 27, 2000
Creator: MCCAIN, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of gas release events detected by hydrogen monitoring

Description: This paper summarizes the results of monitoring tank headspace for flammable gas release events. In over 40 tank years of monitoring the largest detected release in a single-shell tank is 2.4 cubic meters of Hydrogen. In the double-shell tanks the largest release is 19.3 cubic meters except in SY-101 pre mixer pump installation condition.
Date: May 18, 1999
Creator: MCCAIN, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Graphical Big Picture for Tank Technologies

Description: A graphical method is presented for comparing different tank technologies and evaluating scalability, over wide ranges of volume and pressure. Mass contours are plotted on log-log graphs of pressure versus volume, using either theory or data points representing hardware. The simple theoretical case for infinitely scaleable tanks made of a single isotropic material has a constant value of PV/m over the entire plot, and results in straight diagonal mass contours. The contours become more complicated as a result of practical considerations. The latter include minimum wall thickness limits and non-pressure structural loads, as well as minimum thicknesses for the liner and composite over-wrap of multi-layered tank walls. Given a requirement for a tank at a particular volume and pressure, a set of plots representing different technologies can be used to estimate tank masses and select one or more technologies that would meet the need.
Date: June 15, 2007
Creator: Whitehead, J C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department