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Indispensable tool

Description: Synchrotron radiation has become an indispensable research tool for a growing number of scientists in a seemingly ever expanding number of disciplines. We can thank the European Synchrotron Research Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble for taking an innovative step toward achieving the educational goal of explaining the nature and benefits of synchrotron radiation to audiences ranging from the general public (including students) to government officials to scientists who may be unfamiliar with x-ray techniques and synchrotron radiation. ESRF is the driving force behind a new CD-ROM playable on both PCs and Macs titled Synchrotron light to explore matter. Published by Springer-Verlag, the CD contains both English and French versions of a comprehensive overview of the subject.
Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Robinson, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sixth International Conference on X-ray Microscopy

Description: More than 180 participants from around the world crowded the Clark Kerr Campus of the University of California, Berkeley, from August 1-6, 1999 for the Sixth International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy (XRM99). Held every three years since 1983, the XRM conferences have become the primary international forum for the presentation and discussion of advances in high-spatial-resolution x-ray imaging and applications (including the use of x-ray spectroscopic and analytical techniques) in biological and medical sciences, environmental and soil sciences, and materials and surface sciences.
Date: August 23, 1999
Creator: Robinson, Arthur L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Very high power THz radiation sources

Description: We report the production of high power (20 watts average, {approx} 1 Megawatt peak) broadband THz light based on coherent emission from relativistic electrons. Such sources are ideal for imaging, for high power damage studies and for studies of non-linear phenomena in this spectral range. We describe the source, presenting theoretical calculations and their experimental verification. For clarity we compare this source to one based on ultrafast laser techniques.
Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Carr, G.L.; Martin, Michael C.; McKinney, Wayne R.; Jordan, K.; Neil, George R. & Williams, G.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A week of SRI 2003 in San Francisco

Description: The Eighth International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation (SRI 2003) ended its August 25-28 run at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco with almost as many in attendance as at the beginning. The steady attendance was surely a tribute to the quality of the program and the excitement it generated among the more than 700 registrants who gathered for four days of plenary talks, parallel sessions, and posters, as well as facility tours of the ALS and SSRL on August 29.
Date: September 29, 2003
Creator: Robinson, Art
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Advanced Light Source: A third-generation Synchrotron Radiation Source

Description: The Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) of the University of California is a ''third-generation'' synchrotron radiation source optimized for highest brightness at ultraviolet and soft x-ray photon energies. It also provides world-class performance at hard x-ray photon energies. Berkeley Lab operates the ALS for the United States Department of Energy as a national user facility that is available 24 hours/day around the year for research by scientists from industrial, academic, and government laboratories primarily from the United States but also from abroad.
Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: Robinson, Arthur L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A status report on the revitalization of the NSLS VUV ring will be presented, concentrating on three areas: (1) the four infrared ports (U2A/B, U4IR, U10A/B, and U12IR), (2) conversion of out-of-date toroidal grating monochromators to spherical grating type (U4A, U7A, and U12A), and (3) new insertion device beamlines (U5UA and U13UB). All of these beamlines were designed (new ones) or upgraded (old ones) to serve a specific scientific need represented by the PRTs (both NSLS and non-NSLS based) involved. Therefore, an overview of the scientific programs served by these new beamlines will be given, as well as a summary of the beamline optical designs and operating performance.
Date: October 13, 1999
Creator: HULBERT,S.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coherent synchrotron radiation and stability of a short bunch in a compact storage ring

Description: It should be possible to observe coherent synchrotron radiation at millimeter wavelengths in a compact electron storage ring, provided that the bunch can be made sufficiently short. On the other hand, for a short bunch the radiation reaction is so strong that it could cause a longitudinal instability if the current exceeded some threshold. This might cause bunch lengthening, and cut off or reduce the coherent radiation. Using wake fields from simple models of the vacuum chamber, the authors estimate the threshold current for a proposed upgrade of the Brookhaven small x-ray light source, SXLS-Phase 1.
Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Warnock, R.L. & Bane, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

12th Annual ALS Users' Association Meeting

Description: Science took the front seat as 219 Advanced Light Source (ALS) users and staff gathered on Monday and Tuesday, October 18 and 19 for the twelfth annual users' meeting. The bulk of the meeting was dedicated to reports on science at the ALS. Packed into two busy days were 31 invited oral presentations and 80 submitted poster presentations, as well as time to visit 24 vendor booths. The oral sessions were dedicated to environmental science, chemical dynamics, biosciences, magnetic materials, and atomic and molecular science. In addition, there was an ALS highlights session that emphasized new results and a session comprising highlights from the young scientists who will carry the ALS into the future.
Date: December 17, 1999
Creator: Robinson, Arthur L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Workshop on detectors for synchrotron radiation

Description: Forefront experiments in many scientific areas for which synchrotron sources provide sufficient flux are nonetheless hindered because detectors cannot collect data fast enough, do not cover sufficiently solid angle, or do no have adequate resolution. Overall, the synchrotron facilities, each of which represents collective investments from funding agencies and user institutions ranging from many hundreds of millions to more than a billion dollars, are effectively significantly underutilized. While this chronic and growing problem plagues facilities around the world, it is particularly acute in the United States, where detector research often has to ride on the coat tails of explicitly science-oriented projects. As a first step toward moving out of this predicament, scientists from the U.S. synchrotron facilities held a national workshop in Washington, DC, on October 30-31, 2000. The Workshop on Detectors for Synchrotron Research aimed to create a national ''roadmap'' for development of synchrotron-radiation detectors.
Date: November 22, 2000
Creator: Robinson, Arthur L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coherent synchrotron radiation: Theory and experiments

Description: Our understanding of the generation of coherent synchrotron radiation in magnetic bending systems and its impact on beam dynamics has grown considerably over the past few years. The search for understanding has brought a number of surprises, all related to the complexity of the fully self-consistent problem. Herein I survey the associated phenomenology, theory, and experiments while emphasizing important subtleties that have recently been uncovered. I conclude by speculating on courses of future investigations that may prove fruitful.
Date: July 19, 2002
Creator: Bohn, Courtland L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimates of dispersive effects in a bent NLC Main Linac

Description: An alternative being considered for the Next Linear Collider (NLC) is not to tunnel in a straight line but to bend the Main Linac into an arc so as to follow a gravitational equipotential. The authors begin here an examination of the effects that this would have on vertical dispersion, with its attendant consequences on synchrotron radiation and emittance growth by looking at two scenarios: a gentle continuous bending of the beam to follow an equipotential surface, and an introduction of sharp bends at a few sites in the linac so as to reduce the maximum sagitta produced.
Date: October 31, 2000
Creator: Michelotti, Michael Syphers and Leo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Synchrotron radiation interferences between small dipoles at LEP

Description: Synchrotron Radiation interferences between small dipoles in the very low (visible) frequency range have been studied at the LEP diagnostic mini-wiggler. Their understanding allowed a substantial brightness gain by adequate layout modifications. The phenomenon is described analytically in terms of time coherence effects. This serves as a basis for further detailed numerical simulations of the experiment by means of stepwise ray-tracing, and allows precise interpretation of the spectral, polarization and intensity measurements collected at LEP. It also provides guidelines for SR diagnostic at injection energy in LHC.
Date: June 1, 1997
Creator: Bovet, C., Burns, A., Meot, F., Placidi, M., Rossa, E., de Vries, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long wavelength end-effect undulator radiation (Transition Undulator Radiation)

Description: As first pointed out by K.-J. Kim, undulator radiation contains a broad-band component in the long wavelength region. This radiation is due to the change in longitudinal velocity of an electron upon entering and leaving an undulator. The radiation pattern is a hollow cone, peaked in the forward direction, with an opening angle of approximately 1/{gamma}, with a spectrum covering a wide range, including the infra-red and the visible. The radiation is radially polarized, analogous to transition radiation, and exhibits interference effects between the entrance and exit ends of the undulator, similar to the interference effects observed for transition radiation from a thin slab of material. A straightforward application of formulas from Jackson ({ital Classical Electrodynamics}) results in a closed form exact expression for the low frequency limit of this novel radiation effect, Transition Undulator Radiation or TUR. 3 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 29, 1996
Creator: Kincaid, B.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Looking Back at International Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation

Description: With the 11th International Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation coming up in July 2012 in Lyons, France, we thought it might be of interest to our readers to review all the past meetings in this series. We thank Denny Mills of the APS, Argonne for putting the list together. Prior to these larger meetings, and in the early days, facilities held their own meetings similar to the user meetings of today. However, the meeting held at ACO in Orsay, France in 1977 was the first such meeting with an international flavor and so it is on the list. However it is not counted as number 1 since it was agreed way back to start the numbering with the 1982 DESY meeting. The 2005 USA National Meeting scheduled at CAMD in Baton Rouge had to be canceled due to Hurricane Katrina. It was ultimately held in 2007, with the CLS hosted meeting the following year. And a personal note from the magazine - Synchrotron Radiation News was born at the 1987 meeting in Madison, Wisconsin with a proposal that was put to a special session of the meeting organized by Susan Lord. Initial proposals were to model it after the CERN Courier, but it soon adopted its own distinct flavor.
Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: Williams, Gwyn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Installation of a Synchrotron Radiation Beamline Facility at the J. Bennett Johnston Center. Final Report

Description: The Johnston Center presents a unique opportunity for scientists and engineers at southern institutions to initiate and carry out original research using synchrotron radiation ranging from visible light to hard x-rays. The Science and Engineering Alliance proposes to carry out a comprehensive new synchrotron radiation research initiative at CAMD in carefully phased steps of increasing risks. (1) materials research on existing CAMD beam lines and end stations; (2) design, construction and installation of end stations on existing CAMD beam lines, and research with this new instrumentation; (3) design, construction and operation of dedicated synchrotron radiation beam lines that covers the full spectral range of the CAMD storage ring and expanded research in the new facility.
Date: March 21, 2000
Creator: Gooden, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: We discuss the possibility of using synchrotron radiation to form electron rings having a very high electric field to hold the ions inside the ring. The formulas describing bow the energy and the dimension of the ring change under the effect of synchrotron radiation are derived, and a numerical example is given.
Date: May 13, 1970
Creator: Pellegrini, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department