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Closed-String Tachyon Condensation and the Worldsheet Super-Higgs Effect

Description: Alternative gauge choices for worldsheet supersymmetry can elucidate dynamical phenomena obscured in the usual superconformal gauge. In the particular example of the tachyonic E_8 heterotic string, we use a judicious gauge choice to show that the process of closed-string tachyon condensation can be understood in terms of a worldsheet super-Higgs effect. The worldsheet gravitino assimilates the goldstino and becomes a dynamical propagating field. Conformal, but not superconformal, invariance is maintained throughout.
Date: September 13, 2007
Creator: Horava, Petr; Horava, Petr & Keeler, Cynthia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Supersymmetric Fat Higgs

Description: Supersymmetric models have traditionally been assumed to be perturbative up to high scales due to the requirement of calculable unification. In this note I review the recently proposed `Fat Higgs' model which relaxes the requirement of perturbativity. In this framework, an NMSSM-like trilinear coupling becomes strong at some intermediate scale. The NMSSM Higgses are meson composites of an asymptotically-free gauge theory. This allows us to raise the mass of the Higgs, thus alleviating the MSSM of its fine tuning problem. Despite the strong coupling at an intermediate scale, the UV completion allows us to maintain gauge coupling unification.
Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Harnik, Roni
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Duals for SU(N) SUSY Gauge Theories with an Antisymmetric Tensor: Five Easy Flavors

Description: I consider N = 1 supersymmetric SU(N{sub c}) gauge theories with matter fields consisting of one antisymmetric representation, five flavors, and enough antifundamental representations to cancel the gauge anomaly. Previous analyses are extended to the case of even N{sub c} with no superpotential. Using holomorphy I show that the theory has an interacting infrared fixed point for sufficiently large N{sub c}. These theories are interesting due to the fact that in going from five to four flavors the theory goes from a non-trivial infrared fixed point to confinement, in contradistinction to SUSY QCD, but in analogy to the behavior expected in non-SUSY QCD.
Date: December 16, 1997
Creator: Terning, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

R-Parity From the Heterotic String

Description: In T-duality invariant effective supergravity with gaugino condensation as the mechanism for supersymmetry breaking, there is a residual discrete symmetry that could play the role of R-parity in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model.
Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Gaillard, Mary K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modular invariant gaugino condensation in the presence of ananomalous U(1)*

Description: Starting from the previously constructed effective supergravity theory below the scale of U(1) breaking in orbifold compactifications of the weakly coupled heterotic string, we study the effective theory below the scale of supersymmetry breaking by gaugino and matter condensation in a hidden sector. Questions we address include vacuum stability and the masses of the various moduli fields, including those associated with flat directions at the U(1) breaking scale, and of their fermionic superpartners. The issue of soft supersymmetry-breaking masses in the observable sector presents a particularly serious challenge for this class of models.
Date: December 10, 2003
Creator: Gaillard, Mary K.; Giedt, Joel & Mints, Aleksey L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gravitino Warm Dark Matter with Entropy Production

Description: Gravitinos with a mass in the keV range are an interesting candidate for warm dark matter. Recent measurements of the matter density of the universe and of cosmic structures at the dwarf galaxy scale rule out the simplest gravitino models with thermal freeze-out. We construct a model where the decay of the messenger particles that transmit the supersymmetry breaking to the observable sector generates the required entropy to dilute the gravitino relic density by the required factor of a few to come in line with observations. The model is natural, and requires only that the coupling of the messenger sector to the standard model be set so that the decay happens at the appropriate time.
Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Baltz, Edward A. & Murayama, Hitoshi
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stable SUSY breaking model with O(10) eV gravitino from combined D-term gauge mediation and U(1)' mediation

Description: We show a calculable example of stable supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking modelswith O(10) eV gravitino mass based on the combination of D-term gauge mediationand U(1)' mediation. A potential problem of the negative mass squared for theSUSY standard model (SSM) sfermions in the D-term gauge mediation is solvedby the contribution from the U(1)' mediation. On the other hand, the splittingbetween the SSM gauginos and sfermions in the U(1)' mediation iscircumvented bythe contributions from the D-term gauge mediation. Since the U(1)' mediation doesnot introduce any new SUSY vacua, we achieve a completely stable model underthermal effects. Our model, therefore, has no cosmological difficulty.
Date: December 17, 2007
Creator: Nakayama, Yu & Nakayama, Yu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Duality after supersymmetry breaking

Description: Starting with two supersymmetric dual theories, we imagine adding a chiral perturbation that breaks supersymmetry dynamically. At low energy we then get two theories with soft supersymmetry-breaking terms that are generated dynamically. With a canonical K{umlt a}hler potential, some of the scalars of the ``magnetic`` theory typically have negative mass-squared, and the vector-like symmetry is broken. Since for large supersymmetry breaking the ``electric`` theory becomes ordinary QCD, the two theories are then incompatible. For small supersymmetry breaking, if duality still holds, the magnetic theory analysis implies specific patterns of chiral symmetry breaking in supersymmetric QCD with small soft masses.
Date: May 1, 1998
Creator: Shadmi, Yael & Cheng, Hsin-Chia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent results from the search for new phenomena at D0

Description: We present results from several new searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We describe a search based on the scalar sum of the transverse energy of the event, a global quantity nearly independent of the event topology. We summarize our searches for first generation leptoquarks into all three decay channels, eq{ovr eq}, eq{ovr {nu}q}, and {nu}q{ovr {nu}q} and note that this is the first time that the triumvirate of decay channels has been searched. We do not find any evidence for production of first generation leptoquarks and set a lower limit on the mass of the leptoquark of 175 GeV/c{sup 2} , assuming the decay is exclusively into eq{ovr eq}. We also present results from the first search for a third generation leptoquark with charge {+-}1/3. Again, we find no evidence for its existence for a mass less than 80 GeV/c{sup 2} Finally, we discuss one of our searches for supersymmetry, specifically the pair-production of {tilde e}, {tilde {nu}}, and {tilde {chi}}{sup 0}{sub 2} where the decay yields final states with two photons plus missing transverse energy (E{sub T}). We set limits on the production cross section ranging from 1 pb to 400 fb, depending on the mass. This analysis also sets a model-independent limit of {sigma} {center_dot} B(pp - {gamma}{gamma} {vert_bar} E{sub T} {vert_bar} X) < 185 fb at the 95% CL for E{sub T}{sup ({gamma})} > 12 GeV and {vert_bar}{eta}{vert_bar} < 1.1 T and E{sub T}> 25 GeV.
Date: June 1, 1997
Creator: Wightman, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamical (super) symmetry breaking

Description: Dynamical Symmetry Breaking (DSB) is a concept theoristsrely on very often in the discussions of strong dynamics, model building,and hierarchy problems. In this talk, I will discuss why this is such apermeating concept among theorists and how they are used in understandingphysics. I also briefly review recent progress in using dynamicalsymmetry breaking to construct models of supersymmetry breaking andfermion masses.
Date: October 3, 2000
Creator: Murayama, Hitoshi
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

rSUGRA: Putting Nonuniversal Gaugino Masses on the (W)MAP

Description: In this talk, we investigate the relic density and direct detection prospects of rSUGRA, a simple paradigm for supersymmetry breaking that allows for nonuniversal gaugino masses. We present updated plots reflecting the latest cosmological measurements from WMAP.
Date: June 17, 2003
Creator: Birkedal-Hansen, Andreas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supergravity Analysis of Hybrid Inflation Model from D3--D7 System

Description: The slow-roll inflation is a beautiful paradigm, yet the inflaton potential can hardly be sufficiently flat when unknown gravitational effects are taken into account. However, the hybrid inflation models constructed in D = 4 N = 1 supergravity can be consistent with N = 2 supersymmetry, and can be naturally embedded into string theory. This article discusses the gravitational effects carefully in the string model, using D = 4 supergravity description. We adopt the D3--D7 system of Type IIB string theory compactified on K3 x T^2/Z_2 orientifold for definiteness. It turns out that the slow-roll parameter can be sufficiently small despite the non-minimal Kahler potential of the model. The conditions for this to happen are clarified in terms of string vacua. We also find that the geometry obtained by blowing up singularity, which is necessary for the positive vacuum energy, is stabilized by introducing certain 3-form fluxes.
Date: November 20, 2003
Creator: Koyama, Fumikazu; Tachikawa, Yuji & Watari, Taizan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flavorful supersymmetry

Description: Weak scale supersymmetry provides elegant solutions to many of the problems of the standard model, but it also generically gives rise to excessive flavor and CP violation. We show that, if the mechanism that suppresses the Yukawa couplings also suppresses flavor changing interactions in the supersymmetry breaking parameters, essentially all the low energy flavor and CP constraints can be satisfied. The standard assumption of flavor universality in the supersymmetry breaking sector is not necessary. We study signatures of this framework at the LHC. The mass splitting among different generations of squarks and sleptons can be much larger than in conventional scenarios, and even the mass ordering can be changed. We find that there is a plausible scenario in which the next-to-lightest superparticle is a long-lived right-handed selectron or smuon which decays into the lightest superparticle, a gravitino. This leads to the spectacularsignature of monochromatic electrons or muons in a stopper detector, providing strong evidence for the framework.
Date: December 13, 2007
Creator: Nomura, Yasunori; Nomura, Yasunori; Papucci, Michele & Stolarski, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent Progress in Weakly-Coupled Heterotic String Phenomenology

Description: Some recent developments in the weakly-coupled heterotic string phenomenology are reviewed. We discuss several important issues such as dilaton/moduli stabilization, supersymmetry breaking (by hidden-sector gaugino condensation), gauge coupling unification (or the Newton's constant), the QCD axion, as well as cosmological problems involving the dilaton/moduli and the axion.
Date: July 28, 1997
Creator: Wu, Yi-Yen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Year Project Report

Description: In the last years of this eighteen-year grant project, the research efforts have focused mostly on the study of off-shell representations of supersymmetry, both on the worldline and on the world- sheet, i.e., both in supersymmetric quantum mechanics and in supersymmetric field theory in 1+1-dimensional spacetime.
Date: June 20, 2013
Creator: Hubsch, Tristan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson

Description: The Higgs boson was postulated in 1964, and phenomenological studies of its possible production and decays started in the early 1970s, followed by studies of its possible productionin e{sup +} e{sup -}, {anti p}p and pp collisions, in particular. Until recently, the most sensitive searches for the Higgs boson were at LEP between 1989 and 2000, which have been complemented bysearches at the Fermilab Tevatron. The LHC has recently entered the hunt, excluding a Higgs boson over a large range of masses and revealing a tantalizing hint in the range 119 to125 GeV, and there are good prospects that the existence or otherwise of the Higgs boson will soon be established. One of the most attractive possibilities is that the Higgs bosonis accompanied by supersymmetry, though composite options have yet to be excluded. This article reviews some of the key historical developments in Higgs physics over the past half-century.
Date: January 31, 2012
Creator: Ellis, John; Gaillard, Mary K. & Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

One-loop soft supersymmetry breaking terms in superstring effective theories.

Description: We perform a systematic analysis of soft supersymmetry breaking terms at the one loop level in a large class of string effective field theories. This includes the so-called anomaly mediated contributions. We illustrate our results for several classes of orbifold models. In particular, we discuss a class of models where soft supersymmetry breaking terms are determined by quasi model independent anomaly mediated contributions, with possibly non-vanishing scalar masses at the one loop level. We show that the latter contribution depends on the detailed prescription of the regularization process which is assumed to represent the Planck scale physics of the underlying fundamental theory. The usual anomaly mediation case with vanishing scalar masses at one loop is not found to be generic. However gaugino masses and A-terms always vanish at tree level if supersymmetry breaking is moduli dominated with the moduli stabilized at self-dual points, whereas the manishing of the B-term depends on the origin of the mu-term in the underlying theory. We also discuss the supersymmetric spectrum of O-I and O-II models, as well as a model of gaugino condensation. For reference, explicit spectra corresponding to a Higgs mass of 114 GeV are given. Finally, we address general strategies for distinguishing among these models.
Date: November 1, 2000
Creator: Binetruy, Pierre; Gaillard, Mary K. & Nelson, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CDF Run II status and prospects

Description: Run II at the Tevatron Collider started at the beginning of March 2001. With extensive upgrades on both detectors and electronics the CDF II began to collect data. This paper reviews early Run II physics results obtained by analyzing data collected before the middle of June 2002. At the present the understanding of the detector performances is rather high so many analysis are already underway.
Date: February 6, 2003
Creator: Pagliarone, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Pair Production: Discovery Prospects at Hadron Colliders

Description: We study the potential of hadron colliders in the search for the pair production of neutral Higgs bosons in the framework of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We perform a detailed signal and background analysis, working out efficient kinematical cuts for the extraction of the signal. The important role of squark loop contributions to the signal is re-emphasized. If the signal is sufficiently enhanced by these contributions, it could even be observable at the next run of the upgraded Tevatron collider in the near future. At the LHC the pair production of light and heavy Higgs bosons might be detectable simultaneously.
Date: September 15, 1999
Creator: Mizukoahi, Jose K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the solution to the Polonyi problem with no-scale type supergravity

Description: We study the solution to the Polonyi problem in the framework of no-scale type supergravity. In such a model, Polonyi field can weigh as O(10TeV) and decay just before the big-bang nucleosynthesis. It is shown that in spite of a large entropy production by the decay of the Polonyi field, one can naturally explain the present value of the baryon-to-entropy ratio, {eta}{sub B}/S {approximately} (10{sup {minus}10} {minus} 10{sup {minus}11}) if the Affleck-Dine mechanism for baryogenesis works. It is pointed out, however, that there is another cosmological problem related to the abundance of the lightest superparticles produced by the decay of the Polonyi field.
Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Moroi, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersymmetry at the Tevatron?

Description: These lectures contain an introduction to the search for supersymmetry at hadron colliders. The Tevatron is one of high-energy physics most sophisticated tools. The high center-of-mass energy of its proton-antiproton collisions makes it an ideal place to search for physics beyond the Standard Model, such as supersymmetry. Two experiments, CDF and D0, completed a long data taking period in summer of 1995, yielding over 100 pb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton interactions. The data recorded by the experiments are still being analyzed. The lectures outline the strategies in the search for supersymmetry at the Tevatron and examine the major analyses in detail. Results obtained by the two experiments are included where available.
Date: February 1, 1998
Creator: Lammel, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Precsion Supersymmetry Measurement at the e{minus} e{minus} Collider

Description: Measurements of supersymmetric particle couplings provide important verification of supersymmetry. If some of the superpartners are at the multi-TeV scale, they will escape direct detection at planned future colliders. However, such particles induce nondecoupling corrections in processes involving the accessible superparticles through violations of the supersymmetric equivalence between gauge boson and gaugino couplings. These violations are analogous to the oblique corrections in the electroweak sector of the standard model, and can be parametrized in terms of super-oblique parameters. The e{sup -}e{sup -} collision mode of a future linear collider is shown to be an excellent environment for such high precision measurements of these SUSY parameters, which will provide an important probe of superparticles beyond reachable energies.
Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Cheng, H.-C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department