An investigation was conducted on the impossible use of beta radiation to promote chemical reactions at high temperatures and pressures. The advantages of beta sources over other radiation sources are enumerated. A radiation processing apparatus is described which allows operations to 10,000 psi and 500 deg C and uses 90 C of Sr/sup 90/-Y/sup 90/. The dosimetry of the source was accomplished with an iodineheptane system, and the mean dose rate within the chemical reactor was determined to be 0.98 x 10/sup 6/ rad/hr. The radiation utilization efficiency in the dosimetry measurements was determined to be 34.7%. Results of runs on hydrogenation of coal extract indicate that radiation does not increase the extent of hydrogenation, but that radiation reduces the content of hetero atoms N and S in the 100 x 400 deg C boiling oil products. The use of beta radiation in the hydrorefining of oils is suggested. (D.L.C.)
The objectives of the SNAP 7A program were to design, manufacture, test, and deliver a five-watt electric generation system for a U. S. Coast Guard 8 x 26E light buoy. The 10-watt Sr/sup 90/ thermoelectric generator, the d-c-to-d-c converter, batteries and the method of installation in the light buoy are describcd. The SNAP 7A generator was fueled with four capsules containing a total of 40,800 curies of Sr/sup 90/ titanate. After fueling and testing, the SNAP 7A electric generating system was installed in the Coast Guard light buoy at Baltimore, Maryland, on December 15, 1961. Operation of the buoy lamp is continuous. (auth)
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