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Design and Construction of the Bevatron

Description: This report summarizes the design and construction of the Bevatron (6-Bev proton synchrotron) with emphasis on the engineering problems. It includes specifications, outline drawings, and a bibliography of other reports concerning the subject. Operating results and changes made after the initial start-up in February 1954 are mentioned only briefly.
Date: September 13, 1957
Creator: Brobeck, William M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Synopsis of Cathode #4 Activation

Description: The purpose of this report is to describe the activation of the fourth cathode installed in the DARHT-II Injector. Appendices have been used so that an extensive amount of data could be included without danger of obscuring important information contained in the body of the report. The cathode was a 612 M type cathode purchased from Spectra-Mat. Section II describes the handling and installation of the cathode. Section III is a narrative of the activation based on information located in the Control Room Log Book supplemented with time plots of pertinent operating parameters. Activation of the cathode was performed in accordance with the procedure listed in Appendix A. The following sections provide more details on the total pressure and constituent partial pressures in the vacuum vessel, cathode heater power/filament current, and cathode temperature.
Date: May 26, 2006
Creator: Kwan, Joe; Ekdahl, C.; Harrison, J.; Kwan, J.; Leitner, M.; McCruistian, T. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CANMET Gasifier Liner Coupon Material Test Report

Description: This report provides detailed test results consisting of test data and post-test inspections from Task 1 ''Cooled Liner Coupon Development and Test'' of the project titled ''Development of Technologies and Capabilities for Coal Energy Resources--Advanced Gasification Systems Development (AGSD)''. The primary objective of this development and test program is to verify that ceramic matrix composite (CMC) liner materials planned for use in an advanced gasifier pilot plant will successfully withstand the environments in a commercial gasifier. Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) designed and fabricated the cooled liner test assembly article that was tested in a slagging gasifier at CANMET Energy Technology Center (CETC-O) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The test program conducted in 2006 met the objective of operating the cooled liner test article at slagging conditions in a small scale coal gasifier at CETC-O for over the planned 100 hours. The test hardware was exposed to at least 30 high temperature excursions (including start-up and shut-down cycles) during the test program. The results of the testing has provided valuable information on gasifier startup and required cooling controls in steady state operation of future advanced gasifiers using similar liners. The test program also provided a significant amount of information in the areas of CMC materials and processing for improved capability in a gasifier environment and insight into CMC liner fabrication that will be essential for near-term advanced gasifier projects.
Date: January 31, 2007
Creator: Fitzsimmons, Mark; Grimmett, Dave & McEnerney, Bryan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brawley 10MW Geothermal Plant Plant Manual for Southern California Edison Company and Union Oil Company of California: Systems Start-up and Operations, Volume II

Description: Each system within the facility is considered from an operation viewpoint. There are five subsegments within this operation's viewpoint. Prerequisite conditions, start-up, normal operating, emergency and shutdown.
Date: November 28, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tevatron instrumentation: boosting collider performance

Description: The Tevatron in Collider Run II (2001-present) is operating with six times more bunches, many times higher beam intensities and luminosities than in Run I (1992-1995). Beam diagnostics were crucial for the machine start-up and the never-ending luminosity upgrade campaign. We present the overall picture of the Tevatron diagnostics development for Run II, outline machine needs for new instrumentation, present several notable examples that led to Tevatron performance improvements, and discuss the lessons for the next big machines--LHC and ILC.
Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Shiltsev, Vladimir; Jansson, Andreas; Moore, Ronald & /Fermilab
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam instrumentation for the Tevatron Collider

Description: The Tevatron in Collider Run II (2001-present) is operating with six times more bunches and many times higher beam intensities and luminosities than in Run I (1992-1995). Beam diagnostics were crucial for the machine start-up and the never-ending luminosity upgrade campaign. We present the overall picture of the Tevatron diagnostics development for Run II, outline machine needs for new instrumentation, present several notable examples that led to Tevatron performance improvements, and discuss the lessons for future colliders.
Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Moore, Ronald S.; Jansson, Andreas; Shiltsev, Vladimir & /Fermilab
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scalability and interoperability within glideinWMS

Description: Physicists have access to thousands of CPUs in grid federations such as OSG and EGEE. With the start-up of the LHC, it is essential for individuals or groups of users to wrap together available resources from multiple sites across multiple grids under a higher user-controlled layer in order to provide a homogeneous pool of available resources. One such system is glideinWMS, which is based on the Condor batch system. A general discussion of glideinWMS can be found elsewhere. Here, we focus on recent advances in extending its reach: scalability and integration of heterogeneous compute elements. We demonstrate that the new developments exceed the design goal of over 10,000 simultaneous running jobs under a single Condor schedd, using strong security protocols across global networks, and sustaining a steady-state job completion rate of a few Hz. We also show interoperability across heterogeneous computing elements achieved using client-side methods. We discuss this technique and the challenges in direct access to NorduGrid and CREAM compute elements, in addition to Globus based systems.
Date: January 1, 2010
Creator: Bradley, D.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Sfiligoi, I.; /Fermilab; Padhi, S.; /UC, San Diego et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE final report, phase one startup, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility (WRAP)

Description: This document is to validate that the WRAP facility is physically ready to start up phase 1, and that the managers and operators are prepared to safely manage and operate the facility when all pre-start findings have been satisfactorily corrected. The DOE Readiness Assessment (RA) team spent a week on-site at Waste Receiving and Processing Module 1 (WRAP-1) to validate the readiness for phase 1 start up of facility. The Contractor and DOE staff were exceptionally cooperative and contributed significantly to the overall success of the RA. The procedures and Conduct of Operations areas had significant discrepancies, many of which should have been found by the contractor review team. In addition the findings of the contractor review team should have led the WRAP-1 management team to correcting the root causes of the findings prior to the DOE RA team review. The findings and observations include many issues that the team believes should have been found by the contractor review and corrective actions taken. A significantly improved Operational Readiness Review (ORR) process and corrective actions of root causes must be fully implemented by the contractor prior to the performance of the contractor ORR for phase 2 operations. The pre-start findings as a result of this independent DOE Readiness Assessment are presented.
Date: January 7, 1998
Creator: Jasen, W.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the persistence of new building commissioning

Description: Commissioning is gaining increasing recognition as a cost-effective strategy for reducing commercial building energy use. Although the success and cost-effectiveness of commissioning projects depends on how well the benefits of commissioning persist over time, this aspect of commissioning is not well understood. The persistence of commissioning benefits was recently studied in a PIER project evaluating ten buildings that were commissioned at building start-up at least two years ago. The researchers examined the commissioning reports, control algorithms, EMCS point measurements, and energy use data, and conducted operator and commissioning provider interviews to investigate the persistence of commissioning benefits. In addition, they conducted site visits in a sample of the buildings. A set of commissioning measures was selected for each building to compare the persistence of benefits. Persistence was measured both qualitatively through a discussion of occupant comfort and decreased maintenance and quantitatively through estimations of energy savings. This paper reports the results of the study. The discussion includes how well the benefits of commissioning persisted over time, reasons for declining performance, and methods for improving persistence. The results provide valuable insight into how to estimate the persistence of commissioning information central to the cost benefit analyses routinely performed for commissioning measures.
Date: March 17, 2002
Creator: Potter, Amanda; Friedman, Hannah; Haasl, Tudi & Claridge, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) Design Verification

Description: This document was prepared as part of an independent review to explain design verification activities already completed, and to define the remaining design verification actions for the Fuel Retrieval System. The Fuel Retrieval Subproject was established as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNF Project) to retrieve and repackage the SNF located in the K Basins. The Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) construction work is complete in the KW Basin, and start-up testing is underway Design modifications and construction planning are also underway for the KE Basin. An independent review of the design verification process as applied to the K Basin projects was initiated in support of preparation for the SNF Project operational readiness review (ORR).
Date: January 27, 2000
Creator: Yanocko, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Developing a Panelboard Trainer Using SIMVOX and PROVOX

Description: Several challenges existed in creating a system that would be valuable for training operators: the robustness and accuracy of the process model, the operator interface to the process, and the communication between the operator interface and the process models. Cost and implementation time were also important factors. Two possible implementation plans were examined. The first option was to develop a computer tool through which the operator could operate the process through interaction with the mouse and keyboard. The entire panel board system could be created in computer graphics and a process model attached. The second option was to construct a complete replica of the control room panelboard in a training environment. Operations personnel expressed a strong preference for creating the panel board replica. Concerns were expressed about the comfort level of the operators training on a computer tool, and the value of the operators becoming thoroughly familiar with the physical location of the equipment in the panelboard was believed to be high. It was therefore decided to create a replica of the control room panelboard.
Date: November 20, 1995
Creator: Abbott, L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hot startup experience with electrometallurgical treatment of spent nuclear fuel

Description: The treatment of spent metal fuel from the EBR-II fast reactor commenced in June of 1996 at the Fuel Conditioning Facility on the Argonne-West site in Idaho, USA. During the first year of hot operations, 20 fuel assemblies entered processing and 6 low enrichment uranium product ingots were produced. Results are presented for the various process steps with decontamination factors achieved and equipment operational history reported.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Benedict, R. W.; Lineberry, M. J.; McFarlane, H. F. & Rigg, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light duty utility arm startup plan

Description: This plan details the methods and procedures necessary to ensure a safe transition in the operation of the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) System. The steps identified here outline the work scope and identify responsibilities to complete startup, and turnover of the LDUA to Characterization Project Operations (CPO).
Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Barnes, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phased NIF start-up

Description: We describe a phased start-up plan for the 192-beam line National Ignition Facility, that supports a gradual transition of the present ICF program, based upon the 10 beam Nova laser system to a NIP based ICF program, with all 24 bundles being available for operation in FY04. This plan is based upon a bundle-by-bundle completion of integrated operational test procedures and hand-over to the program for experiments. The early execution of the start-up of one bundle not only provides experimental capability two years before completion of the NIF Project, but its experience will be essential to complete this transition plan in a timely and cost effective way.
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Clower, C A; Lane, M L & Van Wonterghen, B M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solution to the initial value problem for a high-gain FEL via Van Kampen's method.

Description: Using Van Kampen's normal mode expansion, we solve the initial value problem for a high-gain free-electron laser (FEL) described by the three-dimensional Maxwell-Klimontovich equations. An expression of the radiation spectrum is given for the process of coherent amplification and self-amplified spontaneous emission. It is noted that the input coupling coefficient for either process increases with the initial beam energy spread. The effective start-up noise is identified as the coherent fraction of the spontaneous undulator radiation in one field gain length, and is larger with increasing energy spread and emittance mainly because of the increase in gain length.
Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Huang, Z. & Kim, K.-J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

C.2 analysis of the environmental effects of the Nuclear Facilities Modernization project

Description: This analysis indicates that the potential impacts associated with the current/projected Mound tritium operations are adequately bounded by the existing environmental impacts analyzed in the FEIS. It also indicates that the incremental impacts of the NFM project will make a positive contribution to the overall impact of current/projected tritium operations. Except for minor and normal temporary conditions during the construction and demolition phases, the NFM project would measurably reduce the likelihood of adverse consequences to the environment. Relocation of the PE/PD laboratory operations from the SW/R Tritium Complex to the T Building will place these operations in a safer, state-of-the-art glovebox systems. Through the utilization of modern laboratory equipment and enhanced containment, the project will reduce the quantity of routine airborne tritium releases and volume of solid tritiated wastes resulting from routine PE/PD laboratory operations. The increased reliance placed on engineered safety aspects and stronger mitigative measures by the project will also reduce the risk associated with these operations by reducing both the probability and consequences of unusual occurrences involving uncontrolled tritium releases.
Date: April 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operational readiness and operational readiness review program plan

Description: The purpose of this program and set of procedures is to describe Mound`s plan to conduct and document Operational Readiness (OR) and Operational Readiness Reviews (ORR). The OR process provides a formal, auditable methodology for obtaining operational readiness of Category 1, Category 2, and Category 3 hazard facilities, systems, processes, or operations. This effort and subsequent review must, at a minimum, consider environmental, safety, health, technical, operational, programmatic and administrative activities. The ORR is used as a contractor line management tool for making initial start and restart decisions. It is the intent of this policy to establish the requirements for Mound OR and ORR projects.
Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Depew, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The advanced photon source

Description: The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a 7-GeV third-generation synchrotron radiation storage ring and full-energy positron injector. Construction project funding began in 1989, and ground breaking took place on 5 May 1990. Construction of all accelerator facilities was completed in January 1995 and storage ring commissioning is underway. First observation of x-rays from a bending magnet source took place on 26 March 1995. Nearly all performance specifications of the injector have been reached, and first observations indicate that the reliability, dynamic aperture, emittance, and orbit stability in the storage ring are satisfactory. Observation of radiation from the first of 20 insertion device beamlines is scheduled for October 1995. Start of regular operations is expected to take place well before the APS Project target date of December 1996.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Galayda, J.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demonstration of a PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia

Description: This project involved the installation of a 200kW PC25C{trademark} phosphoric-acid fuel cell power plant at Orgenergogaz, a Gazprom industrial site in Russia. In April 1997, a PC25C{trademark} was sold by ONSI Corporation to Orgenergogaz, a subsidiary of the Russian company ''Gazprom''. Due to instabilities in the Russian financial markets, at that time, the unit was never installed and started by Orgenergogaz. In October of 2001 International Fuel Cells (IFC), now known as UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), received a financial assistance award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entitled ''Demonstration of PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia''. Three major tasks were part of this award: the inspection of the proposed site and system, start-up assistance, and installation and operation of the powerplant.
Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Trocciola, John C.; Pompa, Thomas N. & Boyd, Linda S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Start-up plan for the first NIF laser bundle: transition from single beamlet prototype to 192-beamline laser facility

Description: The compact multi-pass laser design and the extensive use of optical component assemblies as line replaceable units (LRU) are essential to achieve the cost efficiency of the National Ignition Facility design. These design philosophies require a new approach to start-up operation of the NIF 192-beam-line high-energy laser compared to existing fusion laser facilities. The limited access to the beam-line optics and the limited on-line verification and maintenance capability require that extensive component verification and alignment take place in off-line facilities before the LRUÕs are installed in the laser structure. We are developing a detailed plan for the start-up of the NIF facility. This plan includes systematic off-line component and LRU verification tests, LRU installation and prealignment, and sub-system acceptance tests, followed by a well defined set of operational test procedures to verify integrated performance. During integrated performance testing laser performance parameters of individual beam lines will be verified using a precision diagnostic system located in the NIF switchyard. If additional on-line calibration or performance testing is required, the LRU based architecture can accommodate the insertion of specialized in-line diagnostic LRUs at locations that require such additional testing during start-up. Multiple beam focal spot characteristics on disk targets in the NIF target chamber will be examined using X-ray diagnostics. We will discuss the detailed plan for the startup of the first bundle of 8 beam lines, a laser system by itself similar in size and complexity to the LLNL Nova laser, The discussion will include the application of lessons learned from start-up and operation of the Beamlet prototype beam line during the last 4 years. Experience on the first bundle of beams is essential to optimize the start-up procedures to expeditiously deliver the 23 remaining laser bundles to the operations program at the rate of one bundle per month to complete ...
Date: September 24, 1998
Creator: Lane, M A; Speck, D R; Tiszauer, D & Von Wonterghem, B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CDF - Run II Status and Prospects

Description: After a five year upgrade period, the CDF detector located at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider is back in operation taking high quality data with all subsystems functional. We report on the status of the CDF experiment in Run II and discuss the start-up of the Tevatron accelerator. First physics results from CDF are presented. We also discuss the prospects for B physics in RunII, in particular the measurements of B{sub S}{sup 0} flavour oscillations and CP violation in B decays.
Date: March 17, 2003
Creator: Paulini, Manfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Monitoring Water Levels in the Wetlands of Fourmile Branch near the F and H Areas of SRS: January to December 2002

Description: Since 1996, a network of piezometers has been used to measure hydraulic head in the water-table aquifer along the groundwater outcrops (i.e. seeplines) near the F- and H-Areas. The piezometers were installed near the seeplines to assess potential impacts of the F- and H-Area Groundwater Remediation Wastewater Treatment Units (WTUs) on the riparian wetlands located between the former F- and H-Area seepage basins and Fourmile Branch. The piezometers were installed in areas expected to be most impacted by the remediation system. Eight additional piezometers were added to the network in 2002 in two locations near the F-Area seepline and two locations near the H-Area seepline, extending coverage further downstream from the seepage basins. The goals of the Permit governing the WTUs are to (1) achieve a 70 percent reduction in the mass flux of tritium to Fourmile Branch within five years of Corrective Action Plan approval and reduce the discharge of other contaminants (metals and radionuclides other than tritium) to Fourmile Branch to levels less than the Groundwater Protection Standards, and (2) reduce the discharge at the seepline of all contaminants to levels that are less than the GWPS by July 31, 2010. Because of the potential for WTU operation to dry portions of the nearby wetland areas, the purpose of the piezometer network was: (1) to establish baseline hydraulic head data for the water-table aquifer at the F- and H-Area seeplines prior to startup of the groundwater extraction/injection remediation system (completed), and (2) to observe the effects of the remediation system on the hydraulic head after system start-up (ongoing).
Date: November 6, 2003
Creator: Halverson, N.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department