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Standards Yearbook 1932

Description: Outlines of the activities and accomplishments of the national and international standardization agencies.
Date: 1932
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future

Description: There are standards to protect the environment and human health and safety, and to mediate commercial transactions. Other standards ensure that different products are compatible when hooked together. This report is looking across industry sectors; it evaluates the U.S. standards setting process in the light of its changing economic and technological environment, and compares it to processes in other countries.
Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards richer descriptions of our collection of genomes andmetagenomes

Description: In this commentary, we advocate building a richer set of descriptions about our invaluable and exponentially growing collection of genomes and metagenomic datasets through the construction of consensus-driven data capture and exchange mechanisms. Standardization activities must proceed within the auspices of open-access and international working bodies, and to tackle the issues surrounding the development of better descriptions of genomic investigations we have formed the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC). Here, we introduce the 'Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence' specification in the hopes of gaining wider participation in its development and discuss the resources that will be required to support it (standardization of annotations through the use of ontologies and mechanisms of metadata capture, exchange). As part of its wider goals, the GSC also strongly supports improving the 'transparency' of the information contained in existing genomic databases that contain calculated analyses and genomic annotations.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Field, D.; Garrity, G; Selengut, J.; Sterk, P.; Tatusova, T.; Thomson, N. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New Security Results on Encrypted Key Exchange

Description: Schemes for encrypted key exchange are designed to provide two entities communicating over a public network, and sharing a (short) password only, with a session key to be used to achieve data integrity and/or message confidentiality. An example of a very efficient and ''elegant'' scheme for encrypted key exchange considered for standardization by the IEEE P1363 Standard working group is AuthA. This scheme was conjectured secure when the symmetric-encryption primitive is instantiated via either a cipher that closely behaves like an ''ideal cipher,'' or a mask generation function that is the product of the message with a hash of the password. While the security of this scheme in the former case has been recently proven, the latter case was still an open problem. For the first time we prove in this paper that this scheme is secure under the assumptions that the hash function closely behaves like a random oracle and that the computational Diffie-Hellman problem is difficult. Furthermore, since Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks have become a common threat we enhance AuthA with a mechanism to protect against them.
Date: December 15, 2003
Creator: Bresson, Emmanuel; Chevassut, Olivier & Pointcheval, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1982 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during, calendar year 1982. It describes the management of standards activities at NBS, profiles NBS staf* participation on outside standards committees, and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1982, 457 staff members (or 29% of NBS' professional, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 1,046 outside standards committees of 97 national and international standards organizations.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1983 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1983. It profiles NBS state participation on outside standards committees and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1983, 446 staff members (or 28% of NBS' professionals, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 989 standards committees of 87 national and international standards organizations.
Date: April 1984
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: ISO/IEC-11179 is an international standard that documents the standardization and registration of metadata to make data understandable and shareable. This standardization and registration allows for easier locating, retrieving, and transmitting data from disparate databases. The standard defines the how metadata are conceptually modeled and how they are shared among parties, but does not define how data is physically represented as bits and bytes. The standard consists of six parts. Part 1 provides a high-level overview of the standard and defines the basic element of a metadata registry - a data element. Part 2 defines the procedures for registering classification schemes and classifying administered items in a metadata registry (MDR). Part 3 specifies the structure of an MDR. Part 4 specifies requirements and recommendations for constructing definitions for data and metadata. Part 5 defines how administered items are named and identified. Part 6 defines how administered items are registered and assigned an identifier.
Date: January 3, 2008
Creator: Pon, R K & Buttler, D J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implications of intelligent, integrated microsystems for product design and development

Description: Intelligent, integrated microsystems combine some or all of the functions of sensing, processing information, actuation, and communication within a single integrated package, and preferably upon a single silicon chip. As the elements of these highly integrated solutions interact strongly with each other, the microsystem can be neither designed nor fabricated piecemeal, in contrast to the more familiar assembled products. Driven by technological imperatives, microsystems will best be developed by multi-disciplinary teams, most likely within the flatter, less hierarchical organizations. Standardization of design and process tools around a single, dominant technology will expedite economically viable operation under a common production infrastructure. The production base for intelligent, integrated microsystems has elements in common with the mathematical theory of chaos. Similar to chaos theory, the development of microsystems technology will be strongly dependent on, and optimized to, the initial product requirements that will drive standardization--thereby further rewarding early entrants to integrated microsystem technology.
Date: April 19, 2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Precision Measurement and Calibration: Electricity: Selected Papers on the Realization and Maintenance of the Fundamental Electrical Units and Related Topics

Description: Abstract: Selected publications of the National Bureau of Standards technical staff in the field of electricity were first compiled in 1962 as a volume of the NBS Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity and Electronics, Handbook 77, Volume I); this compilation was extended in 1968 by the compilation of an additional volume in the Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity-Low Frequency, NBS Special Publication 300, Volume 3). The present volume, a further extension of these earlier compilations of selected publications in the field of electricity, includes 66 more recent papers by NBS authors and 16 abstracts of closely related papers by authors from other organizations. In view of the expansion of measurement technologies used in electricity and electromagnetism it has been necessary to reduce the range of topics for the selection of papers in the new compilation. In this connection an emphasis has been placed upon the realization and maintenance of fundamental electrical units and the related scientific advances, particularly in quantum physics. However, in the interest of completeness, three appendices also provide up-to-date bibliographies of publications by NBS authors in different areas of electromagnetism. (This book is a sequel to NBS Handbook 77-Vol. 1(1961) and NBS SP 300-Vol. 3 (1968).
Date: October 1985
Creator: McCoubrey, Arthur O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Teaching Past the Test: a Pedagogy of Critical Pragmatism

Description: Existent scholarship in communication studies has failed to adequately address the particular pedagogical context of current public secondary education within the United States. While communication studies has produced a great deal of scholarship centered within the framework of critical pedagogy, these efforts fail to offer public high school teachers in the U.S. a tenable alternative to standardized constructs of educational communication. This thesis addresses the need for a workable, critical pedagogy in this particular educational context as a specific question of educational communication. a theorization of pedagogical action drawing from critical pedagogy, pragmatism, and communication studies termed “critical pragmatism” is offered as an effective, critical counter point to current neoliberal classroom practices in U.S. public secondary schools.
Date: May 2012
Creator: Jordan, Jason
Partner: UNT Libraries

Nuclear Powerplant Standardization: Light Water Reactors

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that looks at four approaches to the standardization of light water reactors and "considers these four representative approaches to standardization and examines the major advantages and disadvantages of each concept" (p. 3).
Date: April 1981
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: CEBAF 12GeV upgrade project includes 80 new 7-cell cavities to form 10 cryomodules. Each cavity underwent RF qualification at 2.07K using a high power accelerating gradient test and an HOM survey in Jefferson Lab's Vertical Testing Area (VTA) before cavity string assembly. In order to ensure consistently high quality data, updated cavity testing procedures and analysis were implemented and used by a group of VTA operators. For high power tests, a cavity testing procedure was developed and used in conjunction with a LabVIEW program to collect the test data. Additionally while the cavity was at 2.07K, an HOM survey was performed using a network analyzer and a combination of Excel and Mathematica programs. Data analysis was standardized and an online logbook, Pansophy, was used for data storage and mining. The Pansophy system allowed test results to be easily summarized and searchable across all cavity tests. In this presentation, the CEBAF 12GeV upgrade cavity testing procedure, method for data analysis, and results reporting results will be discussed.
Date: July 1, 2012
Creator: Tiffany Bass, G. Davis, Christiana Wilson, Mircea Stirbet
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lab-Based Measurement of Remediation Techniques for Radiation Portal Monitors (Initial Report)

Description: Radiation Portal Monitors (RPM) deployed by the Second Line of Defense (SLD) are known to be sensitive to the natural environmental radioactive background. There are several techniques used to mitigate the effects of background on the monitors, but since the installation environments can vary significantly from one another the need for a standardized, systematic, study of remediation techniques was proposed and carried out. This study is not meant to serve as the absolute last word on the subject. The data collected are, however, intelligible and useful. Some compromises were made, each of which will be described in detail. The hope of this initial report is to familiarize the SLD science teams with ORNL's effort to model the effect of various remediation techniques on simple, static backgrounds. This study provides a good start toward benchmarking the model, and each additional increment of data will serve to make the model more robust. The scope of this initial study is limited to a few basic cases. Its purpose is to prove the utility of lab-based study of remediation techniques and serve as a standard data set for future use. This importance of this first step of standardization will become obvious when science teams are working in parallel on issues of remediation; having a common starting point will do away with one category of difference, thereby making easier the task of determining the sources of disagreement. Further measurements will augment this data set, allowing for further constraint of the universe of possible situations. As will be discussed in the 'Going Forward' section, more data will be included in the final report of this work. Of particular interest will be the data taken with the official TSA lead collimators, which will provide more direct results for comparison with installation data.
Date: February 1, 2012
Creator: Livesay, Jake; Guzzardo, Tyler & Lousteau, Angela L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards a standards-compliant genomic and metagenomic publication record

Description: Increasingly we are aware as a community of the growing need to manage the avalanche of genomic and metagenomic data, in addition to related data types like ribosomal RNA and barcode sequences, in a way that tightly integrates contextual data with traditional literature in a machine-readable way. It is for this reason that the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) formed in 2005. Here we suggest that we move beyond the development of standards and tackle standards-compliance and improved data capture at the level of the scientific publication. We are supported in this goal by the fact that the scientific community is in the midst of a publishing revolution. This revolution is marked by a growing shift away from a traditional dichotomy between 'journal articles' and 'database entries' and an increasing adoption of hybrid models of collecting and disseminating scientific information. With respect to genomes and metagenomes and related data types, we feel the scientific community would be best served by the immediate launch of a central repository of short, highly structured 'Genome Notes' that must be standards-compliant. This could be done in the context of an existing journal, but we also suggest the more radical solution of launching a new journal. Such a journal could be designed to cater to a wide range of standards-related content types that are not currently centralized in the published literature. It could also support the demand for centralizing aspects of the 'gray literature' (documents developed by institutions or communities) such as the call by the GSCl for a central repository of Standard Operating Procedures describing the genomic annotation pipelines of the major sequencing centers. We argue that such an 'eJournal', published under the Open Access paradigm by the GSC, could be an attractive publishing forum for a broader range of standardization initiatives within, and beyond, ...
Date: April 1, 2008
Creator: Fenner, Marsha W; Garrity, George M.; Field, Dawn; Kyrpides, Nikos; Hirschman, Lynette; San-sone, Susanna-Assunta et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The making of a successful seminar: Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s {open_quotes}Quest for Quality{close_quotes}

Description: Five contractors located on or near the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State support technical communications staffs, all trying to meet the needs of one primary customer the U.S. Department of Energy. Historically, these staffs have maintained different processes and standards with regard to document production, and little interaction or information-sharing has occurred. To begin remedying that situation, the communications staff of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, a multiprogram national laboratory located in Richland, Wash., planned and hosted a one-day {open_quotes}Quest for Quality{close_quotes} seminar. The seminar was the first of its kind to comprise technical communications professionals from all the local DOE prime contractors, including technical editors and writers, publications assistants, text processors, and document production staff. The goals of the seminar were to identify ways to improve the quality of Hanford`s communication products and processes, to strengthen ties among technical communications staffs, and to open the lines of communication for future collaborative efforts. An eight-person committee selected topics, arranged facilities, recruited speakers, coordinated activities, hosted the seminar, and prepared proceedings.
Date: October 1, 1994
Creator: Lumetta, C.C.; Downs, S.L.; Parnell, K.A. & Allen, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SI Handbook for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Committee on metric transition

Description: This Handbook is a guide to the use of the International System of Units (SI) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It describes the reasons for the United States converting to the metric system, legislation related to metric conversion, why the Laboratory is converting to the metric system, how international standards are established, the structure of SI, rules for using SI units and symbols, allowable non-SI units, and other important information about SI units and international standards. This handbook also demonstrates techniques for converting between inch-pound and metric units, and it contains tables of conversion factors. This Handbook is intended for the person who needs a practical working knowledge of the units of the modernized metric system, SI. The text and figures will be useful also to those who have had some experience with the metric system and want to update their knowledge, as well as to all who are interested in overcoming the normal human tendency to dislike a new system that they do not understand. The material is presented with the intent to implant the awareness of the simplifications possible with the new units, to warn of potential pitfalls associated with their use, and to guide in the recognition of which metric units and practices are correct. The text and figures are organized for ease of orientation. The sequence of units follows the natural progression from the everyday topics to the specialized ones.
Date: March 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of standardized, low-cost AC PV systems. Phase I annual report, 7 September 1995--7 November 1996

Description: The objectives of this two-year program are to improve the reliability and safety and reduce the cost of installed grid-connected PV systems by creating standardized, pre-engineered components and an enhanced, low-cost, 250-Watt micro inverter. These advances will be combined with the new, large area Solarex MSX-240 PV module resulting in standard, modular AC PV {open_quotes}building blocks{close_quotes} used to create utility-interactive PV systems as small as one module to many thousands of modules to suit virtually any application. AC PV building blocks will be developed to meet the requirements of the U.S., Japanese and European markets.
Date: June 1, 1997
Creator: Strong, S.J.; Wohlgemuth, J.H. & Kaelin, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recommendations for the addition of standard quantities of chemicals in certain reduction operations in the 234-5 Building

Description: This report lists recommendations to be adopted in the process for the reduction of plutonium fluorides by calcium metal in order to save time and money in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. These recommendations regard the standardization of procedures for batch operations. Instead of weighing chemicals to be added to each PuF{sub 4} batch, standard quantities of iodine and calcium would be prepared and stored for later use. The reagents would be added to PuF{sub 4} batches in the 410--430 gram range without further weighing.
Date: September 17, 1951
Creator: Desposato, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy

Description: The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.
Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Moss, S.; Wang, Z.; Salloum, M.; Reed, M.; Ratingen, M. Van; Cesari, D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A brief review of nuclear electronics standards . . . Past, present and future

Description: Modular Nuclear Instrument Standards have played a key role in U. S. Department of Energy National Laboratories and similar scientific laboratories worldwide for more than three decades. The scientific and engineering efficiency and economic benefits have been well documented. Standards are constantly evolving with the introduction of new technologies and the present is a time of rapid change. This report is based on an invited talk presented at the Joint Meeting of the U.S. Nuclear Instrument Module (NIM) and European Standards for Norms in Electronics (ESONE) Standards Committees, Lyon, France, October 20, 2000. It provides a brief overview of past developments and attempts to identify areas of possible opportunities for renewed standardization efforts to meet future challenges.
Date: November 1, 2000
Creator: Larsen, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department