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Automatic Isotope Mass Spectrometer : Job Specification JS-741, Rev. 2

Description: The following document analyzes the Automatic Isotope Mass Spectrometer that consists of a Laboratory Isotope Mass Spectrometer, covered by Union Carbide Nuclear Company Job Specification "JS-747", which has been modified to meet Union Carbide Nuclear Company Job Specification "JS-741", as well as the instrument's samples collected and analyzed.
Date: September 16, 1955
Creator: Union Carbide Nuclear Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CryoFree Final Report

Description: CryoFree, a gamma-ray spectrometer, has been built and successfully tested. This instrument is based on a planar germanium semiconductor detector and is optimized for high-resolution spectroscopy in the range of a 30 keV to a few hundred keV to detect U and Pu. The spectrometer is cooled with a mechanical cryocooler that obviates the need for liquid cryogen. Furthermore, the instrument is battery powered. The combination of mechanical cooling and battery operation allows high-resolution spectroscopy in a highly-portable field instrument. A description of the instrument along with its performance is given.
Date: November 7, 2006
Creator: Burks, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An imaging proton spectrometer for short-pulse laser plasma experiments

Description: Ultra intense short pulse laser pulses incident on solid targets can generate energetic protons. In additions to their potentially important applications such as in cancer treatments and proton fast ignition, these protons are essential to understand the complex physics of intense laser plasma interaction. To better characterize these laser-produced protons, we designed and constructed a novel, spatially imaging proton spectrometer that will not only measure proton energy distribution with high resolution, but also provide its angular characteristics. The information obtained from this spectrometer compliments those from commonly used diagnostics including radiochromic film packs, CR39 nuclear track detectors, and non-imaging magnetic spectrometers. The basic characterizations and sample data from this instrument are presented.
Date: May 11, 2010
Creator: Chen, H; Hazi, A; van Maren, R; Chen, S; Fuchs, J; Gauthier, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multiparticle detector for ISABELLE

Description: The proposed multiparticle spectrometer is designed to study particles produced at small angles (0.5 < theta < 20 mr). It is assumed to be part of a larger set-up, where the larger angles are covered by other spectrometers, or at least a 4 pi detector, such as described by Arnold et al. (CRISP 72-65). The general layout consists of 4 magnets in a symmetrical arrangement. A set of proportional chambers downstream from the first set of magnets can measure both angle and momentum. Using a second pair of magnets, the momenta can be re- combined. Then all tracks will point back to the original interaction point in compact bundle, which may be suitable for particle identification by Cherenkov counters further downstream. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1973
Creator: Kirz, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of Compton recoil gamma-ray spectroscopy

Description: The gamma-ray component of the reactor radiation field can produce effects which impact strongly upon reactor design, shielding, and safety. Radiation effects arising from the gamma-ray component are induced by interaction of the absolute gamma-ray energy spectrum in the reactor environment. Hence, the most fundamental quantity underlying effects produced by the reactor gamma-ray field is the absolute gamma-ray energy continuum. To this end, the current status of Compton recoil gamma-ray spectrometry in Light Water Reactors (LWR) and Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) environments is described. Particular emphasis is given to continuous gamma spectometry experiments in a LWR pressure vessel mockup at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Poolside Critical Assembly (PCA). Gamma spectrometry plans for FBR environments are outlined with special attention placed on start-up experiments in the Fast Test Reactor (FTR). Improvements in Compton recoil gamma-ray spectroscopy are presented.
Date: May 1, 1979
Creator: Gold, R. & Kaiser, B.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A HIGH-RESOLUTION HIGH-LUMINOSITY BETA-RAY SPECTROMETER DESIGN EMPLOYING AZIMUTHALLY VARYING MAGNETIC FIELDS

Description: A double-focusing magnetic field for a spectrometer of the flat type which gives radial focusing to roughly the sixth order, and which utilizes azimuthal variation of the field coefficients, has been devised.
Date: April 6, 1966
Creator: Bergkvist, Karl-Erik & Sessler, Andrew M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1962

Description: The report is divided into 4 major parts with several sections in each part. Separate abstracts were prepared for all sections in Parts I and II except 8 and 9 (containing information on mass spectrometry and microscopy). A summary of service analyses is given in Part III, and information concerning the ORNL master analytical manual is presented in Part IV; abstracts were not prepared for these. (J.R.D.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of STIS and SNAP spectrograph throughputs

Description: This is a comparison of the measured throughput of STIS on HST versus what we might expect from the spectrograph on SNAP. The principle reference is Woodgate et al. (1998) PASP, 110, 1183. Additional material was taken from the STIS Handbook, available on-line at www.stsci.edu. The goal is to demonstrate that there are sound reasons to expect better performance for a SNAP spectrograph (even one with a grating) than would be expected by scaling from HST+STIS.
Date: June 30, 2002
Creator: Aldering, Greg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A REAL TIME COAL CONTENT ORE GRADE (C2OG) SENSOR

Description: This third quarterly technical report discusses the progress made on a machine vision technique for determining coal content and ore grades. The work done this quarter has utilized a miniature imaging spectrometer. Procedures to collect and process the spectral and spatial data from the imaging spectrometer have been established, and software routines have been employed to use this data to differentiate sulfides from background rock in platinum/palladium core samples. These sulfides are indicator minerals for high-grade platinum/palladium ore. Mappings of the sulfides generated with this procedure have been quite accurate. Samples of coal have also been obtained and preliminary measurements with the imaging spectrometer have been made.
Date: April 25, 2002
Creator: Swanson, Dr. Rand
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ESTIMATING THE PERFORMANCE OF NEUTRON TIME-OF-FLIGHT SPECTROMETERS

Description: Analogy with optical instruments is used to develop formulas for estimating the counting rate achieved by a neutron time-of-flight system. lnput data consist of the flux at the spectrometer entrance and some of the physical characteristics of the spectrometer. Convenient relations for the comparison of different systems are presented. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1961
Creator: Stanford, G.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods for Optical Calibration of the BigBite Hadron Spectrometer

Description: The techniques for optical calibration of Jefferson Lab's large-acceptance magnetic hadron spectrometer, BigBite, have been examined. The most consistent and stable results were obtained by using a method based on singular value decomposition. In spite of the complexity of the optics, the particles positions and momenta at the target have been precisely reconstructed from the coordinates measured in the detectors by means of a single back-tracing matrix. The technique is applicable to any similar magnetic spectrometer and any particle type. For 0.55 GeV/c protons, we have established the vertex resolution of 1.2 cm, angular resolutions of 7 mrad and 16 mrad (in-plane and out-of-plane, respectively), and a relative momentum resolution of 1.6%.
Date: September 1, 2012
Creator: M. Mihovilovic, K. Allada, B.D. Anderson, J.R.M. Annand, T. Averett, A. Camsonne, R.W. Chan, J.-P. Chen, K. Chirapatpimol, C.W. de Jager, S. Gilad, D.J. Hamilton, J.-O. Hansen, D.W. Higinbotham, J. Juang, X. Jiang, G. Jin, W. Korsch, J.J. LeRose, R.A. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, E. Long, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, P. Monaghan, V. Nelyubin, B.E. Norum, E. Piasetzky, X. Qian, Y. Qiang, S. Riordan, G. Ron, G. Rosner, B. Sawatzky, M. Shabestari, A. Shahinyan, R. Shneor, S. Sirca, R. Subedi, V. Sulkosky, J.W. Watson, B. Wojtsekhowski, Y.-W. Zhang
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer for use at Laboratory for Laser Energetics

Description: The Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer (EPPS) is mounted in a TIM (Ten-Inch Manipulator) system on the Omega-60 or Omega-EP laser facilities at the University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE), when in use, see Fig. 1. The Spectrometer assembly, shown in Fig. 2, is constructed of a steel box containing magnets, surrounded by Lead 6% Antimony shielding with SS threaded insert, sitting on an Aluminum 6061-T6 plate.
Date: April 7, 2010
Creator: Ayers, S L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-resolution, high-transmission soft x-ray spectrometer for the study of biological samples

Description: We present a variable line-space grating spectrometer for soft s-rays that coverst the photon energy range between 130 and 650 eV. The optical design is based on the Hettrick-Underwood principle and tailored to synchrotron-based studies of radiation-sensitive biological samples. The spectrometer is able to record the entire spectral range in one shot, i.e., without any mechanical motion, at a resolving power of 1200 or better. Despite is slitless design, such a resolving power can be achieved for a source spot as large as (30 x 3000) micrometers squared, which is important for keeping beam damage effects in radiation-sensitive samples low. The high spectrometer efficiency allows recording of comprehensive two-dimensional resonant inelastic soft x-ray scatters (RIXS) maps with good statistics within several minutes. This is exemplarily demonstrated for a RIXS map of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, which was taken with 10 min.
Date: June 11, 2009
Creator: Fuchs, Oliver; Weinhardt, L.; Blum, M.; Welgand, M.; Umbach, E.; Bar, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Time-Resolved Hard X-Ray Spectrometer

Description: Wired array studies are being conducted at the SNL Z accelerator to maximize the x-ray generation for inertial confinement fusion targets and high energy density physics experiments. An integral component of these studies is the characterization of the time-resolved spectral content of the x-rays. Due to potential spatial anisotropy in the emitted radiation, it is also critical to diagnose the time-evolved spectral content in a space-resolved manner. To accomplish these two measurement goals, we developed an x-ray spectrometer using a set of high-speed detectors (silicon PIN diodes) with a collimated field-of-view that converged on a 1-cm-diameter spot at the pinch axis. Spectral discrimination is achieved by placing high Z absorbers in front of these detectors. We built two spectrometers to permit simultaneous different angular views of the emitted radiation. Spectral data have been acquired from recent Z shots for the radial and polar views. UNSPEC1 has been adapted to analyze and unfold the measured data to reconstruct the x-ray spectrum. The unfold operator code, UFO2, is being adapted for a more comprehensive spectral unfolding treatment.
Date: March 1, 2007
Creator: Moya, Kenneth; McKenna, Ian; Keenan, Thomas & Cuneo, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Soft X-ray Spectrometer using a Highly Dispersive Multilayer Grating

Description: There is a need for higher resolution spectrometers as a tool for inelastic x-ray scattering. Currently, resolving power around R = 10,000 is advertised. Measured RIXS spectra are often limited by this instrumental resolution and higher resolution spectrometers using conventional gratings would be prohibitively large. We are engaged in a development program to build blazed multilayer grating structures for diffracting soft x-rays in high order. This leads to spectrometers with dispersion much higher than is possible using metal coated-gratings. The higher dispersion then provides higher resolution and the multilayer gratings are capable of operating away from grazing incidence as required. A spectrometer design is presented with a total length 3.8m and capable of 10{sup 5} resolving power.
Date: January 31, 2010
Creator: Warwick, Tony; Padmore, Howard; Voronov, Dmitriy & Yashchuk, Valeriy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department