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Better Grain-Sorghum Crops

Description: "This paper presents the best-known methods of improving the grain-sorghum crops on the farms where they are grown. These methods are simple and inexpensive of time or money, and are therefore within the reach of all farmers. More attention to the bettering of the quality and yields will be repaid as fully in these crops as in other cereals." -- p. 2. Sorghum crops can be improved for drought resistance, earliness, stature, productivity, and adaptability to machine techniques.
Date: 1911
Creator: Ball, Carleton R. (Carleton Roy), 1873-1958
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Growing and feeding grain sorghums.

Description: Describes the varieties of grain sorghum, and provides methods for planting and cultivating it effectively.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Martin, John H. (John Holmes), 1893-; Cole, John S. (John Selden) & Semple, Arthur T. (Arthur Truman), 1895-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Saccharine Sorghums for Forage

Description: Report discussing the use of saccharine sorghum for forage, including classification of different varieties of sorghum, climate and soil conditions for growing, and methods of cultivations. Sorghum may be used for soiling (or green feeding), pastures, hay, fodder, and silage among other possibilities.
Date: 1906
Creator: Ball, Carleton R. (Carleton Roy), 1873-1958
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sorghum Syrup Manufacture

Description: Report discussing the manufacturing process of sorghum syrup, including the different varieties of sorghum available, juice extraction, settling tanks, clarification, concentration, and canning. Also includes a consideration of economic factors.
Date: 1912
Creator: Bryan, A. Hugh (Albert Hugh), 1874-1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Nonsaccharine Sorghums

Description: Report discussing nonsaccharine varieties of sorghum, which are grown primarily as forage plants or for their grain. Topics discussed include cultivation techniques ,harvesting, and best uses for a sorghum crop.
Date: 1907
Creator: Warburton, C. W. (Clyde William), 1879-1950
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Best Two Sweet Sorghums for Forage

Description: "At this time the several different sorghum varieties are grown promiscuously over the entire region adapted to this crop. This bulletin is prepared with a view to helping the farmer find the variety [of sorghum] best suited to his region and to grow and improve this variety so as to obtain better yields of forage." -- p. 2.
Date: 1911
Creator: Conner, A. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sorghum-Syrup Manufacture

Description: Revised edition. "This bulletin describes the varieties of sorghum and tells how to plant, cultivate, and harvest the crop. It gives the methods for manufacturing sorghum syrup, often incorrectly termed sorghum "molasses," with illustrations of the apparatus used. The approximate yields of cane, of syrup, and of sorghum seed are given. Economic considerations as to the location and arrangement of a sorghum-syrup plant, fuel used, the by-products and their uses, and making syrup on shares are set forth. Tables showing the sugar content of juice from typical varieties of sorghum cane and statistics for the yield of syrup by states from 1859 to 1909 are included." -- p. 2
Date: 1918
Creator: Bryan, A. Hugh (Albert Hugh), 1874-1920; Hudson, C. H. & Sherwood, S. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Sorghum Harvest]

Description: Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014: Young girl in a field of sorghum. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which ...
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

How to Use Sorghum Grain

Description: This bulletin discusses the uses of sorghum grain, including in animal feeds, human food, and alcohol production.
Date: 1918
Creator: Ball, Carleton R. (Carleton Roy), 1873-1958 & Rothgeb, Benton E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uses of Sorghum Grain

Description: This report discusses the uses of sorghum grain for human food and animal feed, including information about nutrition, digestibility, and storage and preparation. Sorghum is grown primarily in the southern Great Plains of the United States.
Date: 1915
Creator: Ball, Carleton R. (Carleton Roy), 1873-1958 & Rothgeb, Benton E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The culture and use of sorghums for forage.

Description: Discusses the importance and value of sorghums as compared to other forage crops. Describes sorghum varieties, methods of planting, cultivation, harvesting, and disease and insect control.
Date: December 1955
Creator: Martin, John H. (John Holmes), 1893- & Stephens, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Grinding Sorghum Cane]

Description: Photograph of mule turning a press that a young boy is feeding sorghum cane. The juice in the cane is squeezed out and captured. Later it is will be boiled down into molasses. Narrative by Junebug Clark: Additional photos and information can be found in the pdf document "Joe Clark HBSS LIFE Magazine Photos" page 20. Also, November 13, 1950. Life Magazine pages 156-160. Stir-off Time in Tennessee. Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils. Photo by: Joe Clark, HBSS. Clark PhotoFile: 5800
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Harvest Time]

Description: Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014 Young girl in a field of Sorghum. The sorghum has been stripped and the stalks are ready to harvest. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had ...
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Genetic dissection of bioenerrgy traits in sorghum

Description: Specific Objectives: 1. To identify the gene(s) underlying a major QTL for stem sugar concentration located on chromosome 3. 2. To identify QTL for stem juice volume and stalk sugar concentration and to identify the underlying genes. 3. To classify 60 novel sorghum bmr mutants from the USDA TILLING population in allelic groups based on cell wall chemistry and allelism tests. 4. To select representative bmr mutants from each allelic group and selected NIR spectral mutants for their potential value as feedstock for ethanol production. 5. To clone and characterize those Bmr genes that represent loci other than Bmr12 and Bmr6 using a mapping and a candidate gene approach. Objective 1 The experiments for this objective are largely complete and the data have been analyzed. Data interpretation and follow-up experiments are still in progress. A manuscript is in preparation (Vermerris et al.; see publication list for full details). The main results are: 1) 16 cDNA libraries were prepared and sequenced at Cornell University. The libraries represent internode tissue and flag leaf tissue at booting, internode tissue and peduncle at soft-dough stage, from two plants per sampling time with the Rio allele for the QTL on chromosome 3, and two plants with the BTx623 allele on chromosome 3 (4 tissues x 2 genotypes x 2 replicates) 2) 480 million 86-nucleotide reads were generated from four lanes of Illuminia HiSeqII 3) 74% of the reads could be mapped to the sorghum transcriptome, indicative of good sequence quality 4) Of the 216 genes within the QTL, 17 genes were differentially expressed among plants with and without the Rio QTL. None of these 17 genes had obvious roles in sucrose metabolism 5) Clustering algorithms identified a group of 721 co-expressed genes. One of these genes is a sucrose synthase gene. This cluster also contains ...
Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Vermerris, Wilfred; Kresovich, Stephen; Murray, Seth; Pedersen, Jeffery; Rooney, William & Sattler, Scott.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department