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Experimental and Predicted Solubilities of 3,4-Dimethoxybenzoic Acid in Select Organic Solvents of Varying Polarity and Hydrogen-bonding Character

Description: This article discusses the experimental and predicted solubilities of 3,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid in select organic solvents of varying polarity and hydrogen-bonding character.
Date: 2013
Creator: Bowen, Kaci R.; Stephens, Timothy W.; Lu, Helen; Satish, Kalpana; Shan, Danyang; Acree, William E. (William Eugene) et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 98. Solubility of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Pure and Organic Solvent Mixtures: Revised and Updated. Part 2. Ternary Solvent Mixtures

Description: Article on the solubility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in pure and organic solvent mixtures. This work updates volumes 54, 58, and 59 in the IUPAC Solubility Data Series and presents solubility data for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon solutes dissolved in ternary organic solvent mixtures.
Date: February 28, 2013
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 98. Solubility of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Pure and Organic Solvent Mixtures: Revised and Updated. Part 1. Binary Solvent Mixtures

Description: Article on the solubility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in pure and organic solvent mixtures. This work updates volumes 54, 58, and 59 in the IUPAC Solubility Data Series and presents solubility data for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon solutes dissolved in binary organic solvent mixtures.
Date: February 28, 2013
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Gaseous Sulfate Solubility in Glass: Experimental Method

Description: Sulfate solubility in glass is a key parameter in many commercial glasses and nuclear waste glasses. This report summarizes key publications specific to sulfate solubility experimental methods and the underlying physical chemistry calculations. The published methods and experimental data are used to verify the calculations in this report and are expanded to a range of current technical interest. The calculations and experimental methods described in this report will guide several experiments on sulfate solubility and saturation for the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Enhanced Waste Glass Models effort. There are several tables of sulfate gas equilibrium values at high temperature to guide experimental gas mixing and to achieve desired SO3 levels. This report also describes the necessary equipment and best practices to perform sulfate saturation experiments for molten glasses. Results and findings will be published when experimental work is finished and this report is validated from the data obtained.
Date: November 30, 2013
Creator: Bliss, Mary
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technetium Sorption By Cementitious Materials Under Reducing Conditions

Description: The objective of this study was to measure Tc sorption to cementitious materials under reducing conditions to simulate Saltstone Disposal Facility conditions. Earlier studies were conducted and the experimental conditions were found not to simulate those of the facility. Through a five month subcontract with Clemson University, sorption of {sup 99}Tc to four cementitious materials was examined within an anaerobic glovebag targeting a 0.1% H{sub 2}(g)/ 99.9% N{sub 2}(g) atmosphere. Early experiments based on Tc sorption and Eh indicated that 0.1% H{sub 2}(g) (a reductant) was necessary to preclude experimental impacts from O{sub 2}(g) diffusion into the glovebag. Preliminary data to date (up to 56 days) indicates that sorption of {sup 99}Tc to cementitious materials increased with increasing slag content for simulated saltstone samples. This is consistent with the conceptual model that redox active sulfide groups within the reducing slag facilitate reduction of Tc(VII) to Tc(IV). These experiments differ from previous experiments where a 2% H{sub 2}(g) atmosphere was maintained (Kaplan et al., 2011 (SRNL-STI-2010-00668)). The impact of the 2% H{sub 2}(g) reducing atmosphere on this data was examined and determined to cause the reduction of Tc in experimental samples without slag. In the present ongoing study, after 56 days, Tc sorption by the 50-year old cement samples (no slag) was undetectable, whereas Tc sorption in the cementitious materials containing slag continues to increase with contact time (measured after 1, 4, 8, 19 and 56 days). Sorption was not consistent with spike concentrations and steady state has not been demonstrated after 56 days. The average conditional K{sub d} value for the Vault 2 cementitious material was 873 mL/g (17% slag), for the TR547 Saltstone (45% slag) the conditional K{sub d} was 168 mL/g, and for TR545 (90% slag) the conditional K{sub d} was 1,619 mL/g. It is anticipated that additional ...
Date: July 18, 2013
Creator: Kaplan, Daniel I.; Estes, Shanna L.; Arai, Yuji & Powell, Brian A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department