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Precision measurement of the {Sigma}{sup 0} hyperon mass

Description: The research that is described in this paper is part of a program to study strong interaction mechanisms in proton proton collisions. The program consists of two experiments: Brookhaven E766 in which we studied the reactions pp {yields} p+ all charged particles with 27.5 GeV/c incident protons and Fermilab E690 in which we studied the reactions pp {yields} p+ all charged particles with 800 GeV/c incident protons. In these experiments, we employed state-of-the-art data acquisition sys- tems and acquired large samples of data: at Brookhaven we amassed 300 million high multiplicity events and at Fermilab, 5.5 billion events. Our uncertainty in the {Sigma}{sup 0} mass is more than 7 times smaller than the best previous result and was based on 16 times the statistics. Likewise, the {Sigma}{sup 0} - {Lambda}{sup 0} mass difference is more than 14 times more accurate than the previous best result. Finally, we note that this measurement is the first direct measurement of the {Sigma}{sup 0} mass.
Date: February 17, 1998
Creator: Wang, M.H.L.S.; Hartouni, E.P. & Kreisler, M.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Associated {Lambda} production at Jefferson Lab

Description: The {sup 1}H(e, e{prime}K{sup +}){Lambda} and {sup 1}H(e, e{prime}K{sup +}){Sigma}{sup 0} reactions were studied as a function of the squared four-momentum-transfer, Q{sup 2}, and the virtual photon polarization, {var_epsilon}, thus enabling the separation of the longitudinal and transverse parts of the cross section. The existence of a sensibly large longitudinal component for the {sup 1}H(e, e{prime}K{sup +}){Lambda} reaction seems to be sustained by these data.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Niculescu, G.; Baker, O.K.; Avery, S. & Collaboration, E93018
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the sigma^o Lifetime

Description: The Coulomb production of {Sigma}{sup 0} hyperons on uranium and nickel nuclei has been measured in a beam of {Lambda} hyperons at the CERN Proton Synchrotron. The results for the {Sigma}{sup 0} lifetime, {tau}{Sigma}{sup 0} = (0.58 {+-} 0.13) x 10{sup -19} sec, and for the {Sigma}{sup 0}-{Lambda} magnetic transition moment, |{mu}{Sigma}{sub {Lambda}}| = (1.82{sub -0.18}{sup +0.25}) nuclear magnetons, are in agreement with SU(3) predictions.
Date: March 1, 1972
Creator: Devlin, T.J.; U., /Rutgers; March, R.H.; Pondrom, L.G.; U., /Wisconsin; Overseth, O.E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department