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Monte Carlo Simulations of the Response of Shielded SNM to a Pulsed Neutron Source

Description: Active interrogation (AI) has been used as a technique for the detection and identification of Special Nuclear Material (SNM) for both proposed and field-tested systems. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been studying this technique for systems ranging from small systems employing portable electronic neutron generators (ENGs) 1 to larger systems employing linear accelerators as high-energy photon sources for assessment of vehicles and cargo2. In order to assess the feasibility of new systems, INL has undertaken a campaign of Monte Carlo simulations of the response of a variety of masses of SNM in multiple shielding configurations to a pulsed neutron source using the MCNPX3 code, with emphasis on the neutron and photon response of the system as a function of time after the initial neutron pulse. We present here some preliminary results from these calculations. 1. D.L. Chichester and E.H. Seabury, “ Using Electronic Neutron Generators in Active Interrogation to Detect Shielded Nuclear Material,” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 56 (2009) pp 441-447. 2. J.L. Jones et al., “Photonuclear-based, nuclear material detection system for cargo containers,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 241 (2005) pp 770-776. 3. D.B. Pelowitz, “MCNPXTM User’s Manual version 2.6.0,” Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-CP-07-1473 (2008).
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Seabury, E.H. & Chichester, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detection of Shielded Nuclear Material in a Cargo Container

Description: The Idaho National Laboratory, along with Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Idaho State University’s Idaho Accelerator Center, are developing electron accelerator-based, photonuclear inspection technologies for the detection of shielded nuclear material within air-, rail-, and especially, maritime-cargo transportation containers. This paper describes a developing prototypical cargo container inspection system utilizing the Pulsed Photonuclear Assessment (PPA) technology, incorporates interchangeable, well-defined, contraband shielding structures (i.e., "calibration" pallets) providing realistic detection data for induced radiation signatures from smuggled nuclear material, and provides various shielded nuclear material detection results. Using a 4.8-kg quantity of depleted uranium, neutron and gamma-ray detection responses are presented for well-defined shielded and unshielded configurations evaluated in a selected cargo container inspection configuration. © 2001 Elsevier Science. All rights reserved
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Jones, J. L.; Norman, D. R.; Haskell, K. J.; Sterbentz, J. W.; Yoon, W. Y.; Watson, S. M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department