Assessment of the injectability of conditioned brine produced by a reaction clarification: gravity filtration system in operation at the Salton Sea geothermal field, Southern California
Description: A Demonstration Reaction Clarifier - Gravity Filtration System with a 1600 GPM throughput capability was in operation at the joint DOE-SDG and E-MAGMA test facility located in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, southern California, during the summer of 1979. The system, which was designed to condition spent effluent from a 10 MWe-size geothermal power plant, removes supersaturated dissolved species and residual suspended solids from brine prior to subsurface brine disposal via injection wells. The post-processing chemical stability of conditioned effluents was established by means of anaerobic incubation tests at 90/sup 0/C. The effect of residual dissolved polymer, that might be used for the purpose of scale control in upstream power plant components on the efficiency of reaction clarification, was also evaluated. Membrane filtration and core tests were used to assess the injectability of processed brine. It was found that the clarifier-filter operational procedures and system design permitted oxygenation of the brine by air intrusion. This resulted in partial stabilization of dissolved silica and precipitation of oxides of iron. As a consequence, conditioned brine injectability was poor. However, elimination of the air intrusion problem would result in a substantial improvement in brine quality. Residual amounts of dissolved polyaminoethylene (20 ppm, by weight), a powerful antisilica precipitant, in brine was shown by means of bench-scale tests carried out at approx. 90/sup 0/C to improve the efficiency of the clarification process where the additive appears to function as a flocculant.
Date: November 28, 1979
Creator: Owen, L.B.; Raber, E.; Otto, C.; Netherton, R.; Neurath, R. & Allen, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department