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Response of a Low-Geometry Scintillation Counter to Fission and Other Products

Description: Abstract: The theoretical response of a low-geometry scintillation counter to any photon-emitting nuclide whose decay scheme is known is developed. It is used to compute the counting rate, as a function of time, of (1) individual and total fission products resulting from. 10^4 simultaneous slow-neutron fissions of U^235 and (2) several other nuclides for 10 initial atoms. The calculations extend from ~45 min to 301 days after fission.
Date: February 4, 1959
Creator: LaRiviere, P. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Improved Nuclear Measuring Principle : Quarterly Progress Report No. 3 Covering the Period from December 1, 1959 to March 1, 1960

Description: This report is the third in a series of quarterly reports discussing the concept and progression of an improved method in nuclear measuring than the usage of the scintillation counter. This report indicates that in a chopped double beam system, commutation of the detector current permits selection of optimum response time and size of radioactive sources.
Date: March 28, 1960
Creator: Burgwald, G. M. & Stone, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ROUTINE TESTING AND CALIBRATION PROCEDURES FOR MULTICHANNEL PULSE ANALYZERS AND GAMMA-RAY SPECTROMETERS

Description: Procedures for the routine calibration of gamma-ray scintillation spectrometers and multichannel pulse-height analyzers are presented. A scintillation spectrometer, designed for use of recently developed computer data processing techniques, is described. The performance specifications required of all electronic components in this application, particularly the performance specifications for multi-channel pulse-height analyzers, are treated; and simple tests are described for determining the performance specifications of an analyzer. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1963
Creator: Crouch, D.F. & Heath, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AN IMPROVED NUCLEAR DENSITY GAUGE. Period covered: October 2 to November 1, 1959

Description: Progress is reported on development of a scintillation detector which alternately views the radiation transmitted through a sample and through a calibrated wedge. From this information density and thickness data can be obtained. Long term stability measurements are being made on the commutating system and the causes of fluctuations are being investigated. Information concerning procurement and fund expenditure are given. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Creator: Burgwald, G.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct Fast-Neutron Detection: A Progress Report

Description: It is widely acknowledged that Mure neutron-detection technologies will need to offer increased performance at lower cost. One clear route toward these goals is rapid and direct detection of fast neutrons prior to moderation. This report describes progress to date in an effort to achieve such neutron detection via proton recoil within plastic scintillator. Since recording proton-recoil events is of little practical use without a means to discriminate effectively against gamma-ray interactions, the present effort is concentrated on demonstrating a method that distinguishes between pulse types. The proposed method exploits the substantial difference in the speed of fission neutrons and gamma-ray photons. Should this effort ultimately prove successful, the resulting. technology would make a valuable contribution toward meeting the neutron-detection needs of the next century. This report describes the detailed investigations that have been part of Pacific Northwest National Laborato@s efforts to demonstrate direct fast-neutron detection in the laboratory. Our initial approach used a single, solid piece of scintillator along with the electronics needed for pulse-type differentiation. Work to date has led to the conclusion that faster scintillator and/or faster electronics will be necessary before satisfactory gamma-ray discrimination is achieved with this approach. Acquisition and testing of both faster scintillator and faster electronics are currently in progress. The "advanced" approach to direct fast-neutron detection uses a scintillating assembly with an overall density that is lower than that of ordinary plastic scintillator. The lower average density leads to longer interaction times for both neutrons and gamma rays, allowing easier discrimination. The modeling, optimization, and design of detection systems using this approach are described in detail.
Date: October 18, 1998
Creator: Peurrung, AJ; Stromswold, DC; Reeder, PL & Hansen, RR
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SODIUM IODIDE AND SODIUM IODIDE CRYSTALS: THEIR USE IN SCINTILLATION COUNTING AND SPECTROMETRY. A Bibliography

Description: References (297) were obtained from Applied Science and Technology Index, Chemical Abstracts, Dissertations in Physics, Nuclear Science Abstracts, and Science Abstracts, Section A. The period covered was from 1948 through l960. The arrangement is alphabetical by title; personal author and subject indexes are included. (P.C.H.)
Date: October 1, 1961
Creator: Kepple, R.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTATION FOR SCINTILLATION AND SEMICONDUCTOR SPECTROSCOPY

Description: A manual is presented for those who use or service the transistorized instruments for nuclear spectroscopy: the transistor amplifier; the snip-snap single-channel analyzer; the fast coincidence unit; and the biased amplifier and linear gate. A general description is given for each instrument along with the specifications, a description of the circuit, and a procedure for initial testing. (auth)
Date: May 1, 1962
Creator: Emmer, T.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

In-Line Scintillation Gamma Monitor : Preliminary Specifications

Description: From introduction: "The following recommendations represent the best estimate, based on present knowledge, of the requirements for generally applicable or "universal" instrument for the continuous monitoring of radioactive process streams in terms of their gamma activity."
Date: January 22, 1953
Creator: Upson, U. L. & Connally, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tauwer Test

Description: TAUWER is a proposed astroparticle experiment to detect ultrahigh energy TAU neutrinos, using detector towers arrayed on a mountainside looking down into a valley. This test is to study the possibility of replacing Hamamatsu miniature PMTs with SiPMs for readout by determining the response of scintillation detectors with SiPM readout to low energy electrons, 2 GeV or lower, as the beam will provide. The detector itself is a compact package shown in the picture on the cover. it was used in a parasitic test beam run on December 15, 2010, to compare the relative timing of the signals from three counters for MIPs. The only change for this new run is the insertion of 1.5 cm of Pb in front of counter 2 or counter 3 during most of the running. The experiment takes some electron data without Pb for calibration purposes. The apparatus will be mounted on the moving table in MT6.2B.
Date: January 24, 2011
Creator: Russ, James; U., /Carnegie Mellon; Iori, Maurizio; U., /Rome; Ronzhin, Anatoly & /Fermilab
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Radiation-Hard Silicon Microstrip Sensors for CMS in S-LHC

Description: The tests are to study the performance of various silicon microstrip sensors that are sufficiently radiation-hard to be considered as candidates for the CMS outer (R > 25cm) tracker in the second phase of the currently envisioned S-LHC upgrade. The main goal of the beam test is to test Float Zone (FZ) and Magnetic Czochralski (MCz) silicon sensors that have been procured from Hamamatsu by the CMS collaboration as possible replacements for the CMS outer tracker for phase 2 operations. The detectors under test (DUT) will be isntalled in a cold box that contains 10 slots for modules based on CMS Tracker hybrids. Slots 1-4 and 7-10 are occupied by reference planes and slots 5 and 6 are reserved for DUTs. The box is cooled by Peltier elements in thermal contact with the top and bottom aluminum baseplates and is typically operated at around -25 C. A PCI based version of the CMS DAQ is used to read out the 10 slots based on triggers provided by beam scintillation counters. Given the low rate of beam particles the hybrid APVs will be operated in Peak mode, which maximizes the signal-to-noise performance of the readout chips. The internal clock operates at the LHC frequency of 40 MHz.
Date: February 21, 2011
Creator: Luukka, Panja; Maenpaa, Teppo; Tuovinen, Esa; Physics, /Helsinki Institute of; Spiegel, Lenny; /Fermilab et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department