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Panofsky Agonisters: 1950 Loyalty Oath at Berkeley; Pief navigates the crisis

Description: In 1949-1951 the University of California was traumatized and seriously damaged by a Loyalty Oath controversy. Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky, a young and promising physics professor and researcher at Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory, was caught up in the turmoil.
Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Jackson, John David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Nurture of Creative Science and the Men who Make It

Description: This report describes the development of work that began as an investigation of photosynthesis and that continues in this direction, but which has as a new product some entirely strngly results. Photosynthesis, the process upon which all life on earth today is ultimately dependent, achieves the conversion of electromagnetic energy from the sun into chemical energy in the form of plant material by the reduction of CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere with the liberation of O{sub 2} to the atmosphere. It has been possible to describe in some detail the way in which the plant accomplishes the reduction of carbon dioxide, using radioactive carbon as a tracer. The status of the present knowledge, and how they attained it, together with some prospectus of the future and what we can look forward to, is the principal theme of this discussion.
Date: May 1, 1958
Creator: Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Directory and survey of particle physicists

Description: In order to develop a clearer understanding of the demographics of the U.S. particle physics workforce, the US Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the Division of Particles and Fields of the American Physical Society commissioned a survey and census of particle physicists employed in the United States. This survey and census were conducted in 1995, with an update of the census in April 1997. The agencies and the scientific community were represented for the 1995 efforts by Dr. Robert Woods (DOE), Dr. William Chinowsky (NSF), and Prof. Uriel Nauenberg (DPF); for the current census, by Dr. Robert Diebold (DOE), Dr. Marvin Goldberg (NSF), and Dr. Patricia Rankin (NSF). The survey/census were carried out with the assistance of the Particle Data Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. In order to obtain an accurate study of the current workforce and of future needs, we requested that all HEP physicists fill out and return the 1995 survey. There were 2494 respondents. For the 1997 census, a representative of each university and laboratory was asked to provide information on all persons at that institution who spend at least 50% of their research time on particle physics. In some cases this includes accelerator physicists. The total number of physicists in the 1997 census is 3492 from 155 institutions in the United States. The full survey questionnaires are shown. The primary one was addressed to individual particle physicists, while the secondary one was addressed to principal investigators and sought information about people leaving the field. There are many possible tables and plots from this survey, with a variety of correlations. Those chosen are representative of a cross-section of the demographic results. It should be emphasized that this survey was a snapshot in time, and does not have the same capabilities as would a ...
Date: April 1, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Women`s Technical and Professional Symposium, San Ramon, CA, October 3-4, 1996

Description: This year`s symposium showcases women`s contributions to science and technology, provide opportunities to learn new skills, discuss barriers that restrict women`s contributions to science and technology, and target actions for change. This 2-day event features presentations from women with a broad range of experiences, and also panel discussions, workshops, seminars, professional development workshops, and an opportunity for networking.
Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Walling, R. & Norton, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

W.E. Henry Symposium compendium: The importance of magnetism in physics and material science

Description: This compendium contains papers presented at the W. E. Henry Symposium, The Importance of Magnetism in Physics and Material Science. The one-day symposium was conducted to recognize the achievements of Dr. Warren Elliot Henry as educator, scientist, and inventor in a career spanning almost 70 years. Dr. Henry, who is 88 years old, attended the symposium. Nobel Laureate, Dr. Glenn Seaborg, a friend and colleague for over 40 years, attended the event and shared his personal reminiscences. Dr. Seaborg is Associate Director-At-Large at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Compendium begins with three papers which demonstrate the ongoing importance of magnetism in physics and material science. Other contributions cover the highlights of Dr. Henry`s career as a researcher, educator, and inventor. Colleagues and former students share insights on the impact of Dr. Henry`s research in the field of magnetism, low temperature physics, and solid state physics; his influence on students as an educator; and his character, intellect and ingenuity, and passion for learning and teaching. They share a glimpse of the environment and times that molded him as a man, and the circumstances under which he made his great achievements despite the many challenges he faced.
Date: September 19, 1997
Creator: Carwell, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manpower Assessment Brief {number_sign}43: Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Decreased at all Levels in 1997

Description: Undergraduate degrees decreased from 84 to 62 students in 1997. As with enrollments, most of the The Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees, degrees were awarded within the health physics/ 1997 survey consisted of 51 institutions offering a radiation protection or radiation health major (79 major in health physics/radiation protection or radiation percent), while health physics/radiation protection health, or an option program equivalent to a major (for engineering programs accounted for 15 percent of the example, in radiobiology or biophysics) that prepare the undergraduates. graduates to perform as health physicists. Of the 51 programs, 1 was reported as inactive, and 5 programs MASTER`S ENROLLMENTS AND DEGREES have been suspended; 1 reported last degrees in 1996, 2 reported last degrees in 1997, and 2 programs were In 1997, the number of master`s enrollments allowing students to complete their degrees. The data decreased from 460 students to 413, or by 10 percent, for 5 programs were estimated. continuing the downward trend since 1993.
Date: June 1, 1998
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DIALOG: Fostering Early Career Development Across the Aquatic Sciences

Description: A total of 447 dissertation abstracts were received for the DIALOG V Program, with 146 individuals applying for the DIALOG V Symposium; 47 were invited and 45 have accepted. This represents a significant increase compared to the DIALOG IV Program in which 221 abstracts were registered and 124 applied for the symposium. The importance of the dissertation registration service is indicated by the increasing number of individuals who take time to register their dissertation even when they are not interested in applying to the symposium. The number of visits to the webpage has also increased significantly over the years. This also reflects graduate interest in being part of the on-line Dissertation Registry and receiving the weekly electronic DIALOG Newsletter. See http://aslo.org/phd.html for details. The DIALOG symposium reaches approximately 40 new PI's at a pivotal point in their research careers. Based on their comments, the symposium changes the way participants think, communicate, and approach their research. The science community and the general population will benefit from the perspectives these new PI's bring back to their home institutions and share with their students and colleagues. This group should act as a catalyst to move the entire field in exciting new, interdisciplinary directions. To reach more graduates, plans are underway to establish the symposium on an annual basis. By facilitating the development of close collegial ties, symposium participants come away with a network of colleagues from around the globe with interests in aquatic science research and education. Past participants are collaborating on research proposals, and all have noted that participation has enabled them to develop a more interdisciplinary view of their field, influencing the way they interpret, communicate, and approacli their research. The dissertation registry provides a unique introduction to the work of this most recent generation of aquatic scientists. Each year increasing ...
Date: November 14, 2004
Creator: Caroline Susan Weiler, PhD
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of 1953-2003 ORAU Follow-Up Studies on Science Education Programs: Impacts on Participants' Education and Careers

Description: Through sponsorship of science education programs for undergraduates and graduates, such as research participation programs and fellowships, the Department of Energy (DOE) encouraged the development of adequate numbers of qualified science and engineering (S&E) personnel to meet its current and future research and development (R&D) needs. This retrospective study summarizes impacts of selected programs on these participants. The summary data are from follow-up studies conducted from 1953 through 2003 by Oak Ridge Associated Universities and its predecessor, the Oak Ridge Institute for Nuclear Studies (ORINS).
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Universities, Oak Ridge Associated
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Institute for Multiscale Modeling of Biological Interactions

Description: The Institute for Multiscale Modeling of Biological Interactions (IMMBI) has two primary goals: Foster interdisciplinary collaborations among faculty and their research laboratories that will lead to novel applications of multiscale simulation and modeling methods in the biological sciences and engineering; and Building on the unique biophysical/biology-based engineering foundations of the participating faculty, train scientists and engineers to apply computational methods that collectively span multiple time and length scales of biological organization. The success of IMMBI will be defined by the following: Size and quality of the applicant pool for pre-doctoral and post-doctoral fellows; Academic performance; Quality of the pre-doctoral and post-doctoral research; Impact of the research broadly and to the DOE (ASCR program) mission; Distinction of the next career step for pre-doctoral and post-doctoral fellows; and Faculty collaborations that result from IMMBI activities. Specific details about accomplishments during the three years of DOE support for IMMBI have been documented in Annual Progress Reports (April 2005, June 2006, and March 2007) and a Report for a National Academy of Sciences Review (October 2005) that were submitted to DOE on the dates indicated. An overview of these accomplishments is provided.
Date: December 26, 2009
Creator: Lenhoff, Michael E. Paulaitis Bertrand Garcia-Moreno Abraham
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ernest Orlando Lawrence

Description: In his relatively short life of 57 years, Ernest Orlando Lawrence accomplished more than one might believe possible in a life twice as long. The important ingredients of his success were native ingenuity and basic good judgement in science, great stamina, an enthusiastic and outgoing personality, and a sense of integrity that was overwhelming. Many articles on the life and accomplishments of Ernest Lawrence have been published, and George Herbert Childs has written a book-length biography. This biographical memoir, however, has not made use of any sources other than the author's memory of Ernest Lawrence and of things learned from him. A more balanced picture will emerge when Herbert Childs biography is published; this sketch simply shows how Ernest Lawrence looked to one of his many friends.
Date: February 1, 1967
Creator: Alvarez, Luis W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2007 Data

Description: The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2006 and August 31, 2007. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2007. Twenty-nine academic programs were included in the survey universe, and 28 of the 29 responded. The report includes data by degree level including citizenship, gender, and race/ethnicity plus enrollments of junior and senior undergraduate students and graduate students.
Date: April 1, 2008
Creator: Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Workshop on Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry

Description: The purpose of the Workshop 'Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry' was to promote the development of a cadre of academic leaders who create, implement and promote programs and strategies for increasing the number of racial and ethnic minorities to equitable proportions on the faculties of departments throughout the academic chemistry community. An important objective of the workshop was to assist in creating an informed and committed community of chemistry leaders who will create, implement and promote programs and strategies to advance racial and ethnic equity in both the faculty and the student body with the goal of increasing the number of U.S. citizen underrepresented minorities (URM) participating in academic chemistry at all levels, with particular focus on the pipeline to chemistry faculty. This objective was met by (1) presentations of detailed data describing current levels of racial and ethnic minorities on the faculties of chemistry departments; (2) frank discussion of the obstacles to and benefits of racial/ethnic diversity in the chemistry professoriate; (3) summary of possible effective interventions and actions; and (4) promotion of the dissemination and adoption of initiatives designed to achieve racial/ethnic equity. Federal programs over the past thirty years have been instrumental in delivering to our universities URM students intending to major in the physical sciences such as chemistry. However, the near absence of URM faculty means that there is also an absence of URM as role models for aspiring students. For example, citing 2003 as a representative year, some statistics reveal the severity of the pipeline shrinkage for U. S. citizen URM starting from chemistry B.S. degrees awarded to the appointment to chemistry faculty. Compared to the URM population of approximately 30% for that year, 67% of the B.S. degrees in chemistry were awarded to white citizens ...
Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Ali, Hassan. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MTU-pre-service teacher enhancement program. Final report, September 1992--May 1995

Description: The MTU Pre-Service Teacher Enhancement Program was a two year extended project designed to introduce a select group of science and engineering undergraduate students, with good {open_quotes}people skills,{close_quotes} to the teaching profession. Participants were paid for their time spent with area teacher/mentors and were involved in a variety of in school activities, projects and observations to illustrate the teaching profession. They were encouraged to consider the teaching profession as a future career option. The student participants, however, were under no obligation to enter the Teacher Education Program at the conclusion of the program.
Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Anderson, C.S. & Yarroch, W.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Teaching excellence and achivement in mathematics and science

Description: This was a collaborative effort of Iowa State Univ. (College of Ed.), Ames, and the Ames Community Schools. Teams of four preservice teachers, one scientist, one classroom teacher, and one teacher educator were formed. Students in the project participated in a laboratory experience for 2 h/week, participated in a classroom experience for 2 hr/week, and attended seminar for 1 h/week. At end of each semester, studies and their cooperating scientists taught a lesson that included some of the material the students had worked with in the science laboratory. Results from interviews of project participants indicate that preservice teachers attitude and self concept toward science improved during the project. Results also suggest methods for making similar collaborative projects using scientists and teachers effective.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Thompson, A. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear criticality safety staff training and qualifications at Los Alamos National Laboratory

Description: Operations involving significant quantities of fissile material have been conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory continuously since 1943. Until the advent of the Laboratory`s Nuclear Criticality Safety Committee (NCSC) in 1957, line management had sole responsibility for controlling criticality risks. From 1957 until 1961, the NCSC was the Laboratory body which promulgated policy guidance as well as some technical guidance for specific operations. In 1961 the Laboratory created the position of Nuclear Criticality Safety Office (in addition to the NCSC). In 1980, Laboratory management moved the Criticality Safety Officer (and one other LACEF staff member who, by that time, was also working nearly full-time on criticality safety issues) into the Health Division office. Later that same year the Criticality Safety Group, H-6 (at that time) was created within H-Division, and staffed by these two individuals. The training and education of these individuals in the art of criticality safety was almost entirely self-regulated, depending heavily on technical interactions between each other, as well as NCSC, LACEF, operations, other facility, and broader criticality safety community personnel. Although the Los Alamos criticality safety group has grown both in size and formality of operations since 1980, the basic philosophy that a criticality specialist must be developed through mentoring and self motivation remains the same. Formally, this philosophy has been captured in an internal policy, document ``Conduct of Business in the Nuclear Criticality Safety Group.`` There are no short cuts or substitutes in the development of a criticality safety specialist. A person must have a self-motivated personality, excellent communications skills, a thorough understanding of the principals of neutron physics, a safety-conscious and helpful attitude, a good perspective of real risk, as well as a detailed understanding of process operations and credible upsets.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Monahan, S.P. & McLaughlin, T.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Giving effective poster presentations

Description: Giving an effective poster presentation can be easy and rewarding with attention to a few proven concepts. Define your audience. Keep the words and graphics clear, concise, and eye-catching. Remember, you have three seconds to attract attention and 30 seconds to get your message across.
Date: August 27, 1998
Creator: Rice, J A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical Direction and Laboratories FY 1999 Annual Report

Description: This annual report summarize achievements and list reports issued by members of TD&L, NHC group during Fiscal Year (FY) 1999, (October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999). This report, issued by this organization, describes work in support of the Hanford Site and other U S . Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) programs. It includes information on the organization make-up, interfaces, and mission of the group. The TD&L is a group of highly qualified personnel with diverse disciplines (primarily chemistry specialties) that provide process, analytical, and in-situ chemistry services to engineering customers. This year of operation and interfaces with other contract organizations consumed considerable administrative efforts. Attention was directed to the technical challenges presented by the changing roles, responsibilities, and priorities of Hanford programs.
Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: CRAWFORD, B.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department