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International Environmental Financing: The Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Description: This report provides an overview of one of the oldest international financial institutions for the environment - the Global Environment Facility (GEF) - and analyzes its structure, funding, and objectives in light of the many challenges within the contemporary landscape of global environmental finance.
Date: June 3, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Industrial Energy Intensiveness and Energy Costs in the Context of Climate Change Policy

Description: This report presents and briefly analyzes data on the amount, cost, and distribution by source of energy used by a number of U.S. energy-intensive sectors and "industries." While the report does not analyze how measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions would affect particular industries, it indirectly provides guidance.
Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

WTO: Antidumping Issues in the Doha Development Agenda

Description: This report examines antidumping issues in Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations by analyzing the issue in three parts. The first provides background information and contextual analysis for understanding why the issue is so controversial. The second section focuses on how antidumping issues fit into the DDA, and the third section provides a more specific overview of major reform proposals that are being considered.
Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

International Financing of Responses to Climate Change

Description: This report describes many of the questions that are debate n international climate change fora. It aims to inform Congressional decision-making on the magnitude and mechanisms of financial assistance that the United States may provide to low-income countries to address climate change.
Date: November 23, 2010
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Imports of Canadian Waste

Description: This report provides background information on the history of Canadian waste imports, reviews recent developments, and discusses issues raised by the voluntary agreement and proposed legislation.
Date: March 16, 2007
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated Groundwater

Description: A treatability test was conducted for the In Situ Redox Manipulation (ISRM) technology at the 100 D Area of the U. S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The target contaminant was dissolved chromate in groundwater. The ISRM technology creates a permeable subsurface treatment zone to reduce mobile chromate in groundwater to an insoluble form. The ISRM permeable treatment zone is created by reducing ferric iron to ferrous iron within the aquifer sediments, which is accomplished by injecting aqueous sodium dithionite into the aquifer and then withdrawing the reaction products. The goal of the treatability test was to create a linear ISRM barrier by injecting sodium dithionite into five wells. Well installation and site characterization activities began in spring 1997; the first dithionite injection took place in September 1997. The results of this first injection were monitored through the spring of 1998. The remaining four dithionite injections were carried out in May through July of 1998.These five injections created a reduced zone in the Hanford unconfined aquifer approximately 150 feet in length (perpendicular to groundwater flow) and 50 feet wide. The reduced zone extended over the thickness of the unconfined zone. Analysis of post-emplacement groundwater samples showed concentrations of chromate, in the reduced zone decreased from approximately 1.0 mg/L before the tests to below analytical detection limits (<0.007 mg/L). Chromate concentrations also declined in downgradient monitoring wells to as low as 0.020 mg/L. These data, in addition to results from pre-test reducible iron characterization, indicate the barrier should be effective for 20 to 25 years. The 100-D Area ISRM barrier is being expanded to a length of up to 2,300 ft to capture a larger portion of the chromate plume.
Date: October 12, 2000
Creator: Williams, Mark D.; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Szecsody, James E. & Fruchter, Jonathan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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