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A Survey of Public School Library Resources in Arkansas

Description: The purpose of this study was an examination of elementary- and secondary-school libraries in Arkansas to determine the adequacy of their resources as compared with the 1960 and the 1969 national school library standards. The findings served as a base for establishing goals and recommendations for improved school library programs in Arkansas.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Guise, Benjamin R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Survey of Sixty-Six Secondary School Libraries in Texas

Description: The purpose of this study is to make a survey of the libraries of sixty-six selected high schools of Texas to determine the present status of these libraries and how they measure up to the requirements set up by the Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools of the Southern States and by individual authorities.
Date: 1943
Creator: Enis, Alma Cowling
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Needs Assessment Study of Texas Academic, Public, and School Libraries

Description: This is the project website for the Needs Assessment Study of Texas Academic, Public, and School Libraries, funded by a grant from the Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board. It contains information on project documentation and their Final Report.
Date: January 2002
Creator: Moen, William E.; Simpson, Carol; Mason, Florence & Wetherbee, Louella
Partner: UNT College of Information

Book Selection Practices in a Selected Number of Secondary and Junior High School Libraries

Description: The purposes of this study are to make an investigation of practices used in a number of selected schools in selecting library materials for the school libraries and to evaluate these practices against criteria developed from a study of recommended standards and practices in the fields of library science and education.
Date: 1956
Creator: Blair, Leta Earline
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Analysis of the Development of High School Library Standards and Certain Associated Factors

Description: The purpose of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the development of high school library standards since 1918 by taking into consideration the factors of rapid growth of high school enrollments, modifications of the basic philosophy of education, and the development of secondary school libraries.
Date: 1956
Creator: Callaway, Ruthie Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Effectiveness of the Sour Lake, Texas, High School Library Program

Description: The problem selected for the study in the recent research project was to determine the effectiveness of the Sour Lake, Texas, High School library program as it was reflected through the reading experiences of the thirty-one first-year high school pupils for the year 1945-1946. These reading experiences were analyzed on the basis of the number and the classifications of the books charged from the library by the pupils for use in the various academic subjects. For the purposes of the study, the books were grouped in accordance with the arrangement of the Dewey Decimal System of classification, which is the system used by the school librarian in classifying and cataloging all library materials. Although the principal phase of the investigation involved a study of the books circulated, an analysis was made also of the books and other library materials used for factual information and for special classroom assignments.
Date: August 1946
Creator: Cornwell, Bertha Terry
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Educational Value of the Bookmobile in the Schools of Texas

Description: The purpose of this study is to analyze the educational value of the bookmobile in the schools of Texas. In order to make the study, two Texas counties, Denton and Young, which have bookmobiles in use in the schools, were surveyed and a comparison made with a survey of Jack County which has no bookmobile.
Date: 1941
Creator: Harty, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A descriptive survey of libraries supporting baccalaureate and higher degree programs accredited by the National League for Nursing and nursing doctoral programs

Description: The purpose of this study is to provide base line data which does not currently exist for libraries supporting nursing education in baccalaureate, masters and doctoral nursing programs. The survey covers physical environment, clientele, resources, budget, and personnel in the libraries.
Date: May 1991
Creator: Guenther, Johanna T. (Johanna Trammell)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Discovering a Descriptive Taxonomy of Attributes of Exemplary School Library Websites

Description: This descriptive study examines effective online school library practice. A Delphi panel selected a sample of 10 exemplary sites and helped to create two research tools--taxonomies designed to analyze the features and characteristics of school library Websites. Using the expert-identified sites as a sample, a content analysis was conducted to systematically identify site features and characteristics. Anne Clyde's longitudinal content analysis of school library Websites was used as a baseline to examine trends in practice; in addition, the national guidelines document, Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning, was examined to explore ways in which the traditional mission and roles of school library programs are currently translated online. Results indicated great variation in depth and coverage even among Websites considered exemplary. Sites in the sample are growing more interactive and student-centered, using blogs as supplemental communication strategies. Nevertheless, even these exemplary sites were slow to adopt the advances in technology to meet the learning needs and interests of young adult users. Ideally the study's findings will contribute to understanding of state-of-the-art and will serve to identify trends, as well as serving as a guide to practitioners in planning, developing, and maintaining school library Websites.
Date: August 2007
Creator: Valenza, Joyce Kasman
Partner: UNT Libraries

Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California

Description: This descriptive, non-experimental study examines the strength of the relationship between California school library media programs and student achievement, using data from California criterion-referenced state-wide tests, publically available school and community demographic data, and a state survey of school library programs. Results indicate a substantial discrepancy in library staffing levels from the elementary grades through the high schools. Nevertheless, statistically significant correlations were found between certificated staffing levels and student achievement at each grade. Significant correlations persisted at the elementary and middle school when controlling for five of six school and community variables, and at the high school when controlling for all six of those variables. Bivariate correlations between total staffing and student achievement were significant at both the middle school and high school level when controlling for all school and community variables. Generally, the strength of the correlations between both certificated and total staffing tended to increase with grade level; at the high school level, correlations were among the strongest reported in any statewide study to date. There was a significant positive relationship between a majority of the 21 library services regularly provided and student achievement at all levels. Total library services were significantly related to student achievement at all levels when controlling for all school and community variables. In multiple regression analyses, there was an increasingly stronger relationship between total library programs and student achievement by grade level when controlling for all school and community variables. At every level, certificated and total staffing levels were associated with the strength of library program elements. The findings from this study confirm a host of prior research on the relationship between school libraries and student achievement and point to inequitable access to school library services in California. Results from this study might also provide a baseline of data for qualitative research ...
Date: December 2008
Creator: Achterman, Douglas L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Empowering Agent for Oklahoma School Learning Communities: An Examination of the Oklahoma Library Improvement Program

Description: The purposes of this study were to determine the initial impact of the Oklahoma Library Media Improvement Grants on Oklahoma school library media programs; assess whether the Oklahoma Library Media Improvement Grants continue to contribute to Oklahoma school learning communities; and examine possible relationships between school library media programs and student academic success. It also seeks to document the history of the Oklahoma Library Media Improvement Program 1978 - 1994 and increase awareness of its influence upon the Oklahoma school library media programs. Methods of data collection included: examining Oklahoma Library Media Improvement Program archival materials; sending a survey to 1703 school principals in Oklahoma; and interviewing Oklahoma Library Media Improvement Program participants. Data collection took place over a one year period. Data analyses were conducted in three primary phases: descriptive statistics and frequencies were disaggregated to examine mean scores as they related to money spent on school library media programs; opinions of school library media programs; and possible relationships between school library media programs and student academic achievement. Analysis of variance was used in the second phase of data analysis to determine if any variation between means was significant as related to Oklahoma Library Improvement Grants, time spent in the library media center by library media specialists, principal gender, opinions of library media programs, student achievement indicators, and the region of the state in which the respondent was located. The third phase of data analysis compared longitudinal data collected in the 2000 survey with past data. The primary results indicated students in Oklahoma from schools with a centralized library media center, served by a full-time library media specialist, and the school having received one or more Library Media Improvement Grants scored significantly higher academically than students in schools not having a centralized library media center, not served by a ...
Date: August 2000
Creator: Jenkins, Carolyn Sue Ottinger
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Analysis of Reading Habits and Abilities of Students in Selected Elementary Schools in North Louisiana With and Without Centralized Libraries

Description: The problem addressed by this investigation is whether the provision of centralized school library services is related to the reading habits and reading abilities of elementary school children. In considering this problem, a survey approach was utilized which entailed the examination of standardized reading achievement test scores, student reading records, and parent, teacher, and student questionnaire responses.
Date: August 1984
Creator: Lowe, Joy L. (Joy Lambert)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Needs Assessment Study of Texas Academic, Public, and School Libraries: Final Report

Description: This document is the final report with the summary of the findings, conclusions, and recommendations for consideration by the Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board (TIFB) Library Working Group as part of the Needs Assessment Study of Texas Academic, Public and School Libraries. The report is the work of the Needs Assessment Study Team, Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas. The study was conducted during the period of February through September 15, 2002. Funding for the study was provided by Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board
Date: October 2002
Creator: Moen, William E.; Simpson, Carol; Mason, Florence & Wetherbee, Louella
Partner: UNT College of Information

The Learning-Center Concept in Open-Space Elementary Schools of Texas

Description: The first purpose of this study is to determine whether significant differences exist among the perceptions of principals, librarians, and teachers with respect to the following categorical practices or conditions relative to the learning-center concept in open-space elementary schools: (1) teacher preparation for use of the learning center; (2) student preparation for use of the learning center; (3) learning center personnel and their role; (4) operation of the learning center; (5) facilities, materials, and equipment in the learning center; (6) use of the learning center for individualizing learning; and (7) use of the learning center for developing independent learning skills. The second purpose of this study is to determine whether a significant correlation exists among specific categories. The third purpose of this study is to establish the degree of emphasis placed upon various practices or conditions relative to the learning-center concept in open-space elementary schools of Texas.
Date: December 1973
Creator: Dunlap, Donald Ray
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Evaluation of Junior High School Libraries of Texas

Description: The objective of this study are: -to list and describe activities and methods used in the junior high school libraries of Texas, -to present data regarding the administration, staff, and facilites of the libraries in junior high schools of Texas, -to determine to what extent the junir high school libraries of Texas are exceeding or falling short of meeting the standards for secondary school libraries as set forth by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, and finally, -to propose certain improvements or change to be made to conform to the Standards of the Southern Association.
Date: August 1938
Creator: Johnson, Myrtle Crawford
Partner: UNT Libraries

Student Performance of a Library-Related Task

Description: The high school research paper is a task which consumes instructional time, requires considerable student effort, and places a high demand on school library resources. Little research has been conducted on how students accomplish this task. Academic task research indicates that in classrooms, tasks are defined by students in terms of (a) the nature of the products the teacher will accept and (b) the operations allowed and the resources available. Here the product is the research paper; the resources available include those found in the school library. The purpose of this study was to determine what strategies students use to perform the library-related task.
Date: May 1986
Creator: Haskell, Loretta Murray
Partner: UNT Libraries

Smoothing the information seeking path: Removing representational obstacles in the middle-school digital library.

Description: Middle school student's interaction within a digital library is explored. Issues of interface features used, obstacles encountered, search strategies and search techniques used, and representation obstacles are examined. A mechanism for evaluating user's descriptors is tested and effects of augmenting the system's resource descriptions with these descriptors on retrieval is explored. Transaction log data analysis (TLA) was used, with external corroborating achievement data provided by teachers. Analysis was conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods. Coding schemes for the failure analysis, search strategies and techniques analysis, as well as extent of match analysis between terms in student's questions and their search terms, and extent of match analysis between search terms and controlled vocabulary were developed. There are five chapters with twelve supporting appendixes. Chapter One presents an introduction to the problem and reviews the pilot study. Chapter Two presents the literature review and theoretical basis for the study. Chapter Three describes the research questions, hypotheses and methods. Chapter Four presents findings. Chapter Five presents a summary of the findings and their support of the hypotheses. Unanticipated findings, limitations, speculations, and areas of further research are indicated. Findings indicate that middle school users interact with the system in various sequences of patterns. User groups' interactions and scaffold use are influenced by the teacher's objectives for using the ADL. Users preferred to use single word searches over Boolean, phrase or natural language searches. Users tended to use a strategy of repeating the same exact search, instead of using the advanced scaffolds. A high percent of users attempted at least one search that included spelling or typographical errors, punctuation, or sequentially repeated searches. Search terms matched the DQ's in some instantiation 54% of all searches. Terms used by the system to represent the resources do not adequately represent the user groups' information needs, however, ...
Date: May 2002
Creator: Abbas, June M.
Partner: UNT Libraries